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63rd United States Congress

63rd United States Congress
62nd ← → 64th
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1913 – March 4, 1915

Senate President: Thomas R. Marshall
Senate Pres. pro tem: James P. Clarke
House Speaker: Champ Clark
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Special: March 4, 1913 – March 17, 1913
1st: April 7, 1913 – December 1, 1913
2nd: December 1, 1913 – October 24, 1914
3rd: December 7, 1914 – March 3, 1915

The Sixty-third United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1913 to March 4, 1915, during the first two years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.


Major events

Inauguration platform being constructed on the east steps of the U.S. Capitol, ten days before Woodrow Wilson's March 4, 1913 presidential inauguration.
Main articles: 1913, 1914 and 1915

Major legislation

Constitutional amendments

  • April 8, 1913: 17th Amendment was ratified, creating a popularly elected U.S. Senate instead of the original process of appointment by state legislatures.

Party summary

File:63rd US Senate composition.png
Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 62nd Congress. Red states are represented by two Republicans and blue by two Democrats. Purple states are represented by one senator from each party.


<td style="background-color:#3333FF" > </td> <td style="background-color:Template:Progressive Party (United States)/meta/color"> </td><td style="background-color:#FF3333" > </td>
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of the previous congress

<td > 47 </td> <td > 0 </td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 48 </td>

95 1

<td style="background:#B0CEFF" > 49</td> <td rowspan=2 > 1</td> <td rowspan=2 > 42</td>

<th > 92 </th> <td > 4 </td>

End<td style="background:#B0CEFF">53</td><th> 96</th><td>0</td>
Final voting share

<th style="background:#B0CEFF" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><td colspan=6 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td style="background:#B0CEFF">

56 </td>

<td > 0 </td> <td > 40 </td>

96 0


House of Representatives

TOTAL members: 435



House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership



Most Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. A few senators were elected directly by the residents of the state. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. Senior senators are listed first.

House of Representatives



House of Representatives