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100 metres

This article is about the 100-metres race. For lengths on the order of magnitude of 100 metres, see 1 hectometre.

Template:Infobox athletics event The 100 metres (spelt meters in US), or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women.

The reigning 100 m Olympic champion is often named "the fastest man/woman in the world". Jamaicans Usain Bolt and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world and Olympic champions in the men's and women's 100 metres, respectively.

On an outdoor 400 metres running track, the 100 m is run on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. Runners begin in the starting blocks and the race begins when an official fires the starter's pistol. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50–60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.

The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken.

The 100 m (109.361 yards) emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards (91.44 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.

Race dynamics

Start

File:20070701-nk2007-100m.jpg
Male sprinters await the starter's instructions

At the start, some athletes play psychological games such as trying to be last to the starting blocks.[1][2][3]

At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.1-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.

For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.

This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification.[4] This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work."[5] The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified.[6][7]

Mid-race

Runners typically reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and they progressively decelerate in the later stages of the race. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m.[8] Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.

Finish

The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with his or her torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line.[9] When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.

Climatic conditions

See also: wind assistance

Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".

Furthermore, sprint athletes perform better at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts (explaining why many athletes choose not to breathe for the duration of the race)[citation needed]. While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A".[10]

10-second barrier

Main article: 10-second barrier

Gender and ethnicity

Main article: race and sports
File:Christophe Lemaitre Barcelone 2010.jpg
In 2010, Christophe Lemaitre became the first white sprinter to run 100m in under 10 seconds officially.

Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, nearly all of them being of West African descent. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (who has Irish and Indigenous Australian heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background.[11][12][13][14]

In 2010, Frenchman Christophe Lemaitre became the first white European under ten seconds (although Poland's Marian Woronin had unofficially surpassed the barrier with a time of 9.992 seconds in 1984).[15] In 2011, Zimbabwean Ngonidzashe Makusha became the 76th man to break the barrier, yet only the fourth man not of West African descent.[16] No sprinter from East or North Africa has officially achieved this feat.[17][18] In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first Asian athlete to officially break the 10 second barrier.

It is believed that biological factors may be largely responsible for the notable success in sprinting events enjoyed by athletes of West African descent. Chief among these is a preponderance of natural fast twitch muscle fibers, which aid to obtain higher power, thus higher acceleration and speed. Scientists have concluded that elite-level sprinting is virtually impossible in the absence of the ACTN3 protein, a "speed gene" most common among persons of West African descent that renders fast twitch muscle fibers fast. African American 200 m and 400 m world champion Michael Johnson has suggested that the presence of ACTN3 is at the root of the success of these athletes in sprinting events.[17][19] Top sprinters of differing ancestry, such as Christophe Lemaitre, are believed to be exceptions in that they too likely have the genes favourable for sprinting.[19]

Colin Jackson, an athlete with mixed ethnic background and former world record holder in the 110 metre hurdles,[20] noted that both his parents were talented athletes and suggested that biological inheritance was the greatest influence, rather than any perceived racial factor. Furthermore, successful black role models in track events may reinforce the racial disparity.[18]

Record performances

Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.

The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977.[21] The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s.[22] The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the USA, in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988.[23]

Some records have been marred by prohibited drug use – in particular, the scandal at the 1988 Summer Olympics when the winner, Canadian Ben Johnson was stripped of his medal and world record.

Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Green were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.

Continental records

Updated 19 May 2015.[24]

Area Men Women
Time (s) Wind Athlete Nation Time (s) Wind Athlete Nation
Africa (records) 9.85 +1.7 Olusoji Fasuba 23x15px Nigeria 10.79 +1.1 Blessing Okagbare 23x15px Nigeria
Asia (records) 9.93 +0.4 Femi Ogunode 23x15px Qatar 10.79 0.0 Li Xuemei 23x15px People's Republic of China
Europe (records) 9.86 +0.6 Francis Obikwelu 23x15px Portugal 10.73 +2.0 Christine Arron 23x15px France
North, Central America
and Caribbean
(records)
9.58 WR +0.9 Usain Bolt Template:Country data Jamaica 10.49 WR 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner 23x15px United States
Oceania (records) 9.93 +1.8 Patrick Johnson 23x15px Australia 11.11 +1.9 Melissa Breen 23x15px Australia
South America (records) 10.00[A] +1.6 Robson da Silva 23x15px Brazil 11.01 +1.4 Ana Cláudia Lemos 23x15px Brazil

Notes

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Fastest 100 metres runners

All-time top 25 men

File:Usain Bolt winning.jpg
Usain Bolt breaking the world and Olympic records at the 2008 Beijing Olympics

As of 15 May 2015[26]

