314th Operations Group
|This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (December 2012)|
|314th Operations Group|
C-130 Herculeses lined up for takeoff at Little Rock AFB
|Active||1942-1957; 1978-1980; 1991-present|
|Country||23x15px United States|
|Branch||22x20px United States Air Force|
|Part of||314th Airlift Wing|
|Motto||Viri Veniente Latin, Men Will Come (1942-1954)|
|Engagements||Mediterranean Theater of Operations Korean War|
Distinguished Unit Citation|
Air Force Outstanding Unit Award
Republic of Korea Presidential Unit Citation
|314th Operations Group gaggle patch||175px|
The group provides C-130 initial and tactical aircrew training in all crew positions for all of the Department of Defense and allied students from 46 nations.
The 314th Operations Group is composed of two flying squadrons and one training squadron.
- The 62nd Airlift Squadron flies training missions in the C-130H Hercules
- The 48th Airlift Squadron flies the C-130J Super Hercules
- The 714th Training Squadron provided administrative support for all students and training support for the 314th Airlift Wing's mission
- See the 314th Airlift Wing for additional history and lineage
World War II
During World War II the 314th Troop Carrier Group arrived in the Mediterranean Theater of Operations in May 1943, taking part with Twelfth Air Force units in two airborne operations. It flew two major night missions in July 1943 during the Sicily invasion, dropping paratroops of 82d Airborne Division near Gela on 9 July and reinforcements to the area on the 11th.
Later in the year, the group transported paratroops and supplies to Salerno, 14 and 15 September, during the invasion of Italy. Squadrons from the 314th flew additional missions in the Mediterranean before it transferred, in February 1944, to England for further training.
From England, it took part with the Ninth Air Force in the Normandy invasion, flying numerous supply and reinforcement missions in the ensuing period. The 314th dropped paratroops over the Netherlands in September and carried munitions and supplies to the same area. After moving to France in late February 1945, it participated in the airborne crossings of the Rhine River near Wesel on 24 March. The group then brought supplies and equipment to combat units and airlifted wounded U.S. and Allied personnel to rear-area hospitals.
After the termination of hostilities, it evacuated prisoners of war from German camps and flew regular personnel and freight service. It transferred without personnel or equipment (WOPE) to the United States in February 1946, and in September again transferred WOPE, to the Panama Canal Zone, where the 314th operated air terminals under Caribbean Air Command. It moved back to the United States in October 1948 for further training.
Transferring without personnel or equipment (WOPE) to US in February 1946, and in Sep, again WOPE, to the Canal Zone, the 314th operated air terminals under Caribbean Air Command. It moved back to the US in October 1948 for further training.
The group served in Japan during the Korean War, participating in two major airborne operations, at Sunchon in October 1950 and at Munsan-ni in March 1951. It later transported supplies to Korea and evacuated prisoners of war. In 1954, it again transferred, without personnel or equipment to the US where it participated in a continuous stream of tactical exercises and inspections until October 1957.
The group flew worldwide airlift and provided all C-130 aircrew training to U.S. and allied aircrews, September 1978 – June 1980 and from December 1991 to present.
- Established as 314th Transport Group on 28 January 1942
- Activated on 2 March 1942
- Redesignated: 314th Troop Carrier Group on 4 July 1942
- Redesignated: 314th Troop Carrier Group, Heavy, on 26 July 1948
- Redesignated: 314th Troop Carrier Group, Medium, on 19 November 1948
- Inactivated on 8 October 1957
- Redesignated 314th Tactical Airlift Group on 24 August 1978
- Activated on 15 September 1978
- Inactivated on 15 June 1980
- Redesignated 314th Operations Group, and activated, on 1 December 1991.
- 16th Airlift Squadron: 1 December 1991 – 1 October 1993
- 20th Troop Carrier Squadron: 17 June 1948 – 20 October 1949
- 30th Transport Squadron: 2 March – 14 June 1942
- 31st Transport Squadron: 2 March – 16 June 1942
- 32d Transport (later, 32d Troop Carrier; 32d Tactical Airlift) Squadron (S2): 2 March 1942 – 18 September 1945; 1 November 1978 – 30 June 1979
- 34th Combat Airlift Training Squadron (later, Combat Aerial Delivery School; USAF Combat Aerial Delivery School): 1 December 1991–present
- 45th Airlift Squadron: 1 October 1999 - 15 July 2011
- 48th Airlift Squadron: 1 December 2003–present
- 50th Troop Carrier (later, 50th Tactical Airlift; 50th Airlift) Squadron (2R): 15 June 1942 – 27 May 1946; 17 October 1949 – 8 October 1957; 1 November 1978 – 15 June 1980; 1 December 1991 – 1 April 1997
- 53d Airlift Squadron: 1 October 1993–present
- 61st Troop Carrier (later, 61st Tactical Airlift; 61st Airlift) Squadron (Q9): attached, 26 October 1942, assigned 15 March 1942-c. December 1945 (detached October–December 1945); assigned 17 October 1949 – 8 October 1957 (detached 1 October 1951-c. 1 November 1954); assigned 1 November 1978 – 15 June 1980; 1 December 1991 – 1 April 1997
- 62d Troop Carrier (later, 62d Tactical Airlift, 62d Airlift) Squadron (E5): 15 March 1943-c. October 1946; 6 December 1945 – 15 February 1946; 17 October 1949 – 8 October 1957; 1 December 1991–present
- 301st Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 15 February-27 May 1946
- 302d Troop Carrier Squadron: 15 May-7 August 1945; 15 October 1945 – 27 May 1946
- 321st Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 16 October 1945 – 5 December 1945; assigned 6 December 1945 – 27 August 1946; 8 June 1955 – 1 August 1957
- 323d Troop Carrier Squadron: 16 October 1945 – 30 September 1946
- 334th Troop Carrier Squadron: 15 October 1946 – 20 October 1949.
- C-47 Skytrain, 1942–1946
- C-53 Skytrooper, 1942–1943
- C-54 Skymaster, 1947–1948
- C-82 Packet, 1949–1950
- C-119 Flying Boxcar, 1950–1957
- C-130 Hercules, 1978–1980; 1991–present
- C-21 Learjet, 1999–2011
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- Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) . Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
- Ravenstein, Charles A. (1984). Air Force Combat Wings Lineage and Honors Histories 1947–1977. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-12-9.
- Commander, 314th Operations Group (2014)