|— Golfer —|
Palmer in 1953
|Full name||Arnold Daniel Palmer|
September 10, 1929|
|Height||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Weight||Script error: No such module "convert".|
|Nationality||23x15px United States|
Winifred Walzer Palmer|
(m. 1954–99, her death)
|College||Wake Forest College|
|Number of wins by tour|
|PGA Tour||62 (5th all time)|
|PGA Tour of Australasia||2|
|Best results in major championships|
|Masters Tournament||Won: 1958, 1960, 1962, 1964|
|U.S. Open||Won: 1960|
|The Open Championship||Won: 1961, 1962|
|PGA Championship||T2: 1964, 1968, 1970|
|Achievements and awards|
|World Golf Hall of Fame||1974 (member page)|
leading money winner
|1958, 1960, 1962, 1963|
|PGA Player of the Year||1960, 1962|
|Vardon Trophy||1961, 1962, 1964, 1967|
Sportsman of the Year
|Bob Jones Award||1971|
|Old Tom Morris Award||1983|
|PGA Tour Lifetime|
|Payne Stewart Award||2000|
|Congressional Gold Medal||2009|
Arnold Daniel Palmer (born September 10, 1929) is a retired American professional golfer, who is generally regarded as one of the greatest players in men's professional golf history. He has won numerous events on both the PGA Tour and Champions Tour, dating back to 1955. Nicknamed "The King", he is one of golf's most popular stars and its most important trailblazer, because he was the first superstar of the sport's television age, which began in the 1950s. Palmer's social impact on behalf of golf was perhaps unrivaled among fellow professionals; Palmer's humble background and plain-spoken popularity helped change the perception of golf as an elite, upper-class pastime to a more democratic sport accessible to middle and working classes. Palmer is part of "The Big Three" in golf during the 1960s, along with Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player, who are widely credited with popularizing and commercializing the sport around the world.
- 1 Career outline
- 2 Legacy
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Amateur wins (26)
- 5 Professional wins (95)
- 6 Major championships
- 7 Champions Tour major championships
- 8 U.S. national team appearances
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Palmer was born in the Pittsburgh suburb of Latrobe, Pennsylvania. He learned golf from his father, Milfred (Deacon) Palmer who had suffered from polio at a young age and was head professional and greenskeeper at Latrobe Country Club, allowing young Arnold to accompany his father as he maintained the course. He attended Wake Forest College on a golf scholarship. He left upon the death of close friend Bud Worsham and enlisted in the United States Coast Guard, where he served for three years and had some time to continue to hone his golf skills. Palmer returned to college and competitive golf. His win in the 1954 U.S. Amateur made him decide to try the pro tour for a while, and he and new bride Winifred Walzer (whom he had met at a Pennsylvania tournament) traveled the circuit for 1955. Fred Rogers of Mister Rogers Neighborhood, was a one-year ahead of Palmer at Latrobe high school.
Rise to superstardom
Palmer won the 1955 Canadian Open in his rookie season, and raised his game status for the next several seasons. Palmer's charisma was a major factor in establishing golf as a compelling television event in the 1950s and 1960s, setting the stage for the popularity it enjoys today. His first major championship win at the 1958 Masters Tournament cemented his position as one of the leading stars in golf, and by 1960 he had signed up as pioneering sports agent Mark McCormack's first client. In later interviews, McCormack listed five attributes that made Palmer especially marketable: his good looks; his relatively modest background (his father was a greenskeeper before rising to be club professional and Latrobe was a humble club); the way he played golf, taking risks and wearing his emotions on his sleeve; his involvement in a string of exciting finishes in early televised tournaments; and his affability.
