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12 Hours of Sebring

12 Hours of Sebring
150px
200px
United SportsCar Championship
Venue Sebring International Raceway
Corporate sponsor Mobil 1
First race 1950
First USCC race 2014
Duration 12 hours
Most wins (driver) Tom Kristensen (6)
Most wins (team) Scuderia Ferrari/SpA Ferrari (8)
Most wins (manufacturer) Porsche (17)

The 12 Hours of Sebring is an annual motorsport endurance race for sports cars held at Sebring International Raceway, on the site of the former Hendricks Army Airfield World War II air base in Sebring, Florida. The event is the second round of the United SportsCar Championship and in the past has been a round of the now defunct World Sportscar Championship, IMSA GT Championship and American Le Mans Series. In 2012, the race was the opening event of the FIA World Endurance Championship.

History

The track opened in 1950 on an airfield and is a road racing course styled after those used in European Grand Prix motor racing. The first race was a six-hour race on New Year's Eve 1950, with the next race held 14 months later as the first 12 Hours of Sebring.[1] The race is famous for its "once around the clock" action, starting during the day and finishing at night. From 1953 to 1972 the 12 Hour was a round of the FIA’s premier sports car series which was contested under various names including the World Sportscar Championship and the International Championship for Makes.

In its early years, the Sebring circuit combined former airport runways with narrow two-lane service roads.[citation needed] The 1966 event was a turning point in Sebring history, as the facilities and the safety of the circuit were heavily criticized. Five people were killed during the race, which was more people killed than in the race's prior 15-year history combined.[citation needed] Bob McLean crashed while approaching the hairpin; his car rolled several times, struck a utility pole and then exploded, landing in a ditch and killing McLean.[citation needed]

In another incident Mario Andretti in his Ferrari 365 P2 tangled with Don Wester's Porsche 906 on the Warehouse Straight near the Webster Turns, killing four spectators and then crashing into a warehouse next to the track. Subsequent to these events, the facilities were upgraded and the circuit layout was changed, including eliminating the Webster Turns and creating the Green Park Chicane further down the track to move the straight further away from the airport warehouses.[citation needed] The circuit was made safer and there were no fatalities until 1980.

It is known as preparation for the 24 Hours of Le Mans, as the track's extremely bumpy surface, combined with south-central Florida's perennial hot weather, is a test of a car's reliability. In recent years, six overall victories have been achieved by the Audi R8, one fewer than the record seven wins of the Porsche 935.

Tom Kristensen has won the race more times than anyone else, with six victoriesTemplate:Spaced ndashin 19992000, 20052006, 2009 and in 2012.

Race results

The 1966 race had Dan Gurney leading at the last lap, when his engine of his Shelby American Ford GT40 Mk II seized near the end. Gurney pushed his car over the finish line, beaten only by Ken Miles and Lloyd Ruby. However, his actions were ultimately determined to be against the rules and he did not receive credit for his finish.[2]

In 2005, the Chevrolet Corvette C6.R and Aston Martin DBR9 made their race debut in the hotly contested GT1 class, with Aston Martin winning its class for the first time in 49 years at Sebring ahead of the two Corvettes. Corvette had dominated the class the past three years with its previous generation C5R.

The all-new Audi R10 TDI won the 2006 edition of the race, the car's first ever run in competition. The victory set the stage for an even more momentous win by the R10 in its next race, the Le Mans 24 Hours later in the year. The much-hyped Porsche RS Spyder campaigned by Penske Racing dropped to take 2nd place in its LMP2 class, behind the Intersport Lola car. The GT1 Corvette C6R team got their revenge against the Aston Martin, although the second Corvette came within 1/3 of a second of the podium in the closing laps of the race.

2007 saw Audi again winning in the R10 TDI despite requiring more frequent refueling due to changes in American Le Mans series rules intended to even the field between gasoline and diesel powered engines. In addition to an overall win, Audi also set a track record in 2007 with Marco Werner behind the wheel in qualifying.