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Location Ref
1 9.58 WR +0.9 Usain Bolt Template:Country data Jamaica 16 August 2009 Berlin
2 9.69 +2.0 Tyson Gay 23x15px United States 20 September 2009 Shanghai
−0.1 Yohan Blake Template:Country data Jamaica 23 August 2012 Lausanne
4 9.72 +0.2 Asafa Powell Template:Country data Jamaica 2 September 2008 Lausanne
5 9.74 +0.9 Justin Gatlin 23x15px United States 15 May 2015 Doha [27]
6 9.78 +0.9 Nesta Carter Template:Country data Jamaica 29 August 2010 Rieti
7 9.79 +0.1 Maurice Greene 23x15px United States 16 June 1999 Athens
8 9.80 +1.3 Steve Mullings Template:Country data Jamaica 4 June 2011 Eugene
9 9.82 +1.7 Richard Thompson 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 21 June 2014 Port of Spain
10 9.84 +0.7 Donovan Bailey 23x15px Canada 27 July 1996 Atlanta
+0.2 Bruny Surin 23x15px Canada 22 August 1999 Seville
12 9.85 +1.2 Leroy Burrell 23x15px United States 6 July 1994 Lausanne
+1.7 Olusoji Fasuba 23x15px Nigeria 12 May 2006 Ad-Dawhah
+1.3 Mike Rodgers 23x15px United States 4 June 2011 Eugene
15 9.86 +1.2 Carl Lewis 23x15px United States 25 August 1991 Tokyo
−0.7 Frankie Fredericks 23x15px Namibia 3 July 1996 Lausanne
+1.8 Ato Boldon 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 19 April 1998 Walnut
+0.6 Francis Obikwelu 23x15px Portugal 22 August 2004 Athens
+1.4 Keston Bledman 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 23 June 2012 Port of Spain
20 9.87 +0.3 Linford Christie 23x15px United Kingdom 15 August 1993 Stuttgart
−0.2 Obadele Thompson [A] 23x15px Barbados 11 September 1998 Johannesburg
22 9.88 +1.8 Shawn Crawford 23x15px United States 19 June 2004 Eugene
+1.0 Walter Dix 23x15px United States 8 August 2010 Nottwil
+0.9 Ryan Bailey 23x15px United States 29 August 2010 Rieti
+1.0 Michael Frater Template:Country data Jamaica 30 June 2011 Lausanne

More facts about these male runners

  • Usain Bolt also holds the record for the fastest 100 metres with a running start at 8.70 (41 km/hr). This was achieved at a 150 metres race in Manchester 2009, completed in 14.35 (also a World Record). The second fastest all-time record is that of Asafa Powell, with a run of 8.75 on the 4 x 100 metres anchor leg at the Beijing Olympics.[citation needed]
  • Tyson Gay also has a time of 9.68 s set on 29 June 2008 during the 2008 U.S. Olympic Track & Field Trials at Hayward Field in Eugene, Oregon; the tail wind speed was +4.1 m/s, more than double the IAAF legal limit of +2.0 m/s.[28]
  • Obadele Thompson ran a wind-aided 9.69 in El Paso, Texas in April 1996 which stood as the fastest ever 100m time for 12 years until Tyson Gay's June 2008 performance; the tail wind speed was +5.7 m/s.
  • Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in Doha on 12 May 2006, which was at the time ratified as a world record. However, the record was rescinded in 2007 after he failed a doping test in April 2006.
  • Carl Lewis ran a time of 9.78 seconds at the 1988 US Olympic trials in Indianapolis, but it was wind aided (the tail wind speed was +5.2 m/s).
  • Tim Montgomery's time of 9.78 at Paris on 14 September 2002 was rescinded following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges. The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77.
  • Ben Johnson ran 9.79 at Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 at Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded. Carl Lewis's 9.92 in the Seoul race was therefore recognized as the world record, and his two prior runs of 9.93 were seen as having equalled the previous world record.
  • Ato Boldon ran a total of four 9.86 clockings, (two in 1998, two in 1999).
  • Steve Mullings is serving a lifetime ban for doping.
</dl>

All-time top 25 women

As of January 2015

Rank Time Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location
1 10.49 0.0 Florence Griffith-Joyner 23x15px United States 16 July 1988 Indianapolis
2 10.64 +1.2 Carmelita Jeter 23x15px United States 20 September 2009 Shanghai
3 10.65 [A] +1.1 Marion Jones 23x15px United States 12 September 1998 Johannesburg
4 10.70 +0.6 Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce Template:Country data Jamaica 29 June 2012 Kingston
5 10.73 +2.0 Christine Arron 23x15px France 19 August 1998 Budapest
6 10.74 +1.3 Merlene Ottey Template:Country data Jamaica 7 September 1996 Milan
7 10.75 +0.4 Kerron Stewart Template:Country data Jamaica 10 July 2009 Rome
8 10.76 +1.7 Evelyn Ashford 23x15px United States 22 August 1984 Zürich
+1.1 Veronica Campbell-Brown Template:Country data Jamaica 31 May 2011 Ostrava
10 10.77 +0.9 Irina Privalova 23x15px Russia 6 July 1994 Lausanne
+0.7 Ivet Lalova 23x15px Bulgaria 19 June 2004 Plovdiv
12 10.78 [A] +1.0 Dawn Sowell 23x15px United States 3 June 1989 Provo
10.78 +1.8 Torri Edwards 23x15px United States 26 June 2008 Eugene
14 10.79 0.0 Li Xuemei 23x15px People's Republic of China 18 October 1997 Shanghai
−0.1 Inger Miller 23x15px United States 22 August 1999 Seville
+1.1 Blessing Okagbare 23x15px Nigeria 27 July 2013 London
17 10.80 +0.8 Tori Bowie 23x15px United States 18 July 2014 Monaco
18 10.81 +1.7 Marlies Göhr 23x15px East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin
19 10.82 −1.0 Gail Devers 23x15px United States 1 August 1992 Barcelona
+0.4 Gwen Torrence 23x15px United States 3 September 1994 Paris
−0.3 Zhanna Block 23x15px Ukraine 6 August 2001 Edmonton
−0.7 Sherone Simpson Template:Country data Jamaica 24 June 2006 Kingston
23 10.83 +1.7 Marita Koch 23x15px East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin
0.0 Sheila Echols 23x15px United States 16 July 1988 Indianapolis
−0.7 Juliet Cuthbert Template:Country data Jamaica 1 August 1992 Barcelona
+0.1 Ekaterina Thanou 23x15px Greece 22 August 1999 Seville
+1.6 Kelly-Ann Baptiste 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 22 June 2013 Port of Spain