Palmer is also credited by many for securing the status of The Open Championship (British Open) among U.S. players. After Ben Hogan won that championship in 1953, few American professionals had traveled to play in The Open, due to its travel requirements, relatively small prize purses, and the style of its links courses (radically different from most American courses). Palmer was convinced by his business partner Mark McCormack that success in the Open — to emulate the feats of Bobby Jones, Walter Hagen, Sam Snead and Hogan before him — would truly make him a global sporting star, not simply a leading American golfer. In particular, Palmer traveled to Scotland in 1960, having already won both the Masters and U.S. Open, to try to emulate Hogan's feat of 1953, of winning all three in a single year. He failed, losing out to Kel Nagle by a single shot, but his subsequent Open wins in the early 1960s convinced many American pros that a trip to Britain would be worth the effort, and certainly secured Palmer's popularity among British and European fans, not just American ones.
Palmer won seven major championships:
Palmer's most prolific years were 1960–1963, when he won 29 PGA Tour events, including five major tournament victories, in four seasons. In 1960, he won the Hickok Belt as the top professional athlete of the year and Sports Illustrated magazine's "Sportsman of the Year" award. He built up a wide fan base, often referred to as "Arnie's Army", and in 1967 he became the first man to reach one million dollars in career earnings on the PGA Tour. By the late 1960s Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player had both acquired clear ascendancy in their rivalry, but Palmer won a PGA Tour event every year from 1955 to 1971 inclusive, and in 1971 he enjoyed a revival, winning four events.
Palmer won the Vardon Trophy for lowest scoring average four times: 1961, 1962, 1964, and 1967. He played on six Ryder Cup teams: 1961, 1963, 1965, 1967, 1971, and 1973. He was the last playing captain in 1963, and captained the team again in 1975.
Palmer was eligible for the Senior PGA Tour (now the Champions Tour) from its first season in 1980, and he was one of the marquee names who helped it to become successful. He won ten events on the tour, including five senior majors.
Palmer won the first World Match Play Championship in England, an event which was originally organized by McCormack to showcase his stable of players. Their partnership was one of the most significant in the history of sports marketing. Long after he ceased to win tournaments, Palmer remained one of the highest earners in golf due to his appeal to sponsors and the public.
In 2004, he competed in The Masters for the last time, marking his 50th consecutive appearance in that event. After missing the cut at the 2005 U.S. Senior Open by 21 shots, he announced that he would not enter any more senior majors. Since 2007, Palmer has served as the honorary starter for the Masters. He retired from tournament golf on October 13, 2006, when he withdrew from the Champions Tours' Administaff Small Business Classic after four holes due to dissatisfaction with his own play. He played the remaining holes but did not keep score. Palmer's legacy was reaffirmed by an electrifying moment during the 2004 Bay Hill Invitational. Standing over 200 yards from the water-guarded 18th green, Palmer, who is known for his aggressive play, lashed his second shot onto the green with a driver. The shot thrilled his loyal gallery and energized the excitable Palmer. He turned to his grandson and caddie, Sam Saunders, and gave him a prolonged shimmy and playful jeering in celebration of the moment.
Palmer has had a diverse golf-related business career, including owning the Bay Hill Club and Lodge, which is the venue for the PGA Tour's Arnold Palmer Invitational (renamed from the Bay Hill Invitational in 2007), helping to found The Golf Channel, and negotiating the deal to build the first golf course in the People's Republic of China. This led to the formation of Palmer Course Design in 1972, which was renamed Arnold Palmer Design Company when the company moved to Orlando, Florida, in 2006. Palmer's design partner was Ed Seay. The Palmer–Seay team has designed over 200 courses around the world. Since 1971, he has owned Latrobe Country Club, where his father used to be the club professional. The licensing, endorsements, spokesman associations and commercial partnerships built by Palmer and McCormack are managed by Arnold Palmer Enterprises. Palmer is also a member of the American Society of Golf Course Architects.
A case was initiated in 1997 by Palmer and fellow golfer Tiger Woods, in an effort to stop the unauthorized sale of their images and alleged signatures in the memorabilia market, against Bruce Matthews, the owner of Gotta Have It Golf, Inc. and others. Matthews and associated parties counter-claimed that Palmer and associated businesses committed several acts, including breach of contract, breach of implied duty of good faith and violations of Florida's Deceptive and Unfair Trade Practices Act. Woods was also named in the counter-suit, accused of violating the same licensing agreement.
