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Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game

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File:Armando Galarraga pitching 2010.JPG
Galarraga pitching for the Tigers in 2010

In a Major League Baseball game played on June 2, 2010, at Comerica Park in Detroit, Michigan, Detroit Tigers pitcher Armando Galarraga nearly became the 21st pitcher in Major League history to throw a perfect game. Facing the Cleveland Indians, Galarraga retired the first 26 batters he faced, but his bid for a perfect game was ended one out short when first base umpire Jim Joyce incorrectly ruled that Indians batter Jason Donald reached first base safely on a ground ball. Galarraga instead finished with a one-hit shutout in a 3–0 victory. He faced 28 batters and threw 88 pitches (67 strikes and 21 balls), striking out three. The game is sometimes referred to as the "28-out perfect game",[1] the "Imperfect Game",[2] or simply the "Galarraga game".[3]

Joyce was tearful and apologetic to Galarraga after the game upon realizing he had made the incorrect call. Galarraga was forgiving and understanding of the mistake. Without irony, he told reporters after the game, "Nobody's perfect."[4] Galarraga was the most prominent of the many people throughout Major League Baseball who subsequently voiced their support for Joyce. Unusually, the umpire met with both the pitcher and the media after the game to apologize for his error. The sportsmanship demonstrated by Galarraga and Joyce earned them both widespread praise for their handling of the incident.

Game summary

File:Galarraga-Donald play 2010-06-02(small).gif
Video clip of the blown call at first base. Replays showed that Miguel Cabrera's throw to Armando Galarraga beat Jason Donald to the base, but Jim Joyce called Donald safe. Derived from Fox Sports Detroit.

Detroit scored a run on a second-inning solo home run by Miguel Cabrera. Two more runs scored in the eighth inning when Austin Jackson singled, then advanced on an infield hit by Johnny Damon. Jackson and Damon both then scored on a single by Magglio Ordóñez and a throwing error by Shin-Soo Choo.[5]

In the top of the ninth inning, Tigers' center fielder Austin Jackson executed a superb over-the-shoulder catch on the run to retire Cleveland's Mark Grudzielanek for the first out and preserve the perfect game, a play that has been compared to DeWayne Wise's spectacular ninth-inning catch that preserved Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009.[6] Mike Redmond grounded out to make the second out of the inning. Jason Donald then hit a soft ground ball that first baseman Miguel Cabrera had to range far to his right to retrieve. Donald was ruled safe, giving him an infield single, but video replay showed that Cabrera's throw to Galarraga, who was covering first base, beat Donald to the bag. Donald advanced to second and third base on defensive indifference during Trevor Crowe's at-bat, until Crowe grounded out to Brandon Inge, ending the game in a 3–0 victory for the Tigers.[5]



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This page is a soft redirect. WP: Armando Galarraga (2–1)   LP: Roberto Hernández (4–4)
Home runs:
CLE: None
DET: Miguel Cabrera (15)


Crowe, CF 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 .240
Choo, RF 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .275
Kearns, LF 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .282
Hafner, DH 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .258
Peralta, J, 3B 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .243
Branyan, 1B 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .235
Grudzielanek, 2B 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .283
Redmond, M, C 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .220
Donald, SS 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 .280
Totals 28 0 1 0 0 3 1 .243
Cleveland IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA
Hernández 8 9 3 2 0 3 1 3.53
Jackson, A, CF 4 1 3 0 0 0 0 .332
Damon, LF 4 1 1 0 0 0 2 .277
Kelly, LF 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .277
Ordóñez, RF 4 0 1 1 0 0 0 .307
Cabrera, M, 1B 4 1 2 1 0 1 1 .351
Boesch, DH 3 0 1 0 0 1 0 .319
Guillén, C, 2B 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 .265
Inge, 3B 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 .232
Avila, C 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 .192
Santiago, SS 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 .239
Totals 31 3 9 2 0 3 8 .267
Galarraga 9 1 0 0 0 3 0 2.57


Historical context

Only four days before Galarraga's near-perfect outing, Roy Halladay pitched a perfect game for the Philadelphia Phillies, and just twenty days prior to that, Dallas Braden threw a perfect game for the Oakland Athletics.[8] Halladay's and Braden's perfect games had been the first pair of such games to occur in the same season during the modern era, let alone the same month. Joyce served as the second base umpire for Braden's perfect game.

