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1966 Formula One season

1966 FIA Formula One
World Championship season
Drivers' Champion: Jack Brabham
International Cup Champion: Brabham-Repco
Previous: 1965 Next: 1967

The 1966 Formula One season was the 17th season of FIA Formula One motor racing. It featured the 1966 World Championship of Drivers[1] and the 1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers[2] which were contested concurrently over a nine-race series that commenced on 22 May and ended on 23 October. The season also included a number of non-championship races for Formula One cars.

Season summary

The season was the first of the '3 litre formula', which saw maximum engine capacity doubled from the previous season. British constructors were forced to look elsewhere after Climax's withdrawal from racing. Ferrari appeared to be as well prepared as in 1961, but John Surtees, after winning the Belgian Grand Prix, left the team after a dispute at Le Mans to join Cooper. Under new regulations, cars completing less than 90% of the race distance were not classified and did not receive points, even if they finished in the top six.

Jack Brabham took his third and final Drivers' Championship, this time in a car of his own manufacture with an Australian engineered Repco V8 engine. In winning the championship in his own car, Australian Brabham became the first (and as of 2013) the only driver to ever win the World Championship in a car carrying his own name (the BT19 and BT20 models used were designed by Brabham's business partner Ron Tauranac). Although both Jack Brabham and his team mate, New Zealander Denny Hulme both retired from the season opening Monaco Grand Prix (won by Jackie Stewart in his BRM), Brabham with their Oldsmobile based Repco engine caught the rest of the teams on the hop with its speed and reliability. "Black Jack" finished fourth in Belgium, before winning his first race since the 1960 Portuguese Grand Prix by winning the French Grand Prix at Reims (the last time the Reims-Gueux circuit was used in Formula One). He then won the next three Grands Prix in Britain, Holland and Germany to make it four wins in succession and virtually secure his third championship win (only a drivers five best results counted towards the championship). With Hulme finishing fourth in the Drivers' Championship on 18 points with a second in Britain and thirds in France, Italy and Mexico, Brabham won the International Cup for F1 Manufacturers with 42 points, 11 in front of second placed Ferrari.

Bruce McLaren (Bruce McLaren Motor Racing - later to become the successful McLaren team, the only team from 1966 alongside Ferrari who are still in Formula One as of 2013) and Dan Gurney (Anglo American Racers) emulated Brabham by building their own cars, though with little initial success. BRM and Lotus used 2 litre engines for much of the season. BRM's new H16 engine was largely unsuccessful, though Jim Clark used one in his Lotus 43 to win at Watkins Glen. 1964 World Champion John Surtees was the only driver other than Jack Brabham who won more than one race in the season. He won the second round at Spa-Francorchamps for Ferrari, before later winning the final round in Mexico City driving a Cooper-Maserati V12. Ferrari's Italian driver Ludovico Scarfiotti gave the Tifosi something to cheer about when he drove his Ferrari 312 to victory in the Italian Grand Prix at Monza. Ferrari had a double celebration at Monza as Scarfiotti's team mate Mike Parkes finished 5.8 seconds behind in second place, just holding out third placed Denny Hulme by 0.3 seconds.

In an era of Grand Prix racing where driver safety was only just starting to be a concern, Briton John Taylor died of his injuries after a crash with Jacky Ickx during the German Grand Prix at the Nürburgring.

During the Belgian Grand Prix at the 14.120 km (8.770 mi), wet Spa-Francorchamps circuit, future triple World Champion Jackie Stewart crashed his BRM at the high speed Masta Kink. Stewart lay trapped under his car in a pool of leaking fuel for 25 minutes as both Graham Hill and Bob Bondurant (who had both gone off the circuit nearby) borrowed a spectators toolkit to free the Scotsman. Following his crash Stewart became a strong advocate of improving driver safety in not only Grand Prix but motor racing in general with things like vastly improved on-track medical facilities, of which there were virtually none at Spa at the time of his crash.

Jack Brabham's third Drivers' Championship (following wins in 1959 and 1960) saw him move into a clear second place behind legendary five-time champion Juan Manuel Fangio on the list of Drivers' Champions. He would remain the only three time winner until Jackie Stewart, who won championships in 1969 and 1971, won his third and final championship in 1973.

