ShakiraCarlos Slim HelúSalma Hayek|
Mohamed Al-FayedPaula AbdulAntonio Saca
Ralph NaderNaseem HamedMari Alkatiri
|According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 13 million Arab migrants, of whom 5.8 million reside in Arab countries.|
|Regions with significant populations|
|23x15px United States||3,500,000|
|23x15px Mexico||1,100,000 |
|23x15px United Kingdom||500,000 |
|23x15px Canada||350,000 |
|Template:Country data Honduras||275,000 |
|Template:Country data Japan||265,000 |
|Predominantly Islam in Europe, Christianity in the Americas, but also Druze and irreligion, among others|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Lebanese diaspora · Iraqi diaspora · Egyptian diaspora · Yemeni diaspora · Palestinian diaspora · Syrian diaspora · Moroccan diaspora|
Arab diaspora refers to descendants of the Arab immigrants who, voluntarily or as refugees, emigrated from their native lands in non-Arab countries, primarily in South America, Europe, North America, and parts of South Asia, Southeast Asia, the Caribbean, and West Africa.
According to the International Organization for Migration, there are 13 million, of which 5.8 million reside in Arab countries. Arab expatriates contribute to the circulation of financial and human capital in the region and thus significantly promote regional development. In 2009 Arab countries received a total of 35.1 billion USD in remittance in-flows and remittances sent to Jordan, Egypt and Lebanon from other Arab countries are 40 to 190 per cent higher than trade revenues between these and other Arab countries.
Large numbers of Arabs migrated to West Africa, particularly Côte d'Ivoire (home to over 100,000 Lebanese), Senegal (roughly 30,000 Lebanese), Sierra Leone (roughly 10,000 Lebanese today; about 30,000 prior to the outbreak of civil war in 1991), Liberia, and Nigeria. Since the end of the civil war in 2002, Lebanese traders have become re-established in Sierra Leone.
Arab traders have long operated in Southeast Asia, trading in spices, timber and textiles. But an important trading minority in the region that goes largely unrecognised comprises the local descendants of Arabs. Most of the prominent Indonesians, Malaysians, and Singaporeans of Arab descent have their origins in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, especially the coastal Hadhramaut region of Yemen and Oman. They are the Hadramis. As many as four million Indonesians are of Hadrami descent, and today there are almost 10,000 Hadramis in Singapore.
The Americas have long been a destination for Arab migration, with Arabs arriving in some countries at least as early as the nineteenth century, but even as early as 1492 with several Moors among Christopher Columbus' crew. According to Saudi Aramco World, the largest concentration of Arabs outside the Arab World is in Brazil, which has 9 million Brazilians of Arab ancestry. Of these 9 million Arabs, seven million are of Lebanese ancestry,[not in citation given] making Brazil's population of Lebanese greater than that of Lebanon itself. Most other Brazilians of Arab descent are mainly Syrian. There are also large Arab communities in Mexico (about 400,000 Mexicans of Lebanese descent), Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Jamaica, the Dominican Republic, Haiti, Trinidad & Tobago, Ecuador, and Venezuela. Palestinians cluster in Chile and Central America, particularly El Salvador, and Honduras (between 150,000 and 200,000). The 500,000 strong Palestinian community in Chile is the fourth largest in the world after those in Israel, Lebanon, and Jordan. Arab Haitians (a large number of whom live in the capital) are more often than not, concentrated in financial areas where the majority of them establish businesses. In the United States, there are around 3.5 million people of Arab ancestry. Most Arabs of the Americas are of Lebanese, Syrian, or Palestinian ancestry. The Lebanese minority in America are mostly Christian, but with sizable Muslim and Jewish groups.
The Lebanese diaspora, while historically trade-related, has been linked more recently to the Lebanese Civil War, and the 2006 Lebanon War. In October 2006, shortly after the 2006 Second Lebanon War had concluded, the Edinburgh Middle East Report ran an article covering the brain drain from Lebanon's universities. Increasing numbers of Lebanese students are travelling abroad to further their education in safer environments.
