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Arab al-Fuqara

Arab al-Fuqara
Subdistrict Haifa
Coordinates

32°27′07.70″N 34°54′21.05″E / 32.4521389°N 34.9058472°E / 32.4521389; 34.9058472Coordinates: 32°27′07.70″N 34°54′21.05″E / 32.4521389°N 34.9058472°E / 32.4521389; 34.9058472{{#coordinates:32|27|07.70|N|34|54|21.05|E|type:city_region:IL |primary |name=

}}
Palestine grid 140/206
Population 310[1] (1945)
Area 15[2] dunams
Date of depopulation April 10, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Expulsion by Yishuv forces
Current localities Hadera

Arab al-Fuqara (Arabic: عرب الفقراء) was a Palestinian Arab village in the Haifa Subdistrict. It was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on April 10, 1948.[3] At that time, the land records of the village consisted of a total area of 2,714 Dunums, of which 2,513 were owned by Jews, and just 15 owned by Arabs, with the remainder being public lands (186 dunams).

Location

The village was located 42 km southwest of Haifa, south of Wadi al-Mafjar and northwest of Hadera, in a flat, sandy area.[4]

History

The Arab villagers were descendants of a section of the al-Balawina Bedouin tribe, whose primary territory was near Beersheba.[4] The area was generally swampy and malarial, and this limited population growth until the mid-1920s.

The gradual and legal expansion of the Jewish town Hadera reduced the free public land available to the Arab villagers, until only a thin strip of land between Hadera and Wadi al-Mafjar was retained (15 dunams),[4] where the land was considered non-cultivable.[5]

The village population in 1945 was 310.[1]

1948

On 6 April 1948, the Haganah implemented a new policy for the coastal plains, namely of clearing the whole area of its Arab inhabitants.[6] On 10 April, the villagers of Arab al-Fuqara, together with the villagers of Arab al-Nufay'at and Arab Zahrat al-Dumayri, were ordered to leave the area.[7]

The village today

The ground is now part of the northwestern area of Hadera.[4]

References

  1. ^ a b Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 47
  2. ^ Hadawi, 1970, total area of 2,714 dunams was divided as Arab owned 15 dunams, Jewish owned 2513 dunams, public 186 dunams
  3. ^ a b Morris, 2004, p. xviii, village #180. Also gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.144
  5. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 139
  6. ^ Morris, 2004, p.245, note 628
  7. ^ Morris, 2004, p.245, note 631

Bibliography

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External links