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Open Access Articles- Top Results for 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification

1938 FIFA World Cup qualification

1938 FIFA World Cup Qualification
Tournament details
Teams 37 (from 3 confederations)
Tournament statistics
Matches played 22
Goals scored 96 (4.36 per match)
1934
1950

A total of 37 teams entered the 1938 FIFA World Cup qualification rounds, competing for a total of 16 spots in the final tournament. For the first time the title holders and the host country were given automatic qualification. Therefore, France, as the hosts, and Italy, as the defending champions, qualified automatically, leaving 14 spots open for competition.

Due to the Spanish Civil War, Spain withdrew from the competition. The remaining 34 teams were divided into 12 groups, based on geographical considerations, as follows:

  • Groups 1 to 9 - Europe: 11 places, contested by 23 teams (including Egypt and Palestine).
  • Groups 10 and 11 - The Americas: 2 places, contested by 9 teams.
  • Group 12 - Asia: 1 place, contested by 2 teams.

However, due to the withdrawal of Austria after qualifying (they had been annexed by Germany), only 15 teams actually competed in the final tournament. FIFA did not offer participation to the runner-up of the group that Austria had played in, Latvia.

A total of 21 teams played at least one qualifying match. A total of 22 qualifying matches were played, and 96 goals were scored (an average of 4.36 per match).

Format

The 12 groups had different rules, as follows:

  • Groups 1 and 9 had 4 teams each. The teams played against each other once. The group winner and runner-up would qualify.
  • Groups 2, 3, 4 and 7 had 2 teams each. The teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The group winners would qualify.
  • Groups 5, 6 and 8 had 3 teams each. The strongest team of each group was seeded. There would be two rounds of play:
    • First Round: The seeded team received a bye and advanced to the Final Round directly. The remaining 2 teams played against each other on a home-and-away basis. The winner would advance to the Final Round.
    • Final Round: The seeded team played against the winner of the First Round at home. The winner would qualify.
  • Group 10 had 2 teams. The group winner would qualify.
  • Group 11 had 7 teams. The group winner would qualify.
  • Group 12 had 2 teams. The group winner would qualify.

Key:

  • Teams highlighted in green qualified for the finals.
  • Teams highlighted in Orange qualified for the final phase of their group.

Group 1

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Germany 3 3 0 0 11 1 11.0 6
2 23x15px Sweden 3 2 0 1 11 7 1.57 4
3 23x15px Estonia 3 1 0 2 4 11 0.36 2
4 23x15px Finland 3 0 0 3 0 7 0.00 0





Germany and Sweden qualified.

Group 2

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Norway 2 1 1 0 6 5 1.20 3
2
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Republic of Ireland
2 0 1 1 5 6 0.83 1

Norway qualified.

Group 3

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Poland 2 1 0 1 4 1 4.00 2
2 23x15px Yugoslavia 2 1 0 1 1 4 0.25 2

Poland finished above Yugoslavia on goal average, and thus qualified.

Group 4

Egypt were to play Romania in December 1937 however Egypt refused to play Romania during the Ramadan month, Egyptian officials had argued it was "impossible" to play football during that time period. Egyptian officials went on to invite Austrian club side First Vienna FC to Egypt to participate in a friendly game against the national team during the holy month. As a result, Egypt were withdrawn from the competition by FIFA, so Romania qualified automatically.[1]

Group 5

First round

USSR withdrew, so Portugal advanced automatically to the second round.

Second round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x16px  Switzerland 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2 23x15px Portugal 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.50 0

Switzerland qualified.

Group 6

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Greece 2 2 0 0 4 1 4.00 4
2 23x15px Palestine, British Mandate 2 0 0 2 1 4 0.25 0

Greece qualified for the final round.

Final round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Hungary 1 1 0 0 11 1 11.0 2
2 23x15px Greece 1 0 0 1 1 11 0.09 0

Hungary qualified.

Group 7

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Czechoslovakia 2 1 1 0 7 1 7.00 3
2 23x15px Bulgaria 2 0 1 1 1 7 0.14 1

Czechoslovakia qualified.

Group 8

First round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Latvia 2 2 0 0 9 3 3.00 4
2 23x15px Lithuania 2 0 0 2 3 9 0.33 0

Latvia qualified for the final round.

Final round

Rank Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Austria 1 1 0 0 2 1 2.00 2
2 23x15px Latvia 1 0 0 1 1 2 0.50 0

Austria qualified, but was later incorporated by Germany during the Anschluss. FIFA offered the place to England (winner of the 1937–38 British Home Championship), who had opted not to enter the competition, but they declined the offer; FIFA decided not to allow anyone else to qualify, leaving the World Cup one team short.

Group 9

Pos. Team Pld W D L GF GA GAv Pts
1 23x15px Netherlands 2 1 1 0 5 1 5.00 3
2 23x15px Belgium 2 1 1 0 4 3 1.33 3
3 23x15px Luxembourg 2 0 0 2 2 7 0.29 0
23x15px Denmark Withdrew


Netherlands and Belgium qualified.

Group 10

Argentina withdrew, so Brazil qualified automatically.

Group 11

Colombia, Costa Rica, Dutch Guiana, El Salvador, Mexico, and the United States all withdrew, so Cuba qualified automatically.

Group 12

Australia, China, Japan, New Zealand, and the Philippines all withdrew, so Dutch East Indies qualified automatically.

Qualified teams

File:Qualification for the 1938 FIFA World Cup.png
FIFA World Cup qualification 1938
File:1938 world cup.png
Qualifying countries
Team Finals Appearance Streak Last Appearance
23x15px Austria 2nd 2 1934
23x15px Belgium 3rd 3 1934
23x15px Brazil 3rd 3 1934
23x15px Cuba 1st 1
23x15px Czechoslovakia 2nd 2 1934
23x15px Dutch East Indies 1st 1
23x15px France (h) 3rd 3 1934
23x15px Germany 2nd 2 1934
23x15px Hungary 2nd 2 1934
23x15px Italy (c) 2nd 2 1934
23x15px Netherlands 2nd 2 1934
23x15px Norway 1st 1
23x15px Poland 1st 1
23x15px Romania 3rd 3 1934
23x15px Sweden 2nd 2 1934
23x16px  Switzerland 2nd 2 1934
  • 23x15px Austria withdrew after qualifying due to the Anschluss.
  • (h) - qualified automatically as hosts
  • (c) - qualified automatically as defending champions

Notes

References

  1. ^ Dietschy, Paul (6 June 2013). "Making football global? FIFA, Europe, and the non-European football world, 1912–74". Journal of Global History 8 (02): 288. doi:10.1017/S1740022813000223. 

External links