On March 12, 2014, a Florida jury found in favor of Gotta Have It on its breach of contract and other related claims, rejected Palmer's and Woods's counterclaims, and awarded Gotta Have It $668,346 in damages. The award may end up exceeding $1 million once interest has been factored in, though the ruling may be appealed.
Palmer was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2004 and the Congressional Gold Medal in 2009. He was the first golfer to be awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom and the second golfer, after Byron Nelson, to be awarded the Congressional Gold Medal.
In addition to Palmer's impressive list of awards, he has been bestowed the honor of kicking off the Masters Tournament since 2007. From 2007 to 2009, Palmer was the sole honorary starter. In 2010, longtime friend and competitor Jack Nicklaus was appointed by Augusta National to join Palmer. In 2012, golf's The Big Three reunited as South African golfer Gary Player joined for the ceremonial tee shots as honorary starters for the 76th playing of the Masters Tournament.
Palmer's grandson, Sam Saunders, is a professional golfer. Saunders grew up playing at Bay Hill, and won the Club Championship there at age 15. He attended Clemson University on a golf scholarship and turned pro in 2008. Saunders stated that Palmer's family nickname is "Dumpy".
An avid pilot for over 50 years, Palmer thought he would pilot a plane for the last time on January 31, 2011. He flew from Palm Springs, California to Orlando, Florida in his Cessna Citation X. His pilot's medical certificate expired that day and he chose not to renew it. However, public FAA records show he was issued a new third class medical in May 2011.
Arnold Palmer Regional Airport in Latrobe, Pennsylvania, is named for him. According to their website: "[The airport] started as the Longview Flying Field in 1924. It became J.D. Hill Airport in 1928, Latrobe Airport in 1935 and Westmoreland County Airport in 1978. Complimenting a rich history rooted in some of the earliest pioneers of aviation, the name was changed to Arnold Palmer Regional in 1999 to honor the Latrobe, Pennsylvania native golf legend who grew up less than a mile from the runway where he watched the world's first official airmail pickup in 1939 and later learned to fly himself." There is a statue of Palmer holding a golf club in front of the airport's entrance, unveiled in 2007.
Amateur wins (26)
- 1946 WPIAL Championship, PIAA Championship
- 1947 WPIAL Championship, PIAA Championship, Western Pennsylvania Junior, Western Pennsylvania Amateur
- 1948 Southern Conference Championship, Sunnehanna Invitational, Western Pennsylvania Junior
- 1950 Southern Intercollegiate, Western Pennsylvania Amateur, Greensburg Invitational
- 1951 Western Pennsylvania Amateur, Worsharn Memorial
- 1952 Western Pennsylvania Amateur, Greensburg Invitational
- 1953 Ohio Amateur, Cleveland Amateur, Greensburg Invitational, Mayfield Heights Open, Evergreen Pitch and Putt Invitational
- 1954 U.S. Amateur, Ohio Amateur, All-American Amateur, Atlantic Coast Conference Championship, Bill Waite Memorial
Amateur major wins (1)
|1954||U.S. Amateur||1 up||23x15px Robert Sweeny Jr.|
DNP = Did not play
R256, R128, R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in match play
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10
Professional wins (95)
PGA Tour wins (62)
PGA Tour playoff record (14–10)
|1||1956||Insurance City Open||23x15px Ted Kroll||Won with birdie on second extra hole|
|2||1957||Rubber City Open Invitational||23x15px Doug Ford||Won with birdie on sixth extra hole|
