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1988 World Rally Championship season

1988 World Rally Championship season
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The 1988 World Rally Championship season was the 16th season of the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (FIA) World Rally Championship (WRC). The season consisted of 13 rallies, following the same schedule as the previous season.

Martini Lancia followed their successful previous season with an even more dominant performance in 1988, winning ten of the eleven rallies in which manufacturer points were awarded. The Lancia Delta HF 4WD proved fast and reliable in the hands of returning drivers Finn Markku Alén and Italian Miki Biasion. During the season, the car was replaced by the Delta Integrale, which was an immediate success. Biaison would take the drivers' title, with his Finnish teammate placing second behind him. Third driver Frenchman Bruno Saby also contributed to the effort with a rally win, though was not a major contender for the title. Jolly Club driver, Italian Alex Fiorio, would take third place in the driver championship at the wheel of a Lancia Delta as well.

Ford Motor Company struggled to compete, though it was the only other manufacturer besides Lancia to win a rally, with primary driver Didier Auriol winning the Tour de Corse in his Sierra RS Cosworth. Auriol would only reach 6th in the drivers' competition, while Spanish teammate Carlos Sainz would struggle to reach 11th in the standings. Stig Blomqvist, racing for Rallysport Sweden in a Sierra, would finish best amongst Ford drivers, taking 4th in the championship standings.

1988 marked the withdrawal of Audi Sport from the WRC, although a number of small teams and privateers were successful enough using Audi Quattro versions for the manufacturer to place 3rd amongst manufacturers despite the lack of a works effort. Mazda Rally Team Europe made a significant effort to compete with Finn Timo Salonen as their primary driver for the Mazda 323 4WD. Timo would garner 5th place in the driver standings while the manufacturer gained 4th place.

In addition to the primary driver and manufacturer championships, WRC also awarded the FIA Cup for Drivers of Production Cars for a second season. Belgian Pascal Gaban won the hotly contested condest in a Mazda 323 against Argentine Jorge Recalde in his Lancia Delta while Italian Giovanni Del Zoppo, another Delta pilot, finished well behind in third place.


Teams and Drivers

Team Constructor Car Tyre Drivers Rounds
23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta HF 4WD
Delta Integrale
M 23x15px Miki Biasion 1, 3–4, 6–7, 9, 12
23x15px Bruno Saby 1, 5
23x15px Yves Loubet 1, 5
23x15px Mikael Ericsson 2–3, 6, 10, 13
23x15px Markku Alén 2–3, 6, 10, 12–13
Template:Country data KEN Vic Preston Jr 4
23x15px Jorge Recalde 9
Template:Country data JPN Mazda Rally Team Europe Mazda 323 4WD M 23x15px Timo Salonen 1–2, 6, 10, 13
23x15px Hannu Mikkola 1–3, 6, 10, 13
23x15px Ingvar Carlsson 1, 3
23x15px Thorbjörn Edling 2, 10
23x15px Pascal Gaban 2–3, 6, 10–13
23x15px Rod Millen 7
23x15px Ray Wilson 8
23x15px Grégoire de Mévius 10, 13
23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta 4WD
Delta Integrale
P 23x15px Alex Fiorio 1–3, 6–7, 10, 12
23x15px Yves Loubet 3, 6, 12
23x15px Dario Cerrato 12
23x15px Philips Renault Elf Renault 11 Turbo M 23x15px Alain Oreille 1
23x15px Inverno Amaral 3
23x15px Bento Amaral 3
23x15px Audi Sport Audi Coupé Quattro
200 Quattro
90 Quattro
M 23x15px Christophe Spiliotis 1
23x15px Sebastian Lindholm 2
23x15px David Llewellin 3
23x15px Georg Fischer 3, 7, 9
23x15px Rudi Stohl 4, 6, 9, 11
23x15px John Buffum 7
23x15px Malcolm Stewart 8
23x15px Paola de Martini 12
23x15px Armin Schwarz 13
23x15px Ford Motor Company Ford Sierra RS Cosworth M
P
23x15px Stig Blomqvist 2–3, 10, 12–13
23x15px Didier Auriol 3, 5, 10, 12
23x15px Carlos Sainz 3, 5, 10, 12–13
23x15px Joaquim Santos 3
Template:Country data KEN John Hellier 4
23x15px Pierre-César Baroni 5
23x15px Mark Lovell 13
23x15px GM Euro Sport Opel
Vauxhall
Kadett GSI 16V
Astra GTE
M 23x15px Mats Jonsson 2, 10, 13
23x15px Malcolm Wilson 2, 6, 13
23x15px Björn Johansson 2
23x15px Hakan Eriksson 2
23x15px Hannu Mikkola 4
23x15px Sepp Haider 4, 8
23x15px Derek Bell 13
23x15px David Metcalfe 13
23x15px Chris Birkbeck 13
23x15px Volkswagen Motorsport Volkswagen Golf GTI 16V P 23x15px Erwin Weber 3–4
23x15px Lars-Erik Torph 4
23x15px Konstantinos Apostolou 6, 13
Template:Country data JPN Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX D 23x15px Per Eklund 4
23x15px Alain Ambrosino 4, 11
Template:Country data KEN Mike Kirkland 4
Template:Country data KEN Jayant Shah 4
23x15px Stratis Hatzipanayiotou 6
23x15px Flory Roothaert 6
23x15px Paddy Davidson 8
Template:Country data JPN Mitsubishi Ralliart Europe Mitsubishi Galant VR-4 M Template:Country data JPN Kenjiro Shinozuka 8, 13
23x15px Ari Vatanen 13
23x15px Lancia Rally Team Austria Lancia Delta Integrale M 23x15px Franz Wittmann 9

