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1989 United States Grand Prix

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3.800 km (2.361 mi)</td></tr> #REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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23x15px  1989 United States Grand Prix
Race details
Race 5 of 16 in the [[1989 Formula One season#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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This page is a soft redirect. June 4, 1989

Location Phoenix street circuit
Phoenix, Arizona
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The 1989 United States Grand Prix was a Formula One race held on June 4, 1989 in Phoenix, Arizona.


Report

Background

In October 1988, city officials of Detroit Michigan refused to invest more money to bring the Detroit circuit up to new Formula 1 regulations. This resulted in the cancellation of the Detroit race for the 1989 season. Race promoter Jack Long stepped up talks with the city of Phoenix and Laguna Seca Raceway in Monterey, California. Although the drivers themselves preferred Laguna Seca, it was thought to be too small for an F1 crowd and too remote. On Jan. 13 1989, the Phoenix City Council approved a five-year contract with Jack Long to promote and run the race, with the first one set for June 4.[3] The drivers had long complained about the problems with racing on a temporary track in Detroit, and anticipated similar prospects in the new city. On the Thursday before qualifying, Formula Atlantic, the support category for the weekend, had the first practice session on the new track before the Formula One cars hit the circuit for pre-qualifying at 8 o'clock on Friday morning. The Atlantic session saw a couple of problems. A manhole cover was lifted and the track surface at turn 10 at the end of the back straight (Washington Street) had begun to break up in the same way Detroit and Dallas had done in the past. Overnight, quick-dry cement was used to patch up the broken surface and while dusty and bumpy, the cement held for the remainder of the weekend.

Qualifying

In qualifying on Friday, Ayrton Senna went progressively faster and faster, eventually posting a time 1.5 seconds ahead of McLaren team mate Alain Prost and the rest of the field. Senna's Friday time of 1:30.710 stood up through the second session and gave him his 34th career pole position, breaking Jim Clark's record of 33 which he had equalled in the previous race in Mexico.

Free practice

During the morning practice on Saturday, Prost spun backward into a wall and damaged the monocoque and gearbox. It was the first monocoque Prost had broken since joining the team in 1984. Prost then had to take Senna's spare car for the race. Alessandro Nannini crashed his Benetton heavily in the morning warm-up session and was forced to start the race not only in the spare car but also wearing a neck brace due to a very sore neck.[4]

Race

Prost got a jump on Senna at the start, but hit a bump in the straight, causing his wheels to spin and the engine to be cut momentarily by the rev limiter allowing Senna to pull ahead, but by the end of the first lap his lead was only 0.45 seconds. Nannini ran third followed by Nigel Mansell, Alex Caffi, Stefano Modena, Martin Brundle, Gerhard Berger, Andrea de Cesaris and Michele Alboreto. Nannini's neck could only take 10 laps of racing before he pulled into the pits to retire. He had been third until a spin on lap four dropped him to eighth and retired after not being able to hold his head up properly and complaining of dizziness. After 16 laps, Senna's lead over Prost was 4.25 seconds. He suddenly doubled that on the next lap when Prost's engine began overheating, forcing the Frenchman to back off for a few laps in a bid to get the water and oil temperatures back to normal. Despite Senna's seemingly commanding position, Prost remained confident of winning as he had seen that his McLaren was handling better than his team mate's. He reasoned that later in the race his only problem would be getting past.

The gap between the two McLarens varied as they worked their way through traffic, but on lap 29, Prost closed the gap when Senna suffered a misfire. The problem disappeared momentarily, with Senna doing his fastest lap of the race, but then returned, worse than before. On lap 34, with Prost only one second back, Senna waved his team mate past and then pitted.

After two pit stops to change black box, battery and plugs, and with successive fastest laps in between, Senna retired on lap 44. It was his first retirement ever because of a Honda engine failure and the first failure of their V10 engine under race conditions. It was also only the second time in 21 races with McLaren that a Honda engine had failed, the first being when Prost's V6 turbo had blown up halfway through the 1988 Italian Grand Prix, the only race of the 1988 season that McLaren did not win.

