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ACF Fiorentina

Full name Associazione Calcio Firenze Fiorentina SpA[1][2]
Nickname(s) Viola (purple), Gigliati (Lilies)
Founded August 29, 1926; 89 years ago (August 29, 1926)
Ground Stadio Artemio Franchi
Ground Capacity 47,290
Owner Diego Della Valle
President Mario Cognigni
Head coach Vincenzo Montella
League Serie A
2014–15 Serie A, 4th
Website Club home page
33px Current season

Associazione Calcio Firenze Fiorentina,[1][2] commonly referred to as simply Fiorentina [fjorenˈtiːna], is a professional Italian football club from Florence, Tuscany. Founded by a merger in 1926 (refounded in 2002 following bankruptcy), Fiorentina have played at the top level of Italian football for the majority of their existence; only four clubs have played in more Serie A seasons.

Fiorentina have won two Italian Championships, in 1955–56 and again in 1968–69, as well as winning six Coppa Italia trophies and one Italian Super Cup. On the European stage, Fiorentina won the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup in 1960–61 and lost the final one year later. They finished runners-up in the 1956–57 European Cup, losing against Real Madrid, and also came close to winning the 1989–90 UEFA Cup, finishing as runners-up against Juventus.

Since 1931, the club have played at the Stadio Artemio Franchi, which currently has a capacity of 47,282. The stadium has used several names over the years and has undergone several renovations. Fiorentina are known widely by the nickname Viola, a reference to their distinctive purple colours.


For more details on this topic, see History of ACF Fiorentina.

Foundation to World War II

Associazione Calcio Fiorentina was founded in the autumn of 1926 by local noble and National Fascist Party member Luigi Ridolfi,[3] who initiated the merger of two older Florentine clubs, CS Firenze and PG Libertas. The aim of the merger was to give Florence a strong club to rival those of the more dominant Italian Football Championship sides of the time from Northwest Italy. Also influential was the cultural revival and rediscovery of Calcio Fiorentino, an ancestor of modern football that was played by members of the Medici family.[3]

After a rough start and three seasons in lower leagues, Fiorentina reached the Serie A in 1931. That same year saw the opening of the new stadium, originally named Giovanni Berta, after a prominent fascist, but now known as Stadio Artemio Franchi. At the time, the stadium was a masterpiece of engineering, and its inauguration was monumental. To be able to compete with the best teams in Italy, Fiorentina strengthened their team with some new players, notably the Uruguayan Pedro Petrone, nicknamed el Artillero. Despite enjoying a good season and finishing in fourth place, Fiorentina were relegated the following year, although they would return quickly to Serie A. In 1941 they won their first Coppa Italia, but the team were unable to build on their success during the 1940s because of World War II and other troubles.

First scudetto and '50–'60s

File:Fiorentina scudetto.jpg
The first Italian champion Fiorentina

In 1950, Fiorentina started to achieve consistent top-five finishes in the domestic league. The team consisted of great players such as well-known goalkeeper Giuliano Sarti, Sergio Cervato, Francesco Rosella, Guido Gratton, Giuseppe Chiappella and Aldo Scaramucci but above all, the attacking duo of Brazilian Julinho and Argentinian Miguel Montuori. This team won Fiorentina's first scudetto (Italian championship) in 1955–56, 12 points ahead of second-place Milan. Milan beat Fiorentina to top spot the following year, but more significantly Fiorentina became the first Italian team to play in a European Cup final, when a disputed penalty led to a 2–0 defeat at the hands of Alfredo Di Stéfano's Real Madrid. Fiorentina were runners-up again in the three subsequent seasons. In the 1960–61 season the club won the Coppa Italia again and was also successful in Europe, winning the first Cup Winners' Cup against Rangers.

After several years of runner-up finishes, Fiorentina dropped away slightly in the 1960s, bouncing from fourth to sixth place, although the club won the Coppa Italia and the Mitropa Cup in 1966.