Season review

Rnd Race Circuit Date Pole position Fastest lap Winning driver Constructor Tyre Report
1 23x15px Monaco Grand Prix Monaco 22 May 23x15px Jim Clark 23x15px Lorenzo Bandini 23x15px Jackie Stewart 23x15px BRM D Report
2 23x15px Belgian Grand Prix Spa-Francorchamps 12 June 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px Ferrari D Report
3 23x15px French Grand Prix Reims 3 July 23x15px Lorenzo Bandini 23x15px Lorenzo Bandini 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Brabham-Repco G Report
4 23x15px British Grand Prix Brands Hatch 16 July 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Brabham-Repco G Report
5 23x15px Dutch Grand Prix Zandvoort 24 July 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Denny Hulme 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Brabham-Repco G Report
6 23x15px German Grand Prix Nürburgring 7 August 23x15px Jim Clark 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Brabham-Repco G Report
7 23x15px Italian Grand Prix Monza 4 September 23x15px Mike Parkes 23x15px Ludovico Scarfiotti 23x15px Ludovico Scarfiotti 23x15px Ferrari F Report
8 23x15px United States Grand Prix Watkins Glen 2 October 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px Jim Clark 23x15px Lotus-BRM F Report
9 23x15px Mexican Grand Prix Magdalena Mixhuca 23 October 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px Richie Ginther 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px Cooper-Maserati D Report

Teams and drivers

File:BrabhamJack1966B.jpg
Australian Jack Brabham won his 3rd and final driver's championship, driving for his own team, Brabham

The following teams and drivers competed in the 1966 FIA World Championship.

Entrant Constructor Chassis Engine Tyre Driver Rounds
23x15px Bruce McLaren Motor Racing McLaren-Ford M2B Ford 406 3.0 V8 F 23x15px Bruce McLaren 1, 8–9
McLaren-Serenissima Serenissima M166 3.0 V8 2, 4–5
23x15px Team Lotus Lotus-Climax 33 Climax FWMV 2.0 V8 F 23x15px Jim Clark 1–6
23x15px Geki 7
23x15px Peter Arundell 8
23x15px Pedro Rodríguez 3, 9
Lotus-BRM 43
33
BRM P75 3.0 H16
BRM P56 2.0 V8
8
23x15px Peter Arundell 2–7, 9
23x15px Jim Clark 7–9
Lotus-Ford 44 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D 23x15px Gerhard Mitter 6
23x15px Pedro Rodríguez 6
23x15px Piers Courage 6
23x15px Reg Parnell Racing Lotus-BRM 25 BRM P56 2.0 V8
BRM P60 1.9 V8
F 23x15px Mike Spence All
Ferrari 246 Ferrari 228 2.4 V6 23x15px Giancarlo Baghetti 7
23x15px Brabham Racing Organisation Brabham-Repco BT19
BT20
Repco 620 3.0 V8 G 23x15px Jack Brabham All
23x15px Denny Hulme 3–9
Brabham-Climax BT22 Climax FPF 2.8 L4 1–2
23x15px Chris Irwin 4
23x15px Cooper Car Company Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 D 23x15px Richie Ginther 1–2
23x15px Jochen Rindt All
23x15px Chris Amon 3
23x15px John Surtees 3–9
23x15px Moisés Solana 9
23x15px Owen Racing Organisation BRM P261
P83
BRM P60 2.0 V8
BRM P75 3.0 H16
D 23x15px Graham Hill All
23x15px Jackie Stewart 1–2, 4–9
23x15px R.R.C. Walker Racing Team Brabham-BRM BT11 BRM P60 2.0 V8 D 23x16px Jo Siffert 1
Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 2–5, 7–9
23x15px DW Racing Enterprises Brabham-Climax BT11 Climax FPF 2.8 L4 F 23x15px Bob Anderson 1, 3–7
23x15px Scuderia Ferrari SpA SEFAC Ferrari 246
312
Ferrari 228 2.4 V6
Ferrari 218 3.0 V12
F'D' 23x15px Lorenzo Bandini 1–3, 5–8
23x15px John Surtees 1–2
23x15px Mike Parkes 3, 5–7
23x15px Ludovico Scarfiotti 6–7
23x15px Joakim Bonnier Racing Team Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 D
F
23x15px Joakim Bonnier 1–2, 5–9
Brabham-Climax BT22
BT7
Climax FPF 2.8 L4
Climax FWMV 2.0 V8
3–4
23x15px Team Chamaco Collect BRM P261 BRM P60 2.0 V8 G 23x15px Bob Bondurant 1–2, 4, 6–7
23x15px Vic Wilson 2
23x15px Guy Ligier Cooper-Maserati T81 Maserati 9/F1 3.0 V12 D 23x15px Guy Ligier 1–6
23x15px Anglo American Racers Eagle-Climax Mk1 Climax FPF 2.8 L4 G 23x15px Dan Gurney 2–6, 9
23x15px Phil Hill 7
23x15px Bob Bondurant 8
Eagle-Weslake Weslake 58 3.0 V12 23x15px Dan Gurney 7–8
23x15px Bob Bondurant 9
23x15px David Bridges Brabham-BRM BT11 BRM P60 2.0 V8 G 23x15px John Taylor 3–6
23x15px Shannon Racing Cars Shannon-Climax SH1 Climax FPE 3.0 V8 D 23x15px Trevor Taylor 4
23x15px J.A. Pearce Engineering Ltd Cooper-Ferrari T73 Ferrari 218 3.0 V12 D 23x15px Chris Lawrence 4, 6
23x15px Caltex Racing Team Brabham-Ford BT18 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D 23x15px Kurt Ahrens, Jr. 6
23x15px Tyrrell Racing Organisation Matra-BRM MS5 BRM 1.0 L4 D 23x15px Hubert Hahne 6
Matra-Ford Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 23x15px Jacky Ickx 6
23x15px Roy Winkelmann Racing Brabham-Ford BT18 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D 23x15px Hans Herrmann 6
23x15px Alan Rees 6
23x15px Matra Sports Matra-Ford MS5 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D 23x15px Jo Schlesser 6
23x15px Jean-Pierre Beltoise 6
23x16px Silvio Moser Brabham-Ford BT16 Ford Cosworth SCA 1.0 L4 D 23x16px Silvio Moser 6
Template:Country data JPN Honda R & D Company Honda RA273 Honda RA273E 3.0 V12 G 23x15px Richie Ginther 7–9
23x15px Ronnie Bucknum 8–9
23x15px Chris Amon Brabham-BRM BT11 BRM P60 1.9 V8 D 23x15px Chris Amon 7
23x15px Bernard White Racing BRM P261 BRM P60 1.9 V8 D 23x15px Innes Ireland 8–9
  • Pink background denotes F2 entrants to the German Grand Prix

