Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for 19th-century National League teams

19th-century National League teams

The following is a list of United States Major League Baseball teams that played in the National League during the 19th century.

Surviving teams

Major league

Minor league

  • Buffalo Bisons 1879–1885 – Moved to the minors in 1886 and played in Buffalo until 1970 before several moves. Suspended operations in 1973. A current minor league team bearing the "Buffalo Bisons" name, dating to 1979, claims this team as part of their official history.

Defunct teams

Timeline

<timeline> DateFormat = yyyy ImageSize = width:800 height:auto barincrement:25 PlotArea = left:20 right:50 bottom:20 top:20

Colors =

id:majorGridColor value:rgb(0.9,0.9,0.9)
id:lineColor   value:gray(0.6)
id:nl1         value:gray(0.9)
id:inactive    value:gray(0.5)
id:gold        value:rgb(0.99,0.72,0.15)
id:brown       value:rgb(0.36,0.20,0.10)
id:vegasgold   value:rgb(0.80,0.72,0.49)
id:green       value:rgb(0,   0.51,0.28)
id:darkgreen   value:rgb(0,   0.20,0   )
id:orange      value:rgb(1   ,0.39,0   )
id:red         value:rgb(0.80,0.01,0.07)
id:red2        value:rgb(0.90,0.01,0.07)
id:darkred     value:rgb(0.50,0   ,0   )
id:iceblue     value:rgb(0.20,0.60,0.80)
id:gray        value:gray(0.3)
id:gray2       value:gray(0.5)
id:sand        value:rgb(0.94,0.89,0.77)
id:navy        value:rgb(0   ,0   ,0.30)
id:teal        value:rgb(0   ,0.65,0.65)
id:teal2       value:rgb(0   ,0.45,0.45)

Period = from:1855 till:1910 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal format:yyyy ScaleMajor = start:1860 increment:10 gridcolor:majorGridColor

LineData =

at:1876 color:lineColor #Formation of NL

BarData =

bar:MNY             # Mutual of New York 
bar:AOP             # Athletic of Philadelphia
bar:CHC             # Chicago White Stockings / Colts / Orphans / Cubs
bar:ATL             # Boston Red Stockings / Beaneaters / Doves / Rustlers / Braves / Bees / Milwaukee Braves / Atlanta Braves
bar:HAR             # Hartford Dark Blues / Brooklyn Hartfords
bar:SLBS            # Saint Louis Brown Stockings
bar:CINR            # Cincinnati Red Stockings
bar:LOU             # Louisville Grays
bar:IND             # Indianapolis Blues
bar:MILG            # Milwaukee Grays
bar:PRO             # Providence Grays
bar:BUF             # Buffalo Bisons
bar:CLEB            # Cleaveland Blues
bar:SYR             # Syracuse Stars
bar:TRY             # Troy Trojans
bar:WRC             # Worcester Worcesters
bar:DETW            # Detroit Wolverines
bar:SF              # New York Giants / San Francisco Giants
bar:PHI             # Philadelphia Phillies
bar:SLM             # Saint Louis Maroons
bar:KCC             # Kansas City Cowboys
bar:WSHN            # Washington Nationals 
bar:INDH            # Indianapolis Hoosiers
bar:PIT             # Pittsburgh Pirates
bar:CLES            # Cleveland Spiders
bar:CIN             # Cincinnati Reds
bar:LAD             # Brooklyn Dodgers / Los Angeles Dodgers
bar:BALO            # Baltimore Orioles (AA)
bar:LOUC            # Louisville Cardinals
bar:STL             # Saint Louis Browns / Cardinals
bar:WSHS            # Washington Senators

Define $Up = shift:(,1) Define $Left = anchor:from align:right shift:(-1,) Define $Right = anchor:till align:left shift:(2,) Define $Down = shift:(,-10)

Define $UpLeft = anchor:from align:right shift:(-1,1) Define $UpRight = anchor:till align:left shift:(2,1) Define $DownRight = anchor:till align:left shift:(2,-10)

