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1991 Rugby World Cup

This article is about the men's Rugby World Cup held in 1991. For information about the Women's Rugby World Cup also held in 1991, see 1991 Women's Rugby World Cup.
1991 Rugby World Cup
Tournament details
Host nations 23x15px England
23x15px France
23x15px Ireland
23x15px Scotland
23x15px Wales
Dates 3 October – 2 November 1991
No. of nations 16 (33 qualifying)
Final positions
Champions 10px 23x15px Australia
Runner-up 10px 23x15px England
Third-place 10px 23x15px New Zealand
Tournament statistics
Matches played 32
Top scorer(s) 23x15px Ralph Keyes (68)
Most tries 23x15px Jean-Baptiste Lafond (6)
23x15px David Campese (6)
1987
1995

The 1991 Rugby World Cup was the second edition of the Rugby World Cup, and was jointly hosted by England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and France; at that time, the five European countries that participated in the Five Nations Championship making it the first Rugby World Cup to be staged in the northern hemisphere, with England as the host of the championship game. Following on from the success of the inaugural 1987 Rugby World Cup, the 1991 World Cup received increased attention and was seen as a major global sporting event for the first time.[citation needed] Also for the first time qualifying competitions were introduced as the number of entrants had increased from sixteen nations four years before to a total of thirty-three countries, the eight quarter-finalists from 1987 qualified automatically with the remaining twenty-five countries having to qualify for the remaining eight spots. The same sixteen team pool/knock-out format was used with just minor changes to the points system.

The Pool stage of the tournament was nothing like four years earlier,[citation needed] with fewer one-sided matches and the early stages produced a major shock when Western Samoa, who were making their debut in the tournament, defeated 1987 semifinalist Wales 16-13 in Cardiff, resulting in the elimination of Wales, who finished third in Pool 3. Also notable in pool play was that Canada finished second in their group to qualify for the quarterfinals in what remains Canada's best performance in the Rugby World Cup. Fiji, as quarter-finalists four years ago, had expected to occupy that position, but after the upset loss to Canada and a hammering by France, they were to lose even their final match against the unfancied Romanian team. Earlier, the opening match had pitted the holders New Zealand against the hosts England: New Zealand overturned a narrow half-time deficit to win the match and the group; both teams qualifying for the quarter-finals with easy victories in their other matches. Scotland beat Ireland to top their group, again both teams qualifying.

In the quarter-finals, neither Canada nor Western Samoa proved a match for New Zealand or Scotland, respectively. Meanwhile, England knocked out 1987 finalist France in a bruising encounter. Australia, in what was seen as the match of the tournament,[citation needed] pipped Ireland 19-18 in a thrilling match at Lansdowne Road, with a last-gasp try from fly-half Michael Lynagh coming after the Irish took an unexpected 18-15 lead when loose-forward Hamilton sensationally outpaced speedy winger David Campese over half the length of the pitch for a try. The semi-finals produced two tight matches: England overcame their Scottish rivals 6-9, a late drop-goal deciding a tryless match in a torrential downpour at Murrayfield Stadium, and Australia defeated the defending world champions New Zealand 16-6 at Lansdowne Road.

The World Cup Final was played at Twickenham Stadium in London, and saw Australia triumph 12–6 against England, thanks to a first-half try from prop Tony Daly.

Qualification

The following 16 teams, shown by region, qualified for the 1991 Rugby World Cup. Of the 16 teams, eight of those places were automatically filled by quarterfinalists from the 1987 World Cup and did not have to play any qualification matches. 25 nations competed in a qualification process designed to fill the remaining eight spots, bringing the total participation to 33 nations. In the event, there was only one change from the 1987 tournament, with Western Samoa appearing in place of Tonga.

Africa Americas Europe Oceania/Asia

Stadium

City Stadium Capacity
23x15px London Twickenham Stadium 75,000
23x15px Edinburgh Murrayfield Stadium 67,800
23x15px Cardiff National Stadium (Cardiff Arms Park) 53,000
23x15px Paris Parc des Princes 48,712
22px Dublin Lansdowne Road 49,250
23x15px Toulouse Stade Ernest-Wallon 19,000
23x15px Villeneuve d'Ascq Stadium Lille-Metropole 18,185
23x15px Béziers Stade de la Méditerranée 18,000
23x15px Leicester Welford Road 16,815
23x15px Brive Parc Municipal des Sports 16,000
23x15px Grenoble Stade Lesdiguières 14,000
23x15px Agen Stade Armandie 14,000
23x15px Bayonne Stade Jean Dauger 13,500
23x15px Gloucester Kingsholm 12,500
22px Belfast Ravenhill 12,300
23x15px Llanelli Stradey Park 10,800
23x15px Pontypool Pontypool Park 8,800
23x15px Pontypridd Sardis Road 7,200
23x15px Otley Cross Green 5,000

Squads

Pools & Format

Pool 1 Pool 2 Pool 3 Pool 4

23x15px New Zealand
23x15px England
23x15px Italy
23x15px United States

23x15px Scotland
23x15px Ireland
Template:Country data JPN
23x15px Zimbabwe

23x15px Australia
23x15px Wales
23x15px Western Samoa
23x15px Argentina

23x15px France
23x15px Fiji
23x15px Canada
23x15px Romania

As in the 1987 Rugby World Cup the 16 nations were divided into four pools of four nations, with each nation playing their other pool opponents once, every nation playing three times during the group stages. Nations were awarded 2 points for a win, 1 for a draw and zero for a loss, the top two nations of every pool advanced to the quarter finals. The runners-up of each pool faced the winners of a different pool in the quarter finals. The winners moved on to the semi finals, with the winners then moving onto the final, and the losers of the semi finals contesting a third/fourth place play off.

