Afghanistan national cricket team
The Afghanistan national cricket team (Pashto: دافغانستان کرکټ ملي لوبډله, Dari: تیم ملی کرکت افغانستان) is the team that represents the country of Afghanistan in international cricket matches. Cricket has been played in Afghanistan since the mid 19th century, but it is only in recent years that the national team has become successful. The Afghanistan Cricket Federation was formed in 1995 and became an affiliate member of the International Cricket Council (ICC) in 2001 and a member of the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) in 2003. They are ranked 12th in International Twenty20 cricket as of January 2015
The national team was formed in 2001, which played in the 2009 World Cup Qualifier after rising rapidly through the World Cricket League, starting in Division Five in May 2008. The team failed to qualify for the 2011 World Cup, but did earn ODI status until 2013. In February 2010, the Afghan cricket team secured qualification to the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, the team's first major tournament. In the same year they won their first Intercontinental Cup, beating Scotland in the final. Afghanistan also won the Asia Vs Caribbean T20 Championship and beat T&T, Bangladesh and Barbados.
Afghanistan also qualified for 2012 ICC World Twenty20 held in Sri Lanka as the runner up of the ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier and joined India and England in the group stage. In the first match against India on 19 September, Afghanistan won the toss and elected to field. India posted 159/5 in 20 overs but Afghanistan fell short of that target by scoring 136 in 19.3 overs. In the second match against England on 21 September, Afghanistan won the toss and again elected to field. England set a target of 196/5 (20 overs) but Afghanistan were all out for 80 in 17.2 overs. England and India qualified for the Super Eights and Afghanistan were eliminated as a result of this match.
On October 3, 2013, Afghanistan beat Kenya to finish second in the WCL Championship and qualify for the 2015 Cricket World Cup, becoming the 20th team to gain entry into the tournament overall. Afghanistan secured their passage to Australia and New Zealand in 2015 by beating Kenya comprehensively for the second time in succession in Sharjah, sealing their maiden World Cup qualification. They finished second in the World Cricket League Championship — nine wins in 14 matches — and joined Ireland as the second Associate team in the 2015 World Cup, while the remaining two spots for Associates will be decided by a qualifying tournament in New Zealand in 2014. Afghanistan will join Pool A at the World Cup along with Australia, Bangladesh, England, New Zealand, Sri Lanka and another qualifier. On November 24, 2013, Afghanistan beat Kenya to qualify for the 2014 T20 world cup.
- 1 History
- 2 Tournament history
- 2.1 Cricket World Cup
- 2.2 ICC World Twenty20
- 2.3 ICC Intercontinental Cup
- 2.4 ICC Trophy/ICC World Cup Qualifier
- 2.5 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier
- 2.6 World Cricket League
- 2.7 Asian Games
- 2.8 Asia Cup
- 2.9 ACC Premier League
- 2.10 ACC Trophy
- 2.11 ACC Twenty20 Cup
- 2.12 ACC Under-19 Cup
- 2.13 Middle East Cup
- 2.14 Asia vs Caribbean T20 Championship
- 3 The future
- 4 Grounds
- 5 Current squad
- 6 Coaching Staff
- 7 Records
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
The earliest record of cricket in Afghanistan is of British troops playing a match in Kabul in 1839, though it appears that no long lasting legacy of cricket was left by the British. In the 1990s, cricket became popular amongst the Afghan refugees residing in Pakistan, and the Afghanistan Cricket Board was formed there in 1995. They continued to play cricket on their return to their home country. Like all sports, cricket was originally banned by the Taliban, but cricket became an exception in 2000 (being the only sport in Afghanistan to be approved by the Taliban) and the Afghanistan Cricket Federation was elected as an affiliate member of the ICC the following year.
The national team was invited to play in the second tier of Pakistani domestic cricket the same year, and the tour brought international media attention to Afghan cricket when the US-led invasion of the country began whilst the team was in Pakistan. The team lost three and drew two of the five matches on the tour.