More facts about these female runners

  • Florence Griffith-Joyner's World Record has been the subject of a controversy due to strong suspicion of a defective anemometer measuring a tailwind lower than actually present;[29] since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognized as a world record".[30] It can be reasonable to assume a wind reading of about +4.7 m/s for Griffith-Joyner's quarter-final. Her 10.61 the following day and 10.62 at the 1988 Olympics would still make her the world record holder.[31] Sheila Echols' 10.83 clocking was set in the same quarter-final race at the US Olympic trials as Griffith-Joyner's world record, her next best time is 10.99, from the semi-finals of the same meet.
  • Gail Devers also has two other 10.82 performances, 7 July 1993 in Lausanne (+1.5) and 16 August 1993 in the World Championship final in Stuttgart (−0.3).
</dl>

Best Year Performances

As of June 1, 2015

Men

Year Time Athlete Place
1977 9.98A 23x15px Silvio Leonard (CUB) Guadalajara
1978 10.07(A) 23x15px Clancy Edwards (USA)
23x15px Eddie Hart (USA)
23x15px Steve Williams (USA)
Eugene
Colorado Springs(A)
Zurich
1979 10.01A 23x15px Pietro Mennea (ITA) Ciudad de Mexico
1980 10.02 23x15px James Sanford (USA) Westwood
1981 10.00 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) Dallas
1982 10.00 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) Modesto
1983 9.93A 23x15px Calvin Smith (USA) Colorado Springs
1984 9.96 23x15px Mel Lattany (USA) Athens
1985 9.98 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) Modesto
1986 10.00 23x15px Chidi Imoh (NGR) Berlin
1987 9.93 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) Rome
1988 9.92 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) Seoul
1989 9.94 23x15px Leroy Burrell (USA) Houston
1990 9.96 23x15px Leroy Burrell (USA) Villeneuve d'Ascq; Sestriere(A)
1991 9.86 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) Tokyo
1992 9.93 23x15px Michael Marsh (USA) Walnut
1993 9.87 23x15px Linford Christie (GBR) Stuttgart
1994 9.85 23x15px Leroy Burrell (USA) Lausanne
1995 9.91 23x15px Donovan Bailey (CAN) Montreal
1996 9.84 23x15px Donovan Bailey (CAN) Atlanta
1997 9.86 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) Athens
1998 9.86 23x15px Ato Boldon (TRI) Walnut; Athens
1999 9.79 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) Athens
2000 9.86 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) Berlin
2001 9.82 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) Edmonton
2002 9.89 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) Roma
2003 9.93 23x15px Patrick Johnson (AUS) Mito
2004 9.85 23x15px Justin Gatlin (USA) Athens
2005 9.77 Template:Country data JAM Athens
2006 9.77 Template:Country data JAM Gateshead; Zurich
2007 9.74 Template:Country data JAM Rieti
2008 9.69 Template:Country data JAM Beijing
2009 9.58 Template:Country data JAM Berlin
2010 9.78 23x15px Tyson Gay (USA)
Template:Country data JAM
London
Rieti
2011 9.76 Template:Country data JAM Brussels
2012 9.63 Template:Country data JAM London
2013 9.77 Template:Country data JAM Moscow
2014 9.77 23x15px Justin Gatlin (USA) Brussels
2015 9.74 23x15px Justin Gatlin (USA) Doha

Women

Year Time Athlete Place
1976 11.01 23x15px Annegret Richter (FRG) Montreal
1977 10.88 23x15px Marlies Göhr (GDR) Dresden
1978 10.94 23x15px Marlies Göhr (GDR) Dresden
1979 10.97 23x15px Marlies Göhr (GDR)
23x15px Evelyn Ashford (USA)
Dresden
Walnut
1980 10.93 23x15px Marlies Göhr (GDR) Dresden
1981 10.90A 23x15px Evelyn Ashford (USA) Colorado Springs
1982 10.88 23x15px Marlies Göhr (GDR) Karl-Marx-Stadt
1983 10.79A 23x15px Evelyn Ashford (USA) Colorado Springs
1984 10.76 23x15px Evelyn Ashford (USA) Zurich
1985 10.86 23x15px Marlies Göhr (GDR) Berlin
1986 10.88 23x15px Evelyn Ashford (USA) Rieti
1987 10.86 23x15px Anelia Nuneva (BUL)
23x15px Silke Möller (GER)
Beograd
Potsdam
1988 10.49 23x15px Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA) Indianapolis
1989 10.78A 23x15px Dawn Sowell (USA) Provo
1990 10.78 Template:Country data JAM Sevilla
1991 10.79 Template:Country data JAM Vigo
1992 10.80 Template:Country data JAM Salamanca
1993 10.82 23x15px Gail Devers (USA)
Template:Country data JAM
Lausanne;Stuttgart
Stuttgart
1994 10.77 23x15px Irina Privalova (RUS) Lausanne
1995 10.84 23x15px Gwen Torrence (USA) Goteborg
1996 10.74 Template:Country data JAM Milano
1997 10.76 23x15px Marion Jones (USA) Brussels
1998 10.65A 23x15px Marion Jones (USA) Johannesburg
1999 10.70 23x15px Marion Jones (USA) Sevilla
2000 10.78 23x15px Marion Jones (USA) Sevilla
2001 10.82 23x15px Zhanna Block (UKR) Edmonton
2002 10.86 23x15px Zhanna Block (USA) Heusden-Zolder
2003 10.86 23x15px Chryste Gaines (USA) Monaco
2004 10.77 23x15px Ivet Lalova (BUL) Plovdiv
2005 10.84 23x15px Chandra Sturrup (BAH) Lausanne
2006 10.82 Template:Country data JAM Kingston
2007 10.89 Template:Country data JAM Kingston
2008 10.78 Template:Country data JAM
23x15px Torri Edwards (USA)
Beijing
Eugene
2009 10.64 23x15px Carmelita Jeter (USA) Shanghai
2010 10.78 Template:Country data JAM Eugene
2011 10.70 23x15px Carmelita Jeter (USA) Eugene
2012 10.70 Template:Country data JAM Kingston
2013 10.71 Template:Country data JAM Moscow
2014 10.80 23x15px Tori Bowie (USA) Monaco
2015 10.81 Template:Country data JAM
23x15px Murielle Ahoure (CIV)
Eugene
Eugene

