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Arromanches-les-Bains

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Coordinates: 49°20′24″N 0°37′16″W / 49.34°N 0.6211°W / 49.34; -0.6211Coordinates: 49°20′24″N 0°37′16″W / 49.34°N 0.6211°W / 49.34; -0.6211{{#coordinates:49.34|-0.6211|type:city(587)_region:FR|||||| |primary |name= }}</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Country</th><td> France</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Region</th><td> Lower Normandy</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Department</th><td> Calvados</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Arrondissement</th><td> Bayeux</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Canton</th><td> Ryes</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Intercommunality</th><td> Bessin, Seulles et Mer</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left">Government</th></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Mayor (2008–2020) </th><td> Patrick Jardin</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Area1</th><td> 13.7 km2 (5.3 sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Population (2010)2</th><td> 587</td></tr><tr class="mergedrow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left"> • Density</th><td> 43/km2 (110/sq mi)</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">INSEE/Postal code</th><td class="adr"> 14021 / 14117</td></tr><tr class="mergedtoprow"><th scope="row" style="text-align:left">Elevation</th><td> Script error: No such module "convert".
(avg. Script error: No such module "convert".)</td></tr><tr><td colspan="2" style="text-align:center;text-align:left; font-size:smaller"> 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.</td></tr></table>

Arromanches-les-Bains (or, simply Arromanches) is a French commune in the Calvadosdepartment in the Basse-Normandieregion of north-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arromanchais or Arromanchaises[1]

The commune has been awarded one flower by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.[2]

Geography

Arromanches-les-Bains is located some 12 km north-east of Bayeux and 10 km west of Courseulles-sur-Mer on the coast in the heart of the area where the Normandy landings took place on D-Day, 6 June 1944. Access to the commune is by the D514 road from Tracy-sur-Mer in the west passing through the town and continuing to Saint-Côme-de-Fresné in the east. The D87 road also goes from the town south to Ryes. The D65 road goes east to Meuvaines. About a third of the commune is the urban area of the town with the rest farmland.[3]

Neighbouring communes and villages

Arromanches-les-Bains
Arromanches, with the remains of the Mulberry harbour in its bay
Arromanches, with the remains of the Mulberry harbour in its bay
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History

Arromanches is remembered as a historic place of the Normandy landings and in particular as the place where an artificial port was installed. This artificial port allowed the disembarkation of 9,000 tons of material per day.

It was on the beach of Arromanches that, during the Invasion of Normandy immediately after D-Day, the Allies established an artificial temporary harbour to allow the unloading of heavy equipment without waiting for the conquest of deep water ports such as Le Havre or Cherbourg. Although at the centre of the Gold Beach landing zone, Arromanches was spared the brunt of the fighting on D-Day so the installation and operation of the port could proceed as quickly as possible without damaging the beach and destroying surrounding lines of communication. The port was commissioned on 14 June 1944.

This location was one of two sites chosen to establish the necessary port facilities to unload quantities of supplies and troops needed for the invasion during June 1944, the other was built further West at Omaha Beach. The British built huge floating concrete caissons which, after being towed from England, then had to be assembled to form walls and piers forming and defining the artificial port called the Mulberry harbour. These comprised pontoons linked to the land by floating roadways. One of these ports was assembled at Arromanches and even today sections of the Mulberry harbour still remain with huge concrete blocks sitting on the sand and more can be seen further out at sea.

Some key figures: by 12 June 1944 more than 300,000 men, 54,000 vehicles, 104,000 tons of supplies had been landed. During 100 days of operation of the port 2.5 million men, 500,000 vehicles, and 4 million tons of material were landed. The best performance of the port was in the last week of July 1944: during those seven days the traffic through Arromanches exceeded 136,000 tons or 20,000 tons per day.

Today, Arromanches is mainly a tourist town. Situated in a good location for visiting all of the battle sites and war cemeteries, there is also a museum at Arromanches with information about Operation Overlord and in particular, the Mulberry harbours.[4]

On 21 September 2013 Bradford-based sand sculpting company Sand in Your Eye created a tribute called "The Fallen 9,000". It was a temporary sculpture project—a visual representation of 9,000 people drawn in the sand which equates the number of civilians, German forces and Allies that died during the D-day landings. It coincided with Peace Day, and was washed away with the tide at the end of the day.[5]

Heraldry

Blazon:

Azure, an anchor of Or debruised by a mullet of Argent between two chains of Sable posed in chevron inverted broken, in chief Gules debruised by a leopard of Or armed and tongued Azure.



