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71st United States Congress

71st United States Congress
70th ← → 72nd
200px
United States Capitol (1906)

Duration: March 4, 1929 – March 4, 1931

Senate President: Charles Curtis
Senate Pres. pro tem: George H. Moses
House Speaker: Nicholas Longworth
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
5 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican
House Majority: Republican

Sessions
Special: March 4, 1929 – March 5, 1929
1st: April 15, 1929 – November 22, 1929
2nd: December 2, 1929 – July 3, 1930
Special: July 7, 1930 – July 21, 1930
3rd: December 1, 1930 – March 3, 1931

The Seventy-first United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from March 4, 1929 to March 4, 1931, during the first two years of Herbert Hoover's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Decennial Census of the United States in 1910. Both chambers had a Republican majority. This congress saw the most special elections of any congress with 27 in all.

Contents

Major events

Main articles: 1929 in the United States, 1930 and 1931
  • March 4, 1929: Herbert C. Hoover became President of the United States
  • October 24, 1929 – October 29, 1929: Wall Street Crash of 1929: Three multi-digit percentage drops wipe out more than $30 billion from the New York Stock Exchange (10 times greater than the annual budget of the federal government).
  • October 25, 1929: Former U.S. Interior Secretary Albert B. Fall is convicted of bribery for his role in the Teapot Dome scandal, becoming the first Presidential cabinet member to go to prison for actions in office.

Major legislation

Party summary

File:71st US Senate composition.png
Map showing Senate party membership at the start of the 71st Congress.

The count below identifies party affiliations at the beginning of the first session of this Congress, and includes members from vacancies and newly admitted states, when they were first seated. Changes resulting from subsequent replacements are shown below in the "Changes in membership" section.

Senate

<td style="background-color:#3333FF" > </td> <td style="background-color:#66F500"> </td><td style="background-color:#FF3333" > </td>
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)<th>Republican
(R)</th>
End of the previous congress

<td > 45 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 50 </td>


96 0
Begin

<td > 39</td> <td rowspan=2 > 1</td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 55</td>


<th > 95 </th> <td > 1 </td>

End<td >41</td><td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 54</td><th> 96</th><td>0</td>
Final voting share

<th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th style="background:#FFB6B6" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><td colspan=6 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td style="background:#B0CEFF">

59 </td>

<td > 1 </td> <td > 36 </td>


96 0

test

House of Representatives

<td style="background-color:#3333FF" > </td> <td style="background-color:#66F500"> </td><td style="background-color:#FF3333" > </td>
Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer–Labor
(FL)<th>Republican
(R)</th>
End of the previous congress

<td > 203 </td> <td > 5 </td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 219 </td>


427 7
Begin

<td > 164</td> <td rowspan=2 > 1</td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 270</td>


<th rowspan=2 > 435 </th> <td rowspan=2 > 0 </td>

End<td >165</td><td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 269</td>
Final voting share

<th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <th > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th><th style="background:#FFB6B6" > Template:Number table sorting/error% </th> <td colspan=2 > </td><tr><td colspan=6 > </td></tr>

Beginning of the next congress

<td >

215 </td>

<td > 1 </td> <td style="background:#FFB6B6" > 218 </td>


434 1

test

Leadership

Senate

File:GeorgeHMoses.jpg
President pro tempore of the Senate
George H. Moses

House of Representatives

Members

This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district.

Senate

Senators were elected every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1934; Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1930; and Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1932.

House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their districts.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.

Senate

  • replacements: 9
  • deaths: 5
  • resignations: 3
  • interim appointments: 6
  • Total seats with changes: 9
State Senator Reason for Vacancy Successor Date of Successor's Installation
Kansas
(3)
Vacant Sen. Charles Curtis (R) resigned at end of previous congress after being elected Vice President of the United States. Successor was appointed to serve until the next election. Henry J. Allen (R) April 1, 1929
Pennsylvania
(3)
Vacant Sen.-elect William S. Vare (R) was apparently elected but vote was never certified by the Governor due to election irregularities. The US Senate could not agree to have him seated. Joseph R. Grundy (R) December 11, 1929
Tennessee
(2)
Lawrence Tyson (D) Died August 24, 1929 William E. Brock (D) September 2, 1929
Ohio
(3)
Theodore E. Burton (R) Died October 28, 1929. Roscoe C. McCulloch (R) November 5, 1929
New Jersey
(2)
Walter E. Edge (R) Resigned November 21, 1929 after being appointed Ambassador to France David Baird, Jr. (R) November 30, 1929
Wyoming
(2)
Francis E. Warren (R) Died November 24, 1929. Patrick J. Sullivan (R) December 5, 1929
Kentucky
(2)
Frederic M. Sackett (R) Resigned January 9, 1930 after being appointed Ambassador to Germany John M. Robsion (R) January 11, 1930
Wyoming
(2)
Patrick Joseph Sullivan (R) Resigned November 20, 1930. Successor was elected December 1, 1930. Robert D. Carey (R) December 1, 1930
Kansas
(3)
Henry J. Allen (R) Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected. George McGill (D) December 1, 1930
Kentucky
(2)
John M. Robsion (R) Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected December 1, 1930. Ben M. Williamson (D) December 1, 1930
Ohio
(3)
Roscoe C. McCulloch (R) Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected December 1, 1930. Robert J. Bulkley (D) December 1, 1930
Pennsylvania
(3)
Joseph R. Grundy (R) Unsuccessful candidate for full term. Successor was elected December 1, 1930. James J. Davis (R) December 2, 1930
New Jersey
(2)
David Baird, Jr. (R) Successor was elected December 3, 1930. Dwight Morrow (R) December 3, 1930
North Carolina
(3)
Lee S. Overman (D) Died December 12, 1930 Cameron A. Morrison (D) December 13, 1930
Vermont
(1)
Frank L. Greene (R) Died December 17, 1930. Frank C. Partridge (R) December 23, 1930

