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Abbreviated mental test score

The abbreviated mental test score (AMTS) was introduced by Hodkinson in 1972[1] rapidly to assess elderly patients for the possibility of dementia. Its uses in medicine have become somewhat wider, e.g. to assess for confusion and other cognitive impairment, although it has mainly been validated in the elderly.


The following questions are put to the patient. Each question correctly answered scores one point. A score of 7-8 or less suggests cognitive impairment at the time of testing, although further and more formal tests are necessary to confirm a diagnosis of dementia, delirium or other causes of cognitive impairment.

Question [1] Score
What is your age? (1 point)  
What is the time to the nearest hour? (1 point)  
Give the patient an address, and ask him or her to repeat it at the end of the test. (1 point)

e.g. 42 West Street

What is the year? (1 point)  
What is the name of the hospital or number of the residence where the patient is situated? (1 point)  
Can the patient recognize two persons (the doctor, nurse, home help, etc.)? (1 point)  
What is your date of birth? (day and month sufficient) (1 point)  
In what year did World War 1 begin? (1 point)

(other dates can be used, with a preference for dates some time in the past.)

Name the present monarch/dictator/prime minister/president. (1 point)

(Alternatively, the question "When did you come to [this country]? " has been suggested)

Count backwards from 20 down to 1. (1 point)  

See also


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