They played in two Pakistani tournaments in 2003, winning their first match that year. They began playing in Asian regional tournaments in 2004, finishing sixth in their first ACC Trophy. More success began in 2006 when they were runners-up to Bahrain in the Middle East Cup and beat an MCC side featuring former England captain Mike Gatting by 171 runs in Mumbai. Gatting was dismissed for a duck.
They toured England in the summer of 2006, winning six out of seven matches. Three of their wins came against the second XIs of Essex, Glamorgan and Leicestershire. They finished third in the ACC Trophy that year, beating Nepal in a play-off match.
They won their first tournament in 2007, sharing the ACC Twenty20 Cup with Oman after the two tied in the final. They began their qualifying campaign for the 2011 World Cup in Jersey in 2008, winning Division Five of the World Cricket League. They finished third in the ACC Trophy Elite tournament the same year, and won a second consecutive WCL tournament, Division Four in Tanzania later in the year.
In January 2009, Afghanistan progressed to the 2009 World Cup Qualifier by winning Division Three of the World Cricket League in Buenos Aires, topping the table on net run rate ahead of Uganda and Papua New Guinea.
In the 2011 Cricket World Cup qualifying tournament, Afghanistan failed to progress to the World Cup, but earned ODI status for four years. Their first ODI was against Scotland in the 5th place playoff, having previously beaten the Scots earlier in the tournament; Afghanistan won by 89 runs.
In the Intercontinental Cup Afghanistan played its first first-class match against a Zimbabwe XI in a four-day match in Mutare. During the match, which was drawn, Afghan batsman Noor Ali scored centuries in both his innings, making him only the fourth player to do so on their first-class debut. Later, in August 2009, they played the Netherlands in same competition at the VRA Cricket Ground, winning a low-scoring match by one wicket.
Afghanistan then took part in the 2009 ACC Twenty20 Cup in the United Arab Emirates. Afghanistan were drawn in Group A, a group which Afghanistan topped at the end of the group stages by winning all five of their matches. In the semi-finals the Afghans defeated Kuwait by 8 wickets. In the final they met the hosts, the United Arab Emirates, whom they defeated by 84 runs.
On 1 February 2010, Afghanistan played their first Twenty20 International against Ireland, which they lost by 5 wickets. On 13 February 2010, Afghanistan first defeated the United Arab Emirates by 4 wickets to make their way to the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 to be in the West Indies in April 2010. Later the same day they defeated Ireland by 8 wickets in the Final of 2010 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier and won the qualifier. Afghanistan were in Group C of the main tournament, with India and South Africa. During their first match against India, opening batsman Noor Ali hit 50 runs, helping Afghanistan to a score of 115 in their 20 overs. Despite this they lost the match by 8 wickets. In their second match, the team were reduced to 14/6 at one stage, before a late rally from Mirwais Ashraf and Hamid Hassan helped Afghanistan post 88 all out, resulting in a loss by 59 runs.
The teams Intercontinental Cup campaign continued in 2010, with wins over Ireland, Canada, Scotland and Kenya before they beat Scotland by 7 wickets in the final in Dubai. Also in 2010, they won the ACC Trophy Elite tournament in Kuwait, beating Nepal in the final and finished third in Division One of the World Cricket League in the Netherlands. They took part in the cricket tournament at the 2010 Asian Games in China and won the silver medal, losing to Bangladesh in the final.
In 2011, Afghanistan begun playing in the 2011-13 ICC Intercontinental Cup. They beat Canada and drew with the UAE. In the parallel one-day league, they won two matches against Canada and lost twice to the UAE. In March, 2013, they played two T20 Internationals against Scotland in UAE and prevailed in both matches. They also won two ODIs in World Cricket League Championship against the same opponents. Afghanistan drew level with Scotland in second in the WCL Championship table after the two convincing wins that boosted their hopes of securing automatic qualification for the 2015 World Cup.
