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Agen

For the Agen meteorite of 1814, see Meteorite falls.

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Coordinates: 44°12′18″N 0°37′16″E / 44.2049°N 0.6212°E / 44.2049; 0.6212Coordinates: 44°12′18″N 0°37′16″E / 44.2049°N 0.6212°E / 44.2049; 0.6212{{#coordinates:44.2049|0.6212|type:city(33920)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Aquitaine</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Lot-et-Garonne</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Agen</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Agen</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2020) </th><td> Jean Dionis du Séjour (NC)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 11.49 km2 (4.44 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (2009)2</th><td> 33,920</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 3,000/km2 (7,600/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 47001 / 47000</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

The commune of Agen (Template:IPA-fr) is the capital of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Aquitaine in southwestern France. It lies on the river Garonne Script error: No such module "convert". southeast of Bordeaux.

Geography

The city of Agen lies in the southern department Lot-et-Garonne in the Aquitaine region. The city centre lies on the east bank of the Garonne river close to the Canal de Garonne, approximately halfway between Bordeaux (132 km) and Toulouse (107 km).

Climate

Agen features an oceanic climate (Cfb), in the Köppen climate classification. Winters are mild and feature cool to cold temperatures while summers are mild and warm. Rainfall is spread equally throughout the year, however, most sunshine hours are from March–September.

Agen
Cathedral of Saint-Caprais
Cathedral of Saint-Caprais
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This page is a soft redirect. Climate data for Agen, France (altitude 59m, 1981–2010) (Source: Météo-France, Infoclimat.fr)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

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This page is a soft redirect.Source #1: climat.meteofrance.com[1]

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Toponymy

From Occitan Agen (1197), itself from Latin Aginnum (3rd century Itinéraire d'Antonin), from a Celtic root agin meaning "rock or height".

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
18009,876—    
180610,850+9.9%
182111,659+7.5%
183112,631+8.3%
183613,399+6.1%
184114,987+11.9%
184615,517+3.5%
185116,027+3.3%
185617,667+10.2%
186117,263−2.3%
186618,222+5.6%
187218,887+3.6%
187619,503+3.3%
188120,485+5.0%
188622,055+7.7%
189123,234+5.3%
189622,730−2.2%
190122,482−1.1%
190623,141+2.9%
191123,294+0.7%
192123,391+0.4%
192623,530+0.6%
193124,939+6.0%
193627,152+8.9%
194633,397+23.0%
195432,593−2.4%
196232,800+0.6%
196834,949+6.6%
197534,039−2.6%
198231,593−7.2%
199030,553−3.3%
199930,199−1.2%
200633,728+11.7%
200933,920+0.6%

Economy

The town has a higher level of unemployment than the national average. Major employers include the pharmaceutical factory UPSA.

Sights

The old centre of town contains a number of medieval buildings.

The twelfth century Agen Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Caprasius, is one of the few large churches in France with a double nave; the curious plan may be a regional trait, since one of the others with a similar symbolic meaning is the Church of the Jacobins (Ensemble conventuel des Jacobins) in nearby Toulouse.

The Saint Hilaire church, dedicated to the theme of the Holy Trinity which the Saint in question did a lot to defend, is notable for its unusual statues in front of the Church – Moses on the right, and St Peter on the left.

The Fine Arts museum, Musée des Beaux Arts contains artefacts, furniture and sculptures from prehistoric times onwards. The art gallery contains several hundred works, including several by Goya, and others by Bonnard and Seurat. The collection also contains a large number of works by artists who lived locally. The museum is made up of twenty or so rooms.[3]

The Canal des Deux Mers, which joins the Mediterranean with the Atlantic, crosses the river Garonne at Agen via the town's famous canal bridge.

Entertainment

The municipal theatre "Théâtre Ducourneau" presents theatre, and occasionally classical concerts. The smaller "Théâtre du jour" has a resident theatre company presenting a variety of recent or older plays (Shakespeare, Becket, as well as lesser known playwrights).

There are two cinemas, one a commercial multiscreened affair, the other an arts cinema run by a voluntary organization. The latter organizes film festivals every year.

Sport

Rugby is extremely popular in the town, and the local team, SU Agen, is enthusiastically supported. The town also serves as the base for the Team Lot-et-Garonne cycling team.

Transportation

Gare d'Agen connects Agen with Toulouse and Bordeaux as well as services to Périgueux. It is around an hour from Toulouse, and around an hour from Bordeaux. Fast trains to Paris take four hours and ten minutes. Agen is connected by the A62 motorway to both Toulouse and Bordeaux. The Agen Airport is serviced by Airlinair service to Paris Orly 6 days a week, it is also used for business and leisure flying.

Agen stands on the voie verte cycle path between the Mediterranean and close to Bordeaux.

Diocese

Main article: Diocese of Agen

Agen is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese that comprises the Département of Lot and Garonne. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Bordeaux.

Twin Cities

Agen is twinned with:[4]

Personalities

As place of birth
As residence
  • Nostradamus lived in Agen from 1531 until at least 1534. He was married to a local woman with whom he had two children.

Miscellaneous

Agen is the "capital of the prune", a local produce sold as a sweet (stuffed with prune purée) or as an after-dinner delight (prunes soaked in Armagnac – a type of brandy). Every September, the Prune festival organizes rock concerts, circuses and prune tasting.

Jews

The first Jews settled in the town in the twelfth century AD. They were expelled from the town in 1306. A number of Jews returned to the town in 1315, and a "Rue des Juifs" is documented ever since this period. In 1968, about 600 Jews lived in the town, though most of them emigrated to the town from North Africa.[8] A Jewish synagogue still exists in the town.[9]

See also

References

Notes

External links