Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling
|Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling|
|Presented by||Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences|
|Currently held by||
The Academy Award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling is the Oscar given to the best achievement in makeup and hair-styling for film. Usually, only three films are nominated each year rather than five as in most categories. The exception is in the early 1980s as well as 2002, when there were only two nominees; and in 1999, when there were four nominees.
The competitive category was created in 1981 as the Academy Award for Best Makeup, after the Academy received complaints that the make-up work in The Elephant Man (1980) was not going to be honored. Although no award was given to The Elephant Man, an entire category dedicated to honoring make-up effects in film was created for subsequent ceremonies. Previously, make-up artists were only eligible for special achievement awards for their work.
This is one of the categories with different stages of nominating. There is a preliminary list of nominees after they are screened by the members of the branch and then they choose from the pre-nominees what the final nominees will be. Then the whole membership of the academy votes on the winner.
- Rick Baker has received both the most awards (7) and the most nominations (11) for the Academy Award for Best Makeup. Baker is the category's first honoree after he won for his work in An American Werewolf in London (1981).
Multiple Wins and Nominations
- Howard Berger
- Veronica Brebner
- Lois Burwell
- John Caglione, Jr.
- Colleen Callaghan
- Mark Coulier
- Judith A. Cory
- Ken Diaz
- Dave Elsey
- Paul Engelen
- Carl Fullerton
- Joel Harlow
- Bob Laden
- Tami Lane
- Conor O'Sullivan
- Jenny Shircore
- Christina Smith
- Dick Smith
- Vittorio Sodano
- Daniel C. Striepeke
- Peter Swords King
- Richard Taylor
- Kazuhiro Tsuji
Special Achievement Awards
Before 1981, Special Achievement Oscars were twice awarded to makeup artists for their work on a specific film:
Starting in 1993, the award is to be shared with hairstylists if hair effects "contribute greatly to the appearance and effect of the characters".
Winners and nominees
In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release; the ceremonies are always held the following year. Films in dark blue background have received a Special/Honorary Award; those in yellow background have won a regular Academy Award of Merit.
|7 Faces of Dr. Lao||William J. Tuttle|
|Planet of the Apes||John Chambers|
- Kilday, Greg (28 June 2012). "New Oscar Rules Allow Multiple Songwriters, Incorporate Hair Styling". <span />The Hollywood Reporter<span />. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- "Film academy approves new rules for 85th Academy Awards, makes hairstyling eligible for Oscar". The Washington Post. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
- Brian Pendreigh (7 September 2001). "Obituary:John Chambers: Make-up master responsible for Hollywood's finest space-age creatures". The Guardian. Retrieved Feb 27, 2013.
- Rule Fifteen: Special Rules for the Music Awards | Rules for the 84th Academy Awards | Academy of Motion Picture Arts & Sciences. Oscars.org. Retrieved on 2013-08-09.
- "The 66th Academy Awards (1994) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved August 27, 2011.