Ireland won the WCL Championship with 24 points, and Afghanistan came second with 19 points was qualified for World Cup. Netherlands, in fourth, face Namibia next month, while fifth-placed UAE host Ireland later in March. There will be a further two rounds of games, with the top two teams guaranteed a spot at the next World Cup in Australia and New Zealand.
Afghanistan also inflicted a crushing defeat on Scotland in their ICC Intercontinental Cup match. Afghanistan 275 (Shah 67*, Davey 4-53) beat Scotland 125 (Taylor 48*, Dawlatzai 6-57) and 145 (Coetzer 57, Dawlatzai 5-37) by an innings and 5 runs. Izatullah Dawlatzai took eleven wickets in the match as Afghanistan defeated Scotland by an innings and five runs in Abu Dhabi.
The event was a qualifier for the 2012 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier, but Afghanistan have already qualified for the event in the United Arab Emirates. Further matches in the 2011-13 Intercontinental Cup and the associated one-day league will be played in 2012 against the Netherlands and Ireland and in 2013 against Scotland, Namibia and Kenya.
Afghanistan played its first One Day International against a Full Member of the International Cricket Council in February 2012 when they played a single match against Pakistan at Sharjah. Afghanistan also took on Australia Cricket Team for only ODI at Sharjah in August 2012 .
In July 2014 Afghanistan toured Zimbabwe to play its 1st full series against a full member. The 4 match ODI series finished 2-2 an the 2 match first class series finished 1-1.
Afghanistan got its associate membership of the ICC on 27 of June 2013. The decision was taken on the ICC’s annual meeting on 26 of June 2013 in London, England and was attended by ACB CEO Dr Noor Muhammad Murrad. The nomination request had been sent by the Asian Cricket Council (ACC) last year based on the continuous progress made by former ACB CEO Dr Hamid sheenwari, especially in its cricket development.
"Afghanistan is the only country that receives the Associate membership in a short period of time in reward to the efforts Afghanistan made for the promotion of cricket," Dr Noor Muhammad, CEO of the Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB), said on the ACC website.
Becoming an Associate would mean higher funding and, importantly, more exposure for the passionate and cricket-starved players from Afghanistan, a war-torn country. So far, the ICC was paying $700,000 in annual funding to Afghanistan, which is now likely to rise to $850,000 based on the Associate status.
In March 2013, Afghanistan received a boost after a two-year Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed between the Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB) and Pakistan Cricket Board (PCB) for the development of Afghanistan cricket ahead of the 2015 World Cup.
The PCB will provide technical and professional support, including game-education programmes, coaching courses, skill and performance analysis, and basic umpiring and curator courses. High performance camps for emerging players will also be organised. The PCB-regulated National Cricket Academy (NCA) will help in improving technical, tactical, mental and physical skills, and will host lectures on doping, anti-corruption and various codes of conduct. The finance for the project will be decided later, with the NCA-related activities likely to be subsidised.
In April 2013, the Afghanistan Cricket Board (ACB) was allocated US$422,000 (22,400,000 AFN approx.) from the ICC's targeted assistance and performance programme. The world governing body of cricket approved the grant at its IDI (ICC Development International) board meeting, which concluded in Dubai.
ACB chief executive officer, Noor Mohammad Murad, said the board had requested a total of $1 million in assistance. "The ICC approved $422,000 for now. They will send a delegation to visit the ACB in two or three weeks, and will decide [from there] whether or not to approve the rest of the money," Murad told AFP.
The money, to be given over three years, is aimed at developing more competitive teams among ICC Full, Associate and Affiliate members. Previously, countries such as the Netherlands, Scotland, West Indies, Zimbabwe and Ireland have received assistance through a similar programme. According to an ICC statement, the funding for the ACB is for the development of the National Cricket Academy in Kabul.