Junior (under-20) men

Updated 15 June 2014[32]

Rank Fastest time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Location
1 9.97 +1.8 Trayvon Bromell 23x15px United States 13 June 2014 Eugene
2 10.01 +0.0 Darrel Brown 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 24 August 2003 Paris
+1.6 Jeff Demps 23x15px United States 28 June 2008 Eugene
+0.9 Yoshihide Kiryu Template:Country data Japan 29 April 2013 Hiroshima
5 10.03 +0.7 Marcus Rowland 23x15px United States 31 July 2009 Port of Spain
6 10.04 +1.7 D'Angelo Cherry 23x15px United States 10 June 2009 Fayetteville
+0.2 Christophe Lemaitre 23x15px France 24 July 2009 Novi Sad
8 10.05 +0.1 Adam Gemili 23x15px Great Britain 11 July 2012 Barcelona
9 10.06 +2.0 Dwain Chambers 23x15px Great Britain 25 July 1997 Ljubljana
+1.5 Walter Dix 23x15px United States 27 May 2005 New York City
11 10.07 +2.0 Stanley Floyd 23x15px United States 24 May 1980 Austin
+1.1 DaBryan Blanton 23x15px United States 30 May 2003 Lincoln
+0.2 Tamunosiki Atorudibo 23x15px Nigeria 8 July 2004 Abuja
+0.3 Jimmy Vicaut 23x15px France 22 July 2011 Tallinn

Notes

  • British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 5 August 2001 (aged 18 years, 334 days) but the wind gauge malfunctioned, invalidating the run.
  • Nigerian sprinters Davidson Ezinwa and Sunday Emmanuel ran 10.05 (4 January 1990) and 10.06 (26 April 1997), respectively, but without wind gauge.
  • Trayvon Bromell recorded a time of 9.77 s with a strong tailwind of +4.2 m/s on May 2014 during the Big 12 Outdoor Track Championships[33]
</dl>

Women

Junior (under-20) women

Updated 5 May 2012

Rank Fastest time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location
1 10.88 +2.0 Marlies Göhr 23x15px East Germany 1 July 1977 Dresden
2 10.89 +1.8 Katrin Krabbe 23x15px East Germany 20 July 1988 Berlin
3 11.03 +1.7 Silke Gladisch-Möller 23x15px East Germany 8 June 1983 Berlin
+0.6 English Gardner 23x15px United States 14 May 2011 Tucson
5 11.04 +1.4 Angela Williams 23x15px United States 5 June 1999 Boise
6 11.07 +0.7 Bianca Knight 23x15px United States 27 June 2008 Eugene
7 11.08 +2.0 Brenda Morehead 23x15px United States 21 June 1976 Eugene
8 11.11 +0.2 Shakedia Jones 23x15px United States 2 May 1998 Westwood
+1.1 Joan Uduak Ekah 23x15px Nigeria 2 July 1999 Lausanne
10 11.12 +2.0 Veronica Campbell-Brown Template:Country data Jamaica 18 October 2000 Santiago
+1.2 Alexandria Anderson 23x15px United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis
+1.1 Aurieyall Scott 23x15px United States 24 June 2011 Eugene

Youth (under-18) boys

Updated 11 December 2012

Rank Fastest time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Location
1 10.19 +0.5 Yoshihide Kiryu Template:Country data Japan 3 November 2012 Fukuroi
2 10.23 +0.8 Tamunosiki Atorudibo 23x15px Nigeria 23 March 2002 Enugu
+1.2 Rynell Parson 23x15px United States 21 June 2007 Indianapolis
4 10.24 +0.0 Darrel Brown 23x15px Trinidad and Tobago 14 April 2001 Bridgetown
5 10.25 +1.5 J-Mee Samuels 23x15px United States 11 July 2004 Knoxville
+1.6 Jeff Demps 23x15px United States 1 August 2007 Knoxville
7 10.26 +1.2 Deworski Odom 23x15px United States 21 July 1994 Lisboa
−0.1 Sunday Emmanuel 23x15px Nigeria 18 March 1995 Bauchi
9 10.27 +0.2 Henry Thomas 23x15px United States 19 May 1984 Norwalk
+1.6 Curtis Johnson 23x15px United States 30 June 1990 Fresno
+1.0 Ivory Williams 23x15px United States 8 June 2002 Sacramento
−0.2 Jazeel Murphy Template:Country data Jamaica 23 April 2011 Montego Bay

Youth (under-18) girls

Updated 5 May 2012

Rank Fastest time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Nation Date Location
1 11.13 +2.0 Chandra Cheeseborough 23x15px United States 21 June 1976 Eugene
2 11.14 +1.7 Marion Jones 23x15px United States 6 June 1992 Norwalk
−0.5 Angela Williams 23x15px United States 21 June 1997 Edwardsville
4 11.16 +1.2 Gabrielle Mayo 23x15px United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis
5 11.17 A +0.6 Wendy Vereen 23x15px United States 3 July 1983 Colorado Springs
6 11.20 A +1.2 Raelene Boyle 23x15px Australia 15 October 1968 Mexico City
7 11.24 +1.2 Jeneba Tarmoh 23x15px United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis
+0.8 Jodie Williams 23x15px Great Britain 31 May 2010 Bedford
9 11.26 +1.4 Grit Breuer 23x15px East Germany 30 June 1989 Dresden
+1.2 Bianca Knight 23x15px United States 22 June 2006 Indianapolis

Paralympic men

File:Men's 100m T13 Final, 2012 Paralympics.jpg
Jason Smyth (in lane five) breaking the men's T13 world record at the 2012 Paralympic Games in London.