Second scudetto and '70s

Giancarlo Antognoni, former captain of Fiorentina

While the 1960s did result in some trophies and good Serie A finishes for Fiorentina, nobody believed that the club could challenge for the title. The 1968–69 season started with Milan as frontrunners, but on match day 7, they lost to Bologna and were overtaken by Gigi Riva's Cagliari. Fiorentina, after an unimpressive start, then moved to the top of the Serie A, but the first half of their season finished with a 2–2 draw against Varese, leaving Cagliari as outright league leader. The second half of the season was a three-way battle between the three contending teams, Milan, Cagliari, and Fiorentina. Milan fell away, instead focusing their efforts on the European Cup, and it seemed that Cagliari would retain top spot. After Cagliari lost against Juventus, however, Fiorentina took over at the top. The team then won all of their remaining matches, beating rivals Juve in Turin on the penultimate matchday to seal their second, and last, national title. In the European Cup competition the following year, Fiorentina had some good results, including a win in the Soviet Union against Dynamo Kyiv, but they were eventually knocked out in the quarter-finals after a 3–0 defeat in Glasgow to Celtic.

Viola players began the 1970s decade with Scudetto sewed on their breast, but the period was not especially fruitful for the team. After a fifth-place finish in 1971, they finished in mid-table almost every year, even flirting with relegation in 1972 and 1978. The Viola did win the Anglo-Italian League Cup in 1974 and won the Coppa Italia again in 1975. The team consisted of young talents like Vincenzo Guerini and Moreno Roggi, who had the misfortune to suffer bad injuries, and above all Giancarlo Antognoni, who would later become an idol to Fiorentina's fans. The young average age of the players led to the team being called Fiorentina Ye-Ye.

Pontello era

The new team logo of the period

In 1980, Fiorentina was bought by Flavio Pontello, who came from a rich house-building family. He quickly changed the team's anthem and logo, leading to some complaints by the fans, but he started to bring in high-quality players such as Francesco Graziani and Eraldo Pecci from Torino; Daniel Bertoni from Sevilla FC; Daniele Massaro from Monza; and a young Pietro Vierchowod from Sampdoria. The team was built around Giancarlo Antognoni, and in 1982, Fiorentina were involved in an exciting duel with rivals Juventus. After a bad injury to Antognoni, the league title was decided on the final day of the season when Fiorentina were denied a goal against Cagliari and were unable to win. Juventus won the title with a disputed penalty and the rivalry between the two teams erupted.

The following years were strange for Fiorentina, who vacillated between high finishes and relegation battles. Fiorentina also bought two interesting players, El Puntero Ramón Díaz and, most significantly, the young Roberto Baggio.

In 1990, Fiorentina fought to avoid relegation right up until the final day of the season, but did reach the UEFA Cup final, where they again faced Juventus. The Turin team won the trophy, but Fiorentina's tifosi once again had real cause for complaint: the second leg of the final was played in Avellino (Fiorentina's home ground was suspended), a city with a lot of Juventus' fans, and emerging star Roberto Baggio was sold to the rival team on the day of the final. Pontello, suffering from economic difficulties, was selling all the players and was forced to leave the club after serious riots in Florence's streets. The club was then acquired by the famous filmmaker Mario Cecchi Gori.

Cecchi Gori era: from Champions League to bankruptcy

File:Gabriel batistuta.jpg
Gabriel Batistuta, the most prominent Fiorentina player of the 1990s

The first season under Cecchi Gori's ownership was one of stabilisation, after which the new chairman started to sign some good players like Brian Laudrup, Stefan Effenberg, Francesco Baiano and, most importantly, Gabriel Batistuta, who became an iconic player for the team during the 1990s. In 1993, however, Cecchi Gori died and was succeeded as chairman by his son, Vittorio. Despite a good start to the season, Cecchi Gori fired the coach, Luigi Radice, after a defeat against Atalanta,[4] and replaced him with Aldo Agroppi. The results were dreadful: Fiorentina fell into the bottom half of the standings and were relegated on the last day of the season.

Claudio Ranieri was brought in as coach for the 1993–94 season, and that year, Fiorentina dominated Serie B, Italy's second division. Upon their return to Serie A, Ranieri put together a good team centred around new top scorer Batistuta, signing the young talent Rui Costa from Benfica and the new world champion Brazilian defender Márcio Santos. The former became an idol to Fiorentina fans, while the second disappointed and was sold after only a season. The Viola finished the season in 10th place.

