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Antonio Muñoz Degrain

File:Muñoz degrainret.jpg
Antonio Muñoz Degrain; portrait by Joaquín Sorolla (c.1898)

Antonio Muñoz Degrain (18 November 1840, Valencia - 12 October 1924, Málaga) was a Spanish painter who began in the Eclectic style, but later moved towards Impressionism. He is best known for his landscapes and scenes inspired by works of literature.


His father was a watchmaker. Following his parent's wishes, He began by studying architecture, but soon switched to painting [1] and enrolled at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Carlos de Valencia.[2] His time there was also short, as he soon moved to Rome and led a Bohemian life, becoming largely an autodidact. The rigors of surviving there prompted a return to Spain.[3]

In 1862, he displayed his work for the first time at the National Exhibition of Fine Arts with a painting of the Pyrenees, which gained an honorable mention.[2] After that, he became a regular exhibition participant.

In 1870, his friend Bernardo Ferrándiz Bádenes obtained a commission for him to decorate the ceiling of the Teatro Cervantes in Málaga. He was awarded the Grand Cross of the Order of Charles III[3] in 1878 for his painting of Queen Isabella giving her jewelry to Columbus.[3] The following year, he became a Professor at the "Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Telmo".[2]

He made a second trip to Rome in 1882, this time on a government fellowship, and remained for two years. Upon his return, he won First Prize at the National Exhibition for his depiction of a scene from the Lovers of Teruel.[2] In 1893, as part of the Columbian Issue, his painting of Isabella was used on a $1 U.S. postage stamp.[4]

Five years later, he replaced Carlos de Haes in the chair of landscape painting at the Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando. He became the Director there in 1901.[3] In 1913, upon his retirement, he donated many of his works to the Academy of San Carlos and the Museu de Belles Arts de València.

Examples of his stylistic development


  1. ^ Brief biography @ the Carmen Thyssen Museum website.
  2. ^ a b c d Brief biography @ the Museo del Prado website.
  3. ^ a b c d Brief biography @ MCN Biografías.
  4. ^ U.S. Stamp Gallery: Image and description.

Further reading

  • Teresa Sauret, Muñoz Degrain y las Poéticas Paisajísticas Fin del Siglo en Málaga, Exhibition catalog, Museo del Patrimonio Municipal, 10 December 2007 - 30 March 2008. (Digitalized) @ Historía del Arte Málaga
  • Vicente Gascón Pelegrí. Prohombres valencianos en los últimos cien años, 1878-1978. València. Caixa d'Estalvis de València, 1978 ISBN 84-500-2630-X

External links

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