This article is about the pact made between two parties. For other uses, see Alliance (disambiguation).

An alliance is a pact, coalition or friendship between two or more parties, made in order to advance common goals and to secure common interests. It can be a political agreement between countries to support each other in disputes with other countries, making them allies.

See also military alliance, political alliance, treaty, contract, coalition (disambiguation), and business alliance.

Examples of alliances

International relations

In international relations, the Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, signed in 1373 between the Kingdom of England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal, is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.

Political organizations

Popular culture

Television, film, and comic books

  • The Alliance, a group of aliens and monsters in the Doctor Who episode 'The Pandorica Opens'
  • Alliance of Twelve from the Alias TV series
  • Alliance (DC Comics), an organization of alien freedom fighters from the pages of DC Comics
  • Anglo-Sino Alliance, powerful government and law-enforcement organization that controls a large sector of colonized "core planets" in the Firefly television series
  • Earth Alliance (Babylon 5), fictional alliance of the countries of Earth in the television series Babylon 5
  • Ferengi Alliance, fictional extraterrestrial race from the Star Trek universe
  • Rebel Alliance, interstellar political resistance force formed in direct military opposition to the Galactic Empire in the fictional Star Wars universe
  • The Alliance (The Office episode), an episode of the television series The Office
  • The Alliance (professional wrestling), professional wrestling faction which ostensibly consisted of World Championship Wrestling and Extreme Championship Wrestling
  • Alliance Films, motion picture distribution/production company, which serves Canada, the United Kingdom, and Spain.
  • Alliance is the term commonly used on reality television shows to denote a group of contestants who plan to vote together and protect one another. This use originated in the first season of the television show Survivor.

Video games

  • The Alliance, a military, cultural, and economic alliance between various races in the Warcraft series of video games
  • The Alliance of Order in Warhammer, an alliance of Humans, Elves and Dwarves to counter the Forces of Destruction
  • Systems Alliance, the representative body of humanity in the Mass Effect series
  • In Marvel: Ultimate Alliance, the eponymous Alliance refers to a coalition of heroes that normally work independently of one another, or in separate units



  • Football Alliance, a defunct association football league in England
  • Alliance, an electronic sports organization sponsoring teams and players in Dota 2 and Super Smash Bros.

Further reading

  • Burk, Kathleen and Melvyn Stokes (eds.): The United States and the European Alliance since 1945 (Oxford: Berg, 1999).
  • Heuser, Beatrice, "Alliances Bedevilled by History: Franks, Germanics and Anglo-Saxons in the Cold War", in Luciano Tosi (ed): Europe, its Borders and the Others (Naples: Edizione Scientifiche Italiane, 2000), pp. 313–349.
  • Hunt, Peter: War, Peace, and Alliance in Demostenes' Athens (Cambridge University Press, 2010)
  • O'Neill, Robert, Alliances and International Order (1988)
  • Phillips, Charles and Alan Axelrod (eds.), Encyclopedia of Historical Treaties and Alliances. Vol. 1, From ancient times to World War I (Chicago & London: Fitzroy Dearborn, 2001)
  • Strategies Alliances and Military Power: Changing Roles. With contributions by the Faculty and Staff of the Strategic Studies Institute at the United States Army War College, Carlislse Barracks, Pennsylvania, USA (Leyden: Sijthoff, 1977)
  • Weitsman, Patricia A., Dangerous Alliances: Proponents of Peace, Weapons of War (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2004)