House of Representatives

  • replacements: 27
  • deaths: 25
  • resignations: 6
  • contested election: 1
  • Total seats with changes: 32
District Vacator Reason for Vacancy Successor
[[New York's 21st congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 21st]]
Vacant Rep. Royal H. Weller died during previous congress Joseph A. Gavagan (D) November 5, 1929
[[Illinois's 15th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 15th]]
Vacant Rep. Edward J. King (R) died in previous congress Burnett M. Chiperfield (R) November 4, 1930
[[Kentucky's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Kentucky 3rd]]
Charles W. Roark (R) Died April 5, 1929 John W. Moore (D) June 1, 1929
[[Louisiana's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Louisiana 3rd]]
Whitmell P. Martin (D) Died April 6, 1929 Numa F. Montet (D) August 6, 1929
[[Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 12th]]
John J. Casey (D) Died May 5, 1929 Charles M. Turpin (R) June 1, 1929
[[Minnesota's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Minnesota 5th]]
Walter Newton (R) Resigned June 30, 1929 after being appointed secretary to President Herbert Hoover William I. Nolan (R) July 17, 1929
[[Georgia's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Georgia 5th]]
Leslie J. Steele (D) Died July 24, 1929 Robert Ramspeck (D) October 2, 1929
[[Minnesota's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Minnesota 7th]]
Ole J. Kvale (FL) Died September 11, 1929 Paul J. Kvale (FL) October 16, 1929
[[New York's 18th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 18th]]
John F. Carew (D) Resigned October 28, 1929 after being appointed a justice to the New York Supreme Court Martin J. Kennedy (D) April 11, 1930
[[Illinois's 24th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 24th]]
Thomas S. Williams (R) Resigned November 11, 1929 after being appointed to the United States Court of Claims Claude V. Parsons (D) November 4, 1930
[[Pennsylvania's 10th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 10th]]
William W. Griest (R) Died December 5, 1929 J. Roland Kinzer (R) January 28, 1930
[[Massachusetts's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Massachusetts 2nd]]
Will Kirk Kaynor (R) Died December 20, 1929 William J. Granfield (D) February 17, 1930
[[Utah's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Utah 2nd]]
Elmer O. Leatherwood (R) Died December 24, 1929 Frederick C. Loofbourow (R) November 4, 1930
[[Kentucky's 11th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Kentucky 11th]]
John M. Robsion (R) Resigned January 10, 1930 after being appointed to the US Senate Charles Finley (R) February 15, 1930
[[Texas's 14th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Texas 14th]]
Augustus McCloskey (D) Lost contested election February 10, 1930 Harry M. Wurzbach (R) February 10, 1930
[[West Virginia's 4th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.West Virginia 4th]]
James A. Hughes (R) Died March 2, 1930 Robert L. Hogg (R) November 4, 1930
[[Connecticut's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Connecticut 5th]]
James P. Glynn (R) Died March 6, 1930 Edward W. Goss (R) November 4, 1930
[[Texas's 17th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Texas 17th]]
Robert Q. Lee (D) Died April 18, 1930 Thomas L. Blanton (D) May 20, 1930
[[Rhode Island's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Rhode Island 3rd]]
Jeremiah E. O'Connell (D) Resigned May 9, 1930 after being appointed a justice to the Rhode Island Superior Court Francis Condon (D) November 4, 1930
[[Wisconsin's 6th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Wisconsin 6th]]
Florian Lampert (R) Died July 18, 1930 Michael Reilly (D) November 4, 1930
[[Pennsylvania's 32nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 32nd]]
Edgar R. Kiess (R) Died July 20, 1930 Robert F. Rich (R) November 4, 1930
[[Pennsylvania's 16th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 16th]]
Stephen G. Porter (R) Died June 27, 1930 Edmund F. Erk (R) November 4, 1930
[[North Carolina's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.North Carolina 5th]]
Charles M. Stedman (D) Died September 23, 1930 Franklin W. Hancock, Jr. (D) November 4, 1930
[[North Carolina's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.North Carolina 7th]]
William C. Hammer (D) Died September 26, 1930 Hinton James (D) November 4, 1930
[[Kentucky's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Kentucky 2nd]]
David H. Kincheloe (D) Resigned October 5, 1930 after being appointed to the United States Customs Court John L. Dorsey, Jr. (D) November 4, 1930
[[California's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.California 3rd]]
Charles F. Curry (R) Died October 10, 1930 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
[[Arkansas's 4th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Arkansas 4th]]
Otis Wingo (D) Died October 21, 1930 Effiegene Locke Wingo (D) November 4, 1930
[[New York's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 7th]]
John Quayle (D) Died November 27, 1930 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
[[New York's 9th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 9th]]
David J. O'Connell (D) Died December 29, 1930 Stephen A. Rudd (D) February 17, 1931
[[Wisconsin's 1st congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Wisconsin 1st]]
Henry A. Cooper (R) Died March 1, 1931 Seat remained vacant until next Congress

Officers

Senate

House of Representatives

References

  1. ^ William S. Vare (R-PA) had been elected to the Senate for the term starting March 4, 1927, but the Senate had refused to qualify him due to charges of corruption and fraud concerning his election. The Senate finally unseated him on December 9, 1929. See http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=V000071
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. 

External links