Template:Infobox athletics event The 100 metres (spelt meters in US), or 100-metre dash, is a sprint race in track and field competitions. The shortest common outdoor running distance, it is one of the most popular and prestigious events in the sport of athletics. It has been contested at the Summer Olympics since 1896 for men and since 1928 for women.
The reigning 100 m Olympic champion is often named "the fastest man/woman in the world". Jamaicans Usain Bolt and Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce are the reigning world and Olympic champions in the men's and women's 100 metres, respectively.
On an outdoor 400 metres running track, the 100 m is run on the home straight, with the start usually being set on an extension to make it a straight-line race. Runners begin in the starting blocks and the race begins when an official fires the starter's pistol. Sprinters typically reach top speed after somewhere between 50–60 m. Their speed then slows towards the finish line.
The 10-second barrier has historically been a barometer of fast men's performances, while the best female sprinters take eleven seconds or less to complete the race. The current men's world record is 9.58 seconds, set by Jamaica's Usain Bolt in 2009, while the women's world record of 10.49 seconds set by American Florence Griffith-Joyner in 1988 remains unbroken.
The 100 m (109.361 yards) emerged from the metrication of the 100 yards (91.44 m), a now defunct distance originally contested in English-speaking countries. The event is largely held outdoors as few indoor facilities have a 100 m straight.
- 1 Race dynamics
- 2 10-second barrier
- 3 Record performances
- 4 Fastest 100 metres runners
- 4.1 All-time top 25 men
- 4.2 All-time top 25 women
- 4.3 Best Year Performances
- 4.4 Junior (under-20) men
- 4.5 Women
- 4.6 Junior (under-20) women
- 4.7 Youth (under-18) boys
- 4.8 Youth (under-18) girls
- 4.9 Paralympic men
- 4.10 Paralympic women
- 5 Olympic medalists
- 6 World Championship medalists
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
At high level meets, the time between the gun and first kick against the starting block is measured electronically, via sensors built in the gun and the blocks. A reaction time less than 0.1 s is considered a false start. The 0.1-second interval accounts for the sum of the time it takes for the sound of the starter's pistol to reach the runners' ears, and the time they take to react to it.
For many years a sprinter was disqualified if responsible for two false starts individually. However, this rule allowed some major races to be restarted so many times that the sprinters started to lose focus. The next iteration of the rule, introduced in February 2003, meant that one false start was allowed among the field, but anyone responsible for a subsequent false start was disqualified.
This rule led to some sprinters deliberately false-starting to gain a psychological advantage: an individual with a slower reaction time might false-start, forcing the faster starters to wait and be sure of hearing the gun for the subsequent start, thereby losing some of their advantage. To avoid such abuse and to improve spectator enjoyment, the IAAF implemented a further change in the 2010 season – a false starting athlete now receives immediate disqualification. This proposal was met with objections when first raised in 2005, on the grounds that it would not leave any room for innocent mistakes. Justin Gatlin commented, "Just a flinch or a leg cramp could cost you a year's worth of work." The rule had a dramatic impact at the 2011 World Championships, when current world record holder Usain Bolt was disqualified.
Runners typically reach their top speed just past the halfway point of the race and they progressively decelerate in the later stages of the race. Maintaining that top speed for as long as possible is a primary focus of training for the 100 m. Pacing and running tactics do not play a significant role in the 100 m, as success in the event depends more on pure athletic qualities and technique.
The winner, by IAAF Competition Rules, is determined by the first athlete with his or her torso (not including limbs, head, or neck) over the nearer edge of the finish line. When the placing of the athletes is not obvious, a photo finish is used to distinguish which runner was first to cross the line.
Climatic conditions, in particular air resistance, can affect performances in the 100 m. A strong head wind is very detrimental to performance, while a tail wind can improve performances significantly. For this reason, a maximum tail wind of 2.0 m/s is allowed for a 100 m performance to be considered eligible for records, or "wind legal".
