|Millennium:||1st millennium BC|
|Centuries:||7th century BC – 6th century BC – 5th century BC|
|Decades:||600s BC 590s BC 580s BC – 570s BC – 560s BC 550s BC 540s BC|
|Years:||582 BC 581 BC 580 BC – 579 BC – 578 BC 577 BC 576 BC|
|579 BC by topic|
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|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to 579 BC.|
- Servius Tullius succeeds Lucius Tarquinius Priscus as king of Rome upon the latter's assassination. (traditional date)
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- Lucius Tarquinius Priscus, fifth king of Rome
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