|3||1958||Azalea Open||23x15px Howie Johnson||Lost 18-hole playoff (Johnson:77, Palmer:78)|
|4||1959||West Palm Beach Open||23x15px Gay Brewer, 23x15px Pete Cooper||Won with par on fourth extra hole|
|5||1960||Houston Classic||23x15px Bill Collins||Lost 18-hole playoff (Collins:69, Palmer:71)|
|6||1960||Insurance City Open||23x15px Bill Collins, 23x15px Jack Fleck||Palmer won with birdie on third extra hole|
Collins eliminated with birdie on first hole
|7||1961||San Diego Open Invitational||23x15px Al Balding||Won with birdie on first extra hole|
|8||1961||Phoenix Open Invitational||23x15px Doug Sanders||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:67 Sanders: 70)|
|9||1961||500 Festival Open Invitation||23x15px Doug Ford||Lost to birdie on second extra hole|
|10||1962||Masters Tournament||23x15px Dow Finsterwald, 23x15px Gary Player||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:68, Player:71, Finsterwald:77)|
|11||1962||Colonial National Invitation||23x15px Johnny Pott||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:69, Pott:73)|
|12||1962||U.S. Open||23x15px Jack Nicklaus||Lost 18-hole playoff (Nicklaus:71, Palmer:74)|
|13||1963||Thunderbird Classic||23x15px Paul Harney||Won with par on first extra hole|
|14||1963||U.S. Open||23x15px Julius Boros, 23x15pxJacky Cupit||Lost 18-hole playoff (Boros:70, Cupit:73, Palmer:76)|
|15||1963||Cleveland Open||23x15px Tommy Aaron, 23x15px Tony Lema||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:67, Aaron:70, Lema:70)|
|16||1963||Western Open||23x15px Julius Boros, 23x15pxJack Nicklaus||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:70, Boros:71, Nicklaus:73)|
|17||1964||Cleveland Open||23x15px Tony Lema||Lost to birdie on first extra hole|
|18||1964||Pensacola Open||23x15px Miller Barber, 23x15px Gary Player||Lost 18-hole playoff (Player:71, Palmer:72, Barber:74)|
|19||1966||Bob Hope Desert Classic||23x15px Doug Sanders||Lost to birdie on first extra hole|
|20||1966||Tournament of Champions||23x15px Gay Brewer||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:69, Brewer:73)|
|21||1966||U.S. Open||23x15px Billy Casper||Lost 18-hole playoff (Casper:69, Palmer:73)|
|22||1968||Bob Hope Desert Classic||23x15px Deane Beman||Won with par on second extra hole|
|23||1970||Byron Nelson Golf Classic||23x15px Jack Nicklaus||Lost to birdie on first extra hole|
|24||1971||Bob Hope Desert Classic||23x15px Raymond Floyd||Won with birdie on second extra hole|
Other wins (18)
- 1956 Panama Open, Colombian Open
- 1958 Long Island Open
- 1960 Canada Cup (with Sam Snead)
- 1962 Canada Cup (with Sam Snead)
- 1963 Australian Wills Masters Tournament, Canada Cup (with Jack Nicklaus)
- 1964 Piccadilly World Match Play Championship (England, but not a European Tour event at that time), Canada Cup (with Jack Nicklaus)
- 1966 Australian Open, Canada Cup (with Jack Nicklaus), PGA Team Championship (with Jack Nicklaus)
- 1967 Piccadilly World Match Play Championship (England, but not a European Tour event at that time), World Cup (with Jack Nicklaus)
- 1971 Lancome Trophy (France, but not a European Tour event at that time)
- 1975 Spanish Open (European Tour), Penfold PGA Championship (European Tour)
- 1980 Canadian PGA Championship
Senior PGA Tour wins (10)
Senior PGA Tour playoff record (2–1)
|1||1980||PGA Seniors' Championship||23x15px Paul Harney||Won with birdie on first extra hole|
|2||1981||U.S. Senior Open||23x15px Billy Casper, 23x15px Bob Stone||Won 18-hole playoff (Palmer:70, Stone:74, Casper:77)|
|3||1984||Daytona Beach Seniors Golf Classic||23x15px Orville Moody, 23x15px Dan Sikes||Moody won with birdie on second extra hole|
Senior majors are shown in bold.