Furthermore, sprint athletes perform better at high altitudes because of the thinner air, which provides less air resistance. In theory, the thinner air would also make breathing slightly more difficult (due to the partial pressure of oxygen being lower), but this difference is negligible for sprint distances where all the oxygen needed for the short dash is already in the muscles and bloodstream when the race starts (explaining why many athletes choose not to breathe for the duration of the race). While there are no limitations on altitude, performances made at altitudes greater than 1000 m above sea level are marked with an "A".
Gender and ethnicity
Only male sprinters have beaten the 100 m 10-second barrier, nearly all of them being of West African descent. Namibian (formerly South-West Africa) Frankie Fredericks became the first man of non-West African heritage to achieve the feat in 1991 and in 2003 Australia's Patrick Johnson (who has Irish and Indigenous Australian heritage) became the first sub-10-second runner without an African background.
In 2010, Frenchman Christophe Lemaitre became the first white European under ten seconds (although Poland's Marian Woronin had unofficially surpassed the barrier with a time of 9.992 seconds in 1984). In 2011, Zimbabwean Ngonidzashe Makusha became the 76th man to break the barrier, yet only the fourth man not of West African descent. No sprinter from East or North Africa has officially achieved this feat. In the Prefontaine Classic 2015 Diamond League meet at Eugene, Su Bingtian ran a time of 9.99 seconds, becoming the first Asian athlete to officially break the 10 second barrier.
It is believed that biological factors may be largely responsible for the notable success in sprinting events enjoyed by athletes of West African descent. Chief among these is a preponderance of natural fast twitch muscle fibers, which aid to obtain higher power, thus higher acceleration and speed. Scientists have concluded that elite-level sprinting is virtually impossible in the absence of the ACTN3 protein, a "speed gene" most common among persons of West African descent that renders fast twitch muscle fibers fast. African American 200 m and 400 m world champion Michael Johnson has suggested that the presence of ACTN3 is at the root of the success of these athletes in sprinting events. Top sprinters of differing ancestry, such as Christophe Lemaitre, are believed to be exceptions in that they too likely have the genes favourable for sprinting.
Colin Jackson, an athlete with mixed ethnic background and former world record holder in the 110 metre hurdles, noted that both his parents were talented athletes and suggested that biological inheritance was the greatest influence, rather than any perceived racial factor. Furthermore, successful black role models in track events may reinforce the racial disparity.
Major 100 m races, such as at the Olympic Games, attract much attention, particularly when the world record is thought to be within reach.
The men's world record has been improved upon twelve times since electronic timing became mandatory in 1977. The current men's world record of 9.58 s is held by Usain Bolt of Jamaica, set at the 2009 World Athletics Championships final on 16 August 2009, breaking his own previous world record by 0.11 s. The current women's world record of 10.49 s was set by Florence Griffith-Joyner of the USA, in Indianapolis, Indiana, on 16 July 1988.
Jim Hines, Ronnie Ray Smith and Charles Green were the first to break the 10-second barrier in the 100 m, all on 20 June 1968, the Night of Speed. Hines also recorded the first legal electronically timed sub-10 second 100 m in winning the 100 metres at the 1968 Olympics. Bob Hayes ran a wind-assisted 9.91 seconds at the 1964 Olympics.
Updated 19 May 2015.
