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54th United States Congress

54th United States Congress
53rd ← → 55th
200px
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1897

Senate President: Adlai E. Stevenson
Senate Pres. pro tem: William P. Frye
House Speaker: Thomas B. Reed
Members: 90 Senators
357 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
1st: December 2, 1895 – June 11, 1896
2nd: December 7, 1896 – March 3, 1897

The Fifty-fourth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1895 to March 4, 1897, during the last two years of Grover Cleveland's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Eleventh Census of the United States in 1890. The House had a Republican majority, and the Republicans were the largest party in the Senate.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

States admitted

  • January 4, 1896: Utah was admitted as a state

Party summary

File:54th US Senate composition.PNG
Senate composition, by party:
  Democratic
  Republican
  One Democratic, one Republican
  Populist
  Silver

This count identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

<td style="background-color:#3333FF" > </td> <td style="background-color:#CCFFCC"> </td><td style="background-color:#FF3333" > </td><td style="background-color:#79CDCD" > </td><td style="background-color:#000000" > </td>
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Populist
(P)<th>Republican
(R)</th><th>Silver
(S)</th><th>Other
(O)</th>
End of the previous congress

<td style="background:#B0CEFF" > 43 </td> <td > 3 </td> <td > 41 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td > 0 </td>

88 0
Begin

<td > 39</td> <td rowspan=2 > 4</td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 42</td> <td rowspan=2 > 2</td> <td rowspan=2 > 0 </td>

<th > 87 </th> <td > 1 </td>

End<td >40</td><td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 44</td><th> 90</th><td>0</td>
Final voting share

<th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th style="background:#FFB6B6" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><td colspan=8 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td >

33 </td>

<td > 5 </td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 43 </td> <td > 2 </td> <td > (Silver
Republican)

5 </td>

88 2

test

House of Representatives

<td style="background-color:#3333FF" > </td> <td style="background-color:#CCFFCC"> </td><td style="background-color:#FF3333" > </td><td style="background-color:#79CDCD" > </td><td style="background-color:#000000" > </td>
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Populist
(P)<th>Republican
(R)</th><th>Silver
(S)</th><th>Other
(O)</th>
End of the previous congress

<td style="background:#B0CEFF" > 217 </td> <td > 11 </td> <td > 123 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td > 2 </td>

354 2
Begin

<td > 104</td> <td > 7</td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 240</td> <td rowspan=2 > 1</td> <td rowspan=2 > 0 </td>

<th > 352 </th> <td > 4 </td>

End<td >94</td><td >9</td><td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 252</td><th> 356</th><td>1</td>
Final voting share

<th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th style="background:#FFB6B6" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><td colspan=8 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td >

124 </td>

<td > 22 </td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 206 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td > (Silver
Republican
& Independent)

4 </td>

357 0

test

Leadership

File:TBReed.jpg
Speaker of the House
Thomas B. Reed

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1898; Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1900; and Class 3 meant their term ended in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1896.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

Two seats were added when Utah was admitted and one seat was filled late.

State Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
Utah
(Class 1)
New seat State was admitted to the Union Frank J. Cannon (R) January 22, 1896
Utah
(Class 3)
New seat State was admitted to the Union Arthur Brown (R) January 22, 1896
Delaware
(Class 2)
Vacant The seat was vacant because the legislature failed to elect a Senator. A successor was eventually elected Richard R. Kenney
(D)
January 19, 1897

House of Representatives

There were 4 deaths, 2 resignations, 13 election challenges, 1 new seat, and 4 seats vacant from the previous Congress. Democrats had a 10-seat net loss; Republicans had a 12-seat net gain; and Populists had a 2-seat net gain.

