Events from the year 1759 in Canada.
- Tuesday May 22 - A British fleet approaches Quebec.
- Thursday June 28 - French fire ships, intended to burn the British fleet, at Quebec, are taken ashore by British sailors.
- Thursday July 26 - Carillon (Fort Ticonderoga) is abandoned by the French.
- Saturday July 28 - Another French fireship attack fails against the British.
- Tuesday July 31 - British forces attempt to take French fortifications at Montmorency and fail bitterly.
- August 8 to August 9 - British guns, on Point Levi, fire the lower town of Quebec.
- Thursday September 13 - James Wolfe lands a force at Fuller's Cove, between 1 and 2 in the morning. They climb to the Plains of Abraham. At 6 a.m., Marquis de Montcalm is informed that the British have accomplished what he deemed impossible; but discredits the report. With 4,500, he fights about an equal number; but his men cannot resist bayonets. Each leader receives a mortal wound. Wolfe asks an officer to support him so that his followers may not be discouraged by his fall. An historian says of Wolfe: "He crowded into a few hours actions that would have given lustre to length of life; and, filling his day with greatness, completed it before its noon."
- Learning that he had but a few hours to live, Montcalm says: "So much the better; I shall not live to see the surrender of Quebec." Turning to de Ramsay he says: "To your keeping I commend the honor of France; as for me, I shall pass the night with God and prepare myself for death."
- Friday September 14 - Montcalm dies in the Castle of St. Louis.
- Monday September 17 - Capitulation of Quebec.
- Tuesday September 18 - The British take possession of Quebec.
- Proclamation issued by Governor of Nova Scotia invites New Englanders to settle there.