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Open Access Articles- Top Results for 77th United States Congress

77th United States Congress

77th United States Congress
76th ← → 78th
200px
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1941 – January 3, 1943

Senate President: John Garner (until Jan 20, 1941)
Henry Wallace (from Jan 20, 1941)
Senate Pres. pro tem: Pat Harrison (until June 22, 1941)
Carter Glass (from July 11, 1941)
House Speaker: Sam Rayburn
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
4 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Democratic
House Majority: Democratic

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1941 – January 2, 1942
2nd: January 5, 1942 – December 16, 1942

The Seventy-seventh United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1941 to January 3, 1943, during the ninth and tenth years of Franklin Roosevelt's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Both chambers had a Democratic majority.

This was the first Congress to have more than one Senate President (the Vice President of the United States), John Garner and Henry Wallace, due to the passage of the 20th amendment in 1933.

Contents

File:Fdr delivers speech.jpg
President Roosevelt delivering the "Infamy Speech" to Congress, requesting a declaration of war, December 8, 1941. Behind him are Vice President Henry Wallace (left) and House Speaker Sam Rayburn. To the right, in uniform in front of Rayburn, is Roosevelt's son James, who escorted his father to the Capitol.
File:Franklin Roosevelt signing declaration of war against Japan.jpg
President Roosevelt signing the declaration of war against Japan, December 8, 1941

Major events

Major legislation

Select committees

  • Truman Committee (officially the Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program)

Leadership

Senate

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Democratic) leadership

Minority (Republican) leadership

Party summary

Senate

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Party
(Shading shows control)
Total Vacant
Democratic
(D)
Farmer-Labor
(FL)<th>Progressive (1924)
(P)</th><th>Republican
(R)</th><th>Independent
(I)</th>
End of the previous congress

<td style="background:#B0CEFF" > 68 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td > 25 </td> <td > 1 </td>

96 0
Begin

<td style="background:#B0CEFF" > 66</td> <td rowspan=2 > 0</td> <td rowspan=2 > 1</td> <td > 28</td> <td rowspan=2 > 1 </td>

<th rowspan=2 > 96 </th> <td rowspan=2 > 0 </td>

End<td style="background:#B0CEFF">64</td><td > 30</td>
Final voting share

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Beginning of the next congress

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58 </td>

<td > 0 </td> <td > 1 </td> <td > 36 </td> <td > 0 </td>

95 1

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House of Representatives

Total 435

Members

Senate

Senators are elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.

House of Representatives

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress.

Senate

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation
West Virginia
(2)
Matthew M. Neely (D) Resigned January 12, 1941 after being elected Governor of West Virginia.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election, which he subsequently lost. In addition, successor took oath of office after the Senate resolved a challenge to the appointment.
Joseph Rosier (D) January 13, 1941
Arkansas
(2)
John E. Miller (D) Resigned March 31, 1941 after being appointed judge for the US District Court for the Western District of Arkansas.
Successor was appointed to serve until the next election.
G. Lloyd Spencer (D) April 1, 1941
Texas
(2)
Morris Sheppard (D) Died April 9, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Andrew Jackson Houston (D) April 21, 1941
Mississippi
(2)
Pat Harrison (D) Died June 22, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
James Eastland (D) June 30, 1941
Texas
(2)
Andrew Jackson Houston (D) Died June 26, 1941.
Successor was elected to finish term.
W. Lee O'Daniel (D) June 28, 1941
South Carolina
(2)
James F. Byrnes (D) Resigned July 17, 1941 after being appointed Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Alva M. Lumpkin (D) July 22, 1941
South Carolina
(2)
Alva M. Lumpkin (D) Died August 1, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election.
Roger C. Peace (D) August 5, 1941
Mississippi
(2)
James Eastland (D) Appointee did not seek election to finish term.
Successor was elected September 28, 1941 to finish term.
Wall Doxey (D) September 29, 1941
South Carolina
(2)
Roger C. Peace (D) Appointee did not seek election to finish term.
Successor was elected November 4, 1941 to finish term.
Burnet R. Maybank (D) November 5, 1941
Colorado
(3)
Alva B. Adams (D) Died December 1, 1941.
Successor was appointed to serve until the November 3, 1942 special election, which he won.
Eugene Millikin (R) December 20, 1941
West Virginia
(2)
Joseph Rosier (D) Appointee lost election November 17, 1942 to finish the term.
Successor was elected to finish term.
Hugh Shott (R) November 18, 1942
Nevada
(1)
Berkeley L. Bunker (D) Appointee lost election December 7, 1942 to finish the term.
Successor was elected to finish term.
James G. Scrugham (D) December 7, 1942