Other senior wins (5)
- 1984 Doug Sanders Celebrity Pro-Am
- 1986 Union Mutual Classic
- 1990 Senior Skins Game
- 1992 Senior Skins Game
- 1993 Senior Skins Game
|Year||Championship||54 holes||Winning score||Margin||Runner(s)-up|
|1958||Masters Tournament||Tied for lead||−4 (70-73-68-73=284)||1 stroke||23x15px Doug Ford, 23x15px Fred Hawkins|
|1960||Masters Tournament (2)||1 shot lead||−6 (67-73-72-70=282)||1 stroke||23x15px Ken Venturi|
|1960||U.S. Open||7 shot deficit||−4 (72-71-72-65=280)||2 strokes||23x15px Jack Nicklaus|
|1961||The Open Championship||1 shot lead||−4 (70-73-69-72=284)||1 stroke||23x15px Dai Rees|
|1962||Masters Tournament (3)||2 shot lead||−8 (70-66-69-75=280)||Playoff 1||23x15px Gary Player, 23x15px Dow Finsterwald|
|1962||The Open Championship (2)||5 shot lead||−12 (71-69-67-69=276)||6 strokes||23x15px Kel Nagle|
|1964||Masters Tournament (4)||5 shot lead||−12 (69-68-69-70=276)||6 strokes||23x15px Dave Marr, 23x15px Jack Nicklaus|
1 Defeated Gary Player & Dow Finsterwald in 18-hole playoff – Palmer 68 (−4), Player 71 (−1), Finsterwald 77 (+5)
|The Open Championship||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP|
|The Open Championship||2||1||1||T26||DNP||16||T8||DNP||T10||DNP|
|The Open Championship||12||DNP||T7||T14||DNP||T16||T55||7||T34||DNP|
|The Open Championship||CUT||T23||T27||T56||CUT||DNP||DNP||CUT||DNP||CUT|
|The Open Championship||CUT||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||CUT||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP|
|The Open Championship||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP||DNP|
DNP = Did not play
WD = Withdrew
CUT = missed the half-way cut
"T" indicates a tie for a place
Green background for wins. Yellow background for top-10.
|The Open Championship||2||1||0||3||7||12||23||17|
- Most consecutive cuts made – 26 (1958 Masters – 1965 Masters)
- Longest streak of top-10s – 6 (1966 Masters – 1967 U.S. Open)
Champions Tour major championships
|1980||PGA Seniors' Championship||+1 (72-69-73-75=289)||Playoff1||23x15px Paul Harney|
|1981||U.S. Senior Open||+9 (72-76-68-73=289)||Playoff2||23x15px Billy Casper, 23x15px Bob Stone|
|1984a||General Foods PGA Seniors' Championship (2)||−6 (69-63-79-71=282)||2 strokes||23x15px Don January|
|1984||Senior Players Championship||−12 (72-68-67-69=276)||3 strokes||23x15px Peter Thomson|
|1985||Senior Players Championship (2)||−14 (67-71-68-68=274)||11 strokes|| 23x15px Miller Barber, 23x15px Lee Elder, |
23x15px Gene Littler, 23x15px Charles Owens
a This was the January edition of the tournament.
1 Palmer won this with a birdie on the first playoff hole.
2 Won in an 18-hole playoff, Palmer shot a (70) to Stone's (74) and Casper's (77).
U.S. national team appearances
- Ryder Cup: 1961 (winners), 1963 (winners, playing captain), 1965 (winners), 1967 (winners), 1971 (winners), 1973 (winners), 1975 (winners, non-playing captain)
- World Cup: 1960 (winners), 1962 (winners), 1963 (winners), 1964 (winners), 1966 (winners), 1967 (winners, individual winner)
Lua error in package.lua at line 80: module 'Module:Portal/images/g' not found.
|40x40px||Wikimedia Commons has media related to Arnold Palmer.|
- Arnold Palmer (drink)
- Arnold Palmer Center for Golf History
- Arnold Palmer Tournament Golf (video game)
- List of celebrities who own wineries and vineyards
- List of golfers with most Champions Tour major championship wins
- List of golfers with most Champions Tour wins
- List of golfers with most PGA Tour wins
- List of golfers with most wins in one PGA Tour event
- List of men's major championships winning golfers
- Longest PGA Tour win streaks
- Most PGA Tour wins in a year
- Reilly, Rick (June 17, 2013). "Sunday might never be the same". ESPN. Retrieved June 24, 2013.