Events

1988 World Rally Championship event map
800px
Black = Tarmac Brown = Gravel Blue = Snow/Ice Red = Mixed Surface
1988 World Rally Championship schedule and results
Round Rally name Stages Podium finishers
Rank Driver Co-driver Team Car Time
1 23x15px
56ème Rallye Automobile de Monte-Carlo
(16–21 January)
26 stages
624 km
Tarmac
1 23x15px Bruno Saby 23x15px Jean-François Fauchille 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta HF 4WD 7:19.11
2 23x15px Alex Fiorio 23x15px Luigi Pirollo 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF 4WD 7:30.01
3 23x15px Jean-Pierre Ballet 23x15px Marie-Christine Lallement 23x15px Enjolras Sport Peugeot 205 GTI 7:42.46
2 23x15px
38th International Swedish Rally
(4–6 February)
35 stages
491 km
Snow/Ice
1 23x15px Markku Alén 23x15px Ilkka Kivimäki 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta HF 4WD 5:02.31
2 23x15px Stig Blomqvist 23x15px Benny Melander 23x15px Rallysport Sweden Ford Sierra XR 4x4 5:04.08
3 23x15px Lars-Erik Torph 23x15px Tina Thörner 23x15px Team VAG Sweden Audi Coupe Quattro 5:10.03
3 23x15px
22º Rallye de Portugal Vinho do Porto
(1–6 March)
37 stages
589 km
Gravel/Tarmac
1 23x15px Miki Biasion 23x15px Carlo Cassina 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 6:44.01
2 23x15px Alex Fiorio 23x15px Luigi Pirollo 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF 4WD 6:52.47
3 23x15px Yves Loubet 23x15px Jean-Bernard Vieu 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta HF 4WD 6:53.23
4 Template:Country data KEN
36th Marlboro Safari Rally
(31 March – 4 April)
82 controls
4205 km
Gravel
1 23x15px Miki Biasion 23x15px Tiziano Siviero 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 2:51.04
2 Template:Country data KEN Mike Kirkland Template:Country data KEN Robin Nixon Template:Country data JPN Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX 3:03.57
3 23x15px Per Eklund 23x15px Dave Whittock Template:Country data JPN Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX 3:38.26
5 23x15px
32ème Tour de Corse – Rallye de France
(3–6 May)
30 stages
623 km
Tarmac
1 23x15px Didier Auriol 23x15px Bernard Occelli 23x15px Ford Motor Company Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 7:12.04
2 23x15px Yves Loubet 23x15px Jean-Bernard Vieu 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:15.09
3 23x15px Bruno Saby 23x15px Jean-François Fauchille 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:16:53
6 23x15px
35th Acropolis Rally
(29 May – 1 June)
36 stages
526 km
Gravel
1 23x15px Miki Biasion 23x15px Tiziano Siviero 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:03.00
2 23x15px Mikael Ericsson 23x15px Claes Billstam 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:04.43
3 23x15px Alex Fiorio 23x15px Luigi Pirollo 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 7:10.40
7 23x15px
23rd Olympus Rally
(23–26 June)
36 stages
502 km
Gravel
1 23x15px Miki Biasion 23x15px Tiziano Siviero 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 5:28.44
2 23x15px Alex Fiorio 23x15px Luigi Pirollo 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 5:34.07
3 23x15px John Buffum 23x15px John Bellefleur 23x15px Audi Sport Audi Coupe Quattro 5:44.59
8 23x15px
18th Rothman's Rally New Zealand[1]
(9–12 July)
39 stages
611 km
Gravel
1 23x15px Sepp Haider 23x15px Ferdi Hinterleitner 23x15px GM Euro Sport Opel Kadett GSI 16V 7:38.39
2 23x15px Ray Wilson 23x15px Stuart Lewis 23x15px Mobil 1 Racing Mazda 323 4WD 7:57.16
3 23x15px Malcolm Stewart 23x15px John Kennard 23x15px Audi New Zealand Audi Coupe Quattro 8:02.25
9 23x15px
8º Marlboro Rally Argentina
(2–6 August)
29 stages
588 km
Gtavel
1 23x15px Jorge Recalde 23x15px Jorge del Buono 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:05.16
2 23x15px Miki Biasion 23x15px Tiziano Siviero 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:08.51
3 23x15px Franz Wittmann 23x15px Jörg Pattermann 23x15px Lancia Rally Team Austria Lancia Delta Integrale 7:34.13
10 23x15px
38th 1000 Lakes Rally
(26–28 August)
39 stages
496 km
Gravel
1 23x15px Markku Alén 23x15px Ilkka Kivimäki 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 4:35.29
2 23x15px Mikael Ericsson 23x15px Claes Billstam 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 4:38.24
3 23x15px Didier Auriol 23x15px Bernard Occelli 23x15px Ford Motor Company Ford Sierra RS Cosworth 4:45.15
11 23x15px
20ème Rallye Côte d'Ivoire[1]
(20–24 September)
80 controls
3421 km
Gravel
1 23x15px Alain Ambrosino 23x15px Daniel Le Saux Template:Country data JPN Nissan Motorsports International Nissan 200SX +3:34.51 pen
2 23x15px Pascal Gaban 23x15px Willy Lux 23x15px Mazda Rally Team Belgium Mazda 323 4WD +5:06.33 pen
3 23x15px Patrick Tauziac 23x15px Claude Papin Template:Country data JPN Ralliart Mitsubishi Starion Turbo +7:20.20 pen
12 23x15px
30º Rallye Sanremo – Rallye d'Italia
(10–14 October)
39 stages
531 km
Tarmac/Gravel
1 23x15px Miki Biasion 23x15px Tiziano Siviero 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 6:06.41
2 23x15px Alex Fiorio 23x15px Luigi Pirollo 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 6:07.34
3 23x15px Dario Cerrato 23x15px Giuseppe Cerri 23x15px Jolly Club Lancia Delta Integrale 6:08.35
13 23x15px
37th Lombard RAC Rally
(20–24 November)
52 stages
602 km
Tarmac/Gravel
1 23x15px Markku Alén 23x15px Ilkka Kivimäki 23x15px Martini Lancia Lancia Delta Integrale 7:15.37
2 23x15px Timo Salonen 23x15px Voitto Silander Template:Country data JPN Mazda Rally Team Europe Mazda 323 4WD 7:19.43
3 23x15px Björn Waldegard 23x15px Fred Gallagher 23x15px Toyota Team Great Britain Toyota Celica GT-Four ST165 7:22.16
  1. 1.0 1.1 Event not included in the Manufacturers' Championship