The following season, Cecchi Gori bought other important players, namely Stefan Schwarz. The club again proved its mettle in cup competitions, winning the Coppa Italia against Atalanta and finishing joint-third in Serie A. In the summer, Fiorentina became the first non-national champions to win the Supercoppa Italiana, defeating Milan 2–1 at the San Siro.

Fiorentina's 1995–96 season was disappointing in the league, but they did reach the Cup Winners' Cup semi-final by beating Gloria Bistrita, Sparta Prague, and Benfica. The team lost the semi-final to the eventual winner of the competition, FC Barcelona (Away 1–1, Home 0–2). The season's main signings were Luís Oliveira and Andrei Kanchelskis, the latter of whom suffered a lot of injuries.

At the end of the season, Ranieri left Fiorentina for Valencia CF in Spain and Cecchi Gori appointed Alberto Malesani. Fiorentina played well but struggled against smaller teams, although they did manage to qualify for the UEFA Cup. Malesani left Fiorentina after only a season and was succeeded by Giovanni Trapattoni. With Trapattoni's expert guidance and Batistuta's goals, Fiorentina challenged for the title in 1998–99 but finished the season in third, earning them qualification for the Champions League. The following year was disappointing in Serie A, but Viola played some historical matches in the Champions League, beating Arsenal 1–0 at the old Wembley Stadium and Manchester United 2–0 in Florence. They were ultimately eliminated in the second group stage.

At the end of the season, Trapattoni left the club and was replaced by Turkish coach Fatih Terim. More significantly, however, Batistuta was sold to Roma, who eventually won the title the following year. Fiorentina played well in 2000–01 and stayed in the top half of Serie A, despite the resignation of Terim and the arrival of Roberto Mancini. They also won the Coppa Italia for the sixth and last time.

The year 2001 heralded major changes for Fiorentina, as the terrible state of the club's finances was revealed: they were unable to pay wages and had debts of around US$50 million. The club's owner, Vittorio Cecchi Gori, was able to raise some more money, but even this soon proved to be insufficient resources to sustain the club. Fiorentina were relegated at the end of the 2001–02 season and went into judicially controlled administration in June 2002. This form of bankruptcy (sports companies cannot exactly fail in this way in Italy, but they can suffer a similar procedure) meant that the club was refused a place in Serie B for the 2002–03 season, and as a result effectively ceased to exist.

The 2000s: Della Valle era

The club was promptly re-established in August 2002 as Associazione Calcio Fiorentina e Florentia Viola with shoe and leather entrepreneur Diego Della Valle as new owner and the club was admitted into Serie C2, the fourth tier of Italian football. The only player to remain at the club in its new incarnation was Angelo Di Livio, whose commitment to club's cause further endeared him to the fans. Helped by Di Livio and 30-goal striker Christian Riganò, the club won its Serie C2 group with considerable ease, which would normally have led to a promotion to Serie C1. Due to the bizarre Caso Catania (Catania Case), however, the club skipped Serie C1 and was admitted into Serie B, something that was only made possible by the Italian Football Federation's decision to resolve the Catania situation by increasing the number of teams in Serie B from 20 to 24 and promoting Fiorentina for "sports merits."[5] In the 2003 off-season, the club also bought back the right to use the Fiorentina name and the famous shirt design, and re-incorporated itself as ACF Fiorentina. The club finished the 2003–04 season in sixth place and won the playoff against Perugia to return to top-flight football.