Points System

The points system that was used in the pool stage was which was changed from 1987 was as follows:

  • 3 points for a win
  • 2 points for a draw
  • 1 point for playing

A total of 32 matches (24 Pool Stage & 8 Knock-out) were played throughout the tournament over 30 days from Thursday 3 October 1991 to Saturday 2 November 1991.

Pool stage

Pool 1

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
23x15px New Zealand 3 3 0 0 95 39 9
23x15px England 3 2 0 1 85 33 7
23x15px Italy 3 1 0 2 57 76 5
23x15px United States 3 0 0 3 24 113 3
3 October 1991
England 23x15px 12–18 23x15px New Zealand
Pen: Webb (3)
Drop: Andrew
Tries: Jones
Con: Fox
Pen: Fox (4)
Twickenham Stadium, London
Attendance: 70,000
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

5 October 1991
Italy 23x15px 30–9 23x15px United States
Tries: Barba, Francescato, Vaccari, Gaetaniello
Con: Dominguez (4)
Pen: Dominguez (2)
Tries: Swords
Con: Williams
Pen: Williams
Cross Green, Otley
Referee: Owen Doyle (Ireland)

8 October 1991
New Zealand 23x15px 46–6 23x15px United States
Tries: Wright (3), Earl, Purvis, Timu, Tuigamala, Innes
Con: Preston (4)
Pen: Preston (2)
Pen: Williams (2)
Kingsholm, Gloucester
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Efraim Sklar (Argentina)

8 October 1991
England 23x15px 36–6 23x15px Italy
Tries: Guscott (2), Underwood, Webb
Con: Webb (4)
Pen: Webb (4)
Tries: Cuttitta
Con: Dominguez

11 October 1991
England 23x15px 37–9 23x15px United States
Tries: Underwood (2), Carling, Skinner, Heslop
Con: Hodgkinson (4)
Pen: Hodgkinson (3)
Tries: Nelson
Con: Williams
Pen: Williams

13 October 1991
Italy 23x15px 21–31 23x15px New Zealand
Tries: Cuttitta, Bonomi
Con: Dominguez (2)
Pen: Dominguez (3)
Tries: Brooke, Innes, Tuigamala, Hewett
Con: Fox (3)
Pen: Fox (3)
Welford Road, Leicester
Attendance: 16,800
Referee: Kerry Fitzgerald (Australia)

Pool 2

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
23x15px Scotland 3 3 0 0 122 36 9
23x15px Ireland 3 2 0 1 102 51 7
Template:Country data JPN 3 1 0 2 77 87 5
23x15px Zimbabwe 3 0 0 3 31 158 3
5 October 1991
Scotland 23x15px 47–9 Template:Country data JPN
Tries: S. Hastings, Stanger, Chalmers, White, Penalty Try, Tukalo, G. Hastings
Con: G. Hastings (5)
Pen: G. Hastings (2), Chalmers
Tries: Hosokawa
Con: Hosokawa
Drop: Hosokawa

6 October 1991
Ireland 23x15px 55–11 23x15px Zimbabwe
Tries: Robinson (4), Popplewell (2), Geoghegan, Curtis
Con: Keyes (4)
Pen: Keyes (5)
Report Tries: Dawson, Schultz
Pen: Ferreira

9 October 1991
Ireland 23x15px 32–16 Template:Country data JPN
Tries: Mannion (2), O’Hara, Staples
Con: Keyes (2)
Pen: Keyes (4)
Report Tries: Hayashi, Kajihara, Yoshida
Con: Hosokawa (2)

9 October 1991
Scotland 23x15px 51–12 23x15px Zimbabwe
Tries: Tukalo (3), Turnbull, S. Hastings, Stanger, Weir, White
Con: Dods (5)
Pen: Dods (2)
Drop: Wylie
Tries: Garvey (2)
Con: Currin (2)

12 October 1991
Scotland 23x15px 24–15 23x15px Ireland
Tries: Shiel, Armstrong
Con: G. Hastings (2)
Pen: G. Hastings (3)
Drop: Chalmers
Report Pen: Keyes (4)
Drop: Keyes
Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
Referee: Fred Howard (England)

14 October 1991
Template:Country data JPN 52–8 23x15px Zimbabwe
Tries: Yoshida (2), Mashuho (2), Kutsuki (2), Horikoshi, Luaiufi, Matsuo
Con: Hosokawa (2)
Pen: Hosokawa (4)
Tries: Tsimba, Nguruve

