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2010 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony

File:Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium CWG opening ceremony.jpg
The Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium hosted the opening ceremony and also hosted the closing ceremony of the Games

2010 Commonwealth Games

The opening ceremony of the 2010 Commonwealth Games was held at the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the main stadium of the event, in New Delhi, India. It began at 7:00 PM (IST) on 3 October 2010 ending at 10:00 PM (IST) displaying India's varied culture in a plethora of cultural showcases.

Guests of Honour

The Prince of Wales (representing Elizabeth II as Head of the Commonwealth) officially declared the Games open jointly with President of India Pratibha Patil.[1] Prime Minister Manmohan Singh of the host nation, India, attended the opening ceremony as well.

A total of three heads of state from outside India attended the opening ceremony; two from Commonwealth nations and one from a non-Commonwealth nation. The three head of states are Mohamed Nasheed, President of the Maldives, Marcus Stephen, President of Nauru and a multiple Commonwealth gold medallist, and Albert II, Prince of Monaco, a former Olympian, whose country Monaco is not a member of the Commonwealth.[2] Sir Anand Satyanand, the Governor General of New Zealand (the first of Indian descent), attended the ceremony as well.[3]

Alongside the Commonwealth president, attendees included International Olympic Committee president, Jacques Rogge. He was quoted as saying "I think India has set a good foundation stone for the Olympics bid and a successful Commonwealth Games can help India mount a serious bid for the Olympics."[4]


The opening ceremony featured aspects of India's heritage and culture in seven segments. It featured an aerostat costing U$8 million,[5] measuring 40×80x12 meters and manufactured in Oswestry, England.[6] The original plan was to have drummers on the aerostat, but the plan was cancelled.[6]

Rhythm of India

The countdown for the opening of commonwealth games start as the drums were being played, and fireworks exploded from the roof of the stadium. Various Drummers from Kerala, Manipur, Karnataka, Orissa, Punjab and Meghalaya played a symphony that aimed to be "uniquely Indian in character, yet global in appeal".


Hariharan led this segment, which created an amalgamation of Hindustani classical, Carnatic and folk music. The song was composed by A. R. Rahman, who also composed the official theme song of the games, and was performed by various artists along with Hariharan. Children from various Delhi schools participated in a simultaneous performance forming hands of an Indian woman in a pose of Namaste - a popular Indian salutation. Later, they separated and rearranged themselves in another formation representing the Indian flag colors of saffron, white and green while another group of children entered the stadium and covered the flag formations with a large white cloth. In a widely appreciated act, the children then made a mehndi - a traditional Indian art - on this large white piece of cloth in under 30 seconds on the spot.

Tree Of Knowledge

Pt. Birju Maharaj (Kathak), Guru Rajkumar Singhajit Singh-Charu Sija Mathur (Manipuri), Dr. Saroja Vaidyanathan (Bharatnatyam), Dr. Sonal Mansingh (Odissi), Bharati Shivaji (Mohiniattam) and Raja Reddy-Radha Reddy (Kuchipudi) choreographed 480 dancers bringing alive India's "Guru-Shishya Parampara" or the master-protege tradition on stage through classical dance recitals which also depicted four different seasons of India. The aerostat (the largest ever helium balloon built for such an event) formed the leaves of the Bodhi tree, while large strips elevated from the ground, made of silk and bamboo fibre form the tree trunk.

The Great Indian Journey

This segment will give a glimpse of the lives of the masses in India, as seen through a train window. Art director Omung Kumar created a 600-ft train of bamboo sticks for this. It portrayed a common man's life and every thing in it, such as the bangle shops, politicians campaigning, Bollywood, the cycle shop etc.


A.R. Rahman ended the programme with his rendition of "Jiyo Utho Bado Jeeto", the theme song of the Delhi games, and "Jai Ho".[7][8][9]

List of national flag bearers

Australia entered first as the host of the last games, and India entered last as the host. Excluding these two nations, the flag bearers entered by alphabetical order of their nations; Anguilla was the first (after Australia) and Zambia was the last (before India). Each flag bearer was preceded by a woman in traditional Indian dress, each reflecting a different part of the country, carrying a placard with the country's name.