The twenty days between Braden's perfect game and Halladay's was the shortest span between two perfect games since 1880 and there was a chance that for the first time in MLB history there would be three perfect games in such short succession. Had Galarraga's game been correctly called, the four-day span since Halladay's perfect game would have broken that 130-year-old record,[9] and marked the only time that three consecutive no-hitters had been perfect games, the only time that three perfect games had occurred in one season (since done in 2012 by Philip Humber, Matt Cain and Félix Hernández), the only time that three perfect games had occurred in a span shorter than a month, the only time four perfect games had occurred in a span shorter than a year (as Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox threw a perfect game in July 2009), and the only time that four perfect games had occurred within a stretch of five no-hitters.[8]

This would have also marked the first perfect game in the Tigers' 110-year history. The 83 pitches thrown before the blown call would have been the fewest pitches in a perfect game since 1908. Galarraga's near-perfect game was the first such game since Mike Mussina's bid for a perfect game on September 2, 2001, which was broken up by 27th batter Carl Everett.[10] It was also the third time for a Tigers pitcher to come so close to a perfect game, as Milt Wilcox also missed getting the 27th straight batter out on April 15, 1983,[11] and Tommy Bridges missed the 27th batter on August 5, 1932.[12]

Galarraga's near-perfect game was the tenth time in major league history that the 27th batter in a game broke up what was (to that point) a perfect game. One other instance of this occurrence also involved a missed call by an umpire, who later admitted to his mistake. On July 4, 1908, Hooks Wiltse of the New York Giants, perfect through 26 batters, hit Philadelphia Phillies pitcher George McQuillan on a 2–2 count in a scoreless game. Umpire Cy Rigler later admitted that he should have called the previous pitch strike three, which would have ended the inning. Wiltse pitched on, winning 1–0 in ten innings, with the hit-batsman the only lapse separating him from a perfect game.[13]


Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce

On tagging first base after Cabrera's relay, Galarraga began celebrating his accomplishment. His immediate reaction to Joyce's on-field ruling was a momentary pause followed by a wry smile at the umpire before returning to the mound.[14][15] Galarraga told reporters after the game that the outing "was my best game, so far," and said that Joyce "probably feels more bad than me. Nobody's perfect. Everybody's human. I understand. I give the guy a lot of credit for saying, 'I need to talk to you.' You don't see an umpire tell you that after a game. I gave him a hug."[4] He also told reporters, "I know that I pitched a perfect game, I believe I got it. I said before, I got a perfect game. I'm going to show my son. Maybe it's not in the book, but I'm going to tell my son, 'One time I got a perfect game.' I'll show him the CD,"[16] further calling his effort "the first 28-out perfect game".[17] Tigers' manager Jim Leyland added, "It's a crying shame. Jim [Joyce] is a class guy. This sounds crazy, but after looking at the play, nobody is going to feel worse than he does. I yelled a bit after the game because emotions are high. You just want it so bad for the kid. I don't think you're as mad at the umpire as mad the kid didn't get it—and he did deserve it." Leyland also said that Joyce's call was part of the "human element of the game".[4]

Joyce, a 22-year veteran, tearfully admitted after reviewing video of the play after the game that "I did not get the call correct," insisting that he "took a perfect game away from that kid over there that worked his ass off all night". Joyce called the Donald ruling "the biggest call of my career," claiming that "I thought [Donald] beat the throw. I was convinced he beat the throw, until I saw the replay".[18] The umpire later said, "I didn't want this to be my 15 minutes of fame. I would have liked my 15 minutes to be a great call in the World Series. Hopefully, my 15 minutes are over now".[17]

Just prior to the next day's game, a tearful Joyce met Galarraga at home plate to receive the Tigers' lineup card. The two shook hands and Joyce gave the pitcher a pat on the shoulder, with a warm reception from the audience.[19] Joyce's accountability and regret, and Galarraga's sportsmanship were widely praised for turning the unfortunate situation into a positive.[15][20]

The rest of MLB

Many people within Major League Baseball spoke out in support of Joyce, offering their sympathies and noting his exceptional reputation.[20] New York Yankees pitcher Mariano Rivera said, "It happened to the best umpire we have in our game. The best. And a perfect gentleman. (...) It's a shame for both of them, for the pitcher and for the umpire. But I'm telling you he is the best baseball has, and a great guy. It's just a shame."[21] Former Chicago Cubs pitcher Milt Pappas said, "I would tell [Galarraga], 'I feel for you. There have been only 20 perfect games in the history of baseball. The umpire situation was the same one I had—they blew it. At least I had the satisfaction of getting the no-hitter. You don't. I feel for you. You pitched a tremendous game. At least you have the satisfaction of the umpire saying he was sorry. But that doesn't help your situation as far as a perfect game."[22] Pappas' own bid for a perfect game on September 2, 1972, was spoiled when umpire Bruce Froemming called a borderline 3-and-2 pitch to 27th-batter Larry Stahl a ball, issuing a walk to the pinch-hitter. Former Yankees pitcher Don Larsen—who threw the fourth perfect game of the modern era and the only one in World Series history on October 8, 1956—said, "I feel sorry for the umpire, and I just feel real badly for the kid. He's probably wondering right now whose side God is on."[19]

File:Galarraga Base.jpg
First base used at Comerica Park in Detroit, on the occasion of Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game. Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

