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Open Access Articles- Top Results for 1955 Formula One season

1955 Formula One season

1955 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
Drivers' Champion: Juan Manuel Fangio
Previous: 1954 Next: 1956
File:Fangio-MB-W196-3lMotor-1986.jpg
Juan Manuel Fangio in a Mercedes Benz W196, pictured at the Nurburgring in 1986. This was the car he used to win his 3rd driver's championship

The 1955 Formula One season was the sixth season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1955 World Championship of Drivers,[1] which commenced on 16 January 1955 and ended on September 11 after seven races. Juan Manuel Fangio won his second consecutive World Championship title in a season that was curtailed by tragedies.

The season also included a number of non-championship Formula One races.

Season summary

Mercedes drivers again dominated the championship, with Fangio taking four races, and his new team mate Stirling Moss the British Grand Prix. Ferrari won at Monaco after all of the Mercedes cars broke down and Lancia driver Alberto Ascari crashed into the harbour. Although Ascari was apparently unscathed, the double World Champion crashed fatally at Monza while testing sportscars four days later.

The disaster at the 24 Hours of Le Mans on 11 June which killed Pierre Levegh and over 80 spectators led to the cancellations of the French, German, Spanish and Swiss Grands Prix.[2] The French round, which was supposed to be held at Reims between the Dutch and British rounds, was cancelled first. Then the German event at the Nürburgring, the Swiss round at Bremgarten and the Spanish round at Pedralbes followed suit. Pedralbes and Bremgarten were then abandoned and never used again for racing; motor racing was banned altogether in Switzerland and since then, the ban remains. These cancellations effectively handed the driver's title to Fangio after he finished 2nd to Moss at the British Grand Prix; although he wasn't actually crowned champion until well after the British Grand Prix, because the German, Swiss and Spanish rounds were cancelled after the British Grand Prix took place.

1955 would be the final season for Mercedes Benz as a constructor until the team's revival in 2010. It would also mark the final win for Mercedes until the 2012 Chinese Grand Prix.

Aside from Ascari's death this year, Italian Mario Alborghetti died at the non-championship Pau Grand Prix in France driving a Maserati; and during the Indianapolis 500, two drivers were killed during the month-long event: Americans Manny Ayulo in practice and previous race winner Bill Vukovich during the race 2 weeks later.

Season review

Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1 23x15px Argentine Grand Prix Oscar Gálvez 16 January 23x15px José Froilán González 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Mercedes C Report
2 23x15px Monaco Grand Prix Monaco 22 May 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Maurice Trintignant 23x15px Ferrari E Report
3 23x15px Indianapolis 500 Indianapolis 30 May 23x15px Jerry Hoyt 23x15px Bill Vukovich 23x15px Bob Sweikert 23x15px Kurtis Kraft-Offenhauser F Report
4 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 5 June 23x15px Eugenio Castellotti 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Mercedes C Report
5 23x15px Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort 19 June 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Roberto Mieres 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Mercedes C Report
6 23x15px British Grand Prix Aintree 16 July 23x15px Stirling Moss 23x15px Stirling Moss 23x15px Stirling Moss 23x15px Mercedes C Report
7 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza 11 September 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Stirling Moss 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 23x15px Mercedes C Report

