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1500 metres at the Olympics

1500 metres
at the Olympic Games
250px
The 2012 Olympic women's 1500 m heats
Overview
Sport Athletics
Gender Men and women
Years held Men: 18962012
Women: 19722012
Olympic record
Men 3:32.07 Noah Ngeny (2000)
Women 3:53.96 Paula Ivan (1988)
Reigning champion
Men 22x20px Taoufik Makhloufi (ALG)
Women 22x20px Aslı Çakır Alptekin (TUR)

The 1500 metres at the Summer Olympics has been contested since the first edition of the multi-sport event. The men's 1500 m has been present on the Olympic athletics programme since 1896. The women's event was not introduced until over seventy years later, but it has been a permanent fixture since it was first held in 1972. It is the most prestigious 1500 m race at elite level. The competition format comprises three rounds: a heats stage, semi-finals, then a final typically between twelve athletes.

The Olympic records for the event are 3:32.07 minutes for men, set by Noah Ngeny in 2000, and 3:53.96 minutes for women, set by Paula Ivan in 1988. The 1500 metres world record has been broken several times at the Olympics: the men's record was beaten in 1900, 1936, and 1960, while the women's record was improved in 1972 (three times) and in 1980.[1]

Only two athletes have defended the Olympic 1500 m title: Tatyana Kazankina became the first person to win two gold medals in the event in 1980 (repeating her 1976 win) and, soon after, Sebastian Coe became the first man to do so in 1984. No athlete of either sex has won more than two medals. Historically, athletes in this event have also had success in the 800 metres at the Olympics. Kelly Holmes was the last athlete to win both events at the same Olympics in 2004, but no male athlete has reached both middle-distance podiums since Sebastian Coe in 1984.

Great Britain is the most successful nation in the event, having won six gold medals and a total of fourteen. Kenya has the next highest number of gold medals, with five, while the United States has the next highest medal total with thirteen. The United States is the only nation to have swept the medals in the event, having done so in St. Louis in 1904, albeit in a final between seven Americans and two foreigners.

Medal summary

Men

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1896 Athens
details
22x20px Edwin Flack (AUS) 22x20px Arthur Blake (USA) 22x20px Albin Lermusiaux (FRA)
1900 Paris
details
22x20px Charles Bennett (GBR) 22x20px Henri Deloge (FRA) 22x20px John Bray (USA)
1904 St. Louis
details
22x20px James Lightbody (USA) 22x20px Frank Verner (USA) 22x20px Lacey Hearn (USA)
1908 London
details
22x20px Mel Sheppard (USA) 22x20px Harold Wilson (GBR) 22x20px Norman Hallows (GBR)
1912 Stockholm
details
22x20px Arnold Jackson (GBR) 22x20px Abel Kiviat (USA) 22x20px Norman Taber (USA)
1920 Antwerp
details
22x20px Albert Hill (GBR) 22x20px Philip Baker (GBR) 22x20px Lawrence Shields (USA)
1924 Paris
details
22x20px Paavo Nurmi (FIN) 22x20px Willy Schärer (SUI) 22x20px Henry Stallard (GBR)
1928 Amsterdam
details
22x20px Harri Larva (FIN) 22x20px Jules Ladoumègue (FRA) 22x20px Eino Purje (FIN)
1932 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Luigi Beccali (ITA) 22x20px Jerry Cornes (GBR) 22x20px Phil Edwards (CAN)
1936 Berlin
details
22x20px Jack Lovelock (NZL) 22x20px Glenn Cunningham (USA) 22x20px Luigi Beccali (ITA)
1948 London
details
22x20px Henry Eriksson (SWE) 22x20px Lennart Strand (SWE) 22x20px Wim Slijkhuis (NED)
1952 Helsinki
details
22x20px Josy Barthel (LUX) 22x20px Bob McMillen (USA) 22x20px Werner Lueg (GER)
1956 Melbourne
details
22x20px Ron Delany (IRL) 22x20px Klaus Richtzenhain (EUA) 22x20px John Landy (AUS)
1960 Rome
details
22x20px Herb Elliott (AUS) 22x20px Michel Jazy (FRA) 22x20px István Rózsavölgyi (HUN)
1964 Tokyo
details
22x20px Peter Snell (NZL) 22x20px Josef Odložil (TCH) 22x20px John Davies (NZL)
1968 Mexico City
details
22x20px Kipchoge Keino (KEN) 22x20px Jim Ryun (USA) 22x20px Bodo Tümmler (FRG)
1972 Munich
details
22x20px Pekka Vasala (FIN) 22x20px Kipchoge Keino (KEN) 22x20px Rod Dixon (NZL)
1976 Montreal
details
22x20px John Walker (NZL) 22x20px Ivo van Damme (BEL) 22x20px Paul-Heinz Wellmann (FRG)
1980 Moscow
details
22x20px Sebastian Coe (GBR) 22x20px Jürgen Straub (GDR) 22x20px Steve Ovett (GBR)
1984 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Sebastian Coe (GBR) 22x20px Steve Cram (GBR) 22x20px José Manuel Abascal (ESP)
1988 Seoul
details
22x20px Peter Rono (KEN) 22x20px Peter Elliott (GBR) 22x20px Jens-Peter Herold (GDR)
1992 Barcelona
details
22x20px Fermín Cacho (ESP) 22x20px Rachid El Basir (MAR) 22x20px Mohammed Suleiman (QAT)
1996 Atlanta
details
22x20px Noureddine Morceli (ALG) 22x20px Fermín Cacho (ESP) 22x20px Stephen Kipkorir (KEN)
2000 Sydney
details
22x20px Noah Ngeny (KEN) 22x20px Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) 22x20px Bernard Lagat (KEN)
2004 Athens
details
22x20px Hicham El Guerrouj (MAR) 22x20px Bernard Lagat (KEN) 22x20px Rui Silva (POR)
2008 Beijing
details
22x20px Asbel Kiprop (KEN) 22x20px Nick Willis (NZL) 22x20px Mehdi Baala (FRA)
2012 London
details
22x20px Taoufik Makhloufi (ALG) 22x20px Leonel Manzano (USA) 22x20px Abdalaati Iguider (MAR)