Championship for manufacturers

1988 World Rally Championship for Manufacturers
Rank Manufacturers Event Total
points
23x15px
MON
23x15px
SWE
23x15px
POR
Template:Country data KEN
KEN
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GRC
23x15px
USA
23x15px
ARG
23x15px
FIN
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
GBR
1 23x15px Lancia (20) (20) (20) 20 (17) 20 20 20 20 20 20 140
2 23x15px Ford 17 10 20 14 10 8 79
3 23x15px Audi 7 14 4 10 14 12 (2) (2) 10 71
4 Template:Country data JPN Mazda 10 12 9 6 12 17 66
5 Template:Country data JPN Toyota 12 8 4 8 14 46
6 23x15px Renault 12 4 8 8 32
7 23x15px BMW 13 12 25
8 Template:Country data JPN Nissan 17 6 23
9 Template:Country data JPN Subaru 8 10 18
10 23x15px Peugeot 14 1 15
11 23x15px Volkswagen 6 4 4 14
12 23x15px Opel 10 1 2 13
13 Template:Country data JPN Suzuki 8 1 9
14 Template:Country data JPN Mitsubishi 7 7
15 23x15px Alfa Romeo 4 4
16 23x15px Fiat 2 2

Championship for drivers

1988 World Rally Championship for Drivers
Rank Driver Event Total
points
23x15px
MON
23x15px
SWE
23x15px
POR
Template:Country data KEN
KEN
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GRC
23x15px
USA
23x15px
NZL
23x15px
ARG
23x15px
FIN
23x15px
CIV
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
GBR
1 23x15px Miki Biasion 20 20 20 20 15 20 115
2 23x15px Markku Alén 20 6 10 20 10 20 86
3 23x15px Alex Fiorio 15 15 12 15 4 15 76
4 23x15px Stig Blomqvist 15 8 8 4 6 41
5 23x15px Timo Salonen 8 10 15 33
6 23x15px Bruno Saby 20 12 32
23x15px Didier Auriol 20 12 32
8 23x15px Mikael Ericsson 15 15 30
9 23x15px Jorge Recalde 1 6 20 27
10 23x15px Yves Loubet 12 15 27
11 23x15px Carlos Sainz 8 6 8 4 26
12 23x15px Kenneth Eriksson 10 6 6 22
13 23x15px Rudi Stohl 3 8 10 21
14 23x15px Sepp Haider 20 20
23x15px Alain Ambrosino 20 20
16 23x15px Pascal Gaban 1 15 16
17 23x15px Björn Waldegård 4 12 16
18 Template:Country data KEN Mike Kirkland 15 15
23x15px Ray Wilson 15 15
20 23x15px Jean-Pierre Ballet 12 12
23x15px Lars-Erik Torph 12 12
23x15px Per Eklund 12 12
23x15px John Buffum 12 12
23x15px Malcolm Stewart 12 12
23x15px Franz Wittmann 12 12
23x15px Patrick Tauziac 12 12
23x15px Dario Cerrato 12 12
28 23x15px Alain Oreille 10 1 11
29 23x15px Giovanni Del Zoppo 3 8 11
30 23x15px Erik Johansson 10 10
23x15px Hannu Mikkola 10 10
23x15px François Chatriot 10 10
23x15px Georg Fischer 10 10
23x15px David Officer 10 10
23x15px Alain Oudit 10 10