|Time (s)||Wind||Athlete||Nation||Time (s)||Wind||Athlete||Nation|
|Africa (records)||9.85||+1.7||Olusoji Fasuba||23x15px Nigeria||10.79||+1.1||Blessing Okagbare||23x15px Nigeria|
|Asia (records)||9.93||+0.4||Femi Ogunode||23x15px Qatar||10.79||0.0||Li Xuemei||23x15px People's Republic of China|
|Europe (records)||9.86||+0.6||Francis Obikwelu||23x15px Portugal||10.73||+2.0||Christine Arron||23x15px France|
| North, Central America
and Caribbean (records)
|9.58 WR||+0.9||Usain Bolt||Template:Country data Jamaica||10.49 WR||0.0||Florence Griffith-Joyner||23x15px United States|
|Oceania (records)||9.93||+1.8||Patrick Johnson||23x15px Australia||11.11||+1.9||Melissa Breen||23x15px Australia|
|South America (records)||10.00[A]||+1.6||Robson da Silva||23x15px Brazil||11.01||+1.4||Ana Cláudia Lemos||23x15px Brazil|
Fastest 100 metres runners
All-time top 25 men
As of 15 May 2015
|1||9.58 WR||+0.9||Usain Bolt||Template:Country data Jamaica||16 August 2009||Berlin|
|2||9.69||+2.0||Tyson Gay||23x15px United States||20 September 2009||Shanghai|
|−0.1||Yohan Blake||Template:Country data Jamaica||23 August 2012||Lausanne|
|4||9.72||+0.2||Asafa Powell||Template:Country data Jamaica||2 September 2008||Lausanne|
|5||9.74||+0.9||Justin Gatlin||23x15px United States||15 May 2015||Doha|||
|6||9.78||+0.9||Nesta Carter||Template:Country data Jamaica||29 August 2010||Rieti|
|7||9.79||+0.1||Maurice Greene||23x15px United States||16 June 1999||Athens|
|8||9.80||+1.3||Steve Mullings||Template:Country data Jamaica||4 June 2011||Eugene|
|9||9.82||+1.7||Richard Thompson||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||21 June 2014||Port of Spain|
|10||9.84||+0.7||Donovan Bailey||23x15px Canada||27 July 1996||Atlanta|
|+0.2||Bruny Surin||23x15px Canada||22 August 1999||Seville|
|12||9.85||+1.2||Leroy Burrell||23x15px United States||6 July 1994||Lausanne|
|+1.7||Olusoji Fasuba||23x15px Nigeria||12 May 2006||Ad-Dawhah|
|+1.3||Mike Rodgers||23x15px United States||4 June 2011||Eugene|
|15||9.86||+1.2||Carl Lewis||23x15px United States||25 August 1991||Tokyo|
|−0.7||Frankie Fredericks||23x15px Namibia||3 July 1996||Lausanne|
|+1.8||Ato Boldon||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||19 April 1998||Walnut|
|+0.6||Francis Obikwelu||23x15px Portugal||22 August 2004||Athens|
|+1.4||Keston Bledman||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||23 June 2012||Port of Spain|
|20||9.87||+0.3||Linford Christie||23x15px United Kingdom||15 August 1993||Stuttgart|
|−0.2||Obadele Thompson [A]||23x15px Barbados||11 September 1998||Johannesburg|
|22||9.88||+1.8||Shawn Crawford||23x15px United States||19 June 2004||Eugene|
|+1.0||Walter Dix||23x15px United States||8 August 2010||Nottwil|
|+0.9||Ryan Bailey||23x15px United States||29 August 2010||Rieti|
|+1.0||Michael Frater||Template:Country data Jamaica||30 June 2011||Lausanne|
More facts about these male runners
- Usain Bolt also holds the record for the fastest 100 metres with a running start at 8.70 (41 km/hr). This was achieved at a 150 metres race in Manchester 2009, completed in 14.35 (also a World Record). The second fastest all-time record is that of Asafa Powell, with a run of 8.75 on the 4 x 100 metres anchor leg at the Beijing Olympics.
- Tyson Gay also has a time of 9.68 s set on 29 June 2008 during the 2008 U.S. Olympic Track & Field Trials at Hayward Field in Eugene, Oregon; the tail wind speed was +4.1 m/s, more than double the IAAF legal limit of +2.0 m/s.
- Obadele Thompson ran a wind-aided 9.69 in El Paso, Texas in April 1996 which stood as the fastest ever 100m time for 12 years until Tyson Gay's June 2008 performance; the tail wind speed was +5.7 m/s.
- Justin Gatlin ran 9.77 in Doha on 12 May 2006, which was at the time ratified as a world record. However, the record was rescinded in 2007 after he failed a doping test in April 2006.
- Carl Lewis ran a time of 9.78 seconds at the 1988 US Olympic trials in Indianapolis, but it was wind aided (the tail wind speed was +5.2 m/s).