Statistics

File:McNish-ALMS-LRP-2006.jpg
Audi R8 winner 2000-2005
Rank Constructor Wins Years
1 23x15px Porsche 18 1960, 1968, 1971, 1973, 7688, 2008
2 23x15px Ferrari 12 1956, 58-64, 1970, 1972, 1995, 97-98
3 23x15px Audi 11 20002007, 2009, 1213
4 Template:Country data JPN Nissan 4 8991, 1994
5 23x15px Ford 4 66-67, 1969, 2014
6 Template:Country data JPN Toyota 2 92-93
23x15px BMW 1975, 1999
23x15px Peugeot 10-11
9 23x15px Allard 1 1950
23x15px Frazer-Nash 1952
23x15px Cunningham 1953
23x15px O.S.C.A. 1954
23x15px Jaguar 1955
23x15px Maserati 1957
23x15px Chaparral 1965
23x15px Riley & Scott 1996
23x15px Riley 2014
Rank Driver Wins Years
1 23x15px Tom Kristensen 6 99-00, 05-06, 2009, 2012
2 23x15px Rinaldo Capello 5 01-02, 2006, 2009, 2012
3 23x15px Frank Biela 4 2000, 03-04, 07
23x15px Allan McNish 2004, 2006, 2009, 2012
5 23x15px Mario Andretti 3 1967, 1970, 1972
23x15px Hans-Joachim Stuck 1975, 1986, 1988