Pool 3

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
23x15px Australia 3 3 0 0 79 25 9
23x15px Western Samoa 3 2 0 1 54 34 7
23x15px Wales 3 1 0 2 32 61 5
23x15px Argentina 3 0 0 3 38 83 3
4 October 1991
Argentina 23x15px 19–32 23x15px Australia
Tries: Terán (2)
Con: del Castillo
Pen: del Castillo
Drop: Arbizu (2)
Tries: Campese (2), Horan (2), Kearns
Con: Lynagh (3)
Pen: Lynagh (2)


9 October 1991
Australia 23x15px 9–3 23x15px Western Samoa
Pen: Lynagh (3) Pen: Vaea



13 October 1991
Argentina 23x15px 12–35 23x15px Western Samoa
Tries: Terán
Con: Arbizu
Pen: Laborde, Arbizu
Tries: Tagaola (2), Lima (2), Bunce, Bachop
Con: Vaea (4)
Pen: Vaea

Pool 4

Team P W D L PF PA Pts
23x15px France 3 3 0 0 82 25 9
23x15px Canada 3 2 0 1 45 33 7
23x15px Romania 3 1 0 2 31 64 5
23x15px Fiji 3 0 0 3 27 63 3
4 October 1991
France 23x15px 30–3 23x15px Romania
Tries: Roumat, Lafond, Penalty Try, Saint-André
Con: Camberabero
Pen: Camberabero (4)
Pen: Nichitean

5 October 1991
Canada 23x15px 13–3 23x15px Fiji
Tries: Stewart
Pen: Rees (3)
Drop: Serevi

8 October 1991
France 23x15px 33–9 23x15px Fiji
Tries: Lafond (3), Sella (2), Camberabero
Con: Camberabero (3)
Pen: Camberabero
Tries: Naruma
Con: Koroduadua
Pen: Koroduadua

9 October 1991
Canada 23x15px 19–11 23x15px Romania
Tries: McKinnon, Ennis
Con: Mark Wyatt
Pen: Wyatt (2)
Drop: Rees
Tries: Lungu, Sasu
Pen: Nichitean

12 October 1991
Fiji 23x15px 15–17 23x15px Romania
Pen: Turuva (2)
Drop: Rabaka (2), Turuva
Tries: Ion, Dumitras, Sasu
Con: Racean
Pen: Nichitean

13 October 1991
France 23x15px 19–13 23x15px Canada
Tries: Lafond, Saint-André
Con: Camberabero
Pen: Lacroix (2), Camberabero
Tries: Wyatt
Pen: Wyatt, Rees
Drop: Rees

Knock-out stage

Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                   
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26 October – Murrayfield Stadium, Edinburgh
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19 October – Parc des Princes, Paris
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2 November – Twickenham Stadium, London
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20 October – Stadium Lille-Metropole, Villeneuve d'Ascq rowspan="4" style="border-width:0 0 1px 0; border-style: solid;border-color:black;"#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
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27 October – Lansdowne Road, Dublin
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20 October – Lansdowne Road, Dublin
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Quarter-finals

19 October 1991
France 23x15px 10–19 23x15px England
Tries: Lafond
Pen: Lacroix (2)
Report Tries: Underwood, Carling
Con: Webb
Pen: Webb (3)

19 October 1991
Scotland 23x15px 28–6 23x15px Western Samoa
Tries: Jeffrey (2), Stanger
Con: Hastings (2)
Pen: Hastings (4)
Pen: Vaea
Drop goals: Bachop

20 October 1991
Ireland 23x15px 18–19 23x15px Australia
Tries: Hamilton
Con: Keyes
Pen: Keyes (3)
Drop: Keyes
Report Tries: Campese (2), Lynagh
Con: Lynagh (2)
Pen: Lynagh

20 October 1991
Canada 23x15px 13–29 23x15px New Zealand
Tries: Tynan, Charron
Con: Rees
Pen: Wyatt
Tries: Timu (2), McCahill, Brooke, Kirwan
Con: Fox (3)
Pen: Fox

Semi-finals

26 October 1991
Scotland 23x15px 6–9 23x15px England
Pen: G. Hastings (2) Pen: Webb (2)
Drop: Andrew

27 October 1991
Australia 23x15px 16–6 23x15px New Zealand
Tries: Campese, Horan
Con: Lynagh
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Pen: Fox (2)
Lansdowne Road, Dublin
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Jim Fleming (Scotland)

Third-place play-off

30 October 1991
New Zealand 23x15px 13–6 23x15px Scotland
Tries: Little
Pen: Preston (3)
Pen: G. Hastings (2)

Final

2 November 1991
Australia 23x15px 12–6 23x15px England
Tries: Daly
Con: Lynagh
Pen: Lynagh (2)
Report Pen: Webb (2)

Broadcasters

The event was broadcast in the United Kingdom by ITV who took over the rights from the BBC.

References

External links

Preceded by
1987 Rugby
World Cup
Rugby World Cup
1991
Australia
Succeeded by
1995 Rugby
World Cup