File:Cesare Prandelli.JPG
Cesare Prandelli, the club's longest-serving manager (2005–2010)

In their first season back in Serie A, however, the club struggled to avoid relegation, only securing survival on the last day of the season on head-to-head record against Bologna and Parma. In 2005, Della Valle decided to appoint Pantaleo Corvino as new sports director, followed by the appointment of Cesare Prandelli as head coach in the following season. The club made several signings during the summer transfer market, most notably Luca Toni and Sébastien Frey. This drastic move earned them a fourth-place finish with 74 points and a Champions League qualifying round ticket. Toni scored 31 goals in 38 appearances, the first player to pass the 30-goal mark since Antonio Valentin Angelillo in the 1958–59 season, for which he was awarded the European Golden Boot. On 14 July 2006, however, Fiorentina were relegated to Serie B due to their involvement in the 2006 Serie A match fixing scandal and given a 12-point penalty. The team was reinstated to the Serie A on appeal, but with a 19-point penalty for the 2006–07 season. The team's UEFA Champions League place was also rescinded.[6] After the start of the season, Fiorentina's penalisation was reduced from 19 points to 15 on appeal to the Italian courts. In spite of this penalty, they managed to secure a place in the UEFA Cup.

Despite Toni's departure to Bayern Munich, Fiorentina had a strong start to the 2007–08 season and were tipped by Italian national team coach Marcello Lippi, among others, as a surprise challenger for the Scudetto,[7] and although this form tailed off towards the middle of the season, the Viola managed to qualify for the Champions League. In Europe, the club reached the semi-final of the UEFA Cup, where they were ultimately defeated by Rangers on penalties. The 2008–09 season continued this success, a fourth-place finish assuring Fiorentina's spot in 2010's Champions League playoffs. Their European campaign was also similar to that of the previous run, relegated to the 2008–09 UEFA Cup and were eliminated by AFC Ajax in the end.

In the 2009–10 season, Fiorentina started their domestic campaign strongly before steadily losing momentum and slipped to mid-table positions at the latter half of the season. In Europe, the team proved to be a surprise dark horse: after losing their first away fixture against Olympique Lyonnais, they staged a comeback with a five-match streak by winning all their remaining matches (including defeating Liverpool home and away). The Viola qualified as group champions, but eventually succumbed to Bayern Munich due to the away goals rule. This was controversial due to a mistaken refereeing decision by Tom Henning Øvrebø, who allowed a clearly offside goal for Bayern in the first leg. Bayern eventually finished the tournament as runners-up, making a deep run all the way to the final. The incident called into attention the possible implementation of video replays in football. Despite a good European run and reaching the semi-finals in the Coppa Italia, Fiorentina failed to qualify for Europe.

During this period, on 24 September 2009, Andrea Della Valle resigned from his position as Chairman of Fiorentina, and announced all duties would be temporarily transferred to Mario Cognini, Fiorentina's Vice-President until a permanent position could be filled.[8]

The 2010s: Post-Prandelli Era

In June 2010, the Viola bid farewell to long-time manager Prandelli, by then the longest-serving coach in the team's history, who was departing to coach the Italian national team. Catania's manager Siniša Mihajlović was appointed to replace him. The club spent much of the early 2010–11 Serie A season in last place, but their form improved and Fiorentina finished ninth. Following a 1–0 defeat to Chievo in November 2011, Mihajlović was sacked and replaced by Delio Rossi.[9] After a brief period of improvements the Viola were again fighting relegation and sporting director Pantaleo Corvino was sacked in early 2012, following a 0–5 home defeat to Juventus. Their bid for survival was kept alive by a number of upset victories away from home, particularly at Roma and Milan. During a home game against Novara, trailing 0–2 within half an hour, manager Rossi decided to substitute midfielder Adem Ljajić early. Ljajić sarcastically applauded him in frustration, but Rossi retaliated by physical assault, an action which resulted in the manager being fired.[10] Caretaker manager Vincenzo Guerini guided the team away from the relegation zone, and Fiorentina finished the season in thirteenth place.

To engineer a resurrection, the Della Valle family invested heavily in the summer of 2012, buying 17 new players and appointing Vincenzo Montella as head coach.The team started the season well, finishing the calendar year in joint third place. They finished the season in fourth place, qualifying for the 2013–14 UEFA Europa League. In the 2013–14 season Fiorentina topped their Europa League group, beat Esbjerg fB 4-2 on aggregate in the first knockout round, but then lost to fellow Italian side Juventus 2–1 on aggregate. They finished fourth again in the league, and were Coppa Italia runners-up, losing 3-1 to Napoli in the final.