1966 World Championship of Drivers – final standings

Points towards the 1966 World Championship of Drivers were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis for the first six places at each race. Only the best five race results could be retained by each driver.

File:BrabhamJack1966B.jpg
Australian Jack Brabham won the 1966 World Championship of Drivers
Pos. Driver MON
23x15px
BEL
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GBR
23x15px
NED
23x15px
GER
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
USA
23x15px
MEX
23x15px
Pts.[3]
1 23x15px Jack Brabham Ret (4) 1 1 1 1 Ret Ret 2 42 (45)
2 23x15px John Surtees Ret 1 Ret Ret Ret 2 Ret 3 1 28
3 23x15px Jochen Rindt Ret 2 4 (5) Ret 3 4 2 Ret 22 (24)
4 23x15px Denny Hulme Ret Ret 3 2 Ret Ret 3 Ret 3 18
5 23x15px Graham Hill 3 Ret Ret 3 2 4 Ret Ret Ret 17
6 23x15px Jim Clark Ret Ret DNS 4 3 Ret Ret 1 Ret 16
7 23x15px Jackie Stewart 1 Ret Ret 4 5 Ret Ret Ret 14
8 23x15px Mike Parkes 2 Ret Ret 2 12
9 23x15px Lorenzo Bandini 2 3 NC 6 6 Ret Ret 12
10 23x15px Ludovico Scarfiotti Ret 1 9
11 23x15px Richie Ginther Ret 5 Ret Ret 4 5
12 23x15px Dan Gurney NC 5 Ret Ret 7 Ret Ret 5 4
13 23x15px Mike Spence Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 Ret 5 Ret DNS 4
14 23x15px Bob Bondurant 4 Ret 9 Ret 7 DSQ Ret 3
15 23x16px Jo Siffert Ret Ret Ret NC Ret Ret 4 Ret 3
16 23x15px Bruce McLaren Ret DNS 6 DNS 5 Ret 3
17 23x15px Peter Arundell DNS Ret Ret Ret 12 8 6 7 1
18 23x15px Jo Bonnier NC Ret NC Ret 7 Ret Ret NC 6 1
19 23x15px Bob Anderson Ret 7 NC Ret Ret 6 1
20 23x15px John Taylor 6 8 8 Ret 1
23x15px Chris Irwin 7 0
23x15px Ronnie Bucknum Ret 8 0
23x15px Chris Amon 8 DNQ 0
23x15px Guy Ligier NC NC NC 10 9 DNS 0
23x15px Geki 9 0
23x15px Chris Lawrence 11 Ret 0
23x15px Giancarlo Baghetti NC 0
23x15px Pedro Rodríguez Ret Ret1 Ret Ret 0
23x15px Innes Ireland Ret Ret 0
23x15px Trevor Taylor Ret 0
23x15px Moisés Solana Ret 0
23x15px Phil Hill DNQ 0
Drivers ineligible for Formula One points, because they drove with Formula Two cars
23x15px Jean-Pierre Beltoise 8
23x15px Hubert Hahne 9
23x15px Jo Schlesser 10
23x15px Hans Herrmann 11
23x15px Piers Courage Ret
23x15px Alan Rees Ret
23x15px Kurt Ahrens, Jr. Ret
23x15px Jacky Ickx Ret
23x16px Silvio Moser DNS
23x15px Gerhard Mitter DNS
Pos. Driver MON
23x15px
BEL
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GBR
23x15px
NED
23x15px
GER
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
USA
23x15px
MEX
23x15px
Pts.
Key
Colour Result
Gold Winner
Silver 2nd place
Bronze 3rd place
Green Points finish
Blue Non-points finish
Non-classified finish (NC)
Purple Did not finish (Ret)
Red Did not qualify (DNQ)
Did not pre-qualify (DNPQ)
Black Disqualified (DSQ)
White Did not start (DNS)
Race cancelled (C)
Light blue Practiced only (PO)
Friday test driver (TD)
(from 2003 onwards)
Blank Did not practice (DNP)
Excluded (EX)
Did not arrive (DNA)
  • 1 – Ineligible for Formula One points, because he drove with a Formula Two car.