Updated to 1 January 2015[34]

Classification Fastest time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Location
T11 10.92 +1.8 David Brown 23x15px United States 18 April 2014 Walnut
T12 10.66 −0.4 Elchin Muradov 23x15px Azerbaijan 19 June 2010 Imola
T13 10.46 +0.6 Jason Smyth 23x15px Ireland 1 September 2012 London
T32 23.25 +0.0 Martin McDonagh 23x15px Ireland 13 August 1999 Nottingham
T33 16.81 +0.8 Ahmad Almutairi Template:Country data Kuwait 20 October 2014 Incheon
T34 15.33 +1.2 Walid Ktila 23x15px Tunisia 27 February 2014 Sharjah
T35 12.29 −0.3 Yang Sen 23x15px People's Republic of China 13 September 2008 Beijing
T36 11.90 -0.5 Evgenii Shvetcov 23x15px Russia 22 July 2013 Lyon
T37 11.48 -0.7 Andrey Vdovin 23x15px Russia 22 July 2013 Lyon
T38 10.79 +0.4 Evan O'Hanlon 23x15px Australia 1 September 2012 London
T42 12.11 +1.2 Heinrich Popow 23x15px Germany 12 July 2013 Leverkusen
T43 10.57 +1.9 Alan Fonteles Cardoso Oliveira 23x15px Brazil 28 July 2013 London
T44 10.75 +1.9 Richard Browne 23x15px United States 28 July 2013 London
T45 10.94 +0.2 Yohansson Nascimento 23x15px Brazil 6 September 2012 London
T47 10.72 +0.0 Ajibola Adeoye 23x15px Nigeria 6 September 1992 Barcelona
T51 21.11 +1.2 Toni Piispanen 23x15px Finland 17 May 2012 Pratteln
T52 16.73 +0.4 Paul Nitz 23x15px United States 20 May 2012 Nottwil
T53 14.17 +1.0 Brent Lakatos 23x15px Canada 17 May 2014 Nottwil
T54 13.63 +1.0 Leo-Pekka Tähti 23x15px Finland 1 September 2012 London

Paralympic women

Updated to 1 January 2015[35]

Classification Fastest time (s) Wind (m/s) Athlete Country Date Location
T11 12.01 +1.2 Terezinha Guilhermina 23x15px Brazil 5 September 2012 London
T12 11.91 +0.6 Zhou Guohua 23x15px People's Republic of China 1 September 2012 London
T13 11.99 −0.9 Omara Durand 23x15px Cuba 17 November 2011 Guadalajara
T32 37.67 +0.0 Lindsay Wright 23x15px United Kingdom 25 July 1997 Nottingham
T33 21.59 −0.4 Kristen Messer 23x15px United States 31 August 2012 London
T34 17.31 +1.0 Hannah Cockroft 23x15px United Kingdom 17 May 2014 Nottwil
T35 14.63 +0.4 Maria Lyle 23x15px United Kingdom 31 May 2014 Bedford
T36 13.82 +0.3 Wang Fang 23x15px People's Republic of China 16 September 2008 Beijing
T37 13.68 +0.4 Mandy Francois-Elie 23x15px France 8 June 2013 Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire
T38 13.04 +0.3 Sophie Hahn 23x15px United Kingdom 18 May 2014 Loughborough
T42 15.18 −0.5 Martina Caironi 23x15px Italy 6 June 2013 Rome
T43 12.96 +0.8 Marlou van Rhijn 23x15px Netherlands 15 June 2013 Berlin
T44 12.98 +0.0 April Holmes 23x15px United States 1 July 2006 Atlanta
T45 14.00 +0.0 G Cole 23x15px Canada 2 June 1980 Arnhem
T46 11.95 −0.2 Yunidis Castillo 23x15px Cuba 4 September 2012 London
T51 32.08 +0.0 V Hill 23x15px United States 27 August 1989 Stoke Mandeville
T52 18.67 +1.7 Michelle Stilwell 23x15px Canada 14 July 2012 Windsor
T53 16.22 −0.2 Huang Lisha 23x15px People's Republic of China 12 September 2008 Beijing
T54 15.82 +0.5 Wenjun Liu 23x15px People's Republic of China 8 September 2012 London

Olympic medalists

Further information: 100 metres at the Olympics

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
[[Athletics at the 1896 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1896 Athens]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Thomas Burke (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Thomas Burke]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Fritz Hofmann (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Fritz Hofmann]] (GER)

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Francis Lane#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Francis Lane]] (USA)
22x20px [[Alajos Szokolyi#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Alajos Szokolyi]] (HUN)
[[Athletics at the 1900 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1900 Paris]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Frank Jarvis#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Frank Jarvis]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Walter Tewksbury#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Walter Tewksbury]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Stan Rowley#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Stan Rowley]] (AUS)

[[Athletics at the 1904 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1904 St. Louis]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Archie Hahn#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Archie Hahn]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Nate Cartmell#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Nate Cartmell]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[William Hogenson#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.William Hogenson]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 1908 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1908 London]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Reggie Walker#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Reggie Walker]] (RSA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[James Rector (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.James Rector]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Robert Kerr (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Robert Kerr]] (CAN)

[[Athletics at the 1912 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1912 Stockholm]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Ralph Craig#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ralph Craig]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Alvah Meyer#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Alvah Meyer]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Donald Lippincott#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Donald Lippincott]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 1920 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1920 Antwerp]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Charlie Paddock#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Charlie Paddock]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Morris Kirksey#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Morris Kirksey]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Harry Edward#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Harry Edward]] (GBR)