Current squad

As of 8 February 2015.[11]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 23x15px GK Neto
2 23x15px DF Gonzalo Rodríguez (vice-captain)
4 23x15px DF Micah Richards (on loan from Manchester City)
5 23x15px MF Milan Badelj
6 23x15px MF Juan Manuel Vargas
7 23x15px MF David Pizarro
9 23x15px FW Alberto Gilardino (on loan from Guangzhou Evergrande)
10 23x15px MF Alberto Aquilani
12 23x15px GK Ciprian Tătărușanu
14 23x15px MF Matías Fernández
15 23x15px DF Stefan Savić
16 23x15px MF Jasmin Kurtić (on loan from Sassuolo)
17 23x15px MF Joaquín
18 23x15px MF Alessandro Diamanti (on loan from Guangzhou Evergrande)
19 23x15px DF José María Basanta
20 23x15px MF Borja Valero
No. Position Player
21 23x15px GK Cristiano Lupatelli
22 23x15px FW Giuseppe Rossi
23 23x15px DF Manuel Pasqual (captain)
28 23x15px DF Marcos Alonso
29 23x15px FW Federico Bernardeschi
30 23x15px FW Khouma Babacar
31 23x15px GK Antonio Rosati
32 23x15px MF Andrea Lazzari
33 23x15px FW Mario Gómez
38 23x15px MF Aleandro Rosi (on loan from Genoa)
40 23x15px DF Nenad Tomović
72 23x15px MF Josip Iličić
74 23x15px MF Mohamed Salah (on loan from Chelsea)
77 23x15px FW Mounir El Hamdaoui
93 23x15px MF Octávio (on loan from Botafogo)

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
23x15px DF Michele Camporese (at Bari)
23x15px DF Ahmed Hegazy (at Perugia)
23x15px DF Facundo Roncaglia (at Genoa)
23x15px DF Cristiano Piccini (at Real Betis)
23x15px MF Boadu Maxwell Acosty (at Modena)
23x15px MF Marko Bakić (at Spezia)
23x15px MF Joshua Brillante (at Empoli)
23x15px MF Leonardo Capezzi (at Varese)
No. Position Player
23x15px MF Oleksandr Iakovenko (at ADO Den Haag)
23x15px MF Amidu Salifu (at Modena)
23x15px MF Matías Vecino (at Empoli)
23x15px MF Rafał Wolski (at KV Mechelen)
23x15px FW Steve Leo Beleck (at Mantova)
23x15px FW Ryder Matos (at Palmeiras)
23x15px FW Ante Rebić (at RB Leipzig)


Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
23x15px DF Luca Bittante (with Avellino)
23x15px DF Lorenzo De Silvestri (with Sampdoria)
No. Position Player
23x15px MF Daniel Kofi Agyei (with Benevento)

Youth team

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
34 23x15px DF Gianluca Mancini
37 23x15px MF Luzayadio Bangu

Notable players

Managerial history

Fiorentina have had many managers and head coaches throughout their history. Below is a chronological list from the club's foundation in 1926 to the present day.[12]