- Stewart, Wayne, ed. (2007). The Gigantic Book of Golf Quotations. Skyhorse Publishing. ISBN 978-1-60239-072-0.
- Sounes, Howard (2004). The Wicked Game: Arnold Palmer, Jack Nicklaus, Tiger Woods and the Story of Modern Golf. William Morrow. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-06-051386-3.
- "1961 Arnold Palmer". The Open. Retrieved October 18, 2013.
- "Palmer still gets thrill". Augusta.com. April 10, 2009. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- "'Arnie's Army' Gets Last Look at Legend". The New York Times. October 14, 2006.
- Palmer, Arnold (2004). Arnold Palmer: Memories, Stories, and Memorabilia from a Life on and Off the Course. Stewart, Tabori and Chang. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-58479-330-4.
- "Palmer v. Gotta Have It Golf Collectibles, Inc.". 106 F.Supp.2d 1289 (2000) United States District Court, S.D. Florida. June 22, 2000. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- Batterman, L. Robert; Cardozo, Michael; Freeman, Robert E.; Ganz, Howard L.; Katz, Wayne D.; Leccese, Joseph M. (May 17, 2014). "Tiger Woods Misses the Cut in Golf Memorabilia Dispute". National Law Review. Proskauer Rose LLP. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
- "Gotta Have It Golf, Inc. v. Arnold Palmer Enterprises, Inc., No. 03-19490 (Fla. Cir. Ct. Jury Verdict)". March 12, 2014.
- "Arnold Palmer Enterprises". Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Yocom, Guy (July 2000). "50 Greatest Golfers of All Time: And What They Taught Us". Golf Digest. Archived from the original on December 17, 2007. Retrieved December 5, 2007.
- Callahan, Tom (September 2009). "Palmer in his Prime". Golf Digest. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- Dulac, Gerry (September 30, 2009). "Arnold Palmer joining exclusive gold club". Pittsburg Post-Gazette. Retrieved April 18, 2012.
- "Arnold Palmer receives Congressional Gold Medal". PGA Tour. September 12, 2012. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- "Nicklaus to join Palmer as honorary starter at Masters". USA Today. August 31, 2009. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Player to Join Palmer, Nicklaus as Honorary Starter at 2012 Masters". Masters.com. July 5, 2011. Retrieved May 11, 2012.
- "Arnold Palmer... A Biography". Arnold Palmer. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Arnold Palmer's Grandson Makes Cut for US Open". The New York Times. June 14, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- "Arnold Palmer in cockpit for last time". ESPN. February 1, 2011. Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- "Arnold Palmer Regional Airport - About the Airport (LBE)". Retrieved October 22, 2012.
- "Arnold Palmer's Wife Dies". CBS News. AP. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- "Arnold Palmer marries again". Golf Today. Retrieved March 26, 2013.
- Grand Lodge of Pennsylvania F. & A. M. website.
- "USGA Championship Database". Retrieved June 1, 2012.
- Barkow, Al (1989). The History of the PGA TOUR. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-26145-4.
- Official website
- Arnold Palmer at the PGA Tour official site
- Arnold Palmer at the European Tour official site
- Arnold Palmer Invitational – PGA Tour event
- Arnold Palmer Design Company
- Arnold Palmer Hospital for Children
- Bay Hill Club and Lodge – Palmer's winter home course
- Latrobe Country Club – Palmer's summer home course
- Arnold Palmer Tee – Palmer's namesake half iced tea and half lemonade drink
- American Society of Golf Course Architects profile
Lua error in Module:Authority_control at line 346: attempt to index field 'wikibase' (a nil value).