Administration

List of Successive Mayors[6]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Patrick Jardin Optician

(Not all data is known)

Demography

In 2010 the commune had 587 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
430 363 450 493 520 534 528 500 490
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
502 505 533 532 544 481 480 455 444
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
444 380 335 273 282 288 262 282 287
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
298 339 355 395 409 552 - 587 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


File:Population - Municipality code 14021.svg
Population of Arromanches-les-Bains

Culture and heritage

Civil heritage

The commune has many buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Notre-Dame-des-Flots Monument at Rue du Calvaire (1911)18px[8]
  • The Grand Hotel at 22 Rue du Maréchal Joffre (20th century)18px[9]
  • The old Radar Station at Le Callouet (20th century)18px[10]
  • The Château du Petit Fontaine (1764)18px[11]
  • An Orientation Table (20th century)18px[12]
  • The Artificial Harbour and Winston Churchill Harbour (20th century)18px[13]
  • The 6 June 1944 Museum (1954)18px[14]
  • A Lavoir (Public laundry) (1896)18px[15]
  • The Town Hall and Boys' Primary School (1884)18px[16]
  • The Village (Antiquity)18px[17]
  • Houses and Hotels (18th-20th century)18px[18]
Other sites of interest
  • The Museum of the Landings
  • Arromanches 360 degrees

Religious heritage

The commune has several religious buildings and sites that are registered as historical monuments:

A Presbytery at 4 avenue de l'Amiral Mountbatten (1836)18px[19]

A Monumental Cross at Rue du Calvaire (1901)18px[20]

A Cemetery (1857)18px[21]

The Parish Church of Saint Peter (19th century)18px[22] The Church contains many items that are registered as historical objects:

Picture Gallery

Notable people linked to the commune

  • Jules Carpentier, French inventor. A main street is named in his honour.
  • François Carpentier, son of Jules Carpentier, French architect and mayor of the commune. He created the Museum of the Landings in Arromanche.
  • Sylvie Joly owned a villa in the commune. Her father was mayor of the commune from 1947 to 1963.
  • The Boisgelin family owned a large part of the commune and still have a large house.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Calvados Invalid language code.
  2. ^ Arromanches-les-Bains in the Competition for Towns and Villages in Bloom Invalid language code.
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ Arromanches D-Day Museum homepage
  5. ^ The Fallen 9000 info page
  6. ^ List of Mayors of France Invalid language code.
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121719 House at 11 Rue de l'Abreuvoir IA00121720 House at 2 Rue de la Batterie IA00121720 Villa les Tourelles at 7 Rue de la Batterie20px IA00121723 Le Norval House at 16-18 Rue Charles Laurent IA00121722 House at 7-9 Rue Charles Laurent20px IA00121724 Villa Graziella at 25 Rue du Colonel René Michel IA00121725 House at 33 Rue du Colonel René Michel IA00121727 Chalet Maurice at 26 Boulevard Gilbert Longuet20px IA00121726 Villa les Embruns at 8 Quai du Général Leclerc IA00121728 House at 11 Rue du Maréchal Foch IA00121729 Villa le Manoir at 18 Rue du Maréchal FochIA00121710 Les Trois Chalets at 21-25 Rue du Maréchal Foch IA00121730 Villa d'Arromanches at 28 Rue du Maréchal Foch20px IA00121732 Fisherman's House at 28 Rue du Petit Fontaine IA00121731 House at 8 Rue du Petit Fontaine Invalid language code.
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121714 Notre-Dame-des-Flots Monument at Rue du Calvaire Invalid language code.
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121733 Grand Hotel Invalid language code.
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA14000009 Radar Station Invalid language code.
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121736 Château du Petit Fontaine Invalid language code.
  12. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121735 Orientation Table Invalid language code.
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121734 Artificial Harbour and Winston Churchill Harbour Invalid language code.20px
  14. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121717 6 June 1944 Museum Invalid language code.20px
  15. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121716 Lavoir Invalid language code.
  16. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121715 Town Hall and Boys' Primary School Invalid language code.
  17. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121709 Village Invalid language code.20px
  18. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121708 Houses and Hotels Invalid language code.20px
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121718 Presbytery at 4 avenue de l'Amiral Mountbatten Invalid language code.
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121712 Monumental Cross at Rue du Calvaire Invalid language code.
  21. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121713 Cemetery Invalid language code.
  22. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00121711 Parish Church of Saint Peter Invalid language code.
  23. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14005208 Samaritan at the well and Nazareth Workshop IM14005201 Virgin at Prayer and Saint Joseph IM14001180 Prayers and offerings by Sailors to the Virgin Invalid language code.20px
  24. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001199 Ciborium for the sick IM14001198 Ciborium (1) IM14001197 Ciborium (2) Invalid language code.20px
  25. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001196 Paten Invalid language code.
  26. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001195 Monstrance Invalid language code.
  27. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001194 Chalice Invalid language code.
  28. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001193 Box for Oil for the sick Invalid language code.
  29. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001192 Ex-voto Painting: Fishermen in danger Invalid language code.20px
  30. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001191 Painting: Saint Peter Invalid language code.20px
  31. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001190 Painting: Saint Paul Invalid language code.20px
  32. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001189 Cross: Christ on the Cross Invalid language code.
  33. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001188 Table Invalid language code.
  34. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001187 34 Pews Invalid language code.
  35. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001186 Choir bench and wood panelling Invalid language code.
  36. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001185 Pulpit Invalid language code.
  37. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001184 Baptismal font Invalid language code.
  38. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001183 Altar, Tabernacle, and Retable Invalid language code.
  39. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001182 Altar Invalid language code.
  40. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001181 Altar (1) Invalid language code.
  41. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy IM14001179 Furmniture in the Church Invalid language code.

External links