1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers – final standings

File:Brabham BT19 2006 Australia.jpg
Brabham-Repco won the 1966 International Cup for F1 Manufacturers
File:Bandini, Lorenzo - Ferrari-12-Zylinder 1966.jpg
Ferrari placed second in the Manufacturers title

Points were awarded on a 9–6–4–3–2–1 basis at each round with only the best five round results retained. Only the best placed car from each manufacturer at each round was eligible to score points.

Pos. Manufacturer MON
23x15px
BEL
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GBR
23x15px
NED
23x15px
GER
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
USA
23x15px
MEX
23x15px
Pts.[3]
1 23x15px Brabham-Repco Ret (4) 1 1 1 1 (3) Ret 2 42 (49)
2 23x15px Ferrari 2 1 2 6 (6) 1 Ret 31 (32)
3 23x15px Cooper-Maserati NC 2 4 (5) 7 2 (4) 2 1 30 (35)
4 23x15px BRM 1 Ret Ret 3 2 4 7 Ret Ret 22
5 23x15px Lotus-BRM Ret Ret Ret Ret 5 12 5 1 7 13
6 23x15px Lotus-Climax Ret Ret Ret 4 3 Ret 9 6 8
7 23x15px Eagle-Climax NC 5 Ret Ret 7 DNQ DSQ 5 4
8 Template:Country data JPN Honda Ret NC 4 3
9 23x15px McLaren-Ford Ret 5 Ret 2
10 23x15px Brabham-Climax Ret Ret 7 7 Ret Ret 6 1
11 23x15px Brabham-BRM Ret 6 8 8 Ret DNQ 1
12 23x15px McLaren-Serenissima DNS 6 1
23x15px Cooper-Ferrari 11 Ret 0
23x15px Eagle-Weslake Ret Ret Ret 0
23x15px Shannon-Climax Ret 0
Pos. Manufacturer MON
23x15px
BEL
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GBR
23x15px
NED
23x15px
GER
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
USA
23x15px
MEX
23x15px
Pts.
  • Bold results counted to championship totals.

Non-Championship race results

Other Formula One races held in 1966, which did not count towards the World Championship.

Race Name Circuit Date Winning driver Constructor Report
23x15px South African Grand Prix Prince George 1 January 23x15px Mike Spence 23x15px Lotus-Climax Report
23x15px Gran Premio di Siracusa Syracuse 1 May 23x15px John Surtees 23x15px Ferrari Report
23x15px BRDC International Trophy Silverstone 14 May 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Brabham-Repco Report
23x15px International Gold Cup Oulton Park 17 September 23x15px Jack Brabham 23x15px Brabham-Repco Report

Grand Prix – the movie of the 1966 Formula One season

The film Grand Prix is a fictionalized version of the 1966 season, which includes footage of the actual races edited together with footage of actors.

Notes and references

  1. ^ 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 118–119
  2. ^ 1974 FIA Yearbook, Grey section, pages 120–121
  3. ^ a b Only the best 5 results counted towards the Championship. Numbers without parentheses are Championship points; numbers in parentheses are total points scored.

External links