Multiple medalists

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Coe, SebastianSebastian Coe Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 1980–1984 2 0 0 2
2 Keino, KipchogeKipchoge Keino Kenya Kenya (KEN) 1968–1972 1 1 0 2
2 Cacho, FerminFermin Cacho Spain Spain (ESP) 1992–1996 1 1 0 2
2 El Guerrouj, HichamHicham El Guerrouj Morocco Morocco (MAR) 2000–2004 1 1 0 2
4 Beccali, LuigiLuigi Beccali Italy Italy (ITA) 1932–1936 1 0 1 2

Medals by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 5 5 3 13
2 Kenya Kenya (KEN) 4 2 2 8
3 New Zealand New Zealand (NZL) 3 1 2 6
4 Finland Finland (FIN) 3 0 1 4
5 United States United States (USA) 2 7 4 13
6 Australia Australia (AUS) 2 0 1 3
7 Algeria Algeria (ALG) 2 0 0 2
8 Morocco Morocco (MAR) 1 2 1 4
9 Spain Spain (ESP) 1 1 1 3
10 Sweden Sweden (SWE) 1 1 0 2
11 Italy Italy (ITA) 1 0 1 2
12= Ireland Ireland (IRL) 1 0 0 1
12= Luxembourg Luxembourg (LUX) 1 0 0 1
14 France France (FRA) 0 3 2 5
15= East Germany East Germany (GDR) 0 1 1 2
15= Germany Germany (GER)[nb] 0 1 1 2
17= Belgium Belgium (BEL) 0 1 0 1
17= Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia (TCH) 0 1 0 1
17= Switzerland Switzerland (SUI) 0 1 0 1
20 West Germany West Germany (FRG) 0 0 2 2
21= Canada Canada (CAN) 0 0 1 1
21= Hungary Hungary (HUN) 0 0 1 1
21= Netherlands Netherlands (NED) 0 0 1 1
21= Portugal Portugal (POR) 0 0 1 1
21= Qatar Qatar (QAT) 0 0 1 1