[[Athletics at the 1924 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1924 Paris]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Harold Abrahams#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Harold Abrahams]] (GBR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Jackson Scholz#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Jackson Scholz]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Arthur Porritt#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Arthur Porritt]] (NZL)

[[Athletics at the 1928 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1928 Amsterdam]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Percy Williams (sprinter)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Percy Williams]] (CAN) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Jack London (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Jack London]] (GBR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Georg Lammers#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Georg Lammers]] (GER)

[[Athletics at the 1932 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1932 Los Angeles]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Eddie Tolan#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Eddie Tolan]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Ralph Metcalfe#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ralph Metcalfe]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Arthur Jonath#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Arthur Jonath]] (GER)

[[Athletics at the 1936 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1936 Berlin]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Jesse Owens#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Jesse Owens]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Ralph Metcalfe#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ralph Metcalfe]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Tinus Osendarp#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Tinus Osendarp]] (NED)

[[Athletics at the 1948 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1948 London]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Harrison Dillard#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Harrison Dillard]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Barney Ewell#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Barney Ewell]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Lloyd LaBeach#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Lloyd LaBeach]] (PAN)

[[Athletics at the 1952 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1952 Helsinki]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Lindy Remigino#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Lindy Remigino]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Herb McKenley#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Herb McKenley]] (JAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[McDonald Bailey#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.McDonald Bailey]] (GBR)

[[Athletics at the 1956 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1956 Melbourne]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Bobby Morrow#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Bobby Morrow]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Thane Baker#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Thane Baker]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Hector Hogan#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Hector Hogan]] (AUS)

[[Athletics at the 1960 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1960 Rome]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Armin Hary#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Armin Hary]] (EUA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Dave Sime#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Dave Sime]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Peter Radford#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Peter Radford]] (GBR)

[[Athletics at the 1964 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1964 Tokyo]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Bob Hayes#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Bob Hayes]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Enrique Figuerola#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Enrique Figuerola]] (CUB) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Harry Jerome#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Harry Jerome]] (CAN)

[[Athletics at the 1968 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1968 Mexico City]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Jim Hines#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Jim Hines]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Lennox Miller#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Lennox Miller]] (JAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Charles Greene (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Charles Greene]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 1972 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1972 Munich]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Valeriy Borzov#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Valeriy Borzov]] (URS) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Robert Taylor (sprinter born 1948)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Robert Taylor]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Lennox Miller#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Lennox Miller]] (JAM)

[[Athletics at the 1976 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1976 Montreal]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.[[File:Template:Country flag IOC alias TRI|22x20px|border|alt=|link=]] [[Hasely Crawford#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Hasely Crawford]] ([[Template:Country IOC alias TRI at the 1976 Summer Olympics|TRI]]) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Don Quarrie#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Don Quarrie]] (JAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Valeriy Borzov#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Valeriy Borzov]] (URS)

[[Athletics at the 1980 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1980 Moscow]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Allan Wells#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Allan Wells]] (GBR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Silvio Leonard#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Silvio Leonard]] (CUB) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Petar Petrov (runner)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Petar Petrov]] (BUL)

[[Athletics at the 1984 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1984 Los Angeles]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Carl Lewis#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Carl Lewis]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Sam Graddy#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Sam Graddy]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Ben Johnson (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ben Johnson]] (CAN)

[[Athletics at the 1988 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1988 Seoul]][36][37]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Carl Lewis#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Carl Lewis]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Linford Christie#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Linford Christie]] (GBR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Calvin Smith#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Calvin Smith]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 1992 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1992 Barcelona]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Linford Christie#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Linford Christie]] (GBR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Frankie Fredericks#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Frankie Fredericks]] (NAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Dennis Mitchell#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Dennis Mitchell]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 1996 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1996 Atlanta]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Donovan Bailey#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Donovan Bailey]] (CAN) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Frankie Fredericks#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Frankie Fredericks]] (NAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.[[File:Template:Country flag IOC alias TRI|22x20px|border|alt=|link=]] [[Ato Boldon#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ato Boldon]] ([[Template:Country IOC alias TRI at the 1996 Summer Olympics|TRI]])

[[Athletics at the 2000 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.2000 Sydney]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Maurice Greene (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Maurice Greene]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.[[File:Template:Country flag IOC alias TRI|22x20px|border|alt=|link=]] [[Ato Boldon#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ato Boldon]] ([[Template:Country IOC alias TRI at the 2000 Summer Olympics|TRI]]) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Obadele Thompson#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Obadele Thompson]] (BAR)

[[Athletics at the 2004 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.2004 Athens]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Justin Gatlin#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Justin Gatlin]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Francis Obikwelu#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Francis Obikwelu]] (POR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Maurice Greene (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Maurice Greene]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 2008 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.2008 Beijing]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Usain Bolt#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Usain Bolt]] (JAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.[[File:Template:Country flag IOC alias TRI|22x20px|border|alt=|link=]] [[Richard Thompson (athlete)#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Richard Thompson]] ([[Template:Country IOC alias TRI at the 2008 Summer Olympics|TRI]]) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Walter Dix#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Walter Dix]] (USA)

[[Athletics at the 2012 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.2012 London]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Usain Bolt#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Usain Bolt]] (JAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Yohan Blake#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Yohan Blake]] (JAM) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Justin Gatlin#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Justin Gatlin]] (USA)