Teams and drivers

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1955 FIA World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
23x15px Daimler Benz AG Mercedes W196 Mercedes M196 2.5 L8 C 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 1–2, 4–7
23x15px Karl Kling 1, 4–7
23x15px Stirling Moss 1–2, 4–7
23x15px Hans Herrmann 1
23x15px André Simon 2
23x15px Piero Taruffi 6–7
23x15px Scuderia Ferrari Ferrari
Lancia
625
555
D50
Ferrari 555 2.5 L4
Lancia DS50 2.5 V8
E 23x15px Giuseppe Farina 1–2, 4, 7
23x15px Umberto Maglioli 1, 7
23x15px José Froilán González 1
23x15px Maurice Trintignant 1–2, 4–7
23x15px Harry Schell 2
23x15px Piero Taruffi 2
23x15px Paul Frère 2, 4
23x15px Mike Hawthorn 5–7
23x15px Eugenio Castellotti 5–7
23x15px Luigi Villoresi 7
23x15px Officine Alfieri Maserati Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P 23x15px Jean Behra 1–2, 4–7
23x15px Roberto Mieres 1–2, 4–7
23x15px Sergio Mantovani 1
23x15px Luigi Musso 1–2, 4–7
23x15px Carlos Menditeguy 1, 7
23x15px Clemar Bucci 1
23x15px Harry Schell 1
23x15px Cesare Perdisa 2, 4
23x15px André Simon 6
23x15px Peter Collins 7
23x15px Horace Gould 7
23x15px Alberto Uria Maserati A6GCM Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P 23x15px Alberto Uria 1
23x15px Scuderia Lancia Lancia D50 Lancia DS50 2.5 V8 P 23x15px Alberto Ascari 1–2
23x15px Luigi Villoresi 1–2
23x15px Eugenio Castellotti 1–2, 4
23x15px Louis Chiron 2
23x15px Equipe Gordini Gordini T16 Gordini 23 2.5 L6 E 23x15px Élie Bayol 1–2
23x15px Pablo Birger 1
23x15px Jesús Iglesias 1
23x15px Robert Manzon 2, 5–6
23x15px Jacques Pollet 2, 5, 7
23x15px Hermano da Silva Ramos 5–7
23x15px Mike Sparken 6
23x15px Jean Lucas 7
23x15px Ecurie Rosier Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 P 23x15px Louis Rosier 2, 4–5
23x15px Vandervell Products Vanwall VW 55 Vanwall 254 2.5 L4 P 23x15px Mike Hawthorn 2, 4
23x15px Ken Wharton 6–7
23x15px Harry Schell 6–7
23x15px Stirling Moss Ltd Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D 23x15px Lance Macklin 2, 6
23x15px Johnny Claes 4
23x15px Peter Walker 5
23x15px John Fitch 7
23x15px E.N. Whiteaway HWM-Alta 53 Alta GP 2.5 L4 D 23x15px Ted Whiteaway 2
23x15px Equipe Nationale Belge Ferrari 625
500
Ferrari 625 2.5 L4 E 23x15px Johnny Claes 5
23x15px Gould's Garage (Bristol) Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D 23x15px Horace Gould 5–6
23x15px Connaught Engineering Connaught-Alta B Alta GP 2.5 L4 D 23x15px Kenneth McAlpine 6
23x15px Jack Fairman 6
23x15px Tony Rolt 6
23x15px Peter Walker 6
23x15px Leslie Marr 6
23x15px Cooper Car Company Cooper-Bristol T40 Bristol BS1 2.0 L6 D 23x15px Jack Brabham 6
23x15px Owen Racing Organisation Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D 23x15px Peter Collins 6
23x15px Gilby Engineering Maserati 250F Maserati 250F1 2.5 L6 D 23x15px Roy Salvadori 6
23x15px Scuderia Volpini Arzani-Volpini-Maserati F1 Maserati 4CLT 2.5 L4 P 23x15px Luigi Piotti 7

