The 3000 metres or 3000-meter run is a track running event, also commonly known as the 3K or 3K run, where 7.5 laps are completed around an outdoor 400 m track or 15 laps around a 200 m indoor track.
It is debated whether the 3000m should be classified as a middle distance or long distance event. In elite level competition, 3000 m pace is more comparable to the pace found in the longer 5000 metres event, rather than Mile pace. The world record performance for 3000 m equates to a pace of 58.76 seconds per 400 m, which is closer to the 60.58 seconds for 5000 m than the 55.46 seconds for the Mile. However, the 3000 m does require some anaerobic conditioning and an elite athlete needs to develop a high tolerance to lactic acid, as does the Mile runner. Thus, the 3000 m demands a balance of aerobic endurance needed for the 5000 m and lactic acid tolerance needed for the Mile.
In men's athletics, 3000 metres has been an Olympic discipline only as a team race at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. It has not been contested at any of the IAAF outdoor championships, but is occasionally hosted at annual elite track and field meetings. It is often featured in indoor track and field programmes and is the longest distance event present at the IAAF World Indoor Championships.
In women's athletics, 3000 metres was a standard event in the Olympic Games (1984 to 1992) and World Championships (1980 to 1993). The event was discontinued at World Championship and Olympic level after the 1993 World Championships in Athletics - Qu Yunxia being the final gold medal winner at the event. Starting with the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 1996 Olympic Games, it was replaced by 5000 metres, with other IAAF-organized championships following suit.
All-time top ten
The men's world record is 7:20.67 set by Daniel Komen of Kenya in 1996. Komen also holds the world indoor mark with 7:24.90 minutes set in 1998. The women's world record is 8:06.11 set by Wang Junxia of China in 1993. The world indoor women's record is 8:16.60 minutes, set by Ethiopian Genzebe Dibaba in 2014.
|1984 Los Angeles
||22x20px Maricica Puică (ROU)||22x20px Wendy Smith-Sly (GBR)||22x20px Lynn Williams (CAN)|
||22x20px Tetyana Samolenko (URS)||22x20px Paula Ivan (ROU)||22x20px Yvonne Murray (GBR)|
||22x20px Yelena Romanova (EUN)||22x20px Tetyana Dorovskikh (EUN)||22x20px Angela Chalmers (CAN)|
World Championships medalists
|1980 Sittard||23x15px Birgit Friedmann (FRG)||23x15px Karoline Nemetz (SWE)||23x15px Ingrid Kristiansen (NOR)|
|1983 Helsinki||23x15px Mary Decker (USA)||23x15px Brigitte Kraus (FRG)||23x15px Tatyana Kovalenko-Kazankina (URS)|
|1987 Rome||23x15px Tetyana Samolenko (URS)||23x15px Maricica Puică (ROU)||23x15px Ulrike Bruns (GDR)|
|1991 Tokyo||23x15px Tetyana Samolenko (URS)||23x15px Yelena Romanova (URS)||Template:Country data KEN|
|1993 Stuttgart||23x15px Qu Yunxia (CHN)||23x15px Zhang Linli (CHN)||23x15px Zhang Lirong (CHN)|
|1971||9:23.4||23x15px Joyce Smith (GBR)||London|
|1972||8:53.0||23x15px Lyudmila Bragina (URS)||Moscow|
|1973||8:56.6||23x15px Paola Pigni (ITA)||Formia|
|1974||8:52.74||23x15px Lyudmila Bragina (URS)||Durham|
|1975||8:46.6||23x15px Grete Waitz (NOR)||Oslo|
|1976||8:27.12||23x15px Lyudmila Bragina (URS)||College Park|
|1977||8:36.8||23x15px Grete Waitz (NOR)||Oslo|
|1978||8:32.1||23x15px Grete Waitz (NOR)||Oslo|
|1979||8:31.75||23x15px Grete Waitz (NOR)||Oslo|
|1980||8:33.53||23x15px Yelena Sipatova (URS)||Moscow|
|1981||8:34.30||23x15px Maricica Puică (ROU)||Bucharest|
|1982||8:26.78||23x15px Svetlana Ulmasova (URS)||Kiev|
|1983||8:32.08||23x15px Tatyana Kazankina (URS)||Saint Petersburg|
|1984||8:22.62||23x15px Tatyana Kazankina (URS)||Saint Petersburg|
|1985||8:25.83||23x15px Mary Slaney (USA)||Rome|
|1986||8:33.99||23x15px Olga Bondarenko (URS)||Stuttgart|
|1987||8:38.1||23x15px Ulrike Bruns (GDR)||Potsdam|
|1988||8:26.53||23x15px Tatyana Samolenko (URS)||Seoul|
|1989||8:38.48||23x15px Paula Ivan (ROU)||Gateshead|
|1990||8:38.38||23x15px Angela Chalmers (CAN)||Auckland|
|1991||8:32.00||23x15px Elana Meyer (RSA)||Durban|
|1992||8:33.72||23x15px Yelena Romanova (RUS)||Cologne|
|1993||8:06.11||23x15px Wang Junxia (CHN)||Beijing|
|1997||8:27.78||23x15px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)||Zurich|
|1998||8:24.31||23x15px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)||Paris|
|1999||8:25.03||23x15px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)||Zurich|
|2000||8:26.35||23x15px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)||Zurich|
|2001||8:23.26||23x15px Olga Yegorova (RUS)||Zurich|
|2002||8:21.42||23x15px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)||Monte Carlo|
|2003||8:33.95||23x15px Gabriela Szabo (ROU)||Zurich|
|2004||8:31.32||Template:Country data KEN||Paris|
|2005||8:28.87||23x15px Maryam Yusuf Jamal (BHR)||Oslo|
|2006||8:24.66||23x15px Meseret Defar (ETH)||Stockholm|
|2007||8:24.81||23x15px Meseret Defar (ETH)||Brussels|
|2008||8:33.66||Template:Country data KEN||Gateshead|
|2009||8:30.15||23x15px Meseret Defar (ETH)||Thessaloniki|
|2010||8:28.41||23x15px Sentayehu Ejigu (ETH)||Monaco|
|2011||8:46.84||Template:Country data KEN||Rabat|
|2012||8:34.47||23x15px Mariem Alaoui Selsouli (MAR)||Eugene|
|2013||8:41.46||23x15px Shannon Rowbury (USA)||London|
- Middle-distance running. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved on 2014-06-02.
- Women's 3000 metres at the Olympic Games. Sport Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
- World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
- Billat, Véronique L.; J. Pierre Koralsztein (Aug 1996). "Significance of the Velocity at VO2max and Time to Exhaustion at this Velocity" (PDF). Sports Med. 2: 90–108. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
- 3000 Metres - men - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
- 3000 Metres - men - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
- 3000 Metres - women - senior - outdoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
- 3000 Metres - women - senior - indoor. IAAF. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.