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1928 Amsterdam
details
22x20px Betty Robinson (USA) 22x20px Fanny Rosenfeld (CAN) 22x20px Ethel Smith (CAN)
1932 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Stanisława Walasiewicz (POL) 22x20px Hilda Strike (CAN) 22x20px Wilhelmina von Bremen (USA)
1936 Berlin
details
22x20px Helen Stephens (USA) 22x20px Stanisława Walasiewicz (POL) 22x20px Käthe Krauß (GER)
1948 London
details
22x20px Fanny Blankers-Koen (NED) 22x20px Dorothy Manley (GBR) 22x20px Shirley Strickland (AUS)
1952 Helsinki
details
22x20px Marjorie Jackson (AUS) 22x20px Daphne Hasenjager (RSA) 22x20px Shirley Strickland de la Hunty (AUS)
1956 Melbourne
details
22x20px Betty Cuthbert (AUS) 22x20px Christa Stubnick (EUA) 22x20px Marlene Matthews (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
22x20px Wilma Rudolph (USA) 22x20px Dorothy Hyman (GBR) 22x20px Giuseppina Leone (ITA)
1964 Tokyo
details
22x20px Wyomia Tyus (USA) 22x20px Edith McGuire (USA) 22x20px Ewa Kłobukowska (POL)
1968 Mexico City
details
22x20px Wyomia Tyus (USA) 22x20px Barbara Ferrell (USA) 22x20px Irena Szewińska (POL)
1972 Munich
details
22x20px Renate Stecher (GDR) 22x20px Raelene Boyle (AUS) 22x20px Silvia Chibás (CUB)
1976 Montreal
details
22x20px Annegret Richter (FRG) 22x20px Renate Stecher (GDR) 22x20px Inge Helten (FRG)
1980 Moscow
details
22x20px Lyudmila Kondratyeva (URS) 22x20px Marlies Göhr (GDR) 22x20px Ingrid Auerswald (GDR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Evelyn Ashford (USA) 22x20px Alice Brown (USA) 22x20px Merlene Ottey (JAM)
1988 Seoul
details
22x20px Florence Griffith-Joyner (USA) 22x20px Evelyn Ashford (USA) 22x20px Heike Drechsler (GDR)
1992 Barcelona
details
22x20px Gail Devers (USA) 22x20px Juliet Cuthbert (JAM) 22x20px Irina Privalova (EUN)
1996 Atlanta
details
22x20px Gail Devers (USA) 22x20px Merlene Ottey (JAM) 22x20px Gwen Torrence (USA)
2000 Sydney
details
Vacant[38] 22x20px Ekaterini Thanou (GRE) 22x20px Merlene Ottey (JAM)
22x20px Tayna Lawrence (JAM)
2004 Athens
details
22x20px Yulia Nestsiarenka (BLR) 22x20px Lauryn Williams (USA) 22x20px Veronica Campbell (JAM)
2008 Beijing
details
22x20px Shelly-Ann Fraser (JAM) 22x20px Sherone Simpson (JAM) none awarded
22x20px Kerron Stewart (JAM)
2012 London
details
22x20px Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce (JAM) 22x20px Carmelita Jeter (USA) 22x20px Veronica Campbell-Brown (JAM)

World Championship medalists

Men

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) 10.07 23x15px Calvin Smith (USA) 10.21 23x15px Emmit King (USA) 10.24
1987 Rome 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) 9.93 Template:Country data JAM 10.08 23x15px Linford Christie (GBR) 10.14
1991 Tokyo 23x15px Carl Lewis (USA) 9.86 23x15px Leroy Burrell (USA) 9.88 23x15px Dennis Mitchell (USA) 9.91
1993 Stuttgart 23x15px Linford Christie (GBR) 9.87 23x15px Andre Cason (USA) 9.92 23x15px Dennis Mitchell (USA) 9.99
1995 Gothenburg 23x15px Donovan Bailey (CAN) 9.97 23x15px Bruny Surin (CAN) 10.03 23x15px Ato Boldon (TRI) 10.03
1997 Athens 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) 9.86 23x15px Donovan Bailey (CAN) 9.91 23x15px Tim Montgomery (USA) 9.94
1999 Seville 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) 9.80 23x15px Bruny Surin (CAN) 9.84 23x15px Dwain Chambers (GBR) 9.97
2001 Edmonton 23x15px Maurice Greene (USA) 9.82 23x15px Bernard Williams (USA) 9.94 23x15px Ato Boldon (TRI) 9.98
2003 Paris 23x15px Kim Collins (SKN) 10.07 23x15px Darrel Brown (TRI) 10.08 23x15px Darren Campbell (GBR) 10.08
2005 Helsinki 23x15px Justin Gatlin (USA) 9.88 Template:Country data JAM 10.05 23x15px Kim Collins (SKN) 10.05
2007 Osaka 23x15px Tyson Gay (USA) 9.85 23x15px Derrick Atkins (BAH) 9.91 Template:Country data JAM 9.96
2009 Berlin Template:Country data JAM 9.58 23x15px Tyson Gay (USA) 9.71 Template:Country data JAM 9.84
2011 Daegu Template:Country data JAM 9.92 23x15px Walter Dix (USA) 10.08 23x15px Kim Collins (SKN) 10.09
2013 Moscow Template:Country data JAM 9.77 23x15px Justin Gatlin (USA) 9.85 Template:Country data JAM 9.95