Name Nationality Years
Károly Csapkay 23x15px 1926–28
Károly Csapkay
Gyula Feldmann
Gyula Feldmann 23x15px 1930–31
Hermann Felsner 23x15px 1931–33
Wilhelm Rady 23x15px 1933
József Ging 23x15px 1933–34
Guido Ara 23x15px 1934–37
Ottavio Baccani 23x15px 1937–38
Ferenc Molnár 23x15px 1938
Rudolf Soutschek 23x15px 1938–39
Giuseppe Galluzzi 23x15px 1939–45
Guido Ara 23x15px 1946
Renzo Magli 23x15px 1946–47
Imre Senkey 23x15px 1947
Luigi Ferrero 23x15px 1947–51
Renzo Magli 23x15px 1951–53
Fulvio Bernardini 23x15px 1953–58
Lajos Czeizler 23x15px 1958–59
Luigi Ferrero 23x15px 1959
Luis Carniglia 23x15px 1959–60
Giuseppe Chiappella 23x15px 1960
Nándor Hidegkuti 23x15px 1960–62
Name Nationality Years
Ferruccio Valcareggi 23x15px 1962–64
Giuseppe Chiappella 23x15px 1964–67
Luigi Ferrero 23x15px 1967–68
Andrea Bassi 23x15px 1968
Bruno Pesaola 23x15px 1968–71
Oronzo Pugliese 23x15px 1971
Nils Liedholm 23x15px 1971–73
Luigi Radice 23x15px 1973–74
Nereo Rocco 23x15px 1974–75
Carlo Mazzone 23x15px 1975–77
Mario Mazzoni 23x15px 1977–78
Giuseppe Chiappella 23x15px 1978
Paolo Carosi 23x15px 1978–81
Giancarlo De Sisti 23x15px 1981–85
Ferruccio Valcareggi 23x15px 1985
Aldo Agroppi 23x15px 1985–86
Eugenio Bersellini 23x15px 1986–87
Sven-Göran Eriksson 23x15px July 1, 1987–June 30, 1989
Bruno Giorgi 23x15px July 1, 1989–April 25, 1990
Francesco Graziani (int.) 23x15px April 26, 1990–June 30, 1990
Sebastião Lazaroni 23x15px July 1, 1990–Sept 30, 1991
Luigi Radice 23x15px Oct 1, 1991–Jan 5, 1993
Aldo Agroppi 23x15px Jan 6, 1993–April 30, 1993
Name Nationality Years
Luciano Chiarugi (int.) 23x15px May 1, 1993–June 30, 1993
Claudio Ranieri 23x15px July 1, 1993–June 30, 1997
Alberto Malesani 23x15px July 1, 1997–June 30, 1998
Giovanni Trapattoni 23x15px July 1, 1998–June 30, 2000
Fatih Terim 23x15px July 1, 2000–Feb 25, 2001
Luciano Chiarugi 23x15px 2001
Roberto Mancini 23x15px Feb 26, 2001–Jan 14, 2002
Ottavio Bianchi 23x15px Jan 14, 2002–March 31, 2002
Luciano Chiarugi (int.) 23x15px April 1, 2002–June 30, 2002
Eugenio Fascetti 23x15px June 2002–July 2002
Pietro Vierchowod 23x15px July 1, 2002–Oct 29, 2002
Alberto Cavasin 23x15px Oct 29, 2002–Feb 10, 2004
Emiliano Mondonico 23x15px Feb 10, 2004–Oct 25, 2004
Sergio Buso 23x15px Oct 25, 2004–Jan 25, 2005
Dino Zoff 23x15px Jan 25, 2005–June 30, 2005
Cesare Prandelli 23x15px July 1, 2005–June 3, 2010
Siniša Mihajlović 23x15px June 4, 2010–Nov 7, 2011
Delio Rossi 23x15px Nov 8, 2011–May 2, 2012
Vincenzo Guerini (int.) 23x15px May 3, 2012–June 11, 2012
Vincenzo Montella 23x15px June 11, 2012–

Club strip


File:Fleur de lis of Florence.svg
The badge used by Florentia Viola

The official emblem of the city of Florence, a red fleur-de-lis on a white field, has been pivotal in the all-round symbolism of the club.

Over the course of the club's history, they have had several badge changes, all of which incorporated Florence's fleur-de-lis in some way.[13] The first one was nothing more than the city's coat of arms, a white shield with the red fleur-de-lis inside. It was soon changed to a very stylised fleur-de-lis, always red, and sometimes even without the white field. The most common symbol, adopted for about twenty years, had been a white lozenge with the flower inside. During the season they were Italian champions, the lozenge disappeared and the flower was overlapped with the scudetto.

The logo introduced by owner Flavio Pontello in 1980 was particularly distinct, consisting of one-half of the city of Florence's emblem and one-half of the letter "F", for Fiorentina. People disliked it when it was introduced, believing it was a commercial decision and, above all, because the symbol bore more of a resemblance to a halberd than a fleur-de-lis.[13]

Today's logo is a kite shaped double lozenge bordered in gold. The outer lozenge has a purple background with the letters "AC" in white and the letter "F" in red, standing for the club's name. The inner lozenge is white with a gold border and the red fleur-de-lis of Florence.[13] This logo had been in use from 1992 to 2002, but after the financial crisis and resurrection of the club the new one couldn't use the same logo. Florence's comune instead granted Florentia Viola use of the stylised coat of arms used in other city documents. Diego Della Valle acquired the current logo the following year in a judicial auction for a fee of €2.5 million, making it the most expensive logo in Italian football.

