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Ğ

Ğ, or ğ, is a letter, known as g-breve in English, used in Turkish, Azerbaijani, and Laz.

Turkish use

In Turkish, the ğ /ɰ/ is known as yumuşak ge [jumuʃak ɟe] (soft g) and is the ninth letter of the Turkish alphabet. It is very similar to the blødt g 'soft g' in Danish and comparable to the '-gh' sound in the Arabic letter ghayn. It lengthens the preceding vowel, which is normally short in Turkish without the ğ. For example, dağ (mountain) is pronounced like [daː], and yağ (oil) is pronounced like [jaː]. The ğ must follow a vowel, and thus cannot be the initial letter of a word. Its exact function varies throughout Turkey and with regard to the particular vowel with which it is used: it adds a rising of the back of the tongue (as for /g/ or /k/) to /a/ and /ı/, a /j/ glide to /e/ or /i/, and a /β/ glide to the rounded vowels /o/, /u/, /ö/ and /ü/.

The letter provides a smooth transition between vowels since they do not occur consecutively in native Turkish words (in loanwords they are separated by a glottal stop). Sometimes g is used incorrectly instead of ğ. In the case of Turkish words borrowed into other languages, the letter may become a [ɡ], as in yogurt (also spelled yoghurt; Turkish yoğurt). In rare cases, the phonetic /ɣ/ (gamma) or the Greek letter γ is used. Some webpages may also use Ð and ð because of improper encoding; see Turkish characters for the reasons of this.

Azeri use

In Azeri, the ğ represents /ɣ/, the voiced velar fricative.

Laz use

Laz is written using two alphabets: the Georgian script and an extended Turkish Latin alphabet. In the Latin alphabet, ğ represents /ɣ/, the voiced velar fricative. It corresponds to the Georgian letter Ghani.

Character encoding

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This page is a soft redirect.Unicode name || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.LATIN CAPITAL LETTER G WITH BREVE || colspan=2 #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.LATIN SMALL LETTER G WITH BREVE#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.ISO 8859-3 || Template:Charmap/altdec || AB || Template:Charmap/altdec || BB #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect.ISO 8859-9 || Template:Charmap/altdec || D0 || Template:Charmap/altdec || F0
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This page is a soft redirect. Ğ
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Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 286 U+011E 287 U+011F
UTF-8 196 158 C4 9E 196 159 C4 9F
Numeric character reference Ğ Ğ ğ ğ

See also