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Android Studio

Android Studio
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Developer(s) Google
Stable release 1.2 / April 30, 2015; 5 years ago (2015-04-30)[1]
Preview release 1.2.1.1 / May 8, 2015; 5 years ago (2015-05-08)
Development status Stable
Written in Java
Operating system Cross-platform
Type Integrated Development Environment (IDE)
License Apache 2.0[2]
Website developer.android.com/sdk/index.html

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Android Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) for developing on the Android platform. It was announced on May 16, 2013 at the Google I/O conference by Google's Product Manager, Katherine Chou. Android Studio is freely available under the Apache License 2.0.[2]

Android Studio was in early access preview stage starting from version 0.1 in May 2013, then entered beta stage starting from version 0.8 which was released in June 2014.[3] The first stable build was released in December 2014, starting from version 1.0.[4]

Based on JetBrains' IntelliJ IDEA software, Android Studio is designed specifically for Android development.[5] It is available for download on Windows, Mac OS X and Linux,[6][7] and replaced Eclipse Android Development Tools (ADT) as Google's primary IDE for native Android application development.

Features

New features are expected to be rolled out with each release of Android Studio. The following features are provided in the current version:[8][9]

  • Live Layout: WYSIWYG Editor - Live Coding - Real-time App Rendering.[10]
  • Gradle-based build support.
  • Android-specific refactoring and quick fixes.
  • Lint tools to catch performance, usability, version compatibility and other problems.
  • ProGuard and app-signing capabilities.
  • Template-based wizards to create common Android designs and components.
  • A rich layout editor that allows users to drag-and-drop UI components, option to preview layouts on multiple screen configurations.
  • Support for building Android Wear apps
  • Built-in support for Google Cloud Platform, enabling integration with Google Cloud Messaging and App Engine.[11]

System requirements

Windows OS X Linux
OS version Microsoft Windows 10/8.1/8/7/Vista/2003/Xp (32 or 64 bit) Mac OS X 10.8.5 or higher, up to 10.10 to up 10.10.2 up 10.10.3 on 10.10.5 (Yosemite) GNOME or KDE or Unity desktop on Ubuntu or Fedora or GNU/Linux Debian
RAM 2 GB RAM minimum, 4 GB RAM recommended
Disk space 500 MB disk space
Space for Android SDK At least 1 GB for Android SDK, emulator system images, and caches
JDK version Java Development Kit (JDK) 7 or higher
Screen resolution 1280x800 minimum screen resolution

Android Studio vs. Eclipse ADT comparison

Feature Android Studio Eclipse ADT
Build system Gradle ANT
Maven-based build dependencies Yes No
Build variants and multiple-APK generation Yes No
Advanced Android code completion and refactoring Yes No
Graphical layout editor Yes Yes
APK signing and keystore management Yes Yes
NDK support Yes Yes

References

  1. ^ http://tools.android.com/download/studio/stable
  2. ^ a b "Android Studio Plugin". android.googlesource.com. Google. Retrieved May 20, 2015. 
  3. ^ https://developer.android.com/sdk/installing/studio.html
  4. ^ "Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout". VentureBeat. December 8, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014. 
  5. ^ Ducrohet, Xavier; Norbye, Tor; Chou, Katherine (May 15, 2013). "Android Studio: An IDE built for Android". Android Developers Blog. Google. Retrieved May 16, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Getting Started with Android Studio". Android Developers. Google. Retrieved May 14, 2013. 
  7. ^ Haslam, Oliver (May 16, 2013). "Download Android Studio IDE For Windows, OS X And Linux". Redmond Pie. Retrieved May 16, 2013. 
  8. ^ Honig, Zach (May 15, 2013). "Google intros Android Studio, an IDE for building apps". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013. 
  9. ^ Dobie, Alex (May 15, 2013). "Android Studio unveiled at Google I/O keynote". Android Central. Mobile Nations. Retrieved May 16, 2013. 
  10. ^ Olanoff, Drew (May 15, 2013). "Google Launches Android Studio And New Features For Developer Console, Including Beta Releases And Staged Rollout". TechCrunch. AOL. Retrieved May 16, 2013. 
  11. ^ "Android Studio BETA". Google. Google. May 15, 2013. Retrieved August 15, 2014. 

External links