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Albany Medical College
|Albany Medical College|
|Location||Albany, NY, USA|
|Campus||Urban and Suburban|
Albany Medical College (AMC) is a medical school located in Albany, New York, United States. It was founded in 1839 by Alden March and James H. Armsby and is one of the oldest medical schools in the nation. The college is part of the Albany Medical Center, which includes the Albany Medical Center Hospital.
Along with Albany College of Pharmacy, Albany Law School, the Dudley Observatory, the Graduate College of Union University, and Union College, it is one of the constituent entities of Union University.
Over its 170-year history, Albany Medical College has attracted and produced many leaders in medicine and research. Among its present and past faculty, researchers, and alumni count two Nobel Prize winners, two Lasker Award winners, two MacArthur Fellowship recipients, one Gairdner Foundation International Award winner, former Surgeon General of the United States Army, former Surgeon General of the United States Air Force, several presidents and CEOs of major academic hospitals, as well as an early president and co-founder of the American Medical Association. AMC is attributed as the site where David S. Sheridan perfected the modern-day disposable catheter, among other major discoveries and innovations. Among AMC alumni accomplishments include the discovery of the hormone leptin, the invention of computed tomography, and the discovery of oral rehydration therapy.
Overview of Academic Programs
There are multiple courses of study at the College, with tracks that end in an MD degree, as well as a Graduate Studies program with the following departments:
- Center for Physician Assistant Studies, where the students earn an MS in Physician Assistant Studies
- Center for Nurse Anesthesia, where the students earn an MS in Nurse Anesthesiology
- Alden March Bioethics Institute, where students earn an MS in Bioethics
- Center for Cardiovascular Sciences, where students can earn an MS and PhD in that field
- Center for Cell Biology and Cancer Research, where students can earn an MS and PhD in that field
- Center for Immunology and Microbial Disease, where students can earn an MS and PhD in that field
- Center for Neuropharmacology and Neuroscience, where students can earn an MS and PhD in that field
AMC sponsors medical residency programs in anesthesiology; emergency medicine; family medicine; internal medicine; medicine/pediatrics; neurology; obstetrics, gynecology, and reproductive sciences; ophthalmology; pathology; pediatrics; physical medicine and rehabilitation; psychiatry; radiology; general surgery; neurosurgery; orthopaedic surgery; otolaryngology; plastic surgery; thoracic surgery; and urological surgery. Fellowships are available in cardiology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, hematopathology, neonatology, pulmonary and critical care medicine, rheumatology, vascular and interventional radiology, and vascular surgery.
In addition to the traditional medical school application process, AMC reserves up to 50 places in its first-year class for participants in combined-degree programs. Students from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Union College and Siena College complete certain undergraduate requirements prior to matriculation at Albany Medical College, then finish their undergraduate degrees at AMC while concurrently earning their MDs. Programs range from a total of seven to eight years.
Physician Assistant Studies
The AMC Physician Assistant Program was established in 1972, in collaboration with Hudson Valley Community College. Its graduates received from HVCC the A.A.S. in Physician Assistant Studies, and a certificate of completion from AMC. Since 2005, the program has granted a Master of Science in PA studies. The program's rigorous curriculum consists of a variety of courses in basic and medical science within four didactic terms and an additional twelve months of medical rotations.
Alden March Bioethics Institute
The Alden March Bioethics Institute (AMBI) is a multi-institutional bioethics research organization based at the Albany Medical College in New York. 26 faculty originate first-rate scholarship with the support of more than $3 million in federal and foundation grants. The Institute until recently housed The American Journal of Bioethics (AJOB) and bioethics.net. Its faculty direct a number of graduate programs including those offering the M.S. and Ph.D. The Institute is named in honor of Alden March, a 19th-century physician.
- In 1899, famous physician and proclaimed "Father of Modern Medicine" Sir William Osler charged the graduating students of the Albany Medical College to "care more particularly for the individual patient than for the special features of the disease" during a famous address. This quote has since been paraphrased as, "Care for the patient, not the disease."
- JD (Scrubs), the main character from Scrubs (TV Show), is based on Dr. Jonathan Doris, MD class of 1998, who is a long time friend of Bill Lawrence (producer).
- As the only level-1 trauma center and academic medical center for the 25 county region between New York and Montreal, AMC attendings, residents, and students are often the first to see unique pathology arising from the area population of over two million. The center regularly treats patients from Western New England, Southern Quebec, and Upstate New York.
Notable Alumni and Faculty
- Ralph Alley, former Head of the Division of Thoracic Surgery at Albany Medical Center, adviser to David S. Sheridan, inventor of both the modern catheter and endotracheal tube.
- Jacob M. Appel, bioethicist, is a graduate of AMC's Alden March Bioethics Institute.
- Sir James W. Black, Visiting Professor, a Scottish doctor and pharmacologist who invented Propranolol, synthesized Cimetidine and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1988 for these discoveries.
- Kenneth Blackfan, well-known pediatric hematologist and mentor of Louis K. Diamond and Sidney Farber, proclaimed "father" of modern-day chemotherapy. Diamond-Blackfan Syndrome is named after him. Children's Hospital Boston is located on Blackfan Street, which is named after Blackfan.
- Edward Bove, well known for his contributions to the repair of congenital heart defects, most notably hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
- Steven J. Burakoff, cancer specialist and the author of both Therapeutic Immunology (2001) and Graft-Vs.-Host Disease: Immunology, Pathophysiology, and Treatment (1990)
- Levi Ruggles Church, Canadian jurist.
- Robert K. Crone, M.D., former President and CEO of Partners Harvard Medical International.
