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Areca

For other uses, see Areca (disambiguation).
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Areca
Scientific classification
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  • Mischophloeus Scheff.
  • Gigliolia Becc.
  • Pichisermollia H.C.Monteiro

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Areca (Mama'an in Meranau people.) is a genus of about 50 species of palms in the family Arecaceae, found in humid tropical forests from China and India, across Southeast Asia to Melanesia.[2][3] The generic name Areca is derived from a name used locally on the Malabar Coast of India.

Usage

The best-known member of the genus is A. catechu, the areca nut palm.[2][4] Several species of areca nuts, known for their bitter and tangy taste, raw or dried, are routinely used for chewing, especially in combination with the leaves of betel, and dried leaves of tobacco which is root cause of oral cancer being carcinogenic[citation needed], and calcium hydroxide (lime). This practice is popular among aged people in southeastern Asia.

A modern use of Areca is in the production of disposable dinnerware from dried, mature Areca fronds. These plates are produced using hot water treatment and pressure, without the use of any chemicals. The eco friendly plates originally were used as disposable dinnerware in southern India, where these trees are found in large number, but currently they are promoted as an eco friendly option to plastic or paper disposable plates and other form of dinnerware. The trees are not harmed in the process of manufacturing these plates, as mature fronds are used. China is the leading exporter of these plates.

Species

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See also

File:ArecaYield.png
Worldwide areca yield

References

  1. Areca catechu - the Areca palm. In botanical drawing from Köhler's Medizinal-Pflanzen - by Franz Eugen Köhler, in 1897.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Charlie D. Heatubun, John Dransfield, Thomas Flynn, Sri S. Tjitrosoedirjo, Johanis P. Mogea & William J. Baker (2012). "A monograph of the betel nut palms (Areca: Arecaceae) of East Malesia". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 168 (2): 147–173. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2011.01199.x. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. "Zumbroich, Thomas J. 2008. The origin and diffusion of betel chewing: A synthesis of evidence from South Asia, Southeast Asia and beyond. E-Journal of Indian Medicine 1(3): 87-140". Retrieved 2015-02-25. 

External links

Eco friendly areca dinnerware


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