Alex Caffi, who had started in sixth in his Pirelli shod Dallara-Ford, was up to second with Senna's retirement. A stop for new tires, after being passed by Berger (whose palms were still raw and sore from his Imola crash only six weeks before), dropped him back two more spots to fifth. As he tried to re-lap his team mate de Cesaris, however, de Cesaris turned in, forcing Caffi into the wall and out of the race. After the race de Cesaris said that he simply did not see Caffi and did not even know about putting him into the wall until after the race. De Cesaris continued on to an 8th place finish. Berger's Ferrari suffered alternator failure (meaning no power to the revolutionary semi-automatic transmission) 9 laps after Caffi's retirement. Reporters tried to interview Berger but his mechanic closed the garage door, just before the garage door closed ESPN pit reporter saw Berger being splashed with water.

Throughout the race, Riccardo Patrese, Ivan Capelli and Eddie Cheever had been in close contact. When Capelli retired on lap 21 with a gearbox failure, Patrese and Cheever carried on the battle alone. After lap 51, the fight was for second place, with Patrese ahead. Despite a fuel pickup problem with his engine, Cheever mounted a challenge in the closing laps until his front brakes and one rear brake failed. He finished in third place.

As was predicted, the two-hour time limit was reached after 75 of the scheduled 81 laps, and Prost coasted to his only United States win (after not having won at Watkins Glen, Long Beach, Las Vegas, Detroit or Dallas), and increased his then all-time record victory total to 36 and his first win in a naturally aspirated car (his only other season in F1 without turbo power had been his rookie season with McLaren in 1980 when the team used the Cosworth DFV V8 engine). He also took the lead, by two points over Senna, in the Driver's Championship, which he eventually won. Patrese's runner-up placing was his second in a row. After struggling through practice, qualifying and warm up, and starting from 14th spot, Patrese and technical director Patrick Head had guessed at a setup and finally got it right for the race. Eddie Cheever's third place was the ninth and last podium finish of his F1 career. Christian Danner benefited from retirements ahead of him to take fourth place for Rial. It was his best career finish and matched the best ever finish for the team.

Post-race

Before the race there was a push to reduce the number of race laps from 81 to 70 due to the expected hot weather and after practice times had revealed the race would hit the two hour mark well before the scheduled number of laps had been reached: with the track almost the same length as the Adelaide Street Circuit used for the Australian Grand Prix, the prediction was that laps times would be around the 1:15 to 1:20 mark. Qualifying times, however, had been some 10–15 seconds slower than predicted. Ken Tyrrell was the only team boss who refused to sign the document which would have allowed the race length to be reduced. In the race, Jonathan Palmer lost a certain 4th place when his Tyrrell-Ford ran out of fuel on lap 69. Had the race been flagged after 70 laps, Palmer would have finished 4th having already been lapped by Prost instead of running out of fuel and being classified as 9th and last. The organizers were slightly disappointed with a crowd of 31,441 [2] turned out for the race on Sunday in 100 degrees Fahrenheit heat, having hoped for 40,000.

Classification

Pre Qualifying

Pos No Driver Constructor Time Gap
1 7 23x15px Martin Brundle Brabham-Judd 1:32.293
2 21 23x15px Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 1:32.992 +0.699
3 36 23x15px Stefan Johansson Onyx-Ford 1:33.768 +1.475
4 8 23x15px Stefano Modena Brabham-Judd 1:33.924 +1.631
5 18 23x15px Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Ford 1:34.281 +1.988
6 32 23x15px Pierre-Henri Raphanel Coloni-Ford 1.35.110 +2.817
7 33 23x16px Gregor Foitek Euro Brun-Judd 1:35.805 +3.512
8 17 23x15px Nicola Larini Osella-Ford 1:36.470 +4.177
9 41 23x15px Joachim Winkelhock AGS-Ford 1:36.498 +4.205
10 39 23x15px Volker Weidler Rial-Ford 1:36.583 +4.290
11 34 23x15px Bernd Schneider Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:36.610 +4.317
12 35 Template:Country data JPN Aguri Suzuki Zakspeed-Yamaha 1:37.776 +5.483
13 37 23x15px Bertrand Gachot Onyx-Ford 1:45.530 +13.237