PlotData =

color:inactive
textcolor:black
width:20
fontsize:S
mark:(line,black)
anchor:middle # other options are anchor:from anchor:till
align:center  # other options are align:left  align:right
shift:(0,-5)
  1. --- Charter NL Franchises in 1876
bar:MNY  from:1857 till:1871 color:nl1          text:"(NABBP)"
bar:MNY  from:1871 till:1876 color:nl1          text:"(NA)"
bar:MNY  from:1876 till:1877 color:green        text:"New York Mutuals"                                $Right
bar:AOP  from:1860 till:1871 color:nl1          text:"(NABBP)"
bar:AOP  from:1871 till:1876 color:nl1          text:"(NA)"
bar:AOP  from:1876 till:1877 color:blue         text:"Athletic of Philadelphia"                        $Right
bar:ATL  from:1871 till:1876 color:nl1          text:"(NA)"
bar:ATL  from:1876 till:1883 color:red          text:"Boston~Red Stockings"                            $Up
bar:ATL  from:1883 till:1907 color:red2         text:"Boston  ~Beaneaters  "     textcolor:navy        $Up
bar:ATL  from:1907 till:end  color:red          text:"Boston~Doves"                                    $Up
bar:CHC  from:1870 till:1871 color:nl1          text:"(NABBP)"                                         $Left
bar:CHC  from:1871 till:1872 color:nl1 
bar:CHC  from:1874 till:1876 color:nl1          text:"(NA)"
bar:CHC  from:1876 till:1890 color:black        text:"Chicago~White Stockings"   textcolor:white       $Up
bar:CHC  from:1890 till:1898 color:gray         text:"Chicago~Colts"             textcolor:white       $Up
bar:CHC  from:1898 till:1902 color:navy         text:"Chicago~Orphans "          textcolor:white       $Up
bar:CHC  from:1902 till:end  color:darkblue     text:"Chicago Cubs"              textcolor:red2
bar:CINR from:1876 till:1881 color:red          text:"Cincinnati Red Stockings"                        $Right
bar:HAR  from:1874 till:1876 color:nl1          text:"(NA)"
bar:HAR  from:1876 till:1877 color:darkblue     text:"Hartford Dark Blues"                             $UpRight
bar:HAR  from:1877 till:1878 color:skyblue         text:"Brooklyn Hartfords"                              $DownRight 
bar:LOU  from:1876 till:1878 color:gray         text:"Louisville Grays"                                $Right
bar:SLBS from:1875 till:1876 color:nl1          text:"(NA)"                                            $Left
bar:SLBS from:1876 till:1878 color:brown        text:"Saint Louis Brown Stockings"                     $Right
  1. --- 1878
bar:IND  from:1878 till:1879 color:blue         text:"Indianapolis Blues"                              $Right
bar:MILG from:1878 till:1879 color:gray         text:"Milwaukee Grays"                                 $Right
bar:PRO  from:1878 till:1886 color:skyblue      text:"Providence Grays"
  1. --- 1879
bar:BUF  from:1879 till:1886 color:gray2        text:"Buffalo Bisons"
bar:CLEB from:1879 till:1885 color:navy         text:"Cleveland Blues"            textcolor:white
bar:SYR  from:1879 till:1880 color:yellow       text:"Syracuse Stars"                                  $Right
bar:TRY  from:1879 till:1883 color:green        text:"Troy~Trojans"                                    $Up
  1. --- 1880
bar:WRC  from:1880 till:1883 color:brown        text:"Worcester Worcesters"                          $Right
  1. --- 1881
bar:DETW from:1881 till:1889 color:vegasgold    text:"Detroit Wolverines"
  1. --- 1883
bar:SF   from:1883 till:1885 color:black        text:"New York Gothams"                                $Left
bar:SF   from:1885 till:end color:orange       text:"New York Giants"
bar:PHI  from:1883 till:end  color:red2         text:"Philadelphia Phillies"      textcolor:white
  1. --- 1884
bar:SLM  from:1884 till:1885 color:nl1          text:"(UA)"                                            $Left
bar:SLM  from:1885 till:1887 color:darkred      text:"Saint Louis Maroons"                             $Right
  1. --- 1886
bar:KCC  from:1886 till:1887 color:oceanblue    text:"Kansas City Cowboys"                             $Right
bar:WSHN from:1886 till:1890 color:darkblue     text:"Washington~Nationals"       textcolor:white      $Up
  1. --- 1887
bar:INDH from:1887 till:1890 color:navy         text:"Indianapolis Hoosiers"                           $Right
bar:PIT  from:1882 till:1887 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:PIT  from:1887 till:1890 color:yelloworange text:"Pittsburgh Alleghenies"                          $Up
bar:PIT  from:1890 till:1891 color:yellow       text:"Pittsburgh Innocents"                            $Down
bar:PIT  from:1891 till:end  color:yelloworange text:"Pittsburgh Pirates"
  1. --- 1889
bar:CLES from:1887 till:1889 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:CLES from:1889 till:1900 color:black        text:"Cleveland~Spiders"           textcolor:white     $Up
  1. --- 1890
bar:CIN  from:1882 till:1890 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:CIN  from:1890 till:end  color:red          text:"Cincinnati Reds"             textcolor:white
bar:LAD  from:1884 till:1885 color:nl1
bar:LAD  from:1885 till:1888 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:LAD  from:1888 till:1890 color:nl1
bar:LAD  from:1890 till:1896 color:navy         text:"Brooklyn~Grooms"             textcolor:white     $Up
bar:LAD  from:1896 till:1899 color:darkblue     text:"Brooklyn~Bridegrooms"        textcolor:white     $Up
bar:LAD  from:1899 till:end  color:navy         text:"Brooklyn~Superbas"           textcolor:white     $Up
  1. --- AA Merger
bar:BALO from:1882 till:1892 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:BALO from:1892 till:1900 color:orange       text:"Baltimore Orioles"
bar:LOUC from:1882 till:1885 color:nl1          text:"Louisville Eclipse (AA)"
bar:LOUC from:1885 till:1892 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:LOUC from:1892 till:1900 color:gray         text:"Louisville Colonels"         textcolor:white
bar:STL  from:1882 till:1892 color:nl1          text:"(AA)"
bar:STL  from:1892 till:1900 color:brown        text:"Saint Louis~Brown Stockings" textcolor:white     $Up
bar:STL  from:1900 till:end  color:red2         text:"Saint Louis Cardinals"
bar:WSHS from:1891 till:1892 color:nl1          text:"Washington Statesmen (AA)"                       $Left
bar:WSHS from:1892 till:1900 color:darkblue     text:"Washington~Senators"         textcolor:white     $Up