File:Ross Edgar.jpg
Cyclist Ross Edgar carried Scotland's flag in the opening ceremony
File:Ezekiel Kemboi Berlin 2009.JPG
The flag bearer for the Kenyan team was World steeplechase champion Ezekiel Kemboi
File:President Marcus Stephen of Nauru.jpg
Marcus Stephen, winner of seven Commonwealth Games gold medals, attended the ceremony in his position as President of Nauru
Order Nation Flag bearer Sport Total Athletes
1 Australia [[Australia at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Australia]] (AUS) McMahon, SharelleSharelle McMahon[10] Netball 377
2 Anguilla [[Anguilla at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Anguilla]] (ANG) Bryan, RonnieRonnie Bryan Cycling 12
3 Antigua and Barbuda [[Antigua and Barbuda at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Antigua and Barbuda]] (ANT) Grayman, JamesJames Grayman[11] Athletics 17
4 Bahamas [[Bahamas at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Bahamas]] (BAH) Knowles, ValentinoValentino Knowles[12] Athletics 24
5 Bangladesh [[Bangladesh at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Bangladesh]] (BAN) Khan, Asif HossainAsif Hossain Khan[13] Shooting 70
6 Barbados [[Barbados at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Barbados]] (BAR) Browne, LaurelLaurel Browne Netball 39
7 Belize [[Belize at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Belize]] (BIZ) Martinez, KainaKaina Martinez[14] Athletics 9
8 Bermuda [[Bermuda at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Bermuda]] (BER) Aitken, KieraKiera Aitken Swimming 14
9 Botswana [[Botswana at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Botswana]] (BOT) Montsho, AmantleAmantle Montsho Athletics 49
10 British Virgin Islands [[British Virgin Islands at the 2010 Template:CGF year|British Virgin Islands]] (IVB) Chapman, JosephJoseph Chapman[15] Squash 2
11 Brunei [[Brunei at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Brunei]] (BRU) Ahad, AmpuanAmpuan Ahad Lawn bowls 12
12 Cameroon [[Cameroon at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Cameroon]] (CMR) Mamba, HugoHugo Mamba[16] Athletics 20
13 Canada [[Canada at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Canada]] (CAN) Pereira, KenKen Pereira[17] Field Hockey 251
14 Cayman Islands [[Cayman Islands at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Cayman Islands]] (CAY) Fraser, ShauneShaune Fraser Swimming 17
15 Cook Islands [[Cook Islands at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Cook Islands]] (COK) Kenny, MataMata Kenny Lawn bowls 31
16 Cyprus [[Cyprus at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Cyprus]] (CYP) Georgallas, IrodotosIrodotos Georgallas Gymnastics 56
17 Dominica [[Dominica at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Dominica]] (DMA) Williams, BrendanBrendan Williams Athletics 15
18 England [[England at the 2010 Template:CGF year|England]] (ENG) Robertson, NathanNathan Robertson[18] Badminton 365
19 Falkland Islands [[Falkland Islands at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Falkland Islands]] (FAI) Clark, Douglas JamesDouglas James Clark Badminton 15
20 Ghana [[Ghana at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Ghana]] (GHA) Zakari, AzizAziz Zakari Athletics 64
21 Gibraltar [[Gibraltar at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Gibraltar]] (GIB) Bensadon, ColinColin Bensadon Swimming 17
22 Grenada [[Grenada at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Grenada]] (GRN) Batholomew, ImrodImrod Batholomew Boxing 10
23 Guernsey [[Guernsey at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Guernsey]] (GUE) Jory, PeterPeter Jory[19] Shooting 43
24 Guyana [[Guyana at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Guyana]] (GUY) Forde, ClevelandCleveland Forde Athletics 34
25 Isle of Man [[Isle of Man at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Isle of Man]] (IOM) Roche, AndrewAndrew Roche Cycling 33
