Open Access Articles- Top Results for 5059 aluminium alloy

5059 aluminium alloy

5059 is an aluminium alloy, primarily alloyed with magnesium. It is not strengthened by heat treatment, instead becoming stronger due to strain hardening, or cold mechanical working of the material.

Since heat treatment doesn't strongly affect the strength, 5059 can be readily welded and retain most of its mechanical strength.

5059 alloy was derived from closely related 5083 aluminium alloy by researchers at Corus Aluminum in 1999.

Basic properties

5059 has a density of Script error: No such module "convert"., with a specific gravity of 2.66.

Melting point is Script error: No such module "convert"..

Chemical properties

The alloy composition of 5059 is:[1]

Mechanical properties

The mechanical properties of 5059 vary significantly with hardening and temperature.[1]

–O hardening

Unhardened 5059 has a yield strength of 23 ksi (23,000 psi; 160 MPa) and ultimate tensile strength of 48 ksi (330 MPa) from Script error: No such module "convert".. At cryogenic temperatures it is slightly stronger; above Script error: No such module "convert". its strength is reduced.

Elongation, the strain before material failure, is 24% at room temperature.

–H321 hardening

H321 strain hardened 5059, with properties measured at Script error: No such module "convert"., has yield strength of 39 ksi (270 MPa), ultimate tensile strength of 54 ksi (370 MPa), and elongation of 10%.


5059 has been used as a hull material for small aluminium boats or larger yachts. Its high strength and good corrosion resistance make it an excellent match for yachting.[2]

5059 has been tested for use in vehicle armor.[3]

5059 has been used for cryogenic propellant tanks for experimental reusable rocket vehicles.[4] [5]


5059 is often assembled using arc welding, typically MIG (for marine use) or TIG welding. The newer technique of Friction stir welding has also been successfully applied but is not in common use.

Arc welding reduces mechanical properties to no worse than –O hardening condition. The relatively low decrease in ultimate strength is extremely good performance for an aluminium alloy.


  1. ^ a b Fatigue of Aluminum Structural Weldments, SSC-410, NTIS-PB2000-108442, Ship Structure Committee (2000), accessed 2010-12-14
  2. ^ Aluland 5059, accessed 2010-12-14
  3. ^ Ballistic Performance Testing of Aluminum Alloy 5059-H131 and 5059-H136 for Armor Applications, ARL-TR-4427, Dwight D. Showalter, Brian E. Placzankis, and Matthew S. Burkins, May 2008. Accessed 2010-12-14
  4. ^ Masten Space Systems Blog, accessed 2010-12-14
  5. ^ Armadillo Aerospace News Archive, accessed 2010-12-14