Qualifying

Pos No Driver Constructor Q1 Q2 Gap
1 1 23x15px Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 1:30.108 1:30.710
2 2 23x15px Alain Prost McLaren-Honda 1:31.620 1:31.517 +1.409
3 19 23x15px Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford 1:32.924 1:31.799 +1.691
4 27 23x15px Nigel Mansell Ferrari 1:31.927 1:33.383 +1.819
5 7 23x15px Martin Brundle Brabham-Judd 1:32.750 1:31.960 +1.852
6 21 23x15px Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 1:32.819 1:32.160 +2.052
7 8 23x15px Stefano Modena Brabham-Judd 1:34.267 1:32.286 +2.178
8 28 23x15px Gerhard Berger Ferrari 1:33.697 1:32.364 +2.256
9 4 23x15px Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford 1:33.377 1:32.491 +2.383
10 9 23x15px Derek Warwick Arrows-Ford 1:32.640 1:32.492 +2.384
11 16 23x15px Ivan Capelli March-Judd 1:36.136 1:32.493 +2.385
12 30 23x15px Philippe Alliot Lola-Lamborghini 1:34.721 1:32.562 +2.454
13 22 23x15px Andrea de Cesaris Dallara-Ford 1:33.061 1:32.649 +2.541
14 6 23x15px Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 1:34.523 1:32.795 +2.687
15 23 23x15px Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 1:34.794 1:33.031 +2.923
16 5 23x15px Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault 1:35.227 1:33.044 +2.936
17 10 23x15px Eddie Cheever Arrows-Ford 1:33.214 1:33.361 +3.106
18 15 23x15px Maurício Gugelmin March-Judd 1:35.236 1:33.324 +3.216
19 36 23x15px Stefan Johansson Onyx-Ford 1:34.637 1:33.370 +3.262
20 24 23x15px Luis Pérez-Sala Minardi-Ford 1:34.636 1:33.724 +3.616
21 3 23x15px Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford 1:34.748 1:33.741 +3.633
22 11 23x15px Nelson Piquet Lotus-Judd 1:33.745 1:33.804 +3.637
23 12 Template:Country data JPN Satoru Nakajima Lotus-Judd 1:35.188 1:33.782 +3.674
24 40 23x15px Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 1:34.455 1:33.790 +3.682
25 20 23x15px Johnny Herbert Benetton-Ford 1:35.377 1:33.806 +3.698
26 38 23x15px Christian Danner Rial-Ford 1:35.453 1:33.848 +3.740
27 26 23x15px Olivier Grouillard Ligier-Ford 1:35.124 1:34.153 +4.045
28 31 23x15px Roberto Moreno Coloni-Ford 2:10.795 1:34.352 +4.244
29 25 23x15px René Arnoux Ligier-Ford 1:35.823 1:34.798 +4.715
30 29 23x15px Yannick Dalmas Lola-Lamborghini 1:35.771 1:35.496 +5.388