Afghanistan became an Affiliate member of the ICC in 2001. In 2009 it attained one-day status till 2015. Over the last two years, the ACB has undergone organisational restructuring in a bid to provide better leadership and find qualified staff to run cricket administration in the war-torn country. They are currently developing their domestic cricket infrastructure, and have signed a two-year deal with the Pakistan board for the development of Afghanistan cricket ahead of the 2015 World Cup.
Last year, the Asian Cricket Council decided to nominate Afghanistan for Associate membership with the ICC, with the request being looked into at the ICC's annual conference in June. At present the ICC provides about $700,000 a year in funding. Based on current distributions, that will rise to $850,000 once Associate status is assured.
2015 Cricket World Cup
The competition will see the team compete against elite cricketing nations such as Australia, Sri Lanka, New Zealand and England. Qualification for the tournament is a historic feat for cricket in Afghanistan as the team comprises many players who picked up the game in refugee camps outside their long-suffering country.
On February 26, 2015, Afghanistan won their first World Cup match against Scotland, winning by one wicket.
|World Twenty20 record|
|South Africa 2007||Did not qualify|
|West Indies 2010||Round 1||12/12||2||0||2||0||0|
|Sri Lanka 2012||Round 1||11/12||2||0||2||0||0|
|Bangladesh 2014||Round 1||14/16||3||1||2||0||0|
- 2009: Not eligible, not an ODI nation at time of tournament
- 2010: Winners
- 2012: Runners up
- 2013: Runners up
- Championship Runners Up
- 1984-2000: Not eligible, not an ACC member.
- 2004: Did not qualify
- 2006: Did not qualify
- 2008: Did not qualify
- 2010: Did not qualify
- 2012: Did not qualify
- 2014: Group Stage
- 2014: Winners
- 1996–2002: Not eligible, not an ACC member.
- 2004: 6th place
- 2006: 3rd place
- 2008: 3rd place (Elite)
- 2010: Winners (Elite)
- 2014: 4th place
Middle East Cup
- 2006: Runners-up
Asia vs Caribbean T20 Championship
- 2012: Winners
- Afghanistan will participate in 2015 ICC World Twenty20 Qualifier in Ireland and Scotland this July-August.
Afghanistan do not play their homes matches in Afghanistan due to the ongoing security situation and the lack of international standard facilities. Afghanistan played their 'home' Intercontinental Cup fixture against Ireland at the Rangiri Dambulla International Stadium in Sri Lanka. Following Afghanistan's World Twenty20 qualifying campaign they played two One Day Internationals against Canada at the Sharjah Cricket Association Stadium in the UAE, after which the stadium was named the 'home' ground of Afghanistan.
As plans to resurrect Afghan cricket and the country itself it was later announced that Kabul National Cricket Stadium would be built and completed by July 2011; it would employ many local Afghans in construction and later maintenance. It would also see new sprinklers, seats, training centre and a 6000-seat capacity built for people to watch and play cricket. The stadium is the hub of international and domestic cricket in Afghanistan. Outside of Jalalabad, the Ghazi Amanullah Khan International Cricket Stadium has been constructed.
The following are the major cricket stadiums in Afghanistan:
- Ghazi Amanullah Khan International Cricket Stadium in Ghazni Amanullah Khan City, Nangarhar Province
- Kandahar International Cricket Stadium in Kandahar (under construction)
- Kabul National Cricket Stadium in Kabul
- Sherzai Cricket Stadium in Jalalabad(under construction)
- Mazar-i-Sharif Cricket Stadium in Mazar-i-Sharif
- Khost City Stadium in Khost City
The ground hosted matches for Afghanistan
This is current players who played for Afghanistan in 2013/14 season.
