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Alois Anton Führer

Alois Anton Führer (26 Nov. 1853, Limburg an der Lahn, Germany - 5 Nov. 1930 Binningen, Switzerland) was a German Indologist who worked for the Archaeological Survey of India.[1] He is known for his archaeological excavations, which he believed proved that Gautama Buddha was born in Lumbini, Nepal.[2]

In 1896 he received permission from the government of the North-Western Provinces and Oudh and the government of India to carry out an expedition to Nepal. Accompanied by the governor of the province, General Khadga Shamsher, Führer discovered Ashoka’s pillar, which, with other evidence, confirmed Lumbini as the birthplace of the Buddha. This discovery was disputed in a 2010 book by British writer Charles Allen.[3]

He also served as a Catholic priest. In 1887 he converted to Anglicanism. In 1901 he re-converted to Christian Catholic Church of Switzerland.[4]

References

  1. ^ "Fuehrer, Alois Anton (1853-1930)". Indologica - Digitalisate (in German). 21 September 2010. Retrieved 2014-03-28. 
  2. ^ Führer, AA (1897). Monograph on Buddha Sakyamuni’s Birth-Place in the Nepalese Tarai. Allahabad: Government Press, North-Western Provinces and Oudh. pp. 1–48. 
  3. ^ Allen, Charles (2010). The Buddha and Dr. Führer: an archaeological scandal. New Delhi: Penguin Books. ISBN 9780143415749. 
  4. ^ Arx, Urs von. Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz

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