Open Access Articles- Top Results for Animal Metaphor Test

Animal Metaphor Test

The Animal Metaphor Test is a projective psychological test created by Dr. Albert Levis, the director and founder of the Museum of the Creative Process.[1] The Animal Metaphor Test is one of many tests that are part of Levis' Conflict Analysis Battery, a collection of psychological tests.[2]

The Animal Metaphor test consists of a series of creative and analytical prompts. Unlike conventional projective tests, the Animal Metaphor works as both a diagnostic and therapeutic battery. Unlike the Rorschach test and TAT, the Animal Metaphor is premised on self-analysis via self-report questions. The test combines facets of art therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and insight therapy, while also providing a theoretical platform of behavioral analysis.

The test has been used widely as a clinical tool, as an educational assessment, and in human resource selection. The test was developed at the Center for the Study of Normative Behavior in Hamden, Connecticut, a clinical training and research center. The primary purpose of Animal Metaphor Tests is to describe emotions that vary from affectionate love to reasoning behind discerning insults.In the first study, the scientists took over forty common metaphors and found evidence to support the idea that the meanings are diverse as the subject focused on evil, nasty and silly attitudes. The test sought after increasing hatred and creating a degrading view upon the animals subjected to this test. While the second study's results were that the offensive attitude found on an animal metaphor is based on facial expressions, gender and the overall social status of targets.[3]


  1. ^ "Protected: Animal Metaphor Test". Retrieved 7 August 2013.  (Password protected)
  2. ^ "Publications". Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  3. ^ Levis, A. (1987). Conflict Analysis: The Formal Theory of Behavior. Manchester,Vermont: Normative Publications.

Angus, L. E., & McLeod, J. (2004). The handbook of narrative and psychotherapy: practice, theory, and research. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: Sage Publications.

Bruner, J. (1998). Narrative and meta-narrative. In Ferrari, M. D., & Sternberg, R. J., Self-awareness: its nature and development. New York: Guilford Press.

Bruner, J. (2004). Life as Narrative. Social Research: An International Quarterly, 71(3), 691-710.

Crossley, C. (2005). Consumable metaphors: Attitudes towards animals and vegetarianism in nineteenth-century France. Oxford: P. Lang.

Levis, A. (1987). Conflict Analysis: The Formal Theory of Behavior. Manchester, Vermont: Normative Publications.

Levis, A. (1987). Conflict Analysis Training: A Concise Program of Emotional Education. Manchester, Vermont: Normative Publications.

Suzuki, L. A., Ponterotto, J. G., & Meller, P. J. (2001). Handbook of multicultural assessment clinical, psychological, and educational applications (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

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