As of June 21, 2007, the U.N. High Commissioner on Refugees estimated that over 2.2 million Iraqis had been displaced to neighboring countries, with up to 100,000 Iraqis fleeing to Syria and Jordan each month. As a result of growing international pressure, on June 1, 2007 the Bush administration said it was ready to admit 7,000 Iraqi refugees who had helped the coalition since the invasion. According to Washington-based Refugees International the U.S. has admitted fewer than 800 Iraqi refugees since the invasion, Sweden had accepted 18,000 and Australia had resettled almost 6,000.
As of 2012, at least 127,860 Iraqis live in Sweden. As of 2004, France is home to an estimated 5 to 6 million of people both Arabic and Berber speaking from North Africa. There is also a medium-sized Arab community in Australia (home to roughly 400,000 Arabs, mostly Lebanese), where Arabic is the fourth most widely spoken second-language. The number of Muslim and Christian Arab Australians are roughly equal with a slight Christian majority. See Australian population: ethnic origins.
Prominent members of the Arab diaspora include;
- André Apaid (Lebanese origin), high-profile Haitian businessman
- Antoine Izméry (Palestinian origin), Former wealthy Haitian businessman and pro-democracy activist
- Carlos Slim Helú (Lebanese origin), Mexican businessman. He was listed as the richest man in the world by Forbes.
- Charles Elachi (Lebanese origin), the Director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
- Fredy Nasser (Palestinian origin), Honduran businessman
- George J. Maloof, Sr. (Lebanese origin), American businessman, owner of the Houston Rockets
- Miguel Facussé Barjum, (Palestinian origin), Honduran businessman and landowner
- Mohamed Al-Fayed (Egyptian origin), Businessman, former owner of London's Harrods and the Ritz Palace in Paris.
- Nadhmi Auchi (Iraqi origin), Businessman, founder and Chairman of General Mediterranean Holdings
- Nicolas Hayek (Lebanese origin), Swiss-Lebanese American entrepreneur, co-founder, CEO and Chairman of the Board of the Swatch Group
- Yazid Sabeg (Algerian-born) French businessman
- Fashion, beauty
- Azzedine Alaia (Tunisian origin), fashion designer
- Rima Fakih (Lebanese origin), Miss USA 2010 winner from Michigan
- Lisa Hanna (Lebanese origin), Miss World 1993 winner from Jamaica
- Paola Turbay (Lebanese origin), Miss Universe 1992 (1st runner-up) from Colombia
- Sabrina Houssami (Lebanese origin), Miss World 2006 (2nd runner-up) from Australia
- Jessica Kahawaty (Lebanese origin), Miss World 2012 (2nd runner-up) from Australia
- Valerie Domínguez (Lebanese origin), Miss Colombia 2005 winner and Top 10 finalist at Miss Universe 2006
- Film, television
- Bader Ben Hirsi (Yemeni origin), award-winning British-Yemeni director
- Salma Hayek (Lebanese origin), Mexican actress
- Tige Andrews (Syrian origin), an American character actor
- Yasmine Bleeth (Algerian-American origin) American actress
- Literature / theatre
- Amin Maalouf (Lebanese origin), French author
- David Malouf (Lebanese origin), Australian writer
- Kahlil Gibran (Lebanese origin]], American poet, writer, artist.
