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In Buddhism, an anāgāmi (Sanskrit and Pāli for "non-returning") is a partially enlightened person who has cut off the first five chains that bind the ordinary mind. Anagamis are the third of the four aspirants.
The Pali terms for the specific chains or fetters (Pali: saṃyojana) of which an anagami is free are:
- Sakkāya-diṭṭhi: Belief in atmān or self
- Sīlabbata-parāmāsa: Attachment to rites and rituals
- Vicikicchā: Skeptical doubt
- Kāma-rāga: Sensuous craving
- Byāpāda: Dislike
The fetters from which an anagami is not yet free are:
- Rūpa-rāga: Craving for fine-material existence (the first 4 jhanas)
- Arūpa-rāga: Craving for immaterial existence (the last 4 jhanas)
- Māna: Conceit
- Uddhacca: Restlessness
- Avijjā: Ignorance
Kāma-rāga and Byāpāda, which they are free from, can also be interpreted as craving for becoming and non-becoming, respectively. Anagamis are at an intermediate stage between sakadagamis and arahants. Arahants enjoy complete freedom from the ten fetters. An anagami's mind is very pure.
Attaining the state of non-returner is portrayed in the early texts as the ideal goal for laity.
- Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), pp. 31, 95, entries for "Anāgāmin" (retrieved 26 Sep 2007 at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.0:1:735.pali) and "Āgāmin" (at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.0:1:2587.pali).
- Rhys Davids, T.W. & William Stede (eds.) (1921-5). The Pali Text Society’s Pali–English Dictionary. Chipstead: Pali Text Society. A general on-line search engine for the PED is available at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/pali/.
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