- Tim Montgomery's time of 9.78 at Paris on 14 September 2002 was rescinded following his indictment in the BALCO scandal on drug use and drug trafficking charges. The time had stood as the world record until Asafa Powell first ran 9.77.
- Ben Johnson ran 9.79 at Seoul on 24 September 1988, but he was disqualified after he tested positive for stanozolol after the race. He subsequently admitted to drug use between 1981 and 1988, and his time of 9.83 at Rome on 30 August 1987 was rescinded. Carl Lewis's 9.92 in the Seoul race was therefore recognized as the world record, and his two prior runs of 9.93 were seen as having equalled the previous world record.
- Ato Boldon ran a total of four 9.86 clockings, (two in 1998, two in 1999).
- Steve Mullings is serving a lifetime ban for doping.
All-time top 25 women
As of January 2015
|1||10.49||0.0||Florence Griffith-Joyner||23x15px United States||16 July 1988||Indianapolis|
|2||10.64||+1.2||Carmelita Jeter||23x15px United States||20 September 2009||Shanghai|
|3||10.65 [A]||+1.1||Marion Jones||23x15px United States||12 September 1998||Johannesburg|
|4||10.70||+0.6||Shelly-Ann Fraser-Pryce||Template:Country data Jamaica||29 June 2012||Kingston|
|5||10.73||+2.0||Christine Arron||23x15px France||19 August 1998||Budapest|
|6||10.74||+1.3||Merlene Ottey||Template:Country data Jamaica||7 September 1996||Milan|
|7||10.75||+0.4||Kerron Stewart||Template:Country data Jamaica||10 July 2009||Rome|
|8||10.76||+1.7||Evelyn Ashford||23x15px United States||22 August 1984||Zürich|
|+1.1||Veronica Campbell-Brown||Template:Country data Jamaica||31 May 2011||Ostrava|
|10||10.77||+0.9||Irina Privalova||23x15px Russia||6 July 1994||Lausanne|
|+0.7||Ivet Lalova||23x15px Bulgaria||19 June 2004||Plovdiv|
|12||10.78 [A]||+1.0||Dawn Sowell||23x15px United States||3 June 1989||Provo|
|10.78||+1.8||Torri Edwards||23x15px United States||26 June 2008||Eugene|
|14||10.79||0.0||Li Xuemei||23x15px People's Republic of China||18 October 1997||Shanghai|
|−0.1||Inger Miller||23x15px United States||22 August 1999||Seville|
|+1.1||Blessing Okagbare||23x15px Nigeria||27 July 2013||London|
|17||10.80||+0.8||Tori Bowie||23x15px United States||18 July 2014||Monaco|
|18||10.81||+1.7||Marlies Göhr||23x15px East Germany||8 June 1983||Berlin|
|19||10.82||−1.0||Gail Devers||23x15px United States||1 August 1992||Barcelona|
|+0.4||Gwen Torrence||23x15px United States||3 September 1994||Paris|
|−0.3||Zhanna Block||23x15px Ukraine||6 August 2001||Edmonton|
|−0.7||Sherone Simpson||Template:Country data Jamaica||24 June 2006||Kingston|
|23||10.83||+1.7||Marita Koch||23x15px East Germany||8 June 1983||Berlin|
|0.0||Sheila Echols||23x15px United States||16 July 1988||Indianapolis|
|−0.7||Juliet Cuthbert||Template:Country data Jamaica||1 August 1992||Barcelona|
|+0.1||Ekaterina Thanou||23x15px Greece||22 August 1999||Seville|
|+1.6||Kelly-Ann Baptiste||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||22 June 2013||Port of Spain|
More facts about these female runners
- Florence Griffith-Joyner's World Record has been the subject of a controversy due to strong suspicion of a defective anemometer measuring a tailwind lower than actually present; since 1997 the International Athletics Annual of the Association of Track and Field Statisticians has listed this performance as "probably strongly wind assisted, but recognized as a world record". It can be reasonable to assume a wind reading of about +4.7 m/s for Griffith-Joyner's quarter-final. Her 10.61 the following day and 10.62 at the 1988 Olympics would still make her the world record holder. Sheila Echols' 10.83 clocking was set in the same quarter-final race at the US Olympic trials as Griffith-Joyner's world record, her next best time is 10.99, from the semi-finals of the same meet.