- Afghanistan National Cricket Academy: 23x15px Peter Anderson
- Head coach: 23x15pxAndy Moles
- Batting coach: 23x15pxAndy Moles 
- Bowling coach: 23x15pxHasti Gul
- Fielding coach: n/a
- Mental conditioning coach: Vacant
- Fitness trainer: n/a
- Head Physiotherapist: n/a
- Masseur: n/a
- Performance analyst: n/a
|One Day Internationals||51||25||26||0||0||19 April 2009|
|Twenty20 Internationals||25||12||13||0||0||1 February 2010|
One Day Internationals
- Highest team total: 302/5 v United Arab Emirates, 2 May 2014 at Kuala Lumpur
- Lowest team total: 63 v Scotland, 14 January 2015 at Abu Dhabi
ODI record versus other nations
|vs Test nations|
|v 23x15px Pakistan||2||0||2||0||0|
|v 23x15px Australia||2||0||2||0||0|
|v 23x15px Bangladesh||2||1||1||0||0||1 March 2014|
|v 23x15px Sri Lanka||2||0||2||0||0|
|v Template:Country data IND||1||0||1||0||0|
|v 23x15px Zimbabwe||4||2||2||0||0||22 July 2014|
|v 23x15px New Zealand||1||0||1||0||0|
|v 23x15px England||1||0||1||0||0|
|vs Associate/Affiliate Members|
|v 23x15px Scotland||9||6||3||0||0||19 April 2009|
|v 23x15px Netherlands||6||4||2||0||0||1 September 2009|
|v 23x15px Canada||5||4||1||0||0||16 February 2010|
|v 23x15px Ireland||4||1||3||0||0||17 January 2015|
|v Template:Country data KEN||6||4||2||0||0||5 July 2010|
|v 23x15px United Arab Emirates||5||2||3||0||0||2 May 2014|
Most ODI runs for Afghanistan
Most ODI wickets for Afghanistan
Highest ODI score for Afghanistan
|Usman Ghani||118||23x15px Zimbabwe||Queens Sports Club||2014|
|Mohammad Shahzad||118||23x15px Canada||Sharjah Cricket Stadium||2010|
|Karim Sadiq||114*||23x15px Scotland||Cambusdoon New Ground||2010|
|Noor Ali||114||23x15px Canada||Sharjah Cricket Stadium||2010|
|Nawroz Mangal||112*||23x15px Scotland||Sharjah Cricket Stadium||2013|
|Mohammad Shahzad||110||23x15px Netherlands||VRA Cricket Ground||2009|
|Mohammad Shahzad||100*||23x15px Scotland||Cambusdoon New Ground||2010|
|Karim Sadiq||100||23x15px Netherlands||Sharjah Cricket Stadium||2012|
Best bowling figures in an innings for Afghanistan
|Rahmat Shah Zurmatai||5/32||23x15px United Arab Emirates||Kinrara Academy Oval||2014|
|Hamid Hassan||4/19||Template:Country data KEN||Sharjah Cricket Stadium||2013|
|Shapoor Zadran||4/24||23x15px Netherlands||VRA Cricket Ground||2009|
|Hamid Hassan||4/24||Template:Country data KEN||Gymkhana Club Ground||2010|
|Samiullah Shenwari||4/31||23x15px Canada||Sharjah Cricket Stadium||2010|
- Highest team total: 174/8 v Canada, 18 March 2012 at Dubai (Cricket Academy)
- Lowest team total: 72 v Bangladesh, 16 March 2014 at Dhaka
- Highest individual score: 77, Mohammad Shahzad v Ireland, 24 March 2012 at Dubai (Sports City)
- Best individual bowling figures: 5/13, Samiullah Shenwari v Kenya, 24 November 2013 at Sharjah
T20I record versus other nations
|vs Test nations|
|v Template:Country data IND||2||0||2||0||0|
|v 23x15px South Africa||1||0||1||0||0|
|v 23x15px England||1||0||1||0||0|
|v 23x15px Pakistan||1||0||1||0||0|
|v 23x15px Bangladesh||1||0||1||0||0|
|vs Associate/Affiliate Members|
|v 23x15px Ireland||5||2||3||0||0||9 February 2010|
|v 23x15px Canada||2||2||0||0||0||4 February 2010|
|v 23x15px Scotland||4||4||0||0||0||10 February 2010|
|v 23x15px Netherlands||3||1||2||0||0||14 March 2012|
|v Template:Country data KEN||3||2||1||0||0||30 September 2013|
|v File:Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal||1||0||1||0||0|
Most T20I runs for Afghanistan
Most T20I wickets for Afghanistan
- Cricket in Afghanistan
- Afghanistan at the Cricket World Cup