- Wajdi Mouawad (Lebanese origin), Canadian writer, actor and director
- William Peter Blatty (Lebanese origin), American writer
- Media and intellectuals
- Magdi Allam (Egyptian origin), Italian journalist
- Hala Gorani (Syrian origin), journalist and anchor of CNN's International Desk
- Edward Saïd (Palestinian origin), US intellectual
- Tariq Ramadan (Egyptian origin), Swiss intellectual
- Adel Tawil (Egyptian / Tunisin origin), German singer, songwriter and producer
- Ali B (Moroccan origin), Dutch rapper
- Bushido (Tunisian origin), German rapper
- DJ Khaled (Palestinian origin), American DJ
- Eric Saade (Palestinian Lebanese origin), Swedish singer
- Fady Maalouf (Lebanese origin), German singer
- Fredwreck (Palestinian origin), American record producer
- La Fouine (Moroccan origin), French rapper
- Ibrahim Maalouf (Lebanese origin), French saxophonist
- Kareem Salama (Egyptian origin), American country singer
- Karl Wolf (Lebanese origin), Canadian pop star
- Khaled (Algerian origin) Raï musician now living in France
- Maher Zain (Lebanese origin), Swedish singer
- Malika Ayane (Moroccan origin), Italian singer
- Massari (Lebanese origin), Canadian singer
- Natasja Saad (Sudanese origin), Danish rapper and reggae singer.
- Rachid Taha (Algerian origin) Raï musician now living in France
- Rami Yacoub (Palestinian origin), Swedish record producer
- RedOne, (Moroccan origin), Swedish record producer
- Salem Al Fakir (Syrian origin), Swedish singer
- Sarbel (Lebanese origin), Greek singer
- Shakira (Lebanese origin), Colombian singer
- Tarak Ben Ammar (Tunisian origin), international movie producer and distributor
- Abdalá Bucaram (Lebanese origin), former President of Ecuador
- Ahmed Aboutaleb (Moroccan origin), Dutch politician
- Alberto Dahik (Lebanese origin), former Vice President of Ecuador
- Ali Alatas (Yemeni origin), former Indonesian foreign minister
- Antonio Saca (Palestinian origin), former President of El Salvador
- Carlos Roberto Flores Facussé (Palestinian origin), former President of Honduras
- Carlos Menem (Syrian origin), former President of Argentina
- Donna Shalala (Lebanese origin), former American Secretary of Health and Human Services
- Edward Seaga (Lebanese origin), former Prime Minister of Jamaica
- Gilberto Kassab (Lebanese origin), former mayor of São Paulo
- Jacobo Majluta Azar (Lebanese origin), former President of Dominican Republic
- Jaime Nebot (Lebanese origin), mayor of Guayaquil, Ecuador
- Jamil Mahuad (Lebanese origin), former President of Ecuador
- Julio Cesar Turbay (Lebanese origin), former President of Colombia
- Khadija Arib (Moroccan origin), Dutch politician
- Mari Alkatiri (Yemeni origin), Prime Minister of East Timor 2002–2006
- Mitch Daniels (Syrian origin), Governor of Indiana
- Najat Vallaud-Belkacem (Moroccan origin), French Minister of Education
- Najib Balala (Yemeni origin), member of parliament in Kenya
- Paulo Maluf (Lebanese origin), politician, former mayor of São Paulo city and former governor of São Paulo state in Brazil
- Rachida Dati (Moroccan-Algerian origin) French politician and Member of the European Parliament, former Minister of Justice
- Ralph Nader (Lebanese origin), 2004 US presidential candidate, activist for consumer rights
- Said Musa (Palestinian origin), former Prime Minister of Belize
- Salvador Jorge Blanco (Syrian origin), former President of Dominican Republic
- Schafik Handal (Palestinian origin), Salvadoran born FMLN leader
- Michael E. DeBakey (Lebanese origin), American cardiac surgeon
- Elias Zerhouni (Algerian origin), former Director of National Institutes of Health (United States)
- Zaha Hadid (Iraqi origin), British architect
- Nazem Kadri (Lebanese origin), is a Canadian ice hockey player
- Matteo Ferrari (Algerian origin), Italian footballer
- Migidio Bourifa (Moroccan origin), is an Italian long-distance runner
- Justin Abdelkader (Jordanian origin), an American ice hockey player
- Brandon Saad (Syrian origin), an American ice hockey player
- Mário Zagallo (Lebanese origin), Brazilian football coach and former player
- Naseem Hamed (Yemeni origin), also known as Prince Naseem, English professional boxer
- Samir Nasri (Algerian origin), French footballer
- Karim Benzema (Algerian origin), French footballer
- Zinedine Zidane (Algerian origin), French footballer
- Sami Khedira (Tunisian origin), Germany
- Khalid Boulahrouz (Moroccan origin), Dutch footballer
- "Saudi Aramco World : The Arabs of Brazil". saudiaramcoworld.com.
