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Asian Rugby Championship

Asian Rugby Championship
Current season or competition:
30px 2015 Asian Rugby Championship
Sport Rugby union
Formerly known as 2008
Instituted 1969 (as ARC)
2008 (as Asian Five Nations)
2015 (returned to ARC)
Inaugural season 2015
Region Asia (ARFU)

The Asian Rugby Championship, or ARC, is an annual rugby union competition held amongst Asian national rugby sides, with in the ARFU region. The current format is Asia's third adapted Asian competition, as it is the successor to the original Asian Rugby Championship (1969-2007) and Asian Five Nations (2008-2014). Predominantly, the overall winner of the Tri Nations division is seen as the Asian champion, by virtue of that Division including the top three Asian teams in each year. Division 1 includes the next four teams and Division 2 including the next four. Division three is separated further to accommodate as many teams as possible in one Division. Each of the West, East and South Central division includes three teams. Division 4 is the most congested Division, with 7 teams set to appear in 2014.

Japan is the most successful team in the combined competitions from 1969, securing 25 out of the possible 31 titles, and since 2005 Japan, have been consecutively the Asian Champions, a title they still hold, having won the 2014 Asian Five Nations.

History

The Asian Rugby Championship was initially formed in 1969 when Chinese Taipei, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea and Thailand contested for the inaugural Asian Rugby Championship title. Japan were the champions on this occasion. It wasn't until 1982 when South Korea became just the second team to win the title in 8 attempts, and between 1969 and 2007, Japan and Korea were the only victors of the competition. The teams competing in that competition did range year to year, with as many as 12 teams competing, with other Asian teams joining the competition. Between 1969 and 1996, only a single Division split between 2 groups existed. But in 1998, a second Division was introduced as the game began to grow in Asia. In 2003, a second Asian competition was formed in the likes of Asian Rugby Series, a competition that ran along aide the Rugby Championship to help determine Division allocation. With more teams therefore competing, a third Division was added to the competition. This dual-competition ran until 2007, as in 2008, the ARFU merged both the Rugby Championship and Rugby Series into one tournament, The Asian Five Nations. In this competition, a promotion-relegation format was introduced, with the winner of Division 2 replacing the loser of Division 1, and the winner of Division 1 replacing the loser of the Five Nations. For its inaugural years, no Division 3 took place, though several regional Divisions were implemented across Asia. During the time of this competition, the main Five Nations Division was heavily dominated by Hong Kong and Japan who are the only three teams never to have been relegated to a lower divisions.

Format

The current format sees the competition separated into various divisions, with a promotion and relegation format operated into each division. However, this only applies to Division 1 through 3, as the loser of the Tri Nations Division will play a play-off match against the winner of Division 1 to determine the third Tri Nations team for the following year. Where as the winners of Division 2 will automatically replace the loser of Division 1, and the two bottom placed teams in Division 2 will both be relegated down to one of the three regions in Division 3; West, East or South Central. Each of the three regions are made up three teams, and as of 2015, only the winners of the South Central and East divisions can be both be promoted to Division 2. This is because, the teams competing in the West region, are not considered as full members by World Rugby. This is the same for Division 4, and the Crescent Cup tournament, with the Crescent Cup hosting Islamic nations.

In the main Tri Nations division, each team will play each other on an home and away basis, picking up 5 points for a win and 3 for a draw. 2 additional points are up for grabs through bonus points, but in order to earn them, teams need to score 4 or more tries in a match, or when losing, lose by 7 points or less. For all Divisions, 1 through to 4 and the Crescent Cup, nations will only play each other once, with one of the included teams hosting all matches at home. These teams will also aim to pick points up for a win or draw, and gain bonus points. For all divisions, the team with the most table points wins their respective divisions, and if possible, earns promotion to the next division.

Current divisions (2015)

Tri Nations
Template:Country data HKG
Template:Country data JPN
Template:Country data KOR
Division 1
Template:Country data KAZ
23x15px Philippines
23x15px Singapore
23x15px Sri Lanka
Division 2
23x15px Chinese Taipei
23x15px United Arab Emirates
23x15px Malaysia
23x15px Thailand
Division 3
East West South Central
23x15px China Template:Country data IRN Template:Country data IND
23x15px Guam 23x15px Lebanon 23x15px Pakistan
  1. REDIRECT Template:Country data Indonesia
Template:Country data JOR 23x15px Uzbekistan
Division 4
23x15px Laos
23x15px Cambodia
23x15px Brunei
23x15px Mongolia
23x15px Afghanistan
Template:Country data KGZ
23x15px Macau

Previous winners

Asian Rugby Championship 1969–1996

Year Host No. of Teams Winner Runner-up Third
1969 Template:Country data JPN Tokyo 5 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG
1970 23x15px Bangkok 5 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR N/A
1972 Template:Country data HKG Hong Kong 7 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG 23x15px Thailand
1974 23x15px Colombo 8 Template:Country data JPN 23x15px Sri Lanka Template:Country data KOR
1976 Template:Country data JPN Tokyo 8 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR N/A
1978 23x15px Kuala Lumpur 7 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR 23x15px Singapore
1980 23x15px Taipei 8 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG
1982 23x15px Singapore 8 Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG
1984 Template:Country data JPN Fukuoka 8 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR 23x15px Taiwan
1986 23x15px Bangkok 8 Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data JPN 23x15px Thailand
1988 Template:Country data HKG Hong Kong 8 Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG
1990 23x15px Colombo 8 Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG
1992 Template:Country data HKG Hong Kong 8 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG Template:Country data KOR
1994 23x15px Kuala Lumpur 8 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG
1996 23x15px Taipei 7 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG

Asian Rugby Championship 1998–2007

Year Venue Division Winner Runner-up Third
1998 23x15px Singapore 1 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG
2 23x15px Singapore 23x15px Sri Lanka 23x15px Thailand
2000 Template:Country data JPN Aomori
Template:Country data JPN Ōwani
1 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR 23x15px Taiwan
2 23x15px Singapore 23x15px China 23x15px Sri Lanka
2002 23x15px Bangkok 1 Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG
2 23x15px Thailand Template:Country data KAZ 23x15px Sri Lanka
2004 Template:Country data HKG Hong Kong 1 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG
2 23x15px Singapore 23x15px Thailand 23x15px Singapore
3 23x15px China 23x15px Sri Lanka Template:Country data IND
2006-07 Template:Country data HKG Hong Kong
23x15px Colombo
1 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG
2 Template:Country data KAZ 23x15px Sri Lanka 23x15px China
3 Template:Country data IRN Template:Country data IND 23x15px Pakistan

Asian Five Nations 2008-2014

Top 5

Year Winner Runner-up Third Fourth Fifth /
Relegated
2008 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG Template:Country data KAZ  Arabian Gulf
2009 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KAZ Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG 23x15px Singapore
2010 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KAZ Template:Country data HKG  Arabian Gulf Template:Country data KOR
2011 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG 23x15px United Arab Emirates Template:Country data KAZ 23x15px Sri Lanka
2012 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG 23x15px United Arab Emirates Template:Country data KAZ
2013 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data KOR Template:Country data HKG 23x15px Philippines 23x15px United Arab Emirates
2014 Template:Country data JPN Template:Country data HKG Template:Country data KOR N/A 23x15px Philippines
23x15px Sri Lanka

Divisions

Year Division Host No. of Teams Winner/Promoted Runner-up Relegated
2008 1 23x15px Taiwan 4 23x15px Singapore 23x15px Chinese Taipei 23x15px China
2 23x15px Thailand 4 23x15px Thailand 23x15px Malaysia N/A
2009 1 23x15px United Arab Emirates 4 Arabian Gulf 23x15px Chinese Taipei 23x15px Thailand
2 23x15px Malaysia 4 23x15px Malaysia 23x15px China 23x15px Pakistan
3 23x15px Philippines 4 23x15px Philippines 23x15px Guam N/A
2010 1 23x15px Singapore 4 23x15px Sri Lanka 23x15px Singapore 23x15px Chinese Taipei
2 Template:Country data IND India 4 23x15px Philippines Template:Country data IND 23x15px China
3 Template:Country data IDN Indonesia 4 Template:Country data IRN 23x15px Pakistan N/A
4 Template:Country data KAZ Kazakhstan 4 Template:Country data JOR 23x15px Uzbekistan N/A
2011 1 Template:Country data KOR South Korea 4 Template:Country data KOR 23x15px Singapore 23x15px Malaysia
2 23x15px Thailand 4 23x15px Chinese Taipei 23x15px Thailand Template:Country data IND
3 Template:Country data IDN Indonesia 4 23x15px China 23x15px Guam N/A
4 23x15px United Arab Emirates 4 23x15px Qatar 23x15px Lebanon N/A
5 23x15px Cambodia
23x15px Laos
2 23x15px Laos 23x15px Cambodia N/A
2012 1 23x15px Philippines 4 23x15px Philippines 23x15px Sri Lanka 23x15px Singapore
2 23x15px Malaysia 4 23x15px Thailand 23x15px Malaysia 23x15px China
3 Template:Country data IDN Indonesia 4 Template:Country data IND 23x15px Guam 23x15px Pakistan
4 23x15px United Arab Emirates 4 23x15px Qatar 23x15px Lebanon N/A
5 23x15px Cambodia 3 23x15px Laos 23x15px Brunei N/A
2013 1 23x15px Sri Lanka 4 23x15px Sri Lanka Template:Country data KAZ 23x15px Thailand
2 23x15px Malaysia 4 23x15px Singapore 23x15px Malaysia Template:Country data IND
3 23x15px Malaysia 4 23x15px Qatar 23x15px Guam N/A
4 23x15px United Arab Emirates 4 23x15px Lebanon 23x15px Pakistan N/A
5 23x15px Cambodia 2 23x15px Cambodia 23x15px Brunei N/A
2014 1 Template:Country data HKG Hong Kong
23x15px United Arab Emirates
2 Template:Country data KAZ
23x15px Singapore
N/A 23x15px Chinese Taipei
23x15px United Arab Emirates
2 23x15px Qatar 4 23x15px Malaysia 23x15px Qatar N/A
3E 23x15px Laos 4 23x15px China 23x15px Guam N/A
3W 23x15px Pakistan 4 23x15px Lebanon 23x15px Uzbekistan N/A
4 23x15px Brunei 3 23x15px Mongolia 23x15px Cambodia N/A

Asian Rugby Championship 2015-Present

Tri Nations

Year Winner Runner-up Third /
Relegated
2015

Divisions

Year Division Host No. of Teams Winner/Promoted Runner-up Relegated
2015 1 23x15px Philippines 4 23x15px Sri Lanka 23x15px Philippines 23x15px Singapore
2 23x15px Malaysia 4 23x15px Malaysia 23x15px United Arab Emirates 23x15px Chinese Taipei
23x15px Thailand
3E Template:Country data IDN Indonesia 3
3W 23x15px Lebanon 3/4
3SC 23x15px Uzbekistan 3
4 TBA 7/8

See Also

References

External links