2012 Indian anti-corruption movement
|It has been suggested that this article be merged with 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement. (Discuss) Proposed since November 2012.|
|2012 Indian anti-corruption movement|
|Date||25 March 2012 – 26 November 2012|
|Goals||Jan Lokpal Bill/The Lokpal Bill, 2011 enactment|
|Methods||Non violent protest|
Team Anna split and India Against Corruption forming Aam Aadmi Party|
Enactment of The Lokpal and Lokayuktas Act, 2013
The 2012 Indian anti-corruption movement was a series of demonstrations and protests across India intended to establish strong legislation and enforcement against perceived endemic political corruption. It was a revival of the 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement, which had ended on the last day of the winter session of the Rajya Sabha. The movement restarted with an initial mass gathering at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi on 25 March 2012.
The 2011 Indian anti-corruption movement continued into 2012. The figurehead was Anna Hazare, a social activist after whom Team Anna was named. One of the movement's main demands was the passing of legislation enabling an anti-corruption and enforcement ombudsman. Attempts to introduce some form of legislation, even though weaker than that demanded by the activists, had timed-out with the end of the parliamentary session on 27 December 2011. The government reintroduced the bill in the Rajya Sabha in February 2012 but the bill was not timetabled for debate and the session ended without this bill being passed.
Hazare declared that the protest movement would recommence and a mark of protest he sat on hunger strike on 25 March 2012 for one day. A month later, Hazare sat a token one-day fast focussed on remembrance of whistle-blowers such as Narendra Kumar and Satyendra Dubey who had died as a result of their support for the anti-corruption cause. On 3 June, Hazare undertook another one-day fast at Jantar Mantar, where he was joined by Ramdev, a yoga guru.
Jantar Mantar was the scene of an "indefinite" fast that began on 25 July and involved various members of Team Anna, although Hazare was not involved until four days later. The focus on this occasion was a protest against the government's refusal of an inquiry against the prime minister and 14 cabinet ministers, whom they had accused of corruption. The fast ended on 3 August. Three days later, Hazare announced that since the government seemed to be unready to enact the Jan Lokpal Bill, he and his fellow activists had decided to end their fast, to discontinue talks with the government and to cease any protests under the Team Anna name.
After failing to press government to pass The Lokpal Bill, 2011, the Team Anna split on issue of formation of political party. Anna Hazare and some others did not want to enter mainstream politics while Arvind Kejriwal led India Against Corruption opined to join politics. Arvind Kejriwal and others finally formed new political party, Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) on 26 November 2012. A year later, the party made its electoral debut in the 2013 Delhi legislative assembly election held in December 2013. It emerged as the second-largest party, winning 28 of the 70 seats. With no party obtaining an overall majority, the AAP formed a minority government with conditional support from the Indian National Congress. The AAP failed to pass Jan Lokpal Bill in Delhi assembly and resigned from the government after rule of 49 days. The President's rule imposed in the state for a year.
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