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André Michel Lwoff

André Michel Lwoff
File:André Lwoff nobel.jpg
André Michel Lwoff
Born (1902-05-08)8 May 1902
Died 30 September 1994(1994-09-30) (aged 92)
Paris, France
Nationality French
Fields Microbiology
Alma mater Institute Pasteur
Doctoral advisor Template:If empty
Known for Provirus
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Medicine (1965)
Leeuwenhoek Medal (1960)
Spouse Marguerite Lwoff

André Michel Lwoff (8 May 1902 – 30 September 1994)[1][2][3] was a French microbiologist.

Life and career

Lwoff was born in Ainay-le-Château, Allier, in Auvergne, France, the son of Marie (Siminovitch), an artist, and Solomon Lwoff, a psychiatrist.[4] He joined the Institute Pasteur in Paris when he was 19 years old. In 1932, he finished his PhD and, with the help of a grant from the Rockefeller Foundation, moved to the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Medical Research of Heidelberg to Otto Meyerhof, where he did research on the development of flagellates. Another Rockefeller grant allowed him go to Cambridge in 1937. In 1938, he was appointed departmental head at the Institut Pasteur, where he did groundbreaking research on bacteriophages, microbiota and on the poliovirus.

He was awarded numerous prizes from the French Académie des Sciences, the Grand Prix Charles-Leopold Mayer, the Leeuwenhoek Medal of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1960 and the Keilin Medal of the British Biochemical Society in 1964. He was awarded a Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1965 for the discovery of the mechanism that some viruses (which he named proviruses) use to infect bacteria.[4]

Lwoff was a humanist against capital punishment.[5]


  1. ^ Jacob, F.; Girard, M. (1998). "Andre Michel Lwoff. 8 May 1902–30 September 1994". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 44: 255. PMID 11623983. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1998.0017.  edit
  2. ^ Shafrir, E. (1996). "Jacques L. Monod, Francois J. Jacob and Andre M. Lwoff--introducers of new dimensions in cellular genetics and molecular biology". Israel journal of medical sciences 32 (2): 162. PMID 8631654.  edit
  3. ^ "André Lwoff - Biography". 1965. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  4. ^ a b Sullivan, Walter (1994-10-04). "Andre Lwoff, 92, Biologist, Dies; Shared Nobel for Study of Cells". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2013-05-24. 
  5. ^ Michel Morange (2005). "What history tells us III. André Lwoff: From protozoology to molecular definition of viruses" (PDF). p. 593. Retrieved 23 July 2013. His culture was not limited to biology: André Lwoff was a humanist (Lwoff 1981). 

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