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Open Access Articles- Top Results for 1,3-Diaminopropane

1,3-Diaminopropane

1,3-Diaminopropane
Skeletal formula of 1,3-diaminopropane
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IUPAC name
Propane-1,3-diamine
Other names
  • Propandiamine
  • 1,3-Propylenediamine
  • Trimethylenediamine
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3DMet B00214
Abbreviations TMEDA
605277
109-76-2 7pxY
ChEBI CHEBI:15725 7pxY
ChEMBL ChEMBL174324 7pxY
ChemSpider 415 7pxY
EC number 203-702-7
1298
Jmol-3D images Image
KEGG C00986 7pxY
MeSH trimethylenediamine
PubChem Template:Chembox PubChem/format
RTECS number TX6825000
UN number 2922
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C3H10N2
Molar mass Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value). g·mol−1
Appearance Colourless liquid
Odor Fishy, ammoniacal
Density 888 mg mL−1
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log P −1.4
Vapor pressure <1.1 kPa or 11.5 mm Hg(at 20 °C)
1.458
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GHS pictograms The flame pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The corrosion pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) The skull-and-crossbones pictogram in the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
GHS signal word DANGER
H226, H302, H310, H314
P280, P302+350, P305+351+338, P310
EU classification Toxic T Corrosive C
R-phrases R10, R22, R24, R35
S-phrases S26, S36/37/39, S45
NFPA 704

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3
3
0
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Explosive limits 2.8–15.2%
  • 177 mg kg−1 (dermal, rabbit)
  • 700 mg kg−1 (oral, rat)
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Related alkanamines
Related compounds
2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 14pxY verify (what is10pxY/10pxN?)
Infobox references

1,3-Diaminopropane, also known as trimethylenediamine, is a simple diamine with the formula (CH2)3(NH2)2. A colourless liquid with a fishy odor, it is soluble in water and many polar organic solvents. It is isomeric with 1,2-diaminopropane. Both are building blocks in the synthesis of heterocycles, such as those used in textile finishing, and coordination complexes. It is prepared by the amination of acrylonitrile followed by hydrogenation of the resulting aminopropionitrile.[1]

The potassium salt was used in the alkyne zipper reaction.[2]

Safety

Diamines are typically skin irritants.

References

  1. ^ Karsten Eller, Erhard Henkes, Roland Rossbacher, Hartmut Höke "Amines, Aliphatic" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2005. doi:10.1002/14356007.a02_001
  2. ^ C. A. Brown and A. Yamashita (1975). "Saline hydrides 2and superbases in organic reactions. IX. Acetylene zipper. Exceptionally facile contrathermodynamic multipositional isomeriazation of alkynes with potassium 3-aminopropylamide". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97 (4): 891–892. doi:10.1021/ja00837a034. 

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