Overall winners

Year Drivers Team Car Tires Distance Championship
3.3 mile/5.31 km circuit
1950 D 23x15px Fritz Koster
23x15px Ralph Deshon
23x15px Victor Sharpe/Tommy Cole Crosley HotShot Script error: No such module "convert".
(Sam Collier Memorial Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours) [3]
Non-championship
1951 Not held
5.382 mile/8.6 km circuit
1952 23x15px Harry Gray
23x15px Larry Kulok
23x15px Stuart Donaldson Frazer-Nash Le Mans Replica D Script error: No such module "convert". American Automobile Association (AAA)
1953 23x15px Phil Walters
23x15px John Fitch
23x15px Briggs Cunningham Cunningham C4R-Chrysler F Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1954 23x15px Stirling Moss
23x15px Bill Lloyd
23x15px Briggs Cunningham O.S.C.A. MT4 P Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1955 23x15px Mike Hawthorn
23x15px Phil Walters
23x15px Briggs Cunningham Jaguar D-Type D Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1956 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio
23x15px Eugenio Castellotti
23x15px Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 860 Monza E Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1957 23x15px Jean Behra
23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio
23x15px Maserati Maserati 450S P Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1958 23x15px Phil Hill
23x15px Peter Collins
23x15px Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR58 E Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1959 23x15px Dan Gurney
23x15px Chuck Daigh
23x15px Phil Hill
23x15px Olivier Gendebien
23x15px Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari 250 TR59 Fantuzzi E Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1960 23x15px Hans Herrmann
23x15px Olivier Gendebien
23x15px Joakim Bonnier PorscheRS-60 D Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1961 23x15px Phil Hill
23x15px Olivier Gendebien
23x15px SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250 TRI/61 D Script error: No such module "convert". World Sportscar Championship
1962 23x15px Joakim Bonnier
23x15px Lucien Bianchi
23x15px Scuderia SSS Republica di Venezia Ferrari 250 TRI/61 D Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1963 23x15px John Surtees
23x15px Ludovico Scarfiotti
23x15px SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 250P D Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1964 23x15px Mike Parkes
23x15px Umberto Maglioli
23x15px SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 275P D Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1965 23x15px Jim Hall
23x15px Hap Sharp
23x15px Chaparral Cars Inc. Chaparral 2-Chevrolet F Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for GT Manufacturers
1966 23x15px Ken Miles
23x15px Lloyd Ruby
23x15px Shelby American Inc. Ford GT40 X-1 Roadster G Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for Sports-Prototypes
International Championship for Sports Cars
5.4 mile/8.66 km circuit
1967 23x15px Bruce McLaren
23x15px Mario Andretti
23x15px Ford Motor Company Ford GT40 MkIV F Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for Sports-Prototypes
International Championship for Sports Cars
1968 23x16px Jo Siffert
23x15px Hans Herrmann
23x15px Porsche Automobile Company Porsche 907 D Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for Makes
1969 23x15px Jacky Ickx
23x15px Jackie Oliver
23x15px J.W. Automotive Engineering Ford GT40 MkI F Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for Makes
1970 23x15px Ignazio Giunti
23x15px Nino Vaccarella
23x15px Mario Andretti
23x15px SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 512S F Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for Makes
1971 23x15px Vic Elford
23x15px Gérard Larrousse
23x15px Martini Racing Porsche 917K F Script error: No such module "convert". International Championship for Makes
1972 23x15px Mario Andretti
23x15px Jacky Ickx
23x15px SpA Ferrari SEFAC Ferrari 312PB F Script error: No such module "convert". World Championship for Makes
1973 23x15px Hurley Haywood
23x15px Peter Gregg
23x15px Dave Helmick
23x15px Dave Helmick Porsche Carrera RSR G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1974 No race due to energy crisis
1975 23x15px Hans-Joachim Stuck
23x15px Brian Redman
23x15px Allan Moffat
23x15px Sam Posey
23x15px BMW Motorsport BMW 3.0 CSL D Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1976 23x15px Al Holbert
23x15px Mike Keyser
23x15px Holbert Porsche-Audi Porsche Carrera RSR G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1977 23x15px George Dyer
23x15px Brad Frisselle
23x15px George Dyer Porsche Carrera RSR G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1978 23x15px Brian Redman
23x15px Charles Mendez
23x15px Bob Garretson
23x15px Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1979 23x15px Bob Akin
23x15px Rob McFarlin
23x15px Roy Woods
23x15px Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1980 23x15px John Fitzpatrick
23x15px Dick Barbour
23x15px Dick Barbour Racing Porsche 935 K3 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1981 23x15px Bruce Leven
23x15px Hurley Haywood
23x15px Al Holbert
23x15px Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 935/80 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
World Endurance Championship
1982 23x15px John Paul, Sr.
23x15px John Paul, Jr.
23x15px JLP Racing Porsche 935 JLP-3 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
4.7 mile/7.52 km circuit
1983 23x15px Wayne Baker
23x15px Jim Mullen
23x15px Kees Nierop
23x15px Personalized Autohaus Porsche 934A F Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1984 23x15px Mauricio de Narvaez
23x15px Hans Heyer
23x15px Stefan Johansson
23x15px De Narvaez Enterprises Porsche 935J G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1985 23x15px A. J. Foyt
23x15px Bob Wollek
23x15px Preston Henn Porsche 962 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1986 23x15px Hans-Joachim Stuck
23x15px Jo Gartner
23x15px Bob Akin
23x15px Bob Akin Motor Racing Porsche 962 Y Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
4.2 mile/6.85 km circuit
1987 23x15px Jochen Mass
23x15px Bobby Rahal
23x15px Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1988 23x15px Klaus Ludwig
23x15px Hans-Joachim Stuck