Kit and colours

When Fiorentina was founded in 1926, the players wore red and white halved shirts derived from the colour of the city emblem.[14] The more well-known and highly distinctive purple kit was adopted in 1928 and has been used ever since, giving rise to the nickname La Viola ("The Purple (team)"). Tradition has it that Fiorentina got their purple kit by mistake after an accident washing the old red and white coloured kits in the river.

The away kit has always been predominantly white, sometimes with purple and red elements, sometimes all-white. The shorts had been purple when the home kit was with white shorts. Fiorentina's third kit was first one in the 1995–96 season and it was all-red with purple borders and two lilies on the shoulders. The red shirt has been the most worn 3rd shirt by Fiorentina, although they also wore rare yellow shirts ('97–'98, '99–'00 and '10–'11) and a sterling version, mostly in the Coppa Italia, in 2000–01.

Kit evolution

Kit Manufacturer and Sponsors

Kit Manufacturer

Kit Sponsors


National titles

Serie A:

Coppa Italia:

Supercoppa Italiana:

  • Winners (1) : 1996
  • Runners-up (1): 2001

Europeans titles

UEFA Champions League:

UEFA Europa League:

UEFA Cup Winners' Cup:

Minor titles

Coppa Grasshoppers

  • Winners (1) : 1957

Mitropa Cup

  • Winners (1) : 1966

Anglo-Italian League Cup

  • Winners (1) : 1975

Copa EuroAmericana

  • Winners (1) : 2014

Serie B

Serie C2 (as Florentia Viola)

  • Winners: (1) 2002–03

UEFA rankings

Club coefficients

This is the UEFA club's coefficient as of 17 April 2015:[15]

Rank Team Coefficient
40 23x15px Liverpool 47.078
41 23x15px Metalist Kharkiv 46.733
42 23x15px Alkmaar 46.695
43 23x15px Fiorentina 45.535
44 23x15px Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk 44.733
45 23x15px Twente 43.695
46 23x15px Salzburg 43.135

ACF Fiorentina as a company

ACF Fiorentina S.p.A.
Revenue 11px €67,076,953 (2011)
11px (€49,772,471) (2011)
#redirect Template:If affirmed 11px (€32,474,084) (2011)
Total assets 11px €156,972,324 (2011)
Total equity 11px €50,612,014 (2011)
Owner Diego Della Valle & C. Sapa (98.98%)
Andrea Della Valle (1.02%)
Parent Diego Della Valle & C. Sapa
Subsidiaries Campus Viola srl
Firenze Viola srl
Promesse Viola srl

Since re-established in 2002, ACF Fiorentina S.p.A. yet to self-sustain to keep the team in top division as well as in European competitions. In the 2005 financial year, the club made a net loss of €9,159,356, followed by a net loss of €19,519,789. In 2006 (2005–06 Serie A and 2006–07 Serie A), Fiorentina heavily invested on players, made the amortisation of intangible asset (the player contract) had increased from €17.7 million to €24 million.[16] However the club suffered from 2006 Italian football scandal, meant the club did not qualify for Europe. In 2007 Fiorentina almost break-even, with a net loss of just €3,704,953. In 2007 financial year the TV revenue increased after qualified to 2007–08 UEFA Cup.[17] Despite qualified to 2008–09 UEFA Champions League, Fiorentina made a net loss of €9,179,484 in 2008 financial year after the increase in TV revenue was outweighed by the increase in wage.[18] In the 2009 financial year, Fiorentina made a net profit of €4,442,803, largely due to the profit on selling players (€33,631,489 from players such as Felipe Melo, Giampaolo Pazzini and Zdravko Kuzmanovic; increased from about €3.5 million in 2008). However it also offset by the write-down of selling players (€6,062,545, from players such as Manuel da Costa, Arturo Lupoli and Davide Carcuro).[19]

