2011 Belarusian protests
|2011 Belarusian protests|
23 May 2011 – 17 August 2011|
(2 months, 3 weeks and 4 days)
|Goals||Democracy; resignation of President Alexander Lukashenko|
|Methods||Political lobbying, public rallies, demonstrations, riots, industrial action.|
The 2011 Belarusian protests were a series of peaceful protests by demonstrators in Belarus demanding the resignation of current Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko, who had been the president of Belarus since 1994. Belarus is an authoritarian state, and in May 2011 presidential candidate Andrei Sannikov was sentenced to 5 years in prison for taking part in the Dec 2010 election. Lukashenko claims he won that election with 80% of the vote.
Lukashenko was known as "Europe's last dictator".
On 29 June 2011, hundreds of people gathered in Minsk, the capital of Belarus, to protest against the rule of Alexander Lukashenko. Belarus has been affected by a severe economic crisis, inspiring this demonstration to happen. Unlike previous demonstrations, the protesters this time just simply applauded. It was not long before people were forced on to police buses, and about 40 were detained.
The protests and reaction
On 3 July, the Belorussian independence day, about 3000 demonstrators took part in a "clapping protest" in the main square of Minsk, in which protesters clapped instead of chanting slogans. Lukashenko responded by banning clapping in public. Plain clothed police later came, and arrested many protesters, including arresting a one-armed man for clapping, and a deaf-mute for shouting anti-government slogans. Lukashenko and the state police were awarded the 2013 Ig Nobel Peace Prize for these actions.
Much of the protesting fervor stemmed from a rapidly degrading economy that Belarus had been facing in the months before the protests; and the opposition movement predicted that come autumn, the protests will escalate greatly as working class citizens would demonstrate their frustration over the economy.
Following the protest on 3 July 2011, activists widened their tactics of civil disobedience, including distributing videos of police brutality to random citizens, in order to help bolster sympathy against the authoritarian aspect of the government.
On 13 July, hundreds of people showed up in Minsk with cellphones set to go off at 8 am, in gesture to tell people to "wake up". Several dozen people were arrested by the police.
On 29 July, the government banned assemblies and gatherings, making them illegal.
As of May 2015, Lukashenko remains in office.
- "Belarus: Lukashenko vows to quell 'revolution plot'". BBC News. 3 July 2011.
- Hundreds Arrested in Belarus' Silent Protest – International Business Times
- Marson, James (14 May 2011). "Belarus Presidential Runner-Up Sentenced to Prison". The Wall Street Journal.
- Andrew Osborn (20 December 2010). "Alexander Lukashenko: "Europe's last dictator"". London: The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- "Belarus's crackdown No applause, please". The Economist. 7 July 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Weir, Fred (8 July 2011). "In Belarus, one-armed man arrested for clapping". Christian Science Monitor. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Winner if the Ig Nobel Prize". Annals of Improbable Research. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- Belarus blocks Twitter and Facebook in bid to prevent protests · Business ETC
- Balmforth, Richard (3 July 2011). "UPDATE 2-Belarus police arrest protesters at anti-Lukashenko rallies". Reuters.
- "Lukashenko nears crunch time, says Belarus opposition". Reuters. 6 July 2011.
- Protesters broaden tactics as Belarus cracks down – CSMonitor.com