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Alta Wind Energy Center

Alta Wind Energy Center
Location of the Alta Wind Energy Center in California
Country United States
Location Tehachapi Pass, Kern County, California
Coordinates

35°1′16″N 118°19′14″W / 35.02111°N 118.32056°W / 35.02111; -118.32056Coordinates: 35°1′16″N 118°19′14″W / 35.02111°N 118.32056°W / 35.02111; -118.32056{{#coordinates:35|1|16|N|118|19|14|W|type:landmark_region:US |primary |name=

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Status Operational
Commission date 2010
Wind farm
Type Onshore
Power generation
Units operational 100 X 1.5 MW (Alta I)
50 X 3 MW (Alta II)
50 X 3 MW (Alta III)
34 X 3 MW (Alta IV)
56 X 3 MW (Alta V)
50 X 3 MW (Alta VI)
56 X 3 MW (Pinyon Pines I)
50 X 3 MW (Alta VIII)
44 X 3 MW (Pinyon Pines II)
Make and model Vestas
Nameplate capacity 1,320 MW
Annual generation 1,690 GW·h

The Alta Wind Energy Center is a wind farm located in Tehachapi Pass of the Tehachapi Mountains, in Kern County, California. As of 2013, it is the largest wind farm in the United States,[1] with a combined installed capacity of Script error: No such module "convert".. The project, being developed near Tehachapi Pass Wind Farm— site of the first large-scale wind farms installed in the U.S. in the 1970s and 1980s—is "a powerful illustration of the growing size and scope of modern wind projects".[2][3]

Southern California Edison has agreed to a 25-year power purchase agreement for the power produced as part of the power purchase agreements for up to Script error: No such module "convert". or more of power generated from new projects to be built in the Tehachapi area. The project will "reduce carbon dioxide emissions by more than 5.2 million metric tons, which is equivalent to taking 446,000 cars off the road".[2] A total of Script error: No such module "convert". is planned.[4]

The wind farm is being developed by Terra-Gen Power which closed a US$1.2 billion financing deal in July 2010 with partners that included Citibank, Barclays Capital, and Credit Suisse. After many delays, the first phase began construction in 2010. Financing for additional phases of $650 million was secured in April 2012. Construction of the Alta Wind Energy Center is expected to create more than 3,000 domestic manufacturing, construction, and maintenance jobs, and contribute more than one billion dollars to the local economy.[2]

History

File:Alta Wind Energy Center from Oak Creek Road.jpg
A small portion of Alta Wind Energy Center looking from Oak Creek Road.

The original "Alta-Oak Creek Mojave Project" plan consisted of up to 320 wind turbines occupying a Script error: No such module "convert". area while producing Script error: No such module "convert". of power. That project was originally developed by Oak Creek Energy Systems under the contract with Terra-Gen, but the project development was later transferred to Terra-Gen. The project then became the first development under the umbrella of Alta Wind Energy Center.[5]

The Alta-Oak Creek Mojave Project is generally located at the south side of the Oak Creek Road, starting a few miles west of the state route 14 in Mojave and continuing westward along the Oak Creek Road to the west side of the Tehachapi-Willow Springs Road.[6]

According to the American Wind Energy Association, two initial projects were completed in fall 2010, the Script error: No such module "convert". Alta II (Vestas) project using 50 Script error: No such module "convert". generators and the 150 MW Alta I project using 100 1.5 MW generators.[7] Three subsequent projects 150 MW Alta III, Script error: No such module "convert". Alta IV, and 168 MW Alta V projects were completed in the 2nd quarter of 2011 using 50, 34, and 56 3 MW Vestas V-90 wind turbines. Alta VIII and Alta VI projects, comprising Script error: No such module "convert"., were completed in late 2011/early 2012. Alta VII and IX projects comprising Script error: No such module "convert"., were completed in December 2012 (bringing the total to Script error: No such module "convert".), but they were renamed to Pinyon Pines Wind I and Pinyon Pines Wind II.[8]

Script error: No such module "convert". Alta X and Script error: No such module "convert". Alta XI are under development with scheduled completion in late 2013, Script error: No such module "convert". Alta XIII in 2019.[9]

See also

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References

External links