Race

Pos No Driver Constructor Laps Time/Retired Grid Points
1 2 23x15px Alain Prost McLaren-Honda 75 2:01:33.133 2 9
2 6 23x15px Riccardo Patrese Williams-Renault 75 + 39.696 14 6
3 10 23x15px Eddie Cheever Arrows-Ford 75 + 43.210 17 4
4 38 23x15px Christian Danner Rial-Ford 74 + 1 Lap 26 3
5 20 23x15px Johnny Herbert Benetton-Ford 74 + 1 Lap 25 2
6 5 23x15px Thierry Boutsen Williams-Renault 74 + 1 Lap 16 1
7 40 23x15px Gabriele Tarquini AGS-Ford 73 Engine 24  
8 22 23x15px Andrea de Cesaris Dallara-Ford 70 + 5 Laps 13  
9 3 23x15px Jonathan Palmer Tyrrell-Ford 69 Fuel System 21  
Ret 28 23x15px Gerhard Berger Ferrari 61 Alternator 8  
Ret 21 23x15px Alex Caffi Dallara-Ford 52 Collision 6  
Ret 11 23x15px Nelson Piquet Lotus-Judd 52 Spun Off 22  
Ret 36 23x15px Stefan Johansson Onyx-Ford 50 Suspension 19  
Ret 24 23x15px Luis Pérez-Sala Minardi-Ford 46 Engine 20  
Ret 1 23x15px Ayrton Senna McLaren-Honda 44 Electrical 1  
Ret 7 23x15px Martin Brundle Brabham-Judd 43 Brakes 5  
Ret 8 23x15px Stefano Modena Brabham-Judd 37 Brakes 7  
Ret 27 23x15px Nigel Mansell Ferrari 31 Alternator 4  
Ret 23 23x15px Pierluigi Martini Minardi-Ford 26 Engine 15  
Ret 12 Template:Country data JPN Satoru Nakajima Lotus-Judd 24 Throttle 23  
Ret 16 23x15px Ivan Capelli March-Judd 22 Transmission 11  
Ret 15 23x15px Maurício Gugelmin March-Judd 20 Brakes 18  
Ret 4 23x15px Michele Alboreto Tyrrell-Ford 17 Gearbox 9  
Ret 19 23x15px Alessandro Nannini Benetton-Ford 10 Physical 3  
Ret 9 23x15px Derek Warwick Arrows-Ford 7 Collision 10  
Ret 30 23x15px Philippe Alliot Lola-Lamborghini 3 Spun Off 12  
DNQ 26 23x15px Olivier Grouillard Ligier-Ford        
DNQ 31 23x15px Roberto Moreno Coloni-Ford        
DNQ 25 23x15px René Arnoux Ligier-Ford        
DNQ 29 23x15px Yannick Dalmas Lola-Lamborghini        
DNPQ 18 23x15px Piercarlo Ghinzani Osella-Ford        
DNPQ 32 23x15px Pierre-Henri Raphanel Coloni-Ford        
DNPQ 33 23x16px Gregor Foitek Euro Brun-Judd        
DNPQ 17 23x15px Nicola Larini Osella-Ford        
DNPQ 41 23x15px Joachim Winkelhock AGS-Ford        
DNPQ 39 23x15px Volker Weidler Rial-Ford        
DNPQ 35 Template:Country data JPN Aguri Suzuki Zakspeed-Yamaha        
DNPQ 34 23x15px Bernd Schneider Zakspeed-Yamaha        
DNPQ 37 23x15px Bertrand Gachot Onyx-Ford        

Standings after the race

  • Note: Only the top five positions are included for both sets of standings.
Previous race:
1989 Mexican Grand Prix
FIA Formula One World Championship
1989 season
Next race:
1989 Canadian Grand Prix
Previous race:
1980 United States Grand Prix
United States Grand Prix Next race:
1990 United States Grand Prix

References

  1. ^ https://weatherspark.com/history/30435/1989/Phoenix-Arizona-United-States
  2. ^ a b Hot, slow Phoenix race flops, Press news services The Pittsburgh Press June 5, 1989
  3. ^ Siano, Joseph (January 30, 1989). "Grand Prix Moves to Phoenix". nytimes.com. Retrieved July 15, 2014. 
  4. ^ Rob Walker, Road & Track page 82, September 1989 edition
  • Rob Walker (September, 1989). "United States Grand Prix at Phoenix: Just Desert". Road & Track, 82-85.

Coordinates: 33°26′52.5″N 112°4′28.5″W / 33.447917°N 112.074583°W / 33.447917; -112.074583{{#coordinates:33|26|52.5|N|112|4|28.5|W| |primary |name= }}