23x15px Bayside Disposal Racing Porsche 962 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1989 23x15px Geoff Brabham
23x15px Chip Robinson
23x15px Arie Luyendyk
23x15px Electramotive Engineering Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1990
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland Derek Daly
    23x15px Bob Earl
23x15px Nissan Performance Technology Nissan GTP ZX-Turbo G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
3.72 mile/5.99 km circuit
1991
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland Derek Daly
    23x15px Geoff Brabham
    23x15px Gary Brabham
23x15px Nissan Performance Technology Nissan NPT-90 G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1992 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio II
23x15px Andy Wallace
23x15px All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota G Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1993 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio II
23x15px Andy Wallace
23x15px All American Racers Eagle MkIII-Toyota G Script error: No such module "convert".B IMSA GT Championship
1994 23x15px Steve Millen
23x15px Johnny O'Connell
23x15px John Morton
23x15px Clayton Cunningham Racing Nissan 300ZX Y Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1995 23x15px Andy Evans
23x15px Fermín Vélez
23x15px Eric van de Poele
23x15px Scandia Motorsports Ferrari 333 SP P Script error: No such module "convert".B IMSA GT Championship
1996 23x15px Wayne Taylor
23x15px Jim Pace
23x15px Scott Sharp
23x15px Doyle Racing Riley & Scott Mk III-Oldsmobile P Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
1997 23x15px Andy Evans
23x15px Fermín Vélez
23x15px Yannick Dalmas
23x15px Stefan Johansson
23x15px Team Scandia Ferrari 333 SP G Script error: No such module "convert".B IMSA GT Championship
1998 23x15px Didier Theys
23x15px Gianpiero Moretti
23x15px Mauro Baldi
23x15px MOMO Doran Racing Ferrari 333 SP Y Script error: No such module "convert". IMSA GT Championship
3.74 mile/6.02 km circuit
1999 23x15px Tom Kristensen
23x15px JJ Lehto
23x15px Jörg Müller
23x15px BMW Motorsport BMW V12 LMR M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2000 23x15px Frank Biela
23x15px Tom Kristensen
23x15px Emanuele Pirro
23x15px Audi Sport North America Audi R8 M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2001 23x15px Rinaldo Capello
23x15px Michele Alboreto
23x15px Laurent Aïello
23x15px Audi Sport North America Audi R8 M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
European Le Mans Series
2002 23x15px Rinaldo Capello
23x15px Christian Pescatori
23x15px Johnny Herbert
23x15px Audi Sport North America Audi R8 M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2003 23x15px Frank Biela
23x15px Marco Werner
23x15px Philipp Peter
23x15px Infineon Team Joest Audi R8 M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2004 23x15px Allan McNish
23x15px Frank Biela
23x15px Pierre Kaffer
23x15px Audi Sport UK Team Veloqx Audi R8 M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2005 23x15px JJ Lehto
23x15px Marco Werner
23x15px Tom Kristensen
23x15px ADT Champion Racing Audi R8 M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2006 23x15px Tom Kristensen
23x15px Allan McNish
23x15px Rinaldo Capello
23x15px Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2007 23x15px Frank Biela
23x15px Emanuele Pirro
23x15px Marco Werner
23x15px Audi Sport North America Audi R10 TDI
(Diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2008 23x15px Timo Bernhard
23x15px Romain Dumas
23x15px Emmanuel Collard
23x15px Penske Racing Porsche RS Spyder M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2009 23x15px Tom Kristensen
23x15px Allan McNish
23x15px Rinaldo Capello
23x15px Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R15 TDI
(Diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert".C American Le Mans Series
2010 23x15px Marc Gené
23x15px Alexander Wurz
23x15px Anthony Davidson
23x15px Team Peugeot Total Peugeot 908 HDi FAP
(Diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2011 23x15px Loïc Duval
23x15px Nicolas Lapierre
23x15px Olivier Panis
23x15px Team Oreca Matmut Peugeot 908 HDi FAP
(Diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
Intercontinental Le Mans Cup
2012 23x15px Tom Kristensen
23x15px Allan McNish
23x15px Rinaldo Capello
23x15px Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 TDI
(Diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert". FIA World Endurance Championship
American Le Mans Series
2013 23x16px Marcel Fässler
23x15px Benoît Tréluyer
23x15px Oliver Jarvis
23x15px Audi Sport Team Joest Audi R18 e-tron quattro
(hybrid diesel)
M Script error: No such module "convert". American Le Mans Series
2014 23x15px Marino Franchitti
23x15px Scott Pruett
23x15px Memo Rojas
23x15px Ganassi Racing Riley Mk XXVI-Ford Ecoboost C Script error: No such module "convert". United SportsCar Championship
2015 23x15px Christian Fittipaldi
23x15px Sébastien Bourdais
23x15px João Barbosa
23x15px Action Express Racing Chevrolet Corvette DP C Script error: No such module "convert". United SportsCar Championship
^A The car was in fact, a Porsche 935 K3 that has been modified with a single plug cylinder head and a front nose to resemble a Porsche 934 to comply to IMSA GTO specification.[4]
^B These races were stopped for a period of time due to heavy rain and/or accidents. The race clock was not stopped for these periods and counted towards the 12 Hours.
^C Race record for most distance covered.
^D Technically the race "winner" in 1950 was the Crosley Hot Shot of Fritz Koster / Ralph Deshon, entered by Victor Sharpe Jr. of Tampa. While the Wacker / Burrell Allard did cover more distance, the race was run under the "Index of Performance" handicapping rules and the Crosley, with a much smaller engine than the Cadillac-powered Allard, is listed in the Official Sebring Record Book as the winner.

References

  1. ^ McCluggage, Denise (February 20, 2012). "Racing Through History". Autoweek 62 (4): 66–67. 
  2. ^ Watkins, Gary (March 19, 2012). "Fab Five". Autoweek 62 (6): 77. Retrieved April 12, 2012. 
  3. ^ Sam Collier Memorial Sebring Grand Prix of Endurance Six Hours, www.racingsportscars.com Retrieved on 31 July 2012
  4. ^ Starkey, John. 930 to 935: The Turbo Porsches. Renwick & Starkey Ltd. ISBN 0-9665094-1-2. 

External links