26 Jamaica [[Jamaica at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Jamaica]] (JAM) Forbes, SimoneSimone Forbes[20] Netball 48
27 Jersey [[Jersey at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Jersey]] (JER) Bisson, KarinaKarina Bisson[21] Lawn bowls 33
28 Kenya [[Kenya at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Kenya]] (KEN) Kemboi, EzekielEzekiel Kemboi Athletics 136
29 Kiribati [[Kiribati at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Kiribati]] (KIR) Katoatau, DavidDavid Katoatau Weightlifting 17
30 Lesotho [[Lesotho at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Lesotho]] (LES) Tsoaeli, SelloaneSelloane Tsoaeli Athletics 10
31 Malawi [[Malawi at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Malawi]] (MAW) Waya, MaryMary Waya Netball 43
32 Malaysia [[Malaysia at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Malaysia]] (MAS) Zalina, SitiSiti Zalina[22] Lawn bowls 203
33 Maldives [[Maldives at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Maldives]] (MDV) Mohamed, MueenaMueena Mohamed [23] Table Tennis 28
34 Malta [[Malta at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Malta]] (MLT) Madyson, RebeccaRebecca Madyson Shooting 22
35 Mauritius [[Mauritius at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Mauritius]] (MRI) Colin, Louis RicharnoLouis Richarno Colin Boxing 55
36 Montserrat [[Montserrat at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Montserrat]] (MNT) Semper, PeterPeter Semper Athletics 5
37 Mozambique [[Mozambique at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Mozambique]] (MOZ) Couto, KurtKurt Couto Athletics 10
38 Namibia [[Namibia at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Namibia]] (NAM) Uutoni, JafetJafet Uutoni Boxing 30
39 Nauru [[Nauru at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Nauru]] (NRU) Detenamo, ItteItte Detenamo Weightlifting 6
40 New Zealand [[New Zealand at the 2010 Template:CGF year|New Zealand]] (NZL) van Dyk, IreneIrene van Dyk[24] Netball 192
41 Nigeria [[Nigeria at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Nigeria]] (NGR) Obiora, FaithFaith Obiora Table Tennis 101
42 Niue [[Niue at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Niue]] (NIU) Viliamu, NaritaNarita Viliamu Weightlifting 24
43 Norfolk Island [[Norfolk Island at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Norfolk Island]] (NFI) Gray, DuncanDuncan Gray[citation needed] Squash 22
44 Northern Ireland [[Northern Ireland at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Northern Ireland]] (NIR) Montgomery, MarkMark Montgomery[25] Wrestling 80
45 Pakistan [[Pakistan at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Pakistan]] (PAK) Ali Shah, MohammadMohammad Ali Shah[26] Chef de mission 54
46 Papua New Guinea [[Papua New Guinea at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Papua New Guinea]] (PNG) Stubbings, BarbaraBarbara Stubbings Squash 79
47 Rwanda [[Rwanda at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Rwanda]] (RWA) Dieudonne, DisiDisi Dieudonne Athletics 22
48 Samoa [[Samoa at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Samoa]] (SAM) Dieudonne, Ele OpelogeEle Opeloge Dieudonne Weightlifting 53
49 Scotland [[Scotland at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Scotland]] (SCO) Edgar, RossRoss Edgar[27] Cycling 191
50 Seychelles [[Seychelles at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Seychelles]] (SEY) Malcouzane, SteveSteve Malcouzane Badminton 26
51 Sierra Leone [[Sierra Leone at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Sierra Leone]] (SLE) Kargbo, MichaelaMichaela Kargbo Athletics 31
52 Singapore [[Singapore at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Singapore]] (SIN) Tian Wei, FengFeng Tian Wei[28] Table Tennis 68
53 Solomon Islands [[Solomon Islands at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Solomon Islands]] (SOL) Leong, MichaelMichael Leong Tennis 12