The incorrect call led many baseball writers to call for the increased use of instant replay in baseball, which was used only to review disputed boundaries on home runs during the 2010 season.[23][24][25] Many journalists also advocated for MLB commissioner Bud Selig to overturn Joyce's call and award a perfect game to Galarraga.[14][19] On June 3, Selig announced that Major League Baseball would look at expanded replay and umpiring, but he did not specifically address Joyce's call. A baseball official familiar with the decision confirmed to The Associated Press that the call was not being reversed.[26] For his efforts in this game, Galarraga was named the American League Player of the Week on June 7.[27] Also, first base, a ball used in the game, and Galarraga's spikes were sent to the Baseball Hall of Fame.[28]

Less than two weeks after the controversial game, ESPN The Magazine released an anonymous poll of 100 current MLB players that named Joyce as the best umpire in Major League Baseball. Joyce was named on 53% of ballots, 19 ballots ahead of second-place Tim McClelland. One player was quoted as saying, "The sad thing about the Galarraga game is, Jim Joyce is seriously one of the best umpires around... He always calls it fair, so players love him. Everyone makes mistakes, and it's terrible that this happened to him." Furthermore, the players in this poll overwhelmingly endorsed (86%) Selig's decision not to overturn the call, and were overwhelmingly against (77%) instituting replay for calls on the bases.[29]

Outside baseball

On June 3, White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs said during his morning press briefing, "I hope that baseball awards a perfect game to that pitcher," joking that the White House was "going to work on an executive order" to that effect. He elaborated, "To watch an umpire take responsibility and to watch a pitcher do what he did, the type of sportsmanship that was exhibited there—I think that gives a lot of heart (...) I think it's tremendously heartening to see somebody understand that they made a mistake and somebody accept the apology from somebody who made that mistake. I think that's a good lesson in baseball."[30] Michigan state Governor Jennifer Granholm also issued a gubernatorial proclamation stating, in part, "I, Jennifer M. Granholm, governor of the state of Michigan, do hereby declare Armando Galarraga to have pitched a perfect game."[31]

Former SportsCenter co-host Keith Olbermann dedicated a special edition of the "Worst Person in the World" segment of his political commentary show Countdown to lambasting Bud Selig's refusal to reverse Joyce's call. While Olbermann ordinarily lists three "Worsts," Selig alone was awarded the title because "there can only be one Worst Person tonight". Olbermann went on to cite Lee MacPhail's handling of George Brett's 1983 Pine Tar Incident as an example of a commissioner overruling an umpire's call, and discussed the matter with both Governor Granholm and documentarian Ken Burns.[3]

The day after the botched call, in a ceremony before the Tigers game, General Motors presented Galarraga with a red 2010 Chevy Corvette Grand-Sport convertible, recognizing his outstanding performance on and off the field. GM North American President Mark Reuss said the way the pitcher had handled the situation deserved to be recognized.[32] Galarraga was presented with a "Medal of Reasonableness" by Jon Stewart at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear for his measured response.[33] On July 14, 2010, Joyce and Galarraga together presented the ESPY Award for Best Moment at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles. The winner was the stoppage-time goal scored by Landon Donovan for the US National Team versus Algeria at the 2010 World Cup.[34]

Book release and resulting MLB rule

Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce, along with Daniel Paisner, released a book titled Nobody's Perfect, chronicling their experiences during and after the game.[35] In June 2011, one year after the near-perfect game, Major League Baseball put a rule into effect that Joyce cannot umpire any games in which Galarraga's team plays. Due to the book release, the two are now business partners, and this relationship could affect Joyce's impartiality while umpiring Galarraga's team.[36] It is similar to the policy that prevents umpire Jim Wolf from being the plate umpire in games that his younger brother Randy pitches in.[35]

In popular culture

Singer-songwriter Dan Bern composed and recorded a song, "Joyce and Galarraga", about the game. It appears on his 2012 album of baseball-themed songs, Doubleheader.[37]


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  14. ^ a b Albom, Mitch (June 4, 2010). "Yo, Bud Selig, blown call is a perfect call to action". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010. 
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  24. ^ Schwarz, Alan (June 3, 2010). "Replay Gets Another Look After a Gaffe Seen by All". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2010. 
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  28. ^ "Bagged! Hall of Fame to get base, spikes of Armando Galarraga gem". (Booth Newspapers). Associated Press. June 8, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2010. 
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  31. ^ "Governor Granholm Issues Proclamation Declaring Galarraga Pitched Perfect Game". State of Michigan. June 3, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010. 
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  33. ^ Montopoli, Brian (October 30, 2010). "Jon Stewart Rallies for Sanity -- and Against Cable News". CBS News. 
  34. ^ Miller, Doug (July 15, 2010). "Galarraga, Joyce reunion an ESPYs highlight". Retrieved June 23, 2013. 
  35. ^ a b "Joyce-Galarraga relationship gets weird with book deal". Retrieved June 10, 2013. 
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  37. ^ Plutnicki, Ken (July 24, 2012). "A Singer Collects Stories From the Stadium". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2014.