- "JD" Jonathan Doris, MD '98, assistant director for the Los Angeles Medical Center's Electrophysiology fellowship and a medical advisor for Scrubs (TV Series). Longtime friend of Bill Lawrence (producer), he is the basis for the lead character, J.D. (Scrubs).
- Chester Bidwell Darrall, Union Army Surgeon and Republican Congressman from Louisiana in the latter 19th Century.
- Segun Toyin Dawodu, MD, JD, MBA, LL.M, MS, previously Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, a physician, attorney, entrepreneur and medical informatician who established the first website on socio-political issues of Nigeria.
- Joseph T. Doyle, early spokesman on the cardiovascular disease risks from smoking, publishing two landmark articles on the Framingham Heart Study and the Albany Heart Study in the New England Journal of Medicine and Journal of the American Medical Association. As spokesman for the study, he lectured widely around the world on these findings. He was Head of the Division of Cardiology at Albany Medical Center from 1960 until his death in 2007.
- Jeffrey M. Friedman, MD, PhD a molecular geneticist at New York City's Rockefeller University. His discovery of the hormone leptin and its role in regulating body weight has had a major role in the area of human obesity. For these achievements, he received the prestigious Gairdner Foundation International Award.
- Nancy E. Gary, former dean of Albany Medical College. Executive Vice President of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences and Dean of its F. Edward Hébert School of Medicine, 1992–1995.
- Ivar Giaever, 1973 Nobel Prize in Physics Recipient, performed antibody-antigen experiments at The Albany Medical Center.
- Gary Gottlieb, current president of Brigham and Women's Hospital and succeeding CEO of Partners HealthCare.
- Thomas Hale, Jr, American medical missionary and author.
- Ferdinand Vandeveer Hayden, noted for his pioneering surveying expeditions of the Rocky Mountains in the late 19th century.
- Timothy Johnson (TV medical presenter), Emmy award winning television personality, author and physician who, as "Dr. Tim Johnson", is best known to TV viewers in his capacity as the longtime chief medical correspondent for ABC News.
- Edward Khantzian, co-originator of the self-medication hypothesis of drug abuse.
- James Mandell, former Dean of Albany Medical College and former CEO of Children's Hospital Boston.
- James H. Armsby, co-founder of Albany Medical College, co-founder of the Albany Hospital (now Albany Medical Center), and co-founder of the Dudley Observatory.
- Alden March, founder of Albany Medical College, co-founder and past president of the American Medical Association.
- Jesse Montgomery Mosher, psychiatrist, established first psychiatric ward in a medical hospital.
- David Nalin, discoverer of oral rehydration therapy, which is accredited with saving an estimated 50 million lives from diarrhea across the world. Both The Lancet and UNICEF cited ORT as one of the most important medical advances in the 20th century.
- William H. Oldendorf (1925 – December 14, 1992), an American neurologist, physician, researcher, medical pioneer, founding member of the American Society for Neuroimaging (ASN), and originator of the technique of computed tomography. Winner of the Lasker Award, his fundamental discovery also led to MRI, positron emission tomography (PET), single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and other imaging techniques. Originally nominated for the 1979 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine with his colleagues, his name was eventually withdrawn for political reasons.
- Henry Palmer, Union Army Surgeon.
- Sir San Crombie Po (1870–1946), a Karen nationalist who devoted himself to improving the situation of the Karen people of Burma in the early 20th century.
- James Salisbury, M.D. physician, and the inventor of the Salisbury steak.
- John A. Sampson (August 17, 1873 – December 23, 1946), a gynecologist who advanced the study of endometriosis. The Sampson artery is named after him.
- Richard Selzer, MD, widely published short-story writer and novelist, Guggenheim Fellowship recipient, and surgeon at Yale University School of Medicine.
- Theobald Smith, pioneering microbiologist and the first person to prove that diseases can be transmitted through insects. He is widely considered to be America's first internationally significant medical research scientist.
- Sally Temple, Ph.D., Professor, MacArthur Fellow and Director of the New York Stem Cell Institute.
- Jef Valkeniers, Belgian doctor and politician.
- Willis R. Whitney, an American chemist and founder of the research laboratory of the General Electric Company.
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- DAWODU.COM, http://www.dawodu.com
- DOYLE JT, DAWBER TR, KANNEL WB, HESLIN AS, KAHN HA (April 1962). "Cigarette smoking and coronary heart disease. Combined experience of the Albany and Framingham studies". N. Engl. J. Med. 26: 796–801. PMID 13887664. doi:10.1056/nejm196204192661602.
- "Dr. Joseph Doyle, Dedicated and Pioneering Cardiologist, Dies at 89" (PDF). Albany Med Today. June 30, 2007.
- Ivar Giaever - MSN Encarta. Archived from the original on 2009-10-31.
- Wasson, T.; Brieger, G.H.; Visual Education Corporation (1987). Nobel Prize Winners: An H.W. Wilson Biographical Dictionary 1. H.W. Wilson. ISBN 9780824207564. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- Baker, R. (1999). The American Medical Ethics Revolution: How the AMA's Code of Ethics Has Transformed Physicians' Relationships to Patients, Professionals, and Society. Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 20. ISBN 9780801861703. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- "Oral rehydration therapy: the simple solution for saving lives | The BMJ". bmj.com. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
- David Nalin
- Baranauckas, Carla (January 1, 1993). "William H. Oldendorf, 67, Dies; Developed X-Ray Imaging Device". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
- "Riddle of the Nobel debate". sciencemag.org. Retrieved 2014-12-10.
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