</timeline>

Franchises by Year

  • 1876
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Cincinnati
    • Hartford
    • Louisville
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Saint Louis
  • Between 1876 and 1877 seasons
    • Drop: New York and Philadelphia
  • 1877
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Cincinnati
    • Hartford (plays most games in Brooklyn)
    • Louisville
    • Saint Louis
  • Between 1877 and 1878 seasons
    • Drop: Hartford, Louisville and Saint Louis
    • Add: Indianapolis, Milwaukee and Providence
  • 1878
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Cincinnati
    • Indianapolis
    • Milwaukee
    • Providence
  • Between 1878 and 1879 seasons
    • Drop: Indianapolis and Milwaukee
    • Add: Buffalo, Cleveland, Syracuse and Troy
  • 1879
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Cincinnati
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Cleveland
    • Syracuse
    • Troy
  • Between 1879 and 1880 seasons
    • Drop: Syracuse
    • Add: Worcester
  • 1880
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Cincinnati
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Cleveland
    • Troy
    • Worcester
  • Between 1880 and 1881 seasons
    • Drop: Cincinnati
    • Add: Detroit
  • 1881
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Cleveland
    • Troy
    • Worcester
    • Detroit
  • Between 1881 and 1882 seasons
    • Drop:none
    • Add: none
  • 1882
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Cleveland
    • Troy
    • Worcester
    • Detroit
  • Between 1882 and 1883 seasons
    • Drop: Troy and Worcester
    • Add: New York and Philadelphia
  • 1883
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Cleveland
    • Detroit
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
  • Between 1883 and 1884 seasons
    • Drop: none
    • Add: none
  • 1884
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Cleveland
    • Detroit
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
  • Between 1884 and 1885 seasons
    • Drop: Cleveland
    • Add: Saint Louis from Union Association
  • 1885
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Providence
    • Buffalo
    • Detroit
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Saint Louis
  • Between 1885 and 1886 seasons
    • Drop: Buffalo and Providence
    • Add: Kansas City and Washington
  • 1886
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Detroit
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Saint Louis
    • Kansas City
    • Washington
  • Between 1886 and 1887 seasons
    • Drop: Kansas City and Saint Louis
    • Add: Indianapolis and Pittsburgh (Pittsburgh from American Association)
  • 1887
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Detroit
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Washington
    • Indianapolis
    • Pittsburgh
  • Between 1887 and 1888 seasons
    • Drop: none
    • Add: none
  • 1888
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • Detroit
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Washington
    • Indianapolis
    • Pittsburgh
  • Between 1888 and 1889 seasons
    • Drop: Detroit
    • Add: Cleveland from American Association
  • 1889
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Washington
    • Indianapolis
    • Pittsburgh
    • Cleveland
  • Between 1889 and 1890 seasons
    • Drop: Indianapolis and Washington
    • Add: Brooklyn and Cincinnati (Both from American Association)
  • 1890
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Pittsburgh
    • Cleveland
    • Brooklyn
    • Cincinnati
  • Between 1890 and 1891 seasons
    • Drop: none
    • Add: none
  • 1891
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Pittsburgh
    • Cleveland
    • Brooklyn
    • Cincinnati
  • Between 1891 and 1892 seasons
    • Drop: none
    • Add: Baltimore, Louisville, Saint Louis and Washington (All from American Association)
  • 1892–1899
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Pittsburgh
    • Cleveland
    • Brooklyn
    • Cincinnati
    • Baltimore
    • Louisville
    • Saint Louis
    • Washington

This lineup of teams would remain the same from the 1892 to the end of the 1899 season. After the 1899 season Baltimore, Cleveland, Louisville and Washington were dropped from the National League.

  • 1900
    • Boston
    • Chicago
    • New York
    • Philadelphia
    • Pittsburgh
    • Brooklyn
    • Cincinnati
    • Saint Louis

This lineup remained the same until Boston relocated to Milwaukee in 1953.

See also

References

  • Thorn, John (1999). Palmer, Pete et al., eds. Total Baseball (6th ed. ed.). Total Sports. ISBN 978-1-892129-03-1.