Adverts

Open Access Articles- Top Results for 3rd United States Congress

3rd United States Congress

3rd United States Congress
2nd ← → 4th
200px
Congress Hall (2007)

Duration: March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1795

Senate President: John Adams
Senate Pres. pro tem: John Langdon
Ralph Izard
Henry Tazewell
House Speaker: Frederick Muhlenberg
Members: 30 (with 0-3 vacancies) Senators
105 (with 0-4 vacancies) Representatives
1 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Pro-Administration
House Majority: Anti-Administration

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1793 – March 4, 1793
1st: December 2, 1793 – June 9, 1794
2nd: November 3, 1794 – March 3, 1795

The Third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia Pennsylvania from March 4, 1793 to March 4, 1795, during the fifth and sixth years of George Washington's Presidency.

The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was governed by the Apportionment Act of 1792 and based on the 1790 Census. The Senate had a Pro-Administration majority, and the House had an Anti-Administration majority.

File:Congress Hall House Chamber.jpg
House of Representatives chamber at Congress Hall

Major events

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

Treaties

Party summary

There were no political parties in this Congress. Members are informally grouped into factions of similar interest, based on an analysis of their voting record.[3]

Details on changes are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

<td style="background-color:#CCFF66" > </td> <td style="background-color:#0EBC00"> </td>
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Administration

(A)
Pro-
Administration

(P)
End of the previous congress

<td > 13 </td> <td style="background:#0EBC00" > 16 </td>



29 1
Begin

<td rowspan=2 > 13</td> <td style="background:#0EBC00" > 16</td>



<th > 29 </th> <td > 1 </td>

End<td style="background:#0EBC00">17</td><th> 30</th><td>0</td>
Final voting share

<th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th style="background:#0EBC00" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><td colspan=5 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td > (Democratic-Republican)
10 </td> <td style="background-color:#E6E6AA"> (Federalist)
20 </td>



30 2

test

House of Representatives

File:3rdHouse.svg
Members of the House of Representatives as shared by each state
<td style="background-color:#CCFF66" > </td> <td style="background-color:#0EBC00"> </td>
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Anti-
Administration

(A)
Pro-
Administration

(P)
End of the previous congress

<td > 32 </td> <td style="background:#0EBC00" > 40 </td>



72 1
Begin

<td style="background:#CCFF66" > 55</td> <td > 50</td>



<th > 105 </th> <td > 0 </td>

End<td style="background:#CCFF66">54</td><td >49</td><th> 103</th><td>2</td>
Final voting share

<th style="background:#CCFF66" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><th style="font-size:80%">Non-voting members</th> <td>1</td> <td>0</td> <th>1</th> <td>0</td></tr><tr><td colspan=5 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td style="background:#AACC99"> (Democratic-Republican)
58 </td> <td > (Federalist)
47 </td>



105 0

test

Leadership

Senate

John Langdon
(until December 2, 1793)
Ralph Izard
(May 31, 1794 – November 9, 1794)
Henry Tazewell
(from February 20, 1795)

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1796; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1798; and Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1794.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress

Senate

There were 1 death, 3 resignations, 1 late election, and 1 contested election.


State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
Pennsylvania
(1)
Vacant Pennsylvania failed to elect a new Senator on time. Albert Gallatin (A) Elected December 2, 1793
Connecticut
(3)
Roger Sherman (P) Died July 23, 1793 Stephen M. Mitchell (P) Elected December 2, 1793
Delaware
(1)
George Read (P) Resigned on September 18, 1793. Kensey Johns was appointed on March 19, 1794, but not permitted to qualify. Henry Latimer (P) Appointed February 7, 1795
Pennsylvania
(1)
Albert Gallatin (A) Credentials were contested and the seat was declared vacant February 28, 1794 James Ross (P) Elected April 24, 1794
Virginia
(1)
James Monroe (A) Resigned May 11, 1794, to become United States Minister to France Stevens T. Mason (A) Elected November 18, 1794
Virginia
(2)
John Taylor (A) Resigned May 11, 1794 Henry Tazewell (A) Elected November 18, 1794

House of Representatives

There were 2 deaths, 3 resignations, and 1 contested election.


District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
[[Delaware's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Delaware at-large]]
John Patten (A) Contested election; served until February 14, 1794 Henry Latimer (P) Seated February 14, 1794
[[Tennessee's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Territory South of the River Ohio]]
Vacant Delegate seat established James White Non-voting delegate Elected September 3, 1794
[[Maryland's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Maryland 2nd]]
John Francis Mercer (A) Resigned April 13, 1794 Gabriel Duvall (A) Seated November 11, 1794
[[New York's 10th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 10th]]
Silas Talbot (P) accepted appointment to the U.S. Navy June 5, 1794 vacant no special election called
[[New Jersey's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New Jersey at-large]]
Abraham Clark (P) Died September 15, 1794 Aaron Kitchell (A) Seated January 29, 1795
[[South Carolina's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.South Carolina 3rd]]
Alexander Gillon (A) Died October 6, 1794 Robert Goodloe Harper (P) Seated February 9, 1795
[[Maryland's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Maryland 3rd]]
Uriah Forrest (P) Resigned November 8, 1794 Benjamin Edwards (P) Seated January 2, 1795
[[Delaware's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Delaware at-large]]
Henry Latimer (P) Resigned February 7, 1795, having been elected U.S. Senator Vacant Not filled in this Congress

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  1. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=mvVNeZDPIXgC&pg=PA5M
  2. ^ http://www.senate.gov/artandhistory/history/minute/The_Senate_Opens_Its_Doors.htm
  3. ^ Martis, Kenneth C. The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links