Women

Championships Gold Silver Bronze
1983 Helsinki 23x15px Marlies Oelsner-Göhr (GDR) 23x15px Marita Koch (GDR) 23x15px Diane Williams (USA)
1987 Rome 23x15px Silke Gladisch-Möller (GDR) 23x15px Heike Daute-Drechsler (GDR) Template:Country data JAM
1991 Tokyo 23x15px Katrin Krabbe (GER) 23x15px Gwen Torrence (USA) Template:Country data JAM
1993 Stuttgart 23x15px Gail Devers (USA) Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Gwen Torrence (USA)
1995 Gothenburg 23x15px Gwen Torrence (USA) Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Irina Privalova (RUS)
1997 Athens 23x15px Marion Jones (USA) 23x15px Zhanna Pintusevich (UKR) 23x15px Savatheda Fynes (BAH)
1999 Seville 23x15px Marion Jones (USA) 23x15px Inger Miller (USA) 23x15px Ekaterini Thanou (GRE)
2001 Edmonton 23x15px Zhanna Pintusevich-Block (UKR) 23x15px Ekaterini Thanou (GRE) 23x15px Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2003 Paris 23x15px Torri Edwards (USA) 23x15px Zhanna Block (UKR) 23x15px Chandra Sturrup (BAH)
2005 Helsinki 23x15px Lauryn Williams (USA) Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Christine Arron (FRA)
2007 Osaka Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Lauryn Williams (USA) 23x15px Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2009 Berlin Template:Country data JAM Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Carmelita Jeter (USA)
2011 Daegu 23x15px Carmelita Jeter (USA) Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Kelly-Ann Baptiste (TRI)
2013 Moscow Template:Country data JAM 23x15px Murielle Ahouré (CIV) 23x15px Carmelita Jeter (USA)

See also

References

  1. ^ BTEC First Sport By Bob Harris, R. Mills, S. Parker-Bennet
  2. ^ The Day – 23 January 1983
  3. ^ http://www.athleticsweekly.com/messageboard/viewtopic.php?f=1&t=3893
  4. ^ "IAAF keeps one false-start rule". BBC. 3 August 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008. 
  5. ^ "Gatlin queries false start change". BBC News. 6 May 2005. Retrieved 15 August 2008. 
  6. ^ Christopher Clarey (28 August 2011). "Who Can Beat Bolt in the 100? Himself". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  7. ^ "The disqualification of Usain Bolt". IAAF. 28 August 2011. Retrieved 28 August 2011. 
  8. ^ "Usain Bolt 100m 10 meter Splits and Speed Endurance". Speedendurance.com. 22 August 2008. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  9. ^ Sandre-Tom. "IAAF Competition Rules 2009, Rule 164" (PDF). IAAF. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 23 August 2009. 
  10. ^ 100 metres IAAF
  11. ^ Will Swanton and David Sygall, (2007-07-15). Holy Grails. Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved on 2009-06-18. Archived 2009-06-20.
  12. ^ The above source fails to mention that Namibian Frankie Fredericks was the first runner of non-West African descent to break the barrier.
  13. ^ Athlete Profiles - Patrick Johnson. Athletics Australia. Retrieved 2009-06-19. Archived 2009-06-20.
  14. ^ Jad, Adrian (July 2011). "Christophe Lemaitre 100m 9.92s +2.0 (Video) - Officially the Fastest White Man in History". adriansprints.com. Retrieved 2011-07-31. 
  15. ^ "Błąd w odczycie wyniku Justina Gatlina" (in polish). www.sport.wp.pl. 2006-05-18. Retrieved 2006-05-18. 
  16. ^ "9"98 pour Lemaitre", Le Figaro, 07-09-2010
  17. ^ a b Entine, Jon (8 December 2012). "The DNA Olympics -- Jamaicans Win Sprinting 'Genetic Lottery' -- and Why We Should All Care". Forbes. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  18. ^ a b Barling, Kurt (2000-09-04). Runaway success in the sports arena is never simply a question of race. The Independent. Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  19. ^ a b Demirel, Evin (8 August 2012). "What Made Arkansas’ Record-Setting 2012 Track Team So Unique". The Sports Seer. Retrieved 19 July 2013. 
  20. ^ Who Do You Think You Are - Colin Jackson. BBC Sport. Retrieved on 2009-06-18.
  21. ^ Press, Associated. "Progression of 100 meters world record". ESPN. Retrieved 28 June 2011. 
  22. ^ "100 Metres Results" (PDF). IAAF. 16 August 2009. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  23. ^ 100 Metres All Time. IAAF (9 March 2009). Retrieved 6 May 2009. Archived 8 May 2009.
  24. ^ 100 metres records. IAAF (6 September 2011). Retrieved 9 June 2011. Archived 6 September 2011.
  25. ^ 60 Metres Records. IAAF (4 April 2009). Retrieved 4 April 2009.
  26. ^ "Top List – 100m". IAAF. Retrieved 31 May 2011. 
  27. ^ Gerald Imray (15 May 2015). "Gatlin runs 9.74 to win 100 at Diamond League opener in Doha". yahoo.com. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  28. ^ Zinser, Lynn (30 June 2008), "Shattering Limits on the Track, and in the Pool" The New York Times
  29. ^ Pritchard, W. G. (July 2006). "Mathematical Models of Running". Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  30. ^ Linthorne, Nick (March 2003). "Wind Assistance". Brunel University. Archived from the original on 3 September 2009. Retrieved 25 August 2008. 
  31. ^ http://www.iaaf.org/statistics/toplists/inout=o/age=n/season=0/sex=W/all=y/legal=A/disc=100/detail.html
  32. ^ "Top List – 100m". IAAF. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  33. ^ Bromell Blazing! World Leading 9.77w (4.2) To Win Big 12 Championship
  34. ^ "IPC Athletics World Records – Men's 100 m" (PDF). IPC. 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  35. ^ "IPC Athletics World Records – Women's 100 m" (PDF). International Paralympic Committee. 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  36. ^ Canadian Ben Johnson won the 1988 men's 100 metres final, but was stripped of the title after testing positive for steroids in a subsequent doping test.
  37. ^ "1988: Johnson stripped of Olympic gold". BBC News. September 27, 1988. 
  38. ^ On October 5, 2007 Marion Jones of the United States admitted to having taken performance enhancing drugs prior to the 2000 Summer Olympics. On October 9 she relenquished her medals to the United States Olympic Committee, who returned them to the International Olympic Committee. The IOC have removed the medals from Jones and her relay teammates, leaving the positions vacant.

External links