- Out of the Ashes (2010 film), a 2010 documentary film
- Afghanistan ODI cricketers
- List of Afghanistan T20I cricketers
- List of Afghanistan first-class cricketers
- Afghan national cricket captains
- "Ireland & Afghanistan get 2019 World Cup qualification boost". BBC Sport. 28 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- Encyclopedia of World Cricket by Roy Morgan, Sports books Publishing, Page 15
- Profile of Afghanistan at the ACC website
- ICC team rankings
- Afghanistan and Uganda seal place in ICC Cricket World Cup Qualifier, ICC Media Release, 31 January 2009
- WCL Division Five Official Site
- 2010 World Twenty20 Qualifier tournament page at CricketEurope
- 2009-10 Intercontinental Cup at CricketEurope
- Timeline of Afghanistan cricket at CricketEurope
- Scorecard of Afghanistan v Scotland, 19 April 2009 at CricketArchive
- 2009: The Year of the Afghans by Rod Lyall at CricketEurope
- ACC Twenty20 Cup at CricketEurope
- Scorecard of UAE v Afghanistan, 30 November 2009 at CricketArchive
- [List of International Twenty20 matches played by Afghanistan] at CricketArchive
- Scorecard of Afghanistan v Ireland, 1 February 2010 at CricketArchive
- Afghanistan v India, ICC World Twenty20 2010 (Group C)
- Afghanistan v South Africa, ICC World Twenty20 2010 (Group C)
- Scorecard of Afghanistan v Nepal, 9 April 2010 at CricketArchive
- 2010 WCL Division One results at CricketEurope
- Scorecard of Afghanistan v Bangladesh, 26 November 2010 at CricketArchive
- 2011-13 Intercontinental Cup results at CricketEurope
- 2011-13 Intercontinental Cup One-day results at CricketEurope
- 2011 ACC Twenty20 Cup tournament page
- 2011-13 Intercontinental Cup fixtures at CricketEurope
- Points tables for the 2010 World Twenty20 at CricketArchive
- Asian qualifying for the 2005 ICC Trophy at CricketEurope
- Afghanistan has a new home ground, ACC
- AFP (24 November 2010). "Kabul International Cricket Stadium to be inagurated". Retrieved 24 November 2010.
- Afghanistan's first cricket stadium by Hilal Momand at ACC website
- Moles named new Afghanistan coach
- "Afghanistan Add Moles To Coaching Team". Cricket World Media. Retrieved 17 July 2014.
- "Records / Afghanistan / One-Day Internationals / Result summary". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Result summary". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / One-Day Internationals / Highest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / One-Day Internationals / Lowest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / One-Day Internationals / Most runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 22 February 2012.
- "Records / Afghanistan / One-Day Internationals / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- High scores: Afghanistan – One-Day Internationals, Cricinfo Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- Best bowling figures: Afghanistan – One-Day Internationals, Cricinfo Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Highest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Lowest totals". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / High scores". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Best bowling figures in an innings". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Most runs". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 17 March 2015.
- "Records / Afghanistan / Twenty20 Internationals / Most wickets". ESPNcricinfo. Retrieved 7 March 2011.
- Afghanistan Cricket
- Afghanistan Cricket Official website
- Afghanistan National Cricket Board Official website