- Gail Devers also has two other 10.82 performances, 7 July 1993 in Lausanne (+1.5) and 16 August 1993 in the World Championship final in Stuttgart (−0.3).
Best Year Performances
As of June 1, 2015
Junior (under-20) men
|Rank||Fastest time (s)||Wind (m/s)||Athlete||Country||Date||Location|
|1||9.97||+1.8||Trayvon Bromell||23x15px United States||13 June 2014||Eugene|
|2||10.01||+0.0||Darrel Brown||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||24 August 2003||Paris|
|+1.6||Jeff Demps||23x15px United States||28 June 2008||Eugene|
|+0.9||Yoshihide Kiryu||Template:Country data Japan||29 April 2013||Hiroshima|
|5||10.03||+0.7||Marcus Rowland||23x15px United States||31 July 2009||Port of Spain|
|6||10.04||+1.7||D'Angelo Cherry||23x15px United States||10 June 2009||Fayetteville|
|+0.2||Christophe Lemaitre||23x15px France||24 July 2009||Novi Sad|
|8||10.05||+0.1||Adam Gemili||23x15px Great Britain||11 July 2012||Barcelona|
|9||10.06||+2.0||Dwain Chambers||23x15px Great Britain||25 July 1997||Ljubljana|
|+1.5||Walter Dix||23x15px United States||27 May 2005||New York City|
|11||10.07||+2.0||Stanley Floyd||23x15px United States||24 May 1980||Austin|
|+1.1||DaBryan Blanton||23x15px United States||30 May 2003||Lincoln|
|+0.2||Tamunosiki Atorudibo||23x15px Nigeria||8 July 2004||Abuja|
|+0.3||Jimmy Vicaut||23x15px France||22 July 2011||Tallinn|
- British sprinter Mark Lewis-Francis recorded a time of 9.97 seconds on 5 August 2001 (aged 18 years, 334 days) but the wind gauge malfunctioned, invalidating the run.
- Nigerian sprinters Davidson Ezinwa and Sunday Emmanuel ran 10.05 (4 January 1990) and 10.06 (26 April 1997), respectively, but without wind gauge.
- Trayvon Bromell recorded a time of 9.77 s with a strong tailwind of +4.2 m/s on May 2014 during the Big 12 Outdoor Track Championships
Junior (under-20) women
Updated 5 May 2012[update]
|Rank||Fastest time (s)||Wind (m/s)||Athlete||Nation||Date||Location|
|1||10.88||+2.0||Marlies Göhr||23x15px East Germany||1 July 1977||Dresden|
|2||10.89||+1.8||Katrin Krabbe||23x15px East Germany||20 July 1988||Berlin|
|3||11.03||+1.7||Silke Gladisch-Möller||23x15px East Germany||8 June 1983||Berlin|
|+0.6||English Gardner||23x15px United States||14 May 2011||Tucson|
|5||11.04||+1.4||Angela Williams||23x15px United States||5 June 1999||Boise|
|6||11.07||+0.7||Bianca Knight||23x15px United States||27 June 2008||Eugene|
|7||11.08||+2.0||Brenda Morehead||23x15px United States||21 June 1976||Eugene|
|8||11.11||+0.2||Shakedia Jones||23x15px United States||2 May 1998||Westwood|
|+1.1||Joan Uduak Ekah||23x15px Nigeria||2 July 1999||Lausanne|
|10||11.12||+2.0||Veronica Campbell-Brown||Template:Country data Jamaica||18 October 2000||Santiago|
|+1.2||Alexandria Anderson||23x15px United States||22 June 2006||Indianapolis|
|+1.1||Aurieyall Scott||23x15px United States||24 June 2011||Eugene|
Youth (under-18) boys
Updated 11 December 2012[update]
|Rank||Fastest time (s)||Wind (m/s)||Athlete||Country||Date||Location|
|1||10.19||+0.5||Yoshihide Kiryu||Template:Country data Japan||3 November 2012||Fukuroi|
|2||10.23||+0.8||Tamunosiki Atorudibo||23x15px Nigeria||23 March 2002||Enugu|
|+1.2||Rynell Parson||23x15px United States||21 June 2007||Indianapolis|