House of Representatives

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date successor
seated
[[Oklahoma's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Oklahoma 7th]]
Sam C. Massingale (D) Died January 17, 1941 Victor Wickersham (D) April 1, 1941
[[New York's 17th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 17th]]
Kenneth F. Simpson (R) Died January 25, 1941 Joseph C. Baldwin (R) March 11, 1941
[[Alabama's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Alabama 7th]]
Walter W. Bankhead (D) Resigned February 1, 1941 Carter Manasco (D) June 24, 1941
[[Maryland's 6th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Maryland 6th]]
William D. Byron (D) Died February 27, 1941 Katharine Byron (D) May 27, 1941
[[Virginia's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Virginia 2nd]]
Colgate Darden (D) Resigned March 1, 1941 to run for Governor of Virginia Winder R. Harris (D) April 8, 1941
[[New York's 42nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 42nd]]
Pius L. Schwert (D) Died March 11, 1941 John C. Butler (R) April 22, 1941
[[North Carolina's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.North Carolina 5th]]
Alonzo D. Folger (D) Died April 30, 1941 John H. Folger (D) June 14, 1941
[[New York's 14th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.New York 14th]]
Morris M. Edelstein (D) Died June 4, 1941 Arthur G. Klein (D) July 29, 1941
[[Wisconsin's 1st congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Wisconsin 1st]]
Stephen Bolles (R) Died July 8, 1941 Lawrence H. Smith (R) August 29, 1941
[[Pennsylvania's 15th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 15th]]
Albert G. Rutherford (R) Died August 10, 1941 Wilson D. Gillette (R) November 4, 1941
[[Colorado's 4th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Colorado 4th]]
Edward T. Taylor (D) Died September 3, 1941 Robert F. Rockwell (R) December 9, 1941
[[Mississippi's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Mississippi 2nd]]
Wall Doxey (D) Resigned September 28, 1941 after being elected to the US Senate Jamie L. Whitten (D) November 4, 1941
[[California's 17th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.California 17th]]
Lee E. Geyer (D) Died October 11, 1941 Cecil R. King (D) August 25, 1942
[[Massachusetts's 7th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Massachusetts 7th]]
Lawrence J. Connery (D) Died October 19, 1941 Thomas J. Lane (D) December 30, 1941
[[Connecticut's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Connecticut 5th]]
J. Joseph Smith (D) Resigned November 4, 1941 after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of Connecticut Joseph E. Talbot (R) January 20, 1942
[[Pennsylvania's 12th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 12th]]
J. Harold Flannery (D) Resigned January 3, 1942 after becoming judge of common pleas for Luzerne County, PA Thomas B. Miller (R) May 19, 1942
[[Pennsylvania's 33rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 33rd]]
Joseph A. McArdle (D) Resigned January 5, 1942 after being elected to the Pittsburgh City Council Elmer J. Holland (D) May 19, 1942
[[Pennsylvania's 11th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 11th]]
Patrick J. Boland (D) Died May 18, 1942 Veronica G. Boland (D) November 3, 1942
[[Washington's 5th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Washington 5th]]
Arthur D. Healey (D) Resigned August 1, 1942 after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the Western District of Washington Vacant until the next Congress
[[Massachusetts's 8th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Massachusetts 8th]]
Charles H. Leavy (D) Resigned August 3, 1942 after being appointed judge for the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts Vacant until the next Congress
[[Ohio's 15th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ohio 15th]]
Robert T. Secrest (D) Resigned August 3, 1942 after accepting a commission in the US Navy Vacant until the next Congress
[[Ohio's 13th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Ohio 13th]]
Albert D. Baumhart, Jr. (R) Resigned September 2, 1942 after accepting a commission in the US Navy Vacant until the next Congress
[[Iowa's 9th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Iowa 9th]]
Vincent F. Harrington (D) Resigned September 5, 1942 after accepting a commission as major in the United States Army Harry E. Narey (R) November 3, 1942
[[California's 3rd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.California 3rd]]
Frank H. Buck (D) Died September 17, 1942 Vacant until the next Congress
[[Maryland's 2nd congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Maryland 2nd]]
William Purington Cole, Jr. (D) Resigned October 26, 1942 after being appointed judge for the US Customs Court Vacant until the next Congress
[[Pennsylvania's 25th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Pennsylvania 25th]]
Charles I. Faddis (D) Resigned December 4, 1942 to enter the US Army Vacant until the next Congress
[[Illinois's 4th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 4th]]
Harry P. Beam (D) Resigned December 6, 1942 after being elected judge for the municipal court of Chicago Vacant until the next Congress
[[Illinois's 6th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Illinois 6th]]
A. F. Maciejewski (D) Resigned December 6, 1942 Vacant until the next Congress
[[Missouri's 6th congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Missouri 6th]]
Philip A. Bennett (R) Died December 7, 1942 Vacant until the next Congress
[[Nevada's at-large congressional district#REDIRECTmw:Help:Magic words#Other
This page is a soft redirect.Nevada At-large]]
James G. Scrugham (D) Resigned December 7, 1942 after being elected to the US Senate Vacant until the next Congress

Employees

Senate

House