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Argenteuil

For other uses, see Argenteuil (disambiguation).
Argenteuil
The Pont d'Argenteuil over the River Seine
Template:Infobox settlement/columns
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs
Location (in red) within Paris inner and outer suburbs

Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°15′00″E / 48.9500°N 2.2500°E / 48.9500; 2.2500Coordinates: 48°57′00″N 2°15′00″E / 48.9500°N 2.2500°E / 48.9500; 2.2500{{#coordinates:48.9500|2.2500|type:city(104962)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name=

}}
Country France
Region Île-de-France
Department Val-d'Oise
Arrondissement Argenteuil
Intercommunality Argenteuil - Bezons
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Georges Mothron (UMP)
Area1 17.22 km2 (6.65 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 104,962
 • Density 6,100/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 95018 / 95100
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1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Argenteuil (Template:IPA-fr) is a commune in the northwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located Script error: No such module "convert". from the center of Paris. Argenteuil is a sub-prefecture of the Val-d'Oise department, the seat of the arrondissement of Argenteuil.

Argenteuil is the second most populous commune in the suburbs of Paris (after Boulogne-Billancourt) and the most populous one in the Val-d'Oise department, although it is not its prefecture, which is shared between the communes of Cergy and Pontoise.

Name

The name Argenteuil is recorded for the first time in a royal charter of 697 as Argentoialum, from a Latin/Gaulish root argento meaning "silver", "silvery", "shiny", perhaps in reference to the gleaming surface of the river Seine, on the banks of which Argenteuil is located, and from a Celtic suffix -ialo meaning "clearing, glade" or "place of".

History

Argenteuil was founded as a convent in the 7th century (see Pierre Abélard and the Convent of Argenteuil). The monastery that arose from the convent was destroyed during the French Revolution.

A rural escape for Parisians, it is now a suburb of Paris. Painters made Argenteuil famous, including Claude Monet, Jean-Étienne Delacroix, Auguste Renoir, Gustave Caillebotte, Alfred Sisley and Georges Braque.

Personalities

Transport

Argenteuil is served by two stations on the Transilien Paris – Saint-Lazare suburban rail line: Argenteuil and Val d'Argenteuil.

Education

The Conservatoire à rayonnement départemental de Musique, Danse et Théâtre is located in Argenteuil.[1] André Bon is one of its former students.

Population

Historical population of Argenteuil
Year1793180018061821183118361841184618511856
Population5356460942494423454245364377458647675857
Year186118661872187618811886189118961901
Population726981768389899011,84912,80913,33915,11617,375
Year19061911192119261931193619461954
Population19,82924,28232,17344,53870,65759,31453,54363,316
Year1962196819751982199019992008
Population82,32190,480102,53095,34793,09693,961103,250

Immigration

Place of birth of residents of Argenteuil in 1999
Born in Metropolitan France Born outside Metropolitan France
77.5% 22.5%
Born in
Overseas France
Born in foreign countries with French citizenship at birth¹ EU-15 immigrants² Non-EU-15 immigrants
2.1% 2.1% 4.3% 14.0%
¹This group is made up largely of former French settlers, such as pieds-noirs in Northwest Africa, followed by former colonial citizens who had French citizenship at birth (such as was often the case for the native elite in French colonies), and to a lesser extent foreign-born children of French expatriates. Note that a foreign country is understood as a country not part of France in 1999, so a person born for example in 1950 in Algeria, when Algeria was an integral part of France, is nonetheless listed as a person born in a foreign country in French statistics.
²An immigrant is a person born in a foreign country not having French citizenship at birth. Note that an immigrant may have acquired French citizenship since moving to France, but is still considered an immigrant in French statistics. On the other hand, persons born in France with foreign citizenship (the children of immigrants) are not listed as immigrants.

Famous paintings of Argenteuil

File:Claude Monet - Springtime - Google Art Project.jpg
In this painting from 1872, Monet was interested in studying how unblended dabs of color could suggest the effect of brilliant sunlight filtered through leaves[2] The Walters Art Museum.
  • By Claude Monet

"Autumn at Argenteuil", "Regatta at Argenteuil", "Red Boats, Argenteuil", "The Bridge at Argenteuil", "The Port at Argenteuil", "The Seine at Argenteuil"

  • By other painters

"Argenteuil" and "Seine near Argenteuil" by Édouard Manet; "Regatta at Argenteuil", by Auguste Renoir; "The Bridge in Argenteuil", by Gustave Caillebotte

Gallery

Crime

Argenteuil has 207,43 criminal incidents per 1000 inhabitants, far higher than national average (83 per 1000) and even higher than the crime rate of the Val-d'Oise department (88.15 per 1000). Argenteuil is the most dangerous city of the Val-d'Oise département after Sarcelles and Garges-les-Gonesse.

See also

References

External links