54 South Africa [[South Africa at the 2010 Template:CGF year|South Africa]] (RSA) van der Burgh, CameronCameron van der Burgh[29] Swimming 113
55 Sri Lanka [[Sri Lanka at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Sri Lanka]] (SRI) Vidanage, ChinthanaChinthana Vidanage[30] Weightlifting 94
56 Saint Helena [[Saint Helena at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Saint Helena]] (SHN) Yon, RicoRico Yon Shooting 4
57 Saint Kitts and Nevis [[Saint Kitts and Nevis at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Saint Kitts and Nevis]] (SKN) Liburd, TanikaTanika Liburd Athletics 7
58 Saint Lucia [[Saint Lucia at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Saint Lucia]] (LCA) Spencer, LavernLavern Spencer Athletics 13
59 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines [[Saint Vincent and the Grenadines at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines]] (SVG) Bentick, JamesJames Bentick Squash 14
60 Swaziland [[Swaziland at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Swaziland]] (SWZ) Mdluli, SiphesihleSiphesihle Mdluli Athletics 11
61 Tanzania [[Tanzania at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Tanzania]] (TAN) Ramadhani, SamsonSamson Ramadhani[31] Athletics 40
62 The Gambia [[The Gambia at the 2010 Template:CGF year|The Gambia]] (GAM) Shonoboi, FannyFanny Shonoboi Athletics 17
63 Tonga [[Tonga at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Tonga]] (TON) Fa, UaineUaine Fa Boxing 22
64 Trinidad and Tobago [[Trinidad and Tobago at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Trinidad and Tobago]] (TRI) Borel-Brown, CleopatraCleopatra Borel-Brown Athletics 82
65 Turks and Caicos Islands [[Turks and Caicos Islands at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Turks and Caicos Islands]] (TCI) Williams, DelanoDelano Williams Athletics 8
66 Tuvalu [[Tuvalu at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Tuvalu]] (TUV) Tuau, LapuaLapua Tuau Weightlifting 3
67 Uganda [[Uganda at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Uganda]] (UGA) Mugula, GanziGanzi Mugula[32] Swimming 65
68 Vanuatu [[Vanuatu at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Vanuatu]] (VAN) Shing, YoshnaYoshna Shing Table Tennis 14
69 Wales [[Wales at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Wales]] (WAL) Davies, DavidDavid Davies[33] Swimming 175
70 Zambia [[Zambia at the 2010 Template:CGF year|Zambia]] (ZAM) Nachula, RachelRachel Nachula Athletics 22
71 India [[India at the 2010 Template:CGF year|India]] (IND) Bindra, AbhinavAbhinav Bindra[34] Shooting 495
  • Pakistan's flag bearer was scheduled to be weightlifter Shujha-ud-din Malik. However, chef de mission Muhammad Ali Shah announced that he would carry the flag and took it from the designated flag-bearer.[35]

Spectators' response

In the opening ceremony the head of organizing committee faced embarrassment, when he was booed by the spectators at the start of his welcome speech to 60,000 spectators in the opening ceremony. The atmosphere otherwise for the teams and officials was fine, especially when they offered warm applause to the neighbouring Pakistan squad, with whom it has tense relationships. Sri Lanka also got a loud applause. The head finished his speech in five minutes and then handed over to Michael Fennell, the Chief of the Commonwealth Games Federation.[36]

Baton Procession

Boxer Vijender Singh carried the Queen's Baton into Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, at the Opening Ceremonies.[37][38] The baton was passed to boxer Mary Kom, 5-time world champion.[37][38] It was then passed to Samresh Jung, who was named best competitor of the 2006 Melbourne Games.[37][38] It was then passed to Sushil Kumar, world champion wrestler.[37][38] The final baton bearer, Indian wrestler Sushil Kumar, handed the Queen's Baton to The Prince of Wales.[37][39]


See also


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External links