- "Abdel el-Zabayar: From Parliament to the Frontlines". The Daily Beast.
- Ben Cahoon. "World Statesmen.org". World Statesmen.org. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Dr Anthony McRoy PhD. "The British Arab". National Association of British Arabs. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
- "Statistics Canada". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2013-07-16.
- "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudi Aramco World. Retrieved 2014-04-08.
- "Statistics Japan". nippon islam centoru. Retrieved 2014-07-07.
- "Mundo Arabe". mundoarabe.org.
- "Intra-Regional Labour Mobility in the Arab World" (PDF). International Organization for Migration (IOM) Cairo.
- "Ivory Coast - The Levantine Community". Countrystudies.us. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Lebanese Immigrants Boost West African Commerce, By Naomi Schwarz, voanews.com, July 10, 2007
- Lebanese man shot dead in Nigeria, BBC News
- Joshua Project. "Sayyid Ethnic People in all Countries". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "Hadramis in Singapore, by Ameen Ali Talib". Al-bab.com. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
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- "Estadão de Hoje". Estadao.com.br. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Habeeb Salloum, "Arabs Making Their Mark in Latin America: Generations of Immigrants in Colombia, Venezuela and Mexico", Al Jadid, Vol. 6, no. 30 (Winter 2000).
- "The Arabs of Honduras". Saudiaramcoworld.com. 1936-06-27. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "Chile: Palestinian refugees arrive to warm welcome". Adnkronos.com. 2003-04-07. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "500,000 descendientes de primera y segunda generación de palestinos en Chile". Laventana.casa.cult.cu. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "The Arab American Institute". Aaiusa.org. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Lebanon's Brain Drain by Tim May. Edinburgh Middle East Report Online. Winter 2006.
- "Iraq refugees chased from home, struggle to cope". Cnn.com. 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- Morgan, David (2007-10-08). "U.S., West seen skirting Iraqi refugee crisis". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2011-09-17.
- "U.N.: 100,000 Iraq refugees flee monthly". Alexander G. Higgins, Boston Globe, November 3, 2006.
- US in Iraq for 'another 50 years', The Australian, June 2, 2007.
- "Befolkning efter födelseland och ursprungsland 31 december 2012" (in svenska). Statistics Sweden. 31 December 2013. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- The Arab World
- Sabeg, Yazid; Méhaignerie, Laurence (January 2004). "Les oubliés de l'égalité des chances" (PDF). Institut Montaigne.
- "Monash University Research Repository" (PDF). monash.edu.au.
- Niger's Arabs to fight expulsion
- Out of the Hadhramaut
- Arab Immigrants in Latin American Politics
- Descendants of Arabs thriving in S. America
- The Arrival Of The Lebanese to Jamaica
- "Arab roots grow deep in Brazil’s rich melting pot", The Washington Times.
- Kusumo, Fitra Ismu, Islam en America Latina - Tomo I: "La expansión del Islam y su llegada a América Latina (Spanish Edition)", Tomo II: "Migración Árabe a América Latina y el caso de México (Spanish Edition)" , Tomo III: "El Islam hoy desde América Latina (Spanish Edition)"
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arab diaspora.|
- International Organization for Migration - Regional Office for the Middle East
- The Lebanese of South Africa
- Islam in Japan
- The Arabs of Honduras
- The Arabs of Brazil
- Latin-American Arabs
- Lebanese Community in Egypt
- Lebanese Social and Cultural Community in Ireland