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Armentières

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Coordinates: 50°41′17″N 2°52′52″E / 50.6881°N 2.8811°E / 50.6881; 2.8811Coordinates: 50°41′17″N 2°52′52″E / 50.6881°N 2.8811°E / 50.6881; 2.8811{{#coordinates:50.6881|2.8811|type:city(25089)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Nord-Pas-de-Calais</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Nord</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Lille</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Armentières</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Lille Métropole</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2014) </th><td> Bernard Haesebroeck</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 6.28 km2 (2.42 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (2009)2</th><td> 25,089</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 4,000/km2 (10,000/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 59017 / 59280</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Armentières (Template:IPA-fr; Dutch: Armentiers) is a commune in the Nord department in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region in northern France. It is part of the Urban Community of Lille Métropole.

The motto of the town is Pauvre mais fière (Poor but proud).

Geography

Armentières lies on the Belgian border, northwest of the city of Lille, on the right bank of the river Lys.

History

File:Armentieres 1649 Blaeu.jpg
Armentières in 1649

In 1668, the town became French like the rest of French Flanders. At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th, Armentières acquired fame, being the “City of the Fabric”. The industrial weaving, spinning and brewing grew in Armentières, benefitting from the presence of water.

Armentières particularly suffered at the time of the World Wars. However, the town did receive two Military Crosses (one for World War I and the second for the Second World War) and the Legion of Honor. In Armentières and in the neighbourhoods, the military cemeteries are places of remembrance for the casualties of the World Wars. "Mademoiselle from Armentières" was a popular song among Allied soldiers in World War I.

During World War I, in April 1918, German forces shelled Armentières with mustard gas. British troops were forced to evacuate the area but German troops could not enter the commune for two weeks because of the heavy contamination. Witnesses to the bombardment stated that the shelling was so heavy that liquid mustard ran in the streets.[1][2]

Population

Armentières
The town hall
The town hall
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Historical population
YearPop.±%
1793 7,671—    
1800 7,598−1.0%
1806 7,542−0.7%
1821 7,681+1.8%
1831 6,338−17.5%
1836 6,512+2.7%
1841 6,817+4.7%
1846 7,959+16.8%
1851 8,840+11.1%
1856 10,104+14.3%
1861 11,901+17.8%
1866 15,579+30.9%
1872 19,035+22.2%
1876 21,746+14.2%
1881 25,089+15.4%
1886 27,985+11.5%
1891 28,638+2.3%
1896 29,603+3.4%
1901 29,401−0.7%
1906 28,613−2.7%
1911 28,625+0.0%
1921 14,758−48.4%
1926 21,035+42.5%
1931 22,704+7.9%
1936 24,049+5.9%
1946 22,667−5.7%
1954 24,940+10.0%
1962 25,248+1.2%
1968 26,916+6.6%
1975 26,346−2.1%
1982 24,834−5.7%
1990 25,219+1.6%
1999 25,249+0.1%
2006 24,836−1.6%
2009 25,089+1.0%
2010 25,375+1.1%
2011 25,704+1.3%

Heraldry

The arms of Armentières are blazoned :
Argent, a fleur de lys, and on a chief gules a sun and a decrescent Or.



Railways

Calais Ville to Gare Lille Flandres
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International relations

Twin towns — Sister cities

Armentières is twinned with:

Famous people from Armentières

In fiction

Milady de Winter in The Three Musketeers hides in Armentières and is caught and executed there.

See also

References

External links