|4||10.24||+0.0||Darrel Brown||23x15px Trinidad and Tobago||14 April 2001||Bridgetown|
|5||10.25||+1.5||J-Mee Samuels||23x15px United States||11 July 2004||Knoxville|
|+1.6||Jeff Demps||23x15px United States||1 August 2007||Knoxville|
|7||10.26||+1.2||Deworski Odom||23x15px United States||21 July 1994||Lisboa|
|−0.1||Sunday Emmanuel||23x15px Nigeria||18 March 1995||Bauchi|
|9||10.27||+0.2||Henry Thomas||23x15px United States||19 May 1984||Norwalk|
|+1.6||Curtis Johnson||23x15px United States||30 June 1990||Fresno|
|+1.0||Ivory Williams||23x15px United States||8 June 2002||Sacramento|
|−0.2||Jazeel Murphy||Template:Country data Jamaica||23 April 2011||Montego Bay|
Youth (under-18) girls
Updated 5 May 2012[update]
|Rank||Fastest time (s)||Wind (m/s)||Athlete||Nation||Date||Location|
|1||11.13||+2.0||Chandra Cheeseborough||23x15px United States||21 June 1976||Eugene|
|2||11.14||+1.7||Marion Jones||23x15px United States||6 June 1992||Norwalk|
|−0.5||Angela Williams||23x15px United States||21 June 1997||Edwardsville|
|4||11.16||+1.2||Gabrielle Mayo||23x15px United States||22 June 2006||Indianapolis|
|5||11.17 A||+0.6||Wendy Vereen||23x15px United States||3 July 1983||Colorado Springs|
|6||11.20 A||+1.2||Raelene Boyle||23x15px Australia||15 October 1968||Mexico City|
|7||11.24||+1.2||Jeneba Tarmoh||23x15px United States||22 June 2006||Indianapolis|
|+0.8||Jodie Williams||23x15px Great Britain||31 May 2010||Bedford|
|9||11.26||+1.4||Grit Breuer||23x15px East Germany||30 June 1989||Dresden|
|+1.2||Bianca Knight||23x15px United States||22 June 2006||Indianapolis|
Updated to 1 January 2015
|Classification||Fastest time (s)||Wind (m/s)||Athlete||Country||Date||Location|
|T11||10.92||+1.8||David Brown||23x15px United States||18 April 2014||Walnut|
|T12||10.66||−0.4||Elchin Muradov||23x15px Azerbaijan||19 June 2010||Imola|
|T13||10.46||+0.6||Jason Smyth||23x15px Ireland||1 September 2012||London|
|T32||23.25||+0.0||Martin McDonagh||23x15px Ireland||13 August 1999||Nottingham|
|T33||16.81||+0.8||Ahmad Almutairi||Template:Country data Kuwait||20 October 2014||Incheon|
|T34||15.33||+1.2||Walid Ktila||23x15px Tunisia||27 February 2014||Sharjah|
|T35||12.29||−0.3||Yang Sen||23x15px People's Republic of China||13 September 2008||Beijing|
|T36||11.90||-0.5||Evgenii Shvetcov||23x15px Russia||22 July 2013||Lyon|
|T37||11.48||-0.7||Andrey Vdovin||23x15px Russia||22 July 2013||Lyon|
|T38||10.79||+0.4||Evan O'Hanlon||23x15px Australia||1 September 2012||London|
|T42||12.11||+1.2||Heinrich Popow||23x15px Germany||12 July 2013||Leverkusen|
|T43||10.57||+1.9||Alan Fonteles Cardoso Oliveira||23x15px Brazil||28 July 2013||London|
|T44||10.75||+1.9||Richard Browne||23x15px United States||28 July 2013||London|
|T45||10.94||+0.2||Yohansson Nascimento||23x15px Brazil||6 September 2012||London|
|T47||10.72||+0.0||Ajibola Adeoye||23x15px Nigeria||6 September 1992||Barcelona|
|T51||21.11||+1.2||Toni Piispanen||23x15px Finland||17 May 2012||Pratteln|
|T52||16.73||+0.4||Paul Nitz||23x15px United States||20 May 2012||Nottwil|
|T53||14.17||+1.0||Brent Lakatos||23x15px Canada||17 May 2014||Nottwil|
|T54||13.63||+1.0||Leo-Pekka Tähti||23x15px Finland||1 September 2012||London|
Updated to 1 January 2015