1955 Drivers Championship final standings

Pos. Driver ARG
23x15px
MON
23x15px
500
23x15px
BEL
23x15px
NED
23x15px
GBR
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
Pts.
1 23x15px Juan Manuel Fangio 1 (Ret) 1 1 2 1 40 (41)
2 23x15px Stirling Moss 4† / Ret 9 2 2 1 Ret 23
3 23x15px Eugenio Castellotti Ret† 2 Ret 5 6† / Ret 3 12
4 23x15px Maurice Trintignant 2† / 3† / Ret 1 6 Ret Ret 8 11 13
5 23x15px Nino Farina 2† / 3† 4 3 DNS 10 13
6 23x15px Piero Taruffi 8† 4 2 9
7 23x15px Bob Sweikert 1 8
8 23x15px Roberto Mieres 5 Ret 5† 4 Ret 7 7
9 23x15px Jean Behra 6† / Ret† / Ret 3† / Ret† 5† / Ret 6 Ret 4 6
10 23x15px Luigi Musso 7† / Ret† Ret 7 3 5 Ret 6
11 23x15px Karl Kling 4† / Ret Ret Ret 3 Ret 5
12 23x15px Jimmy Davies 3 4
13 23x15px Tony Bettenhausen 2† 3
14 23x15px Paul Russo 2† 3
15 23x15px Paul Frère 8† 4 3
16 23x15px Johnny Thomson 4 3
17 23x15px José Froilán González 2 2
18 23x15px Cesare Perdisa 3† / Ret† 8 2
19 23x15px Luigi Villoresi Ret† / Ret 5 DNS 2
20 23x15px Carlos Menditeguy Ret† / Ret 5 2
21 23x15px Umberto Maglioli 3† 6 1 13
22 23x15px Hans Herrmann 4† DNQ 1
23 23x15px Walt Faulkner 5† 1
24 23x15px Bill Homeier 5† 1
25 23x15px Bill Vukovich Ret 1
23x15px Mike Hawthorn Ret Ret 7 6† 10 0
23x15px Harry Schell 6† / 7† / Ret† Ret DNS 9† / Ret Ret 0
23x15px Louis Chiron 6 0
23x15px Andy Linden 6 0
23x15px Jacques Pollet 7 10 Ret 0
23x15px Al Herman 7 0
23x15px Mike Sparken 7 0
23x15px Sergio Mantovani 7† / Ret† 0
23x15px Hermano da Silva Ramos 8 Ret Ret 0
23x15px Lance Macklin DNQ 8 0
23x15px Pat O'Connor 8 0
23x15px Louis Rosier Ret 9 9 0
23x15px Ken Wharton 9† Ret 0
23x15px Jimmy Daywalt 9 0
23x15px John Fitch 9 0
23x15px Pat Flaherty 10 0
23x15px Duane Carter 11 0
23x15px Johnny Claes DNS 11 0
23x15px Chuck Weyant 12 0
23x15px Eddie Johnson 13 0
23x15px Jim Rathmann 14 0
23x15px Robert Manzon Ret Ret Ret 0
23x15px Horace Gould Ret Ret Ret 0
23x15px Alberto Ascari Ret Ret 0
23x15px Élie Bayol Ret Ret 0
23x15px André Simon Ret Ret 0
23x15px Peter Collins Ret Ret 0
23x15px Peter Walker Ret Ret† 0
23x15px Jesus Iglesias Ret 0
23x15px Pablo Birger Ret 0
23x15px Alberto Uria Ret 0
23x15px Don Freeland Ret 0
23x15px Cal Niday Ret 0
23x15px Art Cross Ret 0
23x15px Shorty Templeman Ret 0
23x15px Sam Hanks Ret 0
23x15px Keith Andrews Ret 0
23x15px Johnnie Parsons Ret 0
23x15px Eddie Russo Ret 0
23x15px Ray Crawford Ret 0
23x15px Jimmy Bryan Ret 0
23x15px Jack McGrath Ret 0
23x15px Al Keller Ret 0
23x15px Johnny Boyd Ret 0
23x15px Ed Elisian Ret 0
23x15px Rodger Ward Ret 0
23x15px Jerry Hoyt Ret 0
23x15px Jimmy Reece Ret 0
23x15px Fred Agabashian Ret 0
23x15px Kenneth McAlpine Ret 0
23x15px Jack Brabham Ret 0
23x15px Roy Salvadori Ret 0
23x15px Leslie Marr Ret 0
23x15px Jean Lucas Ret 0
23x15px Clemar Bucci Ret† 0
23x15px Tony Rolt Ret† 0
23x15px Ted Whiteaway DNQ 0
23x15px Jack Fairman DNS 0
23x15px Luigi Piotti DNS 0
Pos. Driver ARG
23x15px
MON
23x15px
500
23x15px
BEL
23x15px
NED
23x15px
GBR
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
  • Italics indicate fastest lap (1 point awarded – point shared equally between drivers sharing fastest lap)
  • Bold indicates pole position
  • † = Car driven by more than one driver
  • Championship points were awarded on an 8-6-4-3-2 basis for the first five places at each race. One point was awarded for fastest race lap at each race.
  • Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

Non-Championship race results

Other Formula One races also held in 1955, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
23x15px VII Gran Premio del Valentino Valentino Park 27 March 23x15px Alberto Ascari 23x15px Lancia Report
23x15px XVI Pau Grand Prix Pau 11 April 23x15px Jean Behra 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px III Glover Trophy Goodwood 11 April 23x15px Roy Salvadori 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px IV Grand Prix de Bordeaux Bordeaux 25 April 23x15px Jean Behra 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px VII BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 7 May 23x15px Peter Collins 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px VIII Gran Premio di Napoli Posillipo 8 May 23x15px Alberto Ascari 23x15px Lancia Report
23x15px XVII Grand Prix d'Albi Albi 29 May 23x15px André Simon 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px III Curtis Trophy Snetteron 29 May 23x15px Roy Salvadori 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px III Cornwall MRC Formula 1 Race Davidstow 30 May 23x15px Leslie Marr 23x15px Connaught-Alta Report
23x15px III London Trophy Crystal Palace 30 July 23x15px Mike Hawthorn 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px III Daily Record Trophy Charterhall 6 August 23x15px Bob Gerard 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px III RedeX Trophy Snetterton 13 August 23x15px Harry Schell 23x15px Vanwall Report
23x15px II Daily Telegraph Trophy Aintree 3 September 23x15px Roy Salvadori 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px II International Gold Cup Oulton Park 24 September 23x15px Stirling Moss 23x15px Maserati Report
23x15px I Avon Trophy Castle Combe 1 October 23x15px Harry Schell 23x15px Vanwall Report
23x15px V Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 23 October 23x15px Tony Brooks 23x15px Connaught-Alta Report

Notes

  1. ^ 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey Section, Previous FIA Championship winners, page 118
  2. ^ Lang, Mike (1981). Grand Prix! Vol 1. Haynes Publishing Group. p. 82. ISBN 0-85429-276-4.