After the club failed to qualify to Europe at the end of 2009–10 Serie A, as well as lack of player profit, Fiorentina turnover was decreased from €140,040,713 in 2009 to just €79,854,928, despite wage bill also fell, la Viola still made a net loss of €9,604,353.[20][21] In the 2011 financial year, the turnover slipped to €67,076,953, as the club's lack of capital gains from selling players and 2010 financial year still included the instalments from UEFA for participating 2009–10 UEFA Europa League. Furthermore, the gate income had dropped from €11,070,385 to €7,541,260. The wage bill did not fall much and in reverse the amortisation of transfer fee had sightly increased due to new signing. La Viola had saving in other cost but counter-weighted by huge €11,747,668 write-down for departed players, due to D'Agostino, Frey and Mutu, but the former would counter-weight by co-ownership financial income, which all made the operating cost remained high as worse as last year. Moreover in 2010 the result was boosted by acquiring the asset from subsidiary (related to AC Fiorentina) and the re-valuation of its value in separate balance sheet. If deducting that income (€14,737,855), 2010 financial year was net loss 24,342,208 and 2011 result was worsen €8,131,876 only in separate balance sheet.[22][23]

ACF Fiorentina re-capitalized in 2006, for €34.7 million.[16] In the next year la Viola re-capitalized €20 million[17] and €20M again in 2008.[18] In 2009 Fiorentina re-capitalized for €10 million only[19] and did not had a re-capitalization in 2010 and 2011 financial year.


  1. ^ a b "Organigramma" (in Italian). ACF Fiorentina. Retrieved 29 November 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Fiorentina" (in Italian). Lega Calcio. Archived from the original on 25 February 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Martin, Simon. Football and Fascism: The National Game Under Mussolini. Berg Publishers. ISBN 1-85973-705-6. 
  4. ^ From Corriere della Sera of 5 January 1993
  5. ^ "Serie B a 24 squadre. C'è anche la Fiorentina" (in Italian). La Repubblica. 20 August 2003. Archived from the original on 1 May 2008. Retrieved 4 April 2008. 
  6. ^ BBC (14 July 2006). "Italian trio relegated to Serie B". BBC News. Retrieved 1 January 2010. 
  7. ^ "Lippi Tips Fiorentina For Surprise Scudetto Challenge". 11 November 2007. 
  8. ^ "Fiorentina senza presidente Della Valle si è dimesso" (in Italian). La Gazzetta dello Sport. 24 September 2009. 
  9. ^ "Mihajlovic sacked as Fiorentina coach". 7 November 2011. 
  10. ^ "Fiorentina boss Delio Rossi sacked for attacking player". BBC Sport. 3 May 2012. 
  11. ^ "Squadra". ViolaChannel. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  12. ^ "". Viola. Archived from the original on 2009-10-27. 
  13. ^ a b c "ACF Fiorentina". 24 June 2007. 
  14. ^ "Stemma Comune di Firenze". Comuni-Italiani. 24 June 2007. 
  15. ^ "UEFA rankings for club competitions". 
  16. ^ a b ACF Fiorentina Report and Accounts on 31 December 2006 Invalid language code.
  17. ^ a b ACF Fiorentina Report and Accounts on 31 December 2007 Invalid language code.
  18. ^ a b ACF Fiorentina Report and Accounts on 31 December 2008 Invalid language code.
  19. ^ a b ACF Fiorentina Report and Accounts on 31 December 2009 Invalid language code.
  20. ^ ACF Fiorentina Report and Accounts on 31 December 2010 Invalid language code.
  21. ^ "Bilancio Fiorentina 2010: in perdita, nonostante la cessione del ramo commerciale". (in Italian). 6 September 2011. Retrieved 4 March 2012. 
  22. ^ "Bilancio Fiorentina 2011: perdita da rendimento sportivo" (in Italian). 7 June 2012. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 
  23. ^ ACF Fiorentina SpA Report and Accounts on 31 December 2011 Invalid language code.

External links

Preceded by
initial winners
UEFA Cup Winners Cup Winners
Succeeded by
Atlético Madrid

Template:Original Italian Serie B clubs

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