Open Access Articles- Top Results for Al-Fil
International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and TechnologyDesign A Bartlett Window Based Digital Filter by Using GRNN
International Journal of Innovative Research in Science, Engineering and TechnologyGreen Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles and Their Application in Dental Filling Material
International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation EnergyNovel Bi-Orthogonal Filter Coefficient Wavelet Transform for Image Compression
International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication EngineeringPerformance Analysis of Adaptive Canny Edge Detector Using Bilateral Filter
International Journal of Advanced Research in Electrical, Electronics and Instrumentation EnergyA Review: Bilateral Filter for Real Time Image De-noising
The year of Muhammad's birth is identified as 'the Year of the Elephant', when Mecca was attacked by Abraha accompanied by an elephant. Quranic exegetes interpreted that God saved the Meccans from this force by sending a swarm of birds that pelted the invaders with clay stones and drove them away. A number of other interpretations exist. 
There is uncertainty about the origin of the word sijjīl (lumps of hard clay) in verse 4. The etymologies proposed for sijjīl include the Persian sang and gil ('stone' and 'clay'), or Aramaic sgyl ('smooth altar stone'), or Syriac sīgīliyon ('seal, diploma'). In the Quran 'sijjīl' occurs in two other verses: 11:82 and 15:74.
- Leaman, ed. by Oliver (2008). The Qur'an : an encyclopedia. Routledge. p. 129. ISBN 9-78-0-415-32639-1.
- Mir, Mustansir (2005). "Elephants, Birds of Prey, and Heaps of Pebbles: Farāhī's Interpretation of Sūrat al-Fīl". Journal of Qur'anic Studies 7 (1): 33–47. doi:10.3366/jqs.2005.7.1.33.
- Rippin, Andrew (editor) (2007). The Blackwell Companion to the Qur'an. Oxford: John Wiley & Sons. pp. 137-138. ISBN 1405178442
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- Surah Al-Feel (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
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