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2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane

2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane
Skeletal formula of 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane
Ball and stick model of 2-methyl-2-nitrosopropane
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IUPAC name
2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane[1]
Other names
tert-Nitrosobutane
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Abbreviations NMP[citation needed]
917-95-3 7pxN
ChemSpider 21764 7pxY
Jmol-3D images Image
MeSH tert-nitrosobutane
PubChem Template:Chembox PubChem/format
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C4H9NO
Molar mass Lua error in Module:Math at line 495: attempt to index field 'ParserFunctions' (a nil value). g·mol−1
Appearance Blue liquid
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Related compounds
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
 14pxN verify (what is10pxY/10pxN?)
Infobox references

2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane (MNP or t-nitrosobutane) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)3CNO. It is a blue liquid that is used as a spin-trap in chemical research, i.e. it binds to radicals.

Preparation and structure

It is prepared by oxidation of (CH3)3CNH2 using hydrogen peroxide in the presence of sodium tungstate as a catalyst.[2] The freshly distilled compound is a blue volatile liquid. Like other nitroso compounds, it features a bent C-N=O linkage. Upon standing at room temperature, the blue liquid converts to the colourless solid that is the dimer (m.p. 74-75 °C). In solution, this dimer quickly reverts to the blue monomer.[3]

Reactions

It can be used as a spin trap. This molecule traps unstable free radicals to form stable paramagnetic nitroxide radicals that can be detected and analyzed by electron spin resonance spectroscopy. It is particularly useful for trapping carbon-centered tyrosyl radicals.[4]

MNP is also an efficient regulator of the radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate through the 'pseudoliving' chain mechanism.[5]

See also

References

  1. ^ "tert-nitrosobutane - Compound Summary". PubChem Compound. USA: National Center for Biotechnology Information. 26 March 2005. Identification and Related Records. Retrieved 7 May 2012. 
  2. ^ A. Calder, A. R. Forrester, and S. P. Hepburn 2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane and Its Dimer Organic Syntheses, Coll. Vol. 6, p.803; Vol. 52, p.77. Link
  3. ^ John C. Stowell (1971). "tert-Alkylnitroso compounds. Synthesis and dimerization equilibriums". J. Org. Chem. 36 (20): 3055–3056. doi:10.1021/jo00819a038. 
  4. ^ David P. Barr, Michael R. Gunther, Leesa J. Deterding, Kenneth B. Tomer, and Ronald P. Mason (1996). "ESR Spin-trapping of a Protein-derived Tyrosyl Radical from the Reaction of Cytochrome c with Hydrogen Peroxide". J. Biol. Chem. 271 (26): 15498–15503. PMID 8663160. doi:10.1074/jbc.271.26.15498. Archived from the original on 2009-05-14. Retrieved 2009-04-06. 
  5. ^ Dmitry F Grishin, Lyudmila L Semyonycheva, Elena V Kolyakina (1999). "2-Methyl-2-nitrosopropane as a new regulator of the polymer chain growth". Mendeleev Communications 9 (6): 250–251. doi:10.1070/mc1999v009n06ABEH001161.