|Classification||Fastest time (s)||Wind (m/s)||Athlete||Country||Date||Location|
|T11||12.01||+1.2||Terezinha Guilhermina||23x15px Brazil||5 September 2012||London|
|T12||11.91||+0.6||Zhou Guohua||23x15px People's Republic of China||1 September 2012||London|
|T13||11.99||−0.9||Omara Durand||23x15px Cuba||17 November 2011||Guadalajara|
|T32||37.67||+0.0||Lindsay Wright||23x15px United Kingdom||25 July 1997||Nottingham|
|T33||21.59||−0.4||Kristen Messer||23x15px United States||31 August 2012||London|
|T34||17.31||+1.0||Hannah Cockroft||23x15px United Kingdom||17 May 2014||Nottwil|
|T35||14.63||+0.4||Maria Lyle||23x15px United Kingdom||31 May 2014||Bedford|
|T36||13.82||+0.3||Wang Fang||23x15px People's Republic of China||16 September 2008||Beijing|
|T37||13.68||+0.4||Mandy Francois-Elie||23x15px France||8 June 2013||Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire|
|T38||13.04||+0.3||Sophie Hahn||23x15px United Kingdom||18 May 2014||Loughborough|
|T42||15.18||−0.5||Martina Caironi||23x15px Italy||6 June 2013||Rome|
|T43||12.96||+0.8||Marlou van Rhijn||23x15px Netherlands||15 June 2013||Berlin|
|T44||12.98||+0.0||April Holmes||23x15px United States||1 July 2006||Atlanta|
|T45||14.00||+0.0||G Cole||23x15px Canada||2 June 1980||Arnhem|
|T46||11.95||−0.2||Yunidis Castillo||23x15px Cuba||4 September 2012||London|
|T51||32.08||+0.0||V Hill||23x15px United States||27 August 1989||Stoke Mandeville|
|T52||18.67||+1.7||Michelle Stilwell||23x15px Canada||14 July 2012||Windsor|
|T53||16.22||−0.2||Huang Lisha||23x15px People's Republic of China||12 September 2008||Beijing|
|T54||15.82||+0.5||Wenjun Liu||23x15px People's Republic of China||8 September 2012||London|
World Championship medalists
- 100-yard dash
- National champions 100 metres (men)
- National champions 100 metres (women)
- World record progression 100 metres men
- World record progression 100 metres women
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- The above source fails to mention that Namibian Frankie Fredericks was the first runner of non-West African descent to break the barrier.
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- Entine, Jon (8 December 2012). "The DNA Olympics -- Jamaicans Win Sprinting 'Genetic Lottery' -- and Why We Should All Care". Forbes. Retrieved 19 July 2013.
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- Gerald Imray (15 May 2015). "Gatlin runs 9.74 to win 100 at Diamond League opener in Doha". yahoo.com. Retrieved 15 May 2015.
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- Bromell Blazing! World Leading 9.77w (4.2) To Win Big 12 Championship
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- Canadian Ben Johnson won the 1988 men's 100 metres final, but was stripped of the title after testing positive for steroids in a subsequent doping test.
- "1988: Johnson stripped of Olympic gold". BBC News. September 27, 1988.
- On October 5, 2007 Marion Jones of the United States admitted to having taken performance enhancing drugs prior to the 2000 Summer Olympics. On October 9 she relenquished her medals to the United States Olympic Committee, who returned them to the International Olympic Committee. The IOC have removed the medals from Jones and her relay teammates, leaving the positions vacant.