District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of successor's taking office
[[New York's 10th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 10th]]
Vacant Rep-elect Andrew J. Campbell died before the start of Congress Amos J. Cummings (D) November 5, 1895
[[Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 15th]]

Edwin J. Jordan (R)

Resigned March 4, 1895 James H. Codding (R) November 5, 1895
[[Illinois's 10th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 10th]]
Vacant Philip S. Post (R) was re-elected, but died before this Congress George W. Prince (R) December 2, 1895
[[Michigan's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Michigan 3rd]]
Vacant Julius C. Burrows (R) was re-elected, but resigned in the previous Congress to serve in the Senate Alfred Milnes (R) December 2, 1895
[[Utah's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Utah At-large]]
New seat State was admitted to the Union Clarence E. Allen (R) January 4, 1896
[[Georgia's 10th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Georgia 10th]]
James C. C. Black (D) Resigned March 4, 1895, and was later elected to fill his own vacancy James C. C. Black (D) October 2, 1895
[[Massachusetts's 6th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Massachusetts 6th]]
William Cogswell (R) Died May 22, 1895 William H. Moody (R) November 5, 1895
[[Illinois's 18th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 18th]]
Frederick Remann (R) Died July 14, 1895 William F. L. Hadley (R) December 2, 1895
[[Illinois's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 3rd]]
Lawrence E. McGann (D) Election was successfully challenged on December 27, 1895 Hugh R. Belknap (R) December 27, 1895
[[Utah Territory's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Utah Territory AL]]
Frank J. Cannon (R) Resigned January 4, 1896 Statehood achieved
[[Texas's 11th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Texas 11th]]
William H. Crain (D) Died February 10, 1896 Rudolph Kleberg (D) April 7, 1896
[[Missouri's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Missouri 5th]]
John C. Tarsney (D) Election was successfully challenged on February 27, 1896 Robert T. Van Horn (R) February 27, 1896
[[Alabama's 4th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Alabama 4th]]
Gaston A. Robbins (D) Election was successfully challenged on March 13, 1896 William F. Aldrich (R) March 13, 1896
[[Virginia's 4th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Virginia 4th]]
William R. McKenney (D) Election was successfully challenged on May 2, 1896 Robert T. Thorp (R) May 2, 1896
[[Louisiana's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Louisiana 5th]]
Charles J. Boatner (D) Election was challenged and declared vacant March 20, 1896. He was subsequently elected Charles J. Boatner (D) June 10, 1896
[[Alabama's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Alabama 5th]]
James E. Cobb (D) Election was successfully challenged on April 21, 1896 Albert T. Goodwyn (P) April 22, 1896
[[South Carolina's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.South Carolina 7th]]
J. William Stokes (D) Seat declared vacant June 1, 1896, but he won re-election J. William Stokes (D) November 3, 1896
[[New York's 8th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 8th]]
James J. Walsh (D) Election was successfully challenged on June 2, 1896 John M. Mitchell (R) June 2, 1896
[[South Carolina's 1st congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.South Carolina 1st]]
William Elliott (D) Election was successfully challenged on June 4, 1896 George W. Murray (R) June 4, 1896
[[Illinois's 16th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 16th]]
Finis E. Downing (D) Election was successfully challenged on June 5, 1896 John I. Rinaker (R) June 5, 1896
[[North Carolina's 6th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.North Carolina 6th]]
James A. Lockhart (D) Election was successfully challenged on June 5, 1896 Charles H. Martin (P) June 5, 1896
[[Alabama's 9th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Alabama 9th]]
Oscar W. Underwood (D) Election was successfully challenged on June 9, 1896 Truman H. Aldrich (R) June 9, 1896
[[Georgia's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Georgia 3rd]]
Charles F. Crisp (D) Died October 23, 1896 Charles R. Crisp (D) December 19, 1896
[[New York's 19th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 19th]]
Frank S. Black (R) Resigned January 7, 1897 Vacant until next Congress
[[Kentucky's 10th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Kentucky 10th]]
Joseph M. Kendall (D) Election was successfully challenged on February 18, 1897 Nathan T. Hopkins (R) February 18, 1897

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links