23x15px Pentti Airikkala 10 10
37 23x15px Håkan Eriksson 8 8
23x15px Juha Kankkunen 8 8
23x15px Ross Meekings 8 8
23x15px José Celsi 8 8
23x15px Adolphe Choteau 8 8
23x15px Armin Schwarz 8 8
43 23x15px François Chauche 6 6
23x15px Björn Johansson 6 6
Template:Country data KEN Ian Duncan 6 6
23x15px Jigger 6 6
23x15px Marty Roestenburg 6 6
23x15px Juan Maria Traverso 6 6
23x15px Didier Monin 6 6
50 23x15px Christophe Spiliotis 4 4
23x15px Bror Danielsson 4 4
23x15px Erwin Weber 4 4
23x15px Bernard Béguin 4 4
23x15px Stratissino 4 4
Template:Country data JPN Nobuhiro Tajima 4 4
23x15px Joe McAndrew 4 4
23x15px Marcelo Raies 4 4
23x15px Roberto Ambrosoli 4 4
59 23x15px Malcolm Wilson 3 3
23x15px Inverno Amaral 3 3
23x15px Paul Rouby 3 3
23x15px Kóstas Apostolou 3 3
23x15px Rod Millen 3 3
Template:Country data JPN Tetsuo Sano 3 3
23x15px Claudio Israel 3 3
23x15px Harry Joki 3 3
23x15px Soumare Mafell 3 3
23x15px Raimund Baumschlager 3 3
23x15px Stig-Olov Walfridsson 3 3
70 23x15px Tomas Jansson 1 2 3
23x15px Mats Jonsson 1 2 3
72 23x15px Pierre Bos 2 2
23x15px Sebastian Lindholm 2 2
23x15px Carlos Bica 2 2
23x15px 'Possum' Bourne 2 2
23x15px César Baroni 2 2
23x15px Flory Roothaert 2 2
23x15px Alan Carter 2 2
23x15px Dave Strong 2 2
23x15px José Luis Grasso 2 2
23x15px Michel Molinie 2 2
23x15px Paola De Martini 2 2
83 23x15px Richard Frau 1 1
Template:Country data KEN Jim Heather-Hayes 1 1
Template:Country data HKG Michael Lieu 1 1
23x15px Murray Walker 1 1
23x15px Fernando Urrutia 1 1
23x15px Samir Assef 1 1
23x15px Paolo Alessandrini 1 1
23x15px Kalle Grundel 1 1
1988 World Rally Championship point awards for drivers
Points awarded by finish 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th
20 15 12 10 8 6 4 3 2 1

Cup for production car drivers

1988 FIA Cup for Drivers of Production Cars
Rank Driver Event Total
points
23x15px
MON
23x15px
SWE
23x15px
POR
Template:Country data KEN
KEN
23x15px
FRA
23x15px
GRC
23x15px
USA
23x15px
NZL
23x15px
ARG
23x15px
FIN
23x15px
CIV
23x15px
ITA
23x15px
GBR
1 23x15px Pascal Gaban 10 13 13 7 2 45
2 23x15px Jorge Recalde 13 10 13 7 43
3 23x15px Giovanni Del Zoppo 10 13 7 30
4 23x15px Grégoire de Mévius 3 13 16
5 23x15px Massimo Ercolani 5 5 5 15
6 23x15px François Chauche 13 13
23x15px Sören Nilsson 13 13
23x15px César Baroni 13 13
23x15px Dave Strong 13 13
23x15px Andrea Aghini 13 13
11 23x15px Richard Frau 7 5 12

See also