Women

Games Gold Silver Bronze
1972 Munich
details
22x20px Lyudmila Bragina (URS) 22x20px Gunhild Hoffmeister (GDR) 22x20px Paola Pigni (ITA)
1976 Montreal
details
22x20px Tatyana Kazankina (URS) 22x20px Gunhild Hoffmeister (GDR) 22x20px Ulrike Klapezynski (GDR)
1980 Moscow
details
22x20px Tatyana Kazankina (URS) 22x20px Christiane Wartenberg (GDR) 22x20px Nadezhda Olizarenko (URS)
1984 Los Angeles
details
22x20px Gabriella Dorio (ITA) 22x20px Doina Melinte (ROU) 22x20px Maricica Puică (ROU)
1988 Seoul
details
22x20px Paula Ivan (ROU) 22x20px Laimutė Baikauskaitė (URS) 22x20px Tetyana Samolenko (URS)
1992 Barcelona
details
22x20px Hassiba Boulmerka (ALG) 22x20px Lyudmila Rogachova (EUN) 22x20px Qu Yunxia (CHN)
1996 Atlanta
details
22x20px Svetlana Masterkova (RUS) 22x20px Gabriela Szabo (ROU) 22x20px Theresia Kiesl (AUT)
2000 Sydney
details
22x20px Nouria Mérah-Benida (ALG) 22x20px Violeta Szekely (ROU) 22x20px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)
2004 Athens
details
22x20px Kelly Holmes (GBR) 22x20px Tatyana Tomashova (RUS) 22x20px Maria Cioncan (ROU)
2008 Beijing
details
22x20px Nancy Langat (KEN) 22x20px Iryna Lishchynska (UKR) 22x20px Nataliya Tobias (UKR)
2012 London
details
22x20px Aslı Çakır Alptekin (TUR) 22x20px Gamze Bulut (TUR) 22x20px Maryam Yusuf Jamal (BRN)

Multiple medalists

Rank Athlete Nation Olympics Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Kazankina, TatyanaTatyana Kazankina Soviet Union Soviet Union (URS) 1976–1980 2 0 0 2
2 Hoffmeister, GunhildGunhild Hoffmeister East Germany East Germany (GDR) 1972–1976 0 2 0 2
3 Szabo, GabrielaGabriela Szabo Romania Romania (ROU) 1996–2000 0 1 1 2

Medalists by country

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Soviet Union Soviet Union (URS) 3 1 2 6
2 Algeria Algeria (ALG) 2 0 0 2
3 Romania Romania (ROU) 1 3 3 7
4 Russia Russia (RUS) 1 1 0 2
5 Turkey Turkey (TUR) 1 1 0 2
6 Italy Italy (ITA) 1 0 1 2
7= Great Britain Great Britain (GBR) 1 0 0 1
7= Kenya Kenya (KEN) 1 0 0 1
9 East Germany East Germany (GDR) 0 3 1 4
10 Ukraine Ukraine (UKR) 0 1 1 2
11 Unified Team Unified Team (EUN) 0 1 0 1
12= Austria Austria (AUT) 0 0 1 1
12= Bahrain Bahrain (BRN) 0 0 1 1
12= China China (CHN) 0 0 1 1

Intercalated Games

The 1906 Intercalated Games were held in Athens and at the time were officially recognised as part of the Olympic Games series, with the intention being to hold a games in Greece in two-year intervals between the internationally held Olympics. However, this plan never came to fruition and the International Olympic Committee (IOC) later decided not to recognise these games as part of the official Olympic series. Some sports historians continue to treat the results of these games as part of the Olympic canon.[2]

At this event a men's 1500 m was held and the reigning 800 metres and 1500 m champion from the 1904 Olympics, James Lightbody, was the winner. Two 1908 Olympic participants, Britain's John McGough and Sweden's Kristian Hellström were the minor medalists.[3]

Games Gold Silver Bronze
[[Athletics at the 1906 Summer Olympics#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.1906 Athens]]
details

#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[James Lightbody#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.James Lightbody]] (USA) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[John McGough#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.John McGough]] (GBR) #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.22x20px [[Kristian Hellström#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Kristian Hellström]] (SWE)

References

Participation and athlete data
Olympic record progressions
Specific
  1. ^ "12th IAAF World Championships In Athletics: IAAF Statistics Handbook. Berlin 2009." (PDF). Monte Carlo: IAAF Media & Public Relations Department. 2009. pp. Pages 546, 549. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 23, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2009. 
  2. ^ 1906 Athina Summer Games. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-26.
  3. ^ Athletics at the 1906